Difference Between Atelectasis And Pneumothorax-Books Pdf

Difference Between Atelectasis and Pneumothorax
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Mucous plugs,Foreign bodies,Pathophysiology, As discussed previously air which is entrapped in the part distal to the point of. obstruction following an obstruction in the airway is completely absorbed by the. blood running through the pulmonary capillaries Eventually a negative air. pressure develops inside the alveoli The negative pressure inside the alveoli draws. the fluid out of the capillaries resulting in their accumulation inside the air sacs. This predisposes the development of infections, The collapsed pulmonary tissues compress the adjacent blood vessels increasing. the vascular resistance to blood flow This condition is further deteriorated by. the vasoconstriction that is stimulated by hypoxia The increase in the resistance to. blood flow shunts blood away from the affected regions of the lung Therefore the. oxygen saturation of the aortic blood is only sparingly affected. Figure 01 Atelectasis,Nonobstructive Atelectasis, When atelectasis develops owing to a nonobstructive cause that type is identified. as the nonobstructive atelectasis Here the visceral pleura and the parietal pleura. loose contact with each other and this underlies the pathological basis of the entire. Pathophysiology, Surfactants that are produced by a special type alveolar epithelial cells play a key. role in reducing the surface tension inside the alveoli and preventing their collapse. Therefore any condition having an impact on the production of surfactants can be a. cause of atelectasis, Respiratory distress syndrome often seen in neonates.
Symptoms of Atelectasis,Sometimes chest pain, The duration of the symptoms is extremely important to arrive at a diagnosis. Investigations,Chest X ray,Bronchoscopy, It may be necessary to do a biopsy if the presence of a tumor is suspected. Management, The management of atelectasis depends on the underlying cause. Surgical removal of the obstruction,Chest physiotherapy. Any associated infections can be treated with antibiotics. What is Pneumothorax, The presence of air inside the pleural cavity is defined as pneumothorax During.
the past the air was injected into the pleural cavity for the treatment of. tuberculosis This was called the artificial pneumothorax Spontaneous. pneumothorax is the sudden entry of air into the pleural cavity without any. apparent reason Further investigations often reveal the rupturing of a bulla. When the parietal pleura is damaged air can enter into the pleural cavity from. outside Most of the time this happens due to penetrating injuries such as. stabbings Pneumothorax of this type is called the open pneumothorax. A flap of damaged skin can act as a valve Therefore each time the patient. inspires the air enters the pleural cavity with the opening of the valve like flap of. the skin But during expiration the flap remains closed preventing the escape of. air Consequently air accumulates inside the pleural cavity increasing the. intrapleural pressure The buildup of the intra pleural pressure pushes the. mediastinum to the opposite direction This fatal condition is called the tension. pneumothorax, Regardless of the type the accumulation of air in the pleural cavity exerts an undue. pressure on the affected lung in all the forms of pneumothorax This compresses. the lung tissues resulting in their collapse In other words pneumothorax can be a. cause of atelectasis,Figure 02 Pneumothorax,Chest injuries. Mechanical ventilation,Lung diseases,Ruptured bullae. Chest pain,Investigations,Chest X ray,Sometimes CT scans are also done. Chest tube insertion,Surgical intervention to close the air leak.
What are the Similarities between Atelectasis and,Pneumothorax. Both conditions are pulmonary disorders creating an imbalance in the. pressure inside and outside the lung tissues, The affected lung collapses either completely or partially in both occasions. What is the difference between Atelectasis and,Pneumothorax. Atelectasis vs Pneumothorax, A complete or partial collapse of a lung or The presence of air inside the pleural. lobe of a lung is defined as atelectasis cavity is defined as pneumothorax. Atelectasis can be due to numerous causes Pneumothorax can cause atelectasis but. atelectasis cannot cause pneumothorax,Air in Pleural Cavity.
Pleural cavity does not contain air unless Pleural cavity contains air. the cause of atelectasis is pneumothorax, A negative pressure builds up inside the A positive pressure builds up inside the. alveoli pleural cavity,Summary Atelectasis vs Pneumothorax. Pneumothorax is the presence of air inside the pleural cavity whereas atelectasis is. the complete or partial collapse of a lung or lobe of a lung The difference between. atelectasis and pneumothorax is the presence or absence of air inside the pleural. cavity These are serious conditions which are sometimes considered as medical. emergencies Clinicians should have the practice and the necessary skills to. diagnose and manage the patients presenting with these diseases within the least. possible duration Failure to do so puts the patient s life in danger. References, 1 Snell Richard S Snell s Clinical Anatomy by Regions 9th ed Lippincott Williams. 2 Hall John E Guyton and Hall textbook of medical physiology 12th ed Philadelphia. Elsevier 2010,Image Courtesy, 1 Atelectasis By BruceBlaus Own work CC BY SA 4 0 via Commons Wikimedia. 2 Blausen 0742 Pneumothorax By Medical gallery of Blausen Medical 2014 WikiJournal. of Medicine 1 2 DOI 10 15347 wjm 2014 010 ISSN 2002 4436 Own work CC BY. 3 0 via Commons Wikimedia,How to Cite this Article.
APA Difference Between Atelectasis and Pneumothorax 2017 August 30. Retrieved date from http differencebetween com difference between. atelectasis and vs pneumothorax, MLA Difference Between Atelectasis and Pneumothorax Difference. Between Com 30 August 2017 Web, Chicago Difference Between Atelectasis and Pneumothorax Difference. Between Com http differencebetween com difference between atelectasis and. vs pneumothorax accessed accessed date, Copyright 2010 2017 Difference Between All rights reserved.

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