Design Analysis Of 220 132 Kv Substation Using Etap-Books Pdf

Design Analysis of 220 132 KV Substation Using ETAP
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International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology IRJET e ISSN 2395 0056. Volume 02 Issue 03 June 2015 www irjet net p ISSN 2395 0072. 2 DETAILS OF COMPONENTS 3 SIMULATION OF 220 kV SUBSTATION IN ETAP. Table 1 Fig 1 shows the Power Grid which supplies power to the. COMPONENT 220 kV Bus 6 and Bus 7 Transformer 1 and Transformer 2. TYPE RATINGS are 220kV 33kV supply power to Bus 1 and Bus 2. Transformer 1 50 MVA respectively Four feeders are emanating from Bus 1 and. four feeders are emanating from Bus 2 On the other side. Power Transformer 2 25 MVA Transformer 3 and Transformer 4 is 220kV 132kV supply. Transformer power to Bus 4 and Bus 5 respectively Three feeders are. Transformer 3 150 MVA emanating from Bus 4 and three feeders are emanating. Transformer 4 100 MVA from Bus 5, CB 1 11 30kV 1600A. Breaker CB 12 19 145kV 3150A, CB 20 25 245kV 3150A. Primary Secondary, CT 1 3 800A 1A, Transformer CT 4 11 200A 1A. CT 12 18 800A 1A, CT 19 22 400A 1A, PT 1 220kV 120V. Transformer PT 2 3 33kV 120V, PT 4 132kv 120V, 20 45 47 49 33kV 1500A.
Isolating SW 21 37 50 132kV 1250A Fig 1 Simulated diagram of 220 kV substation using ETAP. SW 38 44 46 48 220kV 1000A, 4 LOAD FLOW ANALYSES, SW 51 55 220kV 1000A. Fig 2 shows the sectional view of load Flow Analysis of the. Load 1 175A 220kV substation carried out using ETAP in which. Load 2 262 4A Newton Raphson method is used and it is observed that at. the Bus 4 and Bus 5 there is under voltage which can be. Load 3 175A clearly seen from Fig 2 B showing the sectional view of. the feeders At Bus 4 and Bus 5 the voltage level is 96. Load 4 140A, Load 5 209 9A, Load 6 122 5A, Load 7 157 5A. Load 8 140A, Load 9 349 9A, Load 10 306 2 A, Load 11 43 74. Load 12 13 14 0A FUTURE Fig 2 A Sectional view of Substation. 2015 IRJET NET All Rights Reserved Page 2323, International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology IRJET e ISSN 2395 0056. Volume 02 Issue 03 June 2015 www irjet net p ISSN 2395 0072. Table 2 shows that the real power on swing bus i e BUS 1. is 25 874 MW and the reactive power is 16 320 MVar and. the power factor is 85 which is low, 5 ETAP ALERTS DURING LOAD FLOW ANALYSIS.
Table 3 after carrying out load flow analysis using ETAP an. alert summary report is generated which tells us which. part of the system needs immediate attention and it can be. clearly seen from the Table 3 that the Bus 1 Bus 2 Bus4. and Bus 5 are operating at an under voltage, Transformer 2 is also overloaded. Device ID Condition Rating Operating, Fig 2 B Sectional view of Substation with simulation Bus 1 33 kV 30 703 93. Similarly from fig 2 B it is observed that at the Bus 1 and Under. Bus 2 33 kV 30 703 93, Bus 2 there is under voltage which can be clearly seen Voltage. from the sectional view of the feeders At Bus 1 and Bus 2. the voltage level shown in red color indicating the 93 04 Under. Bus 4 132 kV 126 722 96, Bus 5 132 kV 126 722 96, Table 4 shows the Demand and Losses summary report. which tells us about the total demand of the system and. also about the losses that occurs in a system, Type MW MVAr MVA PF.
Swing Bus 234 902 138 788 272 839, Total Demand 234 498 125 720 266 073. Fig 2 C Sectional view of Substation with simulation. Table 2 shows that the real power on swing bus i e BUS 1 0 404 13 067. is 25 874 MW and the reactive power is 16 320 MVar and. the power factor is 85 which is low, Table 2 6 LOAD FLOW ANALYSES WITH AN. Monitoring IMPROVEMENT TO OVERCOME THE PROBLEM OF, kV MW MVAr PF UNDER VOLTAGE. BUS 1 33 25 874 16 320 85 Fig 3 A the simulation of the 220 kV substation is carried. BUS 2 33 35 125 21 688 85 out in ETAP by placing the capacitor banks in shunt with. the feeders The rating of capacitor bank 1 is 4 27 MVAr. BUS 4 132 7 470 5 020 83 and that of capacitor bank 2 is 55 MVAr. BUS 5 132 117 862 65 828 87, BUS 6 7 220 91 774 63 244 82 35. 2015 IRJET NET All Rights Reserved Page 2324, International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology IRJET e ISSN 2395 0056.
Volume 02 Issue 03 June 2015 www irjet net p ISSN 2395 0072. Fig 3 A Sectional view of Substation Fig 3 C Sectional view of Substation with simulation. Similarly in Fig 3 B the capacitor bank is placed with the Similarly Fig 3 D shows the sectional view of load flow. feeders in shunt and the rating of the capacitor bank 3 is analysis of the feeders From Fig it can be clearly seen that. 13 45 MVAr and capacitor bank 4 is 18 24 MVAr the operating voltage of Bus 1 and Bus 2 has improved. from 93 04 Fig 2 C to 98 06, Fig 3 B Sectional view of Substation Fig 3 D Sectional view of Substation with simulation. Fig 3 C shows the sectional view of load flow analysis of Table 5. the feeders From Fig it can be clearly seen that the Monitoring. kV MW MVAr PF, operating voltage of Bus 4 and Bus 5 has improved from Points. 96 Fig 2 B to 99 01 BUS 1 33 25 874 2 870 99, 6 1 RATING OF CAPACITOR BUS 2 33 35 125 3 448 100. BUS 4 132 7 470 0 750 99, Rating of capacitor is calculated by using the following. formula BUS 5 132 117 862 10 828 100, Rating of Capacitor Bank BUS 6 7 220 92 929 16 864 98 39.
MVAr MW Tan 1 Tan 2, Table 6 shows the Demand and Losses summary. Where 1 and 2 can be calculated by follow, report and the losses are far less as compared to the. losses shown in table 4, Cos 1 Existing Power Factor. Cos 2 Required Power Factor, 2015 IRJET NET All Rights Reserved Page 2325. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology IRJET e ISSN 2395 0056. Volume 02 Issue 03 June 2015 www irjet net p ISSN 2395 0072. generation capacitive or inductive VAR support or, Table 5 the placement of capacitors and or reactors to.
Type MW MVar MVA PF maintain system voltages within specified limits. Swing Bus 185 858 33 728 188 893 98 39, lag REFERENCES. Total Demand 185 858 33 728 188 893 98 39, 1 Aswani R Sakthivel R Power Flow Analysis of. 110 11KV Substation Using ETAP ISSN 2278 9480, Apparent 0 430 13 980 Volume 3 Issue 1 Jan 2014. 2 V K Mehta Rohit Mehta Principles of Power System. English 4th Edition ISBN 13 9788121924962 S, By comparing table 7 to table 3 it can clearly be seen Chand 2005. that the problem of an under voltage at both the, buses is surmounted by the placement of capacitor 3 J Arrillaga and N R Watson Computer Modelling of.
banks in shunt to the feeders Electrical Power Systems second edition ISBN. 978 0 471 87249 8 John Wiley and Sons June 2001, Device 4 M A Pai Computer Techniques in Power System. Condition Rating Operating, ID Operating Analysis second edition ISBN 0 07 059363 9 Tata. McGraw Hill 22005, Bus 1 33 kV 32 359 98 058, Normal BIOGRAPHIES. Bus 2 33 kV 32 359 98 058, Mr Kiran Vishwanath Natkar has. Normal completed his B E from P E S College, Bus 4 132 kV 130 692 99.
Voltage of Engineering Dr B A M U University, Aurangabad in 2013 and currently. Normal pursuing M E Electrical Power, Bus 5 132 kV 130 692 99. Voltage System from MSS s COE Jalna Dr, B A M U University Aurangabad. 7 CONCLUSIONS, Power flow or load flow studies are important for Mr Naveen Kumar has. planning future expansion of power systems as well completed his B Tech from. as in determining the best operation of existing the Stream electrical electronics. systems In this paper design analysis of 220 132 kV engineering EEE from Sree Kavitha. substation using ETAP software is carried out with Engineering College J N T University. an approach to overcome the problem of an under Hyderabad and M Tech degree in. voltage Load Flow Studies using ETAP software is an Power System Controlling and. excellent tool for system planning A number of Automation PSCA from the J I T S. operating procedures can be analyzed such as the College of Engineering Warangal. J N T University Hyderabad, loss of generator a transmission line a transformer.
Presently working as Asst Professor, or a load This can be used to determine the optimum in the Dept of Electrical Engineering. size and location of capacitors to surmount the From MSS s engineering college. problem of an under voltage Also they are useful in Jalna Maharashtra. determining the system voltages under conditions of. suddenly applied or disconnected loads Load flow, studies determine if system voltages remain within. specified limits under various contingency, conditions and whether equipment such as. transformers and conductors are overloaded It was, often used to identify the need for additional. the 33 kV feeder buses and 132 kV buses capacitor bank of suitable ratings are placed in shunt Section 1 1 is introduction of ETAP software Section 2 is the details of the components Section 3 is the simulation of single line diagram of 220 kV substation in ETAP based upon practical data Section 4 is the Load Flow Analysis of the substation

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