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Comprehension Skills 40 Short Passages for Close Reading Grade 2 2012 by Linda Ward Beech Scholastic Teaching Resources
The reproducible pages in this book may be reproduced for classroom use
No part of this publication may be reproduced in whole or in part or stored in a retrieval system or transmitted
in any form or by any means electronic photocopying recording or otherwise without written permission of
the publisher For information regarding permission write to
Scholastic Inc 557 Broadway New York NY 10012
The reading passages in this book were selected and adapted from the following titles in the series
Reading Passages That Build Comprehension Compare Contrast Context Clues Fact Opinion Inference
Main Idea Details and Predicting Scholastic 2005 Copyright 2005 by Linda Ward Beech
Cover design by Jorge J Namerow
Interior design by Jason Robinson
Illustrations by Mike Gordon
ISBN 978 0 545 46053 8
Text copyright 2012 by Linda Ward Beech
Illustrations copyright 2012 by Scholastic Inc
Published by Scholastic Inc
All rights reserved
Printed in the U S A
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 40 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12
Contents
Using This Book 4
Comprehension Skills At a Glance 4
Meeting the Common Core State Standards 6
Passages
1 Rob s Job 7 22 Marc Brown 28
2 A Gardener s Friend 8 23 Frogs and Toads 29
3 A Tale of Tails 9 24 News in the Past 30
4 A Mark on the Wall 10 25 From Canada to Mexico 31
5 Meet Mercury 11 26 Shape of a Plate 32
Comprehension Skills 40 Short Passages for Close Reading Grade 2 2012 by Linda Ward Beech Scholastic Teaching Resources
6 Ellen s Saturday 12 27 Remembering Stories 33
7 School Zoo 13 28 Don s Flower 34
8 Birds and Turtles 14 29 Whales in Water 35
9 A Smart Fish 15 30 A Busy Cactus 36
10 Horse Helpers 16 31 Pumpkins in History 37
11 Kinds of Leaves 17 32 Corn Maze 38
12 Raisin Capital 18 33 Firehouse Dogs 39
13 Ship of the Desert 19 34 Pigs and Bears 40
14 Nest Soup 20 35 Cabin Cleanup 41
15 Using Plants 21 36 Staying Warm 41
16 Beatrix Potter 22 37 Dolphin Teamwork 43
17 Two Apples 23 38 On the Food Trail 44
18 Night Life 24 39 Thanksgiving Customs 45
19 Animals of the Arctic 25 40 Setting the Table 46
2
0 Slurp and Burp 26
21 Cara s Cat 27 Answers 47
Using This Book
Reading comprehension in nonfiction involves numerous thinking
skills Students require these skills to make sense of a text and
5
become successful readers This book offers practice in key skills
Passage
Name Date
Read the paragraph Then answer the questions
needed to meet the Common Core State Standards in Reading
Meet Mercury Language Arts for grade two See page 6 for more Each student
Can you name the planets in our solar system
Mercury is one of them Like the other planets
Mercury moves in a path around the Sun
page includes a short passage focusing on three of these essential
comprehension skills
Mercury travels faster than the other planets
It speeds along at about 107 000 miles an hour
Mercury is the planet closest to the Sun
Its days are very hot and its nights are very cold
There is no water on Mercury
Comprehension Skills At a Glance
Comprehension Skills 40 Short Passages for Close Reading Grade 2 2012 by Linda Ward Beech Scholastic Teaching Resources
1 The main idea of the paragraph is
A the lack of water on Mercury
B the planets in the solar system
C what the planet Mercury is like
2 A detail that tells more about the main idea is
A the speed at which Mercury travels around the Sun
Use the information that follows to introduce the reading
B the names of the other planets in the solar system
C how fast other planets in the solar system travel
comprehension skills covered in this book
3 Write one way that Mercury differs from other planets
Main Idea Details

Comprehension Skills 40 Short Passages for Close Reading Grade 2 2012 by Linda Ward Beech Scholastic Teaching Resources

Understanding the main or key idea of a paragraph is crucial for

11
1 Main Idea 2 Details 3 Compare Contrast
a reader The main idea is what the paragraph is about The other
In this paragraph students have to read parts of the paragraph help to explain more about this key idea
the entire text and ask themselves What
is this paragraph mainly about The main Sometimes the main idea is in the first sentence of a paragraph
idea is supported by different facts
about Mercury The information that supports the main idea is usually referred to as
the details Details help a reader gain a fuller understanding of
a paragraph
Passage 2
Name Date
Read the paragraph Then answer the questions Context Clues
A Gardener s Friend Using context means determining an unfamiliar word s meaning
by studying the phrases sentences and overall text with which the
What do ladybugs eat Their main food
is a tiny insect called an aphid
Most gardeners think of aphids as pests
These insects cause harm to plants
by sucking out their juices word appears Context clues help readers comprehend and enjoy a
When people see ladybugs in their gardens
however they are pleased
text and also read more smoothly and efficiently
1 Which sentence tells what most likely happens next
Comprehension Skills 40 Short Passages for Close Reading Grade 2 2012 by Linda Ward Beech Scholastic Teaching Resources
A Gardeners will get rid of the ladybugs
B The ladybugs will eat the aphids
C The aphids will attack the ladybugs
Compare Contrast
Recognizing how events characters places and facts are alike
2 In this paragraph the word pests must mean
A troublemakers
B plants
C helpers
3 How are ladybugs and aphids different
and different helps a reader gain a richer understanding of a text
Sometimes a reader can learn more about something by finding

out what it is not like than what it is like A comparison shows
1 Predict 2 Context Clues 3 Compare Contrast
similarities while a contrast shows differences
8
In this example other words in the
paragraph provide a context for
comprehending the word pests
4
Passage 21
Name Date
Read the paragraph Then answer the questions
Cara s Cat
Cara s cat didn t like to be left alone
Cara never knew what Honey would do when
Predict
the family was out Sometimes the cat just slept
But sometimes she was bad One day Cara
found a big mess in the bathroom
Good readers take time to think about a text One way they do this
Honey had unrolled the toilet paper
It was in shreds Bits of it were everywhere
It took a long time to clean up Honey s mess
is by thinking ahead to determine what may happen next or how an
Comprehension Skills 40 Short Passages for Close Reading Grade 2 2012 by Linda Ward Beech Scholastic Teaching Resources
1 In this paragraph the word shreds must mean
A rolls
event will unfold Often information a reader has come across in the B pieces
C squares
text provides clues to what will happen next In many cases readers 2 You can predict that when she saw the mess Cara
A hugged Honey
also use what they already know when they make predictions B was mad at Honey
C got a new cat
3 You can guess that Honey
A didn t like Cara s family
Inference B liked to have people around
C wanted to please Cara
Although most primary students don t know what an inference is
many are most likely making inferences both in their daily lives
1 Context Clues 2 Predict 3 Inference
27
and when reading without being aware of it Students should The writer never says that the cat likes to
have people around but information in
understand that writers don t include every detail in their writing it the paragraph plus what readers already
is up to readers to supply some information A reader makes a guess know helps make it a likely guess
or inference by putting together what is in a text with what he or she
already knows Inferring makes a significant difference in how much
a reader gains from a text Passage 14
Comprehension Skills 40 Short Passages for Close Reading Grade 2 2012 by Linda Ward Beech Scholastic Teaching Resources
Name Date
Read the paragraph Then answer the questions
Fact Opinion Nest Soup
Readers who can identify and differentiate between statements of Birds called swifts are popular in Thailand
People there welcome the birds into their homes
fact and opinion are better able to analyze and assess a text Students In one city the birds even live in a hotel
The reason the birds are in such demand
is their nests Bird s nest soup is a big treat
should learn to recognize phrases such as I think and you should that in Thailand I don t think I would care for it
Vegetable soup seems better to me
signal opinions 1 Write fact or opinion next to each sentence
Comprehension Skills 40 Short Passages for Close Reading Grade 2 2012 by Linda Ward Beech Scholastic Teaching Resources
A Birds called swifts are popular in Thailand
B I don t think I would care for it
C In one city the birds even live in a hotel
2 In this paragraph the word popular means
A disliked
B useful
C liked
3 Write another opinion from the paragraph



1 Fact Opinion 2 Context Clues 3 Fact Opinion
20
To appreciate this story the reader should
understand that the writer has shared
several opinions as well as some facts
about the bird s nest soup
Tips
H Tell students to first read H The comprehension skills H Review the completed pages
the passage and then answer targeted in the questions with students on a regular
the questions Show them how accompanying each passage basis Encourage them to
to fill in the circles for bubble are labeled at the bottom of explain their thinking for each
test questions the page correct answer

5

. See page 6 for more Each student page includes a short passage focusing on three of these essential comprehension skills Comprehension Skills At a Glance Use the information that follows to introduce the reading comprehension skills covered in this book Main Idea amp Details Understanding the main or key idea of a paragraph is crucial for a reader The main idea is what the paragraph is

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