Complete Guide Fundamentals Of Building A Test System-Books Pdf

COMPLETE GuIDE Fundamentals of Building a Test System
07 Aug 2020 | 2 views | 0 downloads | 190 Pages | 3.64 MB

Share Pdf : Complete Guide Fundamentals Of Building A Test System

Download and Preview : Complete Guide Fundamentals Of Building A Test System

Report CopyRight/DMCA Form For : Complete Guide Fundamentals Of Building A Test System



Transcription

Fundamentals of Building a Test System, Modeling the Total Cost of Ownership. of an Automated Test System, C O N T EN T S, Introduction. Development Costs, Deployment Costs, Operation and Maintenance Costs. Financial Analysis Approaches, Practical Scenario, Conclusion. ni com automatedtest, 2 Modeling the Total Cost of Ownership of an Automated Test System.
Introduction, Most organizations do not consider production test a top priority but it is a necessity to prevent. major quality issues in the products that represent the company brand in the hands of customers. The costs however can be significant and are often greatly misunderstood especially when. there s no easy way to quantify the positive business impact of high quality products or shortened. time to market But best in class organizations are unfazed by this necessary evil viewpoint. because they seek to understand the total cost of developing deploying and maintaining test. systems to get ahead of this perception And the cost of automated test in reality is far more. complex than the capital cost of a test rack or even the operator s hourly rate. In this guide learn about the tools and insight you need to evaluate your test organization. propose changes where significant cost savings are available and improve the profitability of. your company year over year with smarter investment decisions. Development DePLOYment OPERATIONAL Total Cost, Costs Costs Costs OF Ownership. Planning Capital Equipment Labor Quantified Financial. Training Assembly Training, Maintenance, Minimized Test TCO. Deployment Improved Cost Defect, Development Effort Spares. Shipping Optimized Test, Development System Installation.
Organization, Figure 1 Proper modeling of total cost of ownership uncovers all the lifetime costs of certain test assets and provides a financial. framework for justifying future strategic investments. ni com automatedtest, 3 Modeling the Total Cost of Ownership of an Automated Test System. Development Costs, For most applications the development costs associated with building a customized automated. test system are the smallest in relation to the deployment and operation and maintenance costs. This is typically because only one system is built to serve as a proof of concept for performance. benchmarking and test coverage assessment However the total cost for developing a test. system can vary significantly depending on the end goal An organization that is creating a. new product often develops and compares multiple test systems with different architectures. and instrumentation to identify the optimal approach. The R D engineering team responsible for a product designs and builds the majority of. development systems and the costs therefore are rolled into this budget or cost center. More mature test departments work with their R D teams to influence the design of products. often referred to as design for test or DFT and also work to develop the test systems This is. a best practice but not always possible for test organizations. For test systems built to test the functionality of a single device or component the level of. effort involved with requirements gathering instrumentation selection fixturing and software. development are relatively finite If however a test department is designing a multipurpose. standardized test system to verify the functionality of multiple devices or components. development costs can be greater You must spend more time identifying all permutations of. functionality that the system must accomplish device under test DUT fixturing must be. flexible and the software must be more scalable to make it easy to implement changes when. adding new devices to the product portfolio, Other efforts such as writing a hardware or measurement abstraction layer or mass interconnect. system require significantly more upfront development cost but should pay a return on. investment for test organizations that either deal with rapid technology change or face. instrumentation end of life EOL issues for long life cycle systems. The main costs associated with developing an automated test system are. Planning Effort Entails the time and expenses required to properly identify all viable. options for the test system It includes time spent at vendor websites product. demonstration sessions evaluations trade shows and discussion forums. Developer Training Includes the time and training course fees associated with learning a. new set of software development tools integrated development environment IDE or test. executive and hardware platforms for example rack and stack with SCSI or PXI. Development Tools The cost associated with purchasing development licenses for the. test software IDE or test executive, Development Effort The time associated with the hardware and software development.
of a proof of concept test system, Development System The capital cost associated with purchasing the initial proof of concept. or demonstrator test system for benchmarking against current or other new systems. ni com automatedtest, 4 Modeling the Total Cost of Ownership of an Automated Test System. Deployment Costs, When you put a product into production you must scale up the proof of concept or demonstrator. test system to meet the volume demands of the product The throughput units tested per. amount of time of the test system directly impacts the number of systems required to meet. demand and product management and the sales channel determine the forecasted volume. Alongside coverage of test functionality the required number of test systems is the factor that. you should consider most during the development phase because this directly impacts the total. deployment cost, Another factor that increases a test system s deployment cost is shipping Smaller organizations. find this less challenging because the manufacturing test and R D departments can be collocated. in the same building or at least in close geographic proximity However even some smaller. companies opt to contract the manufacturing and test of their products if they lack the ability. or expertize to manufacture and test their devices or components Larger companies however. can have manufacturing test and R D departments located in separate regions within the. same country and even in a completely different country This can increase deployment costs. dramatically especially if the manufacturing test system is large and or heavy Slower freight. shipping methods can help to reduce this cost but only in circumstances where time is not a. factor A best practice is to consider the physical size and weight of any test system during the. development phase especially when comparing two options as this can bear a significant. downstream cost, Traditional Box Instrument Test System PXI Test System.
Figure 2 When selecting between two test systems with similar performance select the smaller lighter test system to reduce. deployment costs, The main costs associated with deploying an automated test system are. Capital Equipment The number of test systems required which is determined by the. product demand and test system throughput directly impacts this cost. System Assembly The time required to assemble the individual components into a test. system which includes building a 19 in or 21 in instrumentation rack or other mechanical. enclosure installing all test instrumentation connecting cabling and wiring installing switching. and mass interconnect and fixturing, Software Deployment These costs are associated with compiling or building a collection of. software components and then exporting these components from a development computer. to target machines for execution, Shipping and Logistics The size and weight of the test system as well as the quantity of. test systems required for the production or manufacturing facility directly impact this cost. The distance travelled and the time window required to receive the shipment also impacts. the cost Depending on the ruggedness of the system special packaging may be necessary. ni com automatedtest, 5 Modeling the Total Cost of Ownership of an Automated Test System. Operation and Maintenance Costs, The final and often overlooked or underappreciated costs associated with a test system are.
the operation and maintenance costs These are typically not attributed to the R D team that. originally designed the product or device but almost always roll up to the manufacturing or. production team this separation of cost centers makes cross department collaboration a common. pain point In situations where a company chooses to contract out the manufacturing and test. of its products the contract manufacturer incurs the individual costs and negotiates a flat or. hourly rate for the service, The costs associated with operating and maintaining an automated test system are. Hourly Operation The labor costs for test system operators and support technicians to. ensure the systems are up and running during manufacturing The number of test systems. and the skill level required to operate the system directly impact this amount. Operator Training The time required for each operator to learn how to use a test system. Costs typically are limited to the amount of time that each operator must attend training. regardless of format manual online or in person Companies with a variety of test systems. must decide on their staffing strategy between a model of every operator can operate every. test system and each operator specializes on a single test system. Maintenance The cost associated with keeping the test system and instrumentation in. working order It often includes the cost for annually calibrating equipment as well as a. forecasted cost for replacing instrumentation upon failure How easy the system is to service. can also impact this, Spare Inventory The cost required to keep spare instrumentation in the event of unplanned. downtime for example instrument failure or planned downtime for example calibration. Each test system requires spare instrumentation companies with multiple unique test. systems because of high product mix require a larger set of spare instrumentation and. parts for their test fleet to ensure high uptime, Installation Test systems that consume a lot of power or produce a lot of heat need special. high power electrical work or cooling towers to be installed to ensure proper performance. Utilities The cost associated with powering cooling and housing floor space the test. system The price per square foot of the manufacturing floor and electricity rate can vary. significantly based on geographic location, ni com automatedtest. 6 Modeling the Total Cost of Ownership of an Automated Test System. Financial Analysis Approaches, Because development and deployment costs are amortized over multiple years and operation.
and maintenance costs occur in the future you must use a financial model to determine the. total cost of ownership for a test system For traditional investment scenarios a project will. generate revenue and profit In this situation however there is no revenue or profit but rather. a relative savings of one test system in comparison to another Consider a similar situation that. involves investing in high efficiency lighting or building insulation which costs money upfront. but money will be made through reduced utility expenses in the long run. Payback Period PP This is the amount of time it takes to recuperate the money you invest. in a project The calculation has two parts First you must determine the upfront costs by. finding the difference in developing and deploying the new test system and deploying more of. the old system Because the old system has already been developed there are no associated. costs Second this difference is divided by the annual savings in operation from the new. system s efficiency throughput, Upfront Cost, Payback Period PP yr. Annual Savings yr, Return on Investment ROI This is the ratio of the money earned to the money invested. over the life of a project expressed in a percentage The calculation is more involved as it. requires you to calculate the projected total cost of ownership for both the old and new options. and then find the difference in the two You then divide this result by the total cost of the more. cost effective option and subtract 1 100 from the quotient to find the resulting percentage. Total Net Savings, Return on Investment ROI 1, Total Cost. Additional Models To determine the viability of projects or financial investments you can. use many additional financial models such as internal rate of return IRR net present value. NPV and modified internal rate of return MIRR But most of the advanced modeling that. comes with these drops out when comparing two options against one another and you can. simplify the analysis to PP and ROI, ni com automatedtest. 7 Modeling the Total Cost of Ownership of an Automated Test System. Practical Scenario, The following practical scenario helps demonstrate how you can use financial analysis of total.
cost of ownership to make an informed decision about purchasing a new test system architecture. instead of keeping an old approach, Company B is a 200 million manufacturer of IP based satellite communication systems Their. current production test system is architected using traditional rack and stack box instruments. Company B develops and deploys these test systems to a contract manufacturer who charges. Other efforts such as writing a hardware or measurement abstraction layer or mass interconnect system require significantly more upfront development cost but should pay a return on investment for test organizations that either deal with rapid technology change or face instrumentation end of life EOl issues for long life cycle systems The main costs associated with developing an automated

Related Books

KODAK IRECTVIEW CR 800 900 y panel de operaciones remotas

KODAK IRECTVIEW CR 800 900 y panel de operaciones remotas

KODAK DIRECTVIEW CR 800 900 y panel de operaciones remotas Para m s informaci n v ase la Gu a del usuario de los sistemas CR 800 900 Sistemas CR 800 900 1 Desbloquee el seguro y abra la compuerta frontal 2 Pulse y mantenga pulsado el bot n I TEST del UPS hasta que oiga un pitido 3 El LED de alimentaci n se encender En caso contrario pulse el bot n de alimentaci n de la

Kodak DirectView chospab es

Kodak DirectView chospab es

manual NOTA Introduzca siempre los datos del examen y del paciente y transfiera el registro antes de es canear un cassette expuesto De esta forma evitar que el sistema CR cree im genes no asignadas Si se crea una imagen no asignada el sistema CR le permite asociarla manualmente con el paciente correcto

The fastest single cassette CR system

The fastest single cassette CR system

Kodak DirectView CR cassette with HR screen 24 x 30 cm and 18 x 24 cm Warranty 12 months from date of installation MORE INFORMATION Learn more about the Kodak DirectView CR 850 system and Kodak s other products for enhanced CR performance Contact your Kodak representative Call 1 877 TO KODAK 1 877 865 6325 ext 227

TARIFS DES OP RATIONS amp SERVICES AU 19 06 2017

TARIFS DES OP RATIONS amp SERVICES AU 19 06 2017

Guide des Actionnaires 2016 ENGIE

Guide des Actionnaires 2016 ENGIE

06 ENGIE GUIDE ACTIONNAIRES Fiche signal tique de l action ENGIE Code ISIN FR0010208488 Le code ISIN International Securities Identification Number est l identiiant international des titres inanciers Code mn monique ENGI Utilisez ce sigle pour acc der directement la cote

Change tranger Web CIBC Guide des premi res op rations

Change tranger Web CIBC Guide des premi res op rations

Guide des premi res op rations Marche suivre pour ouvrir une session dans Change tranger Web CIBC Acc dez e cibcwm com Cliquez sur le bouton Ouvrir une session Entrez votre code d utilisateur et votre mot de passe Cliquez sur Ouvrir une session Pour des raisons de s curit nous vous recommande de ne pas autoriser votre navigateur Internet enregistrer

Guide pratique Les v rifications anticorruption dans le

Guide pratique Les v rifications anticorruption dans le

dans le pr sent guide mais ces op rations peuvent faire l objet de v rifications anticorruption similaires proportionn es aux enjeux de l op ration Le pr sent guide qui a fait l objet d une consultation publique est d pourvu de toute port e juridiquement contraignante Il propose des pistes d actions dont l adoption et la mise en uvre rel vent de la d cision des

D claation d op ations su tites de c ance Guide de l

D claation d op ations su tites de c ance Guide de l

Guide du syst me de d claration des op rations SEROM 2 0 Guide d adh sion et d attestation pou le SEROM 2 0 Sc narios de tests pour les op rations sur titres de cr ance d clar es dans le SEROM 2 0 Sc narios de tests pour les op rations de pension sur titres d clar es dans le SEROM 2 0 Avis de l ORVM 14 0250 Avis sur les r gles D claation d op ations su tites de

GUIDE DE L ACTIONNAIRE AU NOMINATIF Bonduelle

GUIDE DE L ACTIONNAIRE AU NOMINATIF Bonduelle

Soci t G n rale Securities Services SGSS SBO CSS BOC 32 rue du champ de tir CS 30812 44308 Nantes Cedex 3 France Fax 33 0 2 51 85 53 42 i Vous trouverez la fin du guide le formulaire de Transfert d actions au nominatif pur i Vous trouverez la fin du guide le formulaire de Transfert d actions au nominatif pur

MANUALIDADES s67fd4ec0c3e46da2 jimcontent com

MANUALIDADES s67fd4ec0c3e46da2 jimcontent com

5 Ornamentaci n de color marr n claro fotos esquinas 6 0 5 mm y 1 2 mm de espesor de la pluma 7 Cortador de papel 8 Tarjeta de papel 9 L piz 10 Tijeras 11 Regla transparente Flujo de trabajo 1 Usar un l piz una regla y un cortador de papel transparente medir marcar y cortar 1 cm de la parte superior del papel base y uno de los

Miguel Santos Ar valo Maestro de Educaci n Infantil

Miguel Santos Ar valo Maestro de Educaci n Infantil

Manualidades para Educaci n Infantil Miguel Santos Ar valo Careta de cerdito 2 Materiales Elaboraci n Un plato de cart n grande de cierta dificultad que solemos hacer en 5 a os Se pinta el cilindro de cart n con t mpera marr n y la parte superior con t mpera beige Con gomets y rotuladores dibujamos la cara de D Casta a Enhebramos unos pocos metros de lana y