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CHARLES MORRIS, project As the preceding details make clear the idea of the Encyclopedia. long preceded this Congress, My correspondence contains three extensive statements of Neurath s. ideas about the Encyclopedia a five page outline in May 1936 a four page. statement in February 1937 and another four page discussion in June. 1938 There were many letters back and forth concerning these proposals. As will be seen Neurath s ideas ranged very far, In addition to the two introductory volumes each to contain ten mono. graphs with the section title of Foundations of the Unity of Science. Neurath thought of two and at times of three other and larger sections. The three of us came to no agreement as to the proper title for these. sections but the general plan was clear Section 2 was to deal with. methodological problems involved in the special sciences and in the. systematization of science with particular stress to be laid upon the. confrontation and discussion of divergent points of view Section 3 was to. concern itself with the actual state of systematization within the special. sciences and the connections which obtained between them with the. hope that this might help toward further systematization Neurath in. 1938 was thinking of six volumes 60 monographs for Section 2 and eight. volumes 80 monographs for Section 3 But there was even more in his. bag of ideas than this, Neurath had long planned a comprehensive Visual Thesaurus sometimes. he called it the Pictorial and sometimes the Isotype Thesaurus which. would be eine Weltiibersicht in Bilden At times he thought that this. might be an adjunct of the Encyclopedia in which case he proposed an. additional Section 4 for the Encyclopedia which would exemplify and. apply the methods and results of the preceding three Sections to such. fields as education engineering law and medicine Neurath proposed. ten volumes for this Section each of which would have a pictorial. companion in the Visual Thesaurus So at the most elaborate range of his. proposals Neurath was thinking of a 26 volume 260 monograph. Encyclopedia supplemented by a ten volume Visual Thesaurus. At one time Neurath had contemplated English French and German. editions of the work He conceived of it as genuinely international in. scope with writers from Asiatic contries as well as from the West It is. clear from a number of his letters that he had the great French Ency. clopedia often in mind both with respect to the historical importance. E N C Y C L O P E D I A OF U N I F I E D S C I E N C E. which he envisaged for the work he planned and with respect to the. difficulties the two enterprises encountered A letter of November 18. 1944 gives a long nine page discussion of Neurath s post War plans for. the various agencies of the unity of science movement the Encylopedia. the Journal the Library and the Congresses My last letter from him. was dated November 7 1945 He died in London on December 22 1945. at the age of 63, Carnap and I did not correspond at any length with Neurath concerning.
his proposed fourth section for the Encyclopedia though both of us had. doubts about it Section 3 was discussed only in very general terms Nor. was any agreement reached on the details of Section 2 the methodology. section However a general statement concerning this Section was agreed. upon in 1939 it was to be used to obtain advance subscriptions though. because of the War it was never so used It may be of historical interest. to quote some paragraphs from this statement, Volumes III VIII of the International Encyclopedia of Unified Science. The second unit will be composed of 6 volumes of 10 monographs each. This unit will stress the problems and procedures involved in the progres. sive systematization of science, Differences of opinion exist among those interested in the analysis and. integration of the language of science and it is part of the purpose of the. Encyclopedia to present such differences It becomes necessary at the. present stage of development to stress the problems encountered and the. techniques relevant to their solution to take stock as it were of the. contemporary situation in the analysis and the unification of scientific. knowledge This is the task of the second unit of the Encyclopedia It. thus exhibits in a new perspective the problems and procedures somewhat. vaguely indicated in such phrases as the logic of science and the method. ology of science Its six volumes of ten monographs each offer the. opportunity for treatment of the subject with a comprehensiveness not. found elsewhere, Many persons will be interested in knowing the various results and. opinions which exist in this field Hence Volumes III VIII will especially. stress the controversial differences in regard to special sciences physics. psychology etc in regard to the possibilities and limitations of scientific. unification and in regard to the methods involved in scientific progress. CHARLES MORRIS, and systematization Representatives of controversial opinions will be. given a chance to present their views A special Editorial Committee. will plan each of the volumes, The content of the separate volumes will be roughly as follows.
Volume III the most general problems and procedures which an ever. expanding unification of science encounters construction. and confirmation of theories induction historical at. tempts at scientific integration probability etc, Volume IV the nature of logic and mathematics and their role and. place in the structure of science, Volume V physics. Volume VI biology and psychology, Volume VII the social and humanistic sciences. Volume VIII history of the scientific attitude, We had hoped in 1939 to complete Section 2 by 1944 And here it is 1960. and the first Section Foundations of the Unity of Science is still not quite. All of the authors of volume 1 as originally announced in the first. monograph completed their monographs But the second volume ran. into many difficulties and for one reason or another the studies proposed. by Federigo Enriques Jan Lukasiewicz Arne Ness Louis Rougier and. Louis Wirth never appeared The monographs came in slowly and at. one time the Press even suggested suspension of the series until after the. The detailed work on the Encyclopedia after the stage of planning fell. largely on Carnap and me Carnap gave himself without stint to the. reading of early drafts of the monographs and to the making of detailed. suggestions for their revision During a number of my long absences. from the University Carnap handled all relevant matters with the Press. He remained with Hans Reichenbaeh editor of Erkenntnis from its. beginning in 1930 to its lapse in 1939 due to the War then under the. title of Journal of Unified Science which had been adopted in 1939. Volume IX was to have contained the abstracts of the papers presented. at the Fifth International Congress for the Unity of Science held at. Harvard University September 5 10 1939 but the composition of this. volume was destroyed by the Nazi invasion of Holland Carnap was. E N C Y C L O P E D I A OF U N I F I E D S C I E N C E. among those who endeavored to continue the Journal in the United. States but failure to find financial support made this continuance. impossible In all these ways Carnap was a faithful collaborator through. years of hard but rewarding work, The Encyclopedia of Unified Science though now only a fragment of what.
had been planned has had historical significance The monographs are. still very much alive The movement of which the Encyclopedia was a part. continues to develop vigorously in its own way The Institute for the. Unity of Science continues its activity in the United States under the. leadership of Philipp Frank Whether the larger plans for the Encyclopedia. are ever to be resumed is a problem for another generation But the years. of the Congresses and the Encyclopedia were memorable years It is a. privilege to have worked with such men as Otto Neurath Harts Reichen. bach Philipp Frank and Rudolf Carnap on our common enterprises. ENCYCLOPEDIA OF UNIFIED SCIENCE which he envisaged for the work he planned and with respect to the difficulties the two enterprises encountered

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