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STEPPING INTO COACHING, If you are like most youth league coaches you have. probably been recruited from the ranks of concerned. parents sport enthusiasts or community volunteers,Like many rookie and veteran coaches you probably. have had little formal instruction on how to coach But. when the call went out for coaches to assist with the. local youth basketball program you answered because you like children and. enjoy basketball and perhaps because you wanted to be involved in a. worthwhile community activity, Your initial coaching assignment may be difficult Like many volunteers you. may not know everything there is to know about basketball or about how to. work with children Coaching Youth Basketball will help you learn the basics. of coaching basketball effectively, To start let s take a look at what s involved in being a coach What are your. responsibilities We ll also talk about how to handle the situation when your. child is on the team you coach and we ll examine five tools for being an. effective coach,YOUR RESPONSIBILITIES AS A COACH, As a basketball coach you ll be called upon to do the following. 1 Provide a safe physical environment Playing basketball holds an. inherent risk but as a coach you re responsible for regularly inspecting the. practice and competition courts see the checklist for facilities and equipment. in chapter 6, 2 Communicate in a positive way You ll communicate not only with your. players but also with parents referees and administrators Communicate in. a way that is positive and that demonstrates you have the best interests of. the players at heart Chapter 2 will help you communicate effectively and. positively, 3 Teach the tactics and skills of basketball We ll show you an. innovative games approach to teaching and practicing the tactics and skills. young athletes need to know an approach that kids thoroughly enjoy We. ask you to help all players be the best they can be In chapter 5 we ll show. you how to teach basketball skills and in chapter 9 we ll provide season. plans for 8 to 9 year olds 10 to 11 year olds and 12 to 14 yearolds. respectively In chapter 8 we ll provide descriptions of all the tactics and. skills you ll need to teach and to help you detect and correct errors that. players typically make, 4 Teach the rules of basketball We ll ask you to teach your players the. rules of basketball You ll find the rules in chapter 7. 5 Direct players in competition This includes determining starting. lineups and a substitution plan relating appropriately to referees and to. opposing coaches and players and making tactical decisions during games. see chapter 6 Remember that the focus is not on winning at all costs but. in coaching your kids to compete well do their best and strive to win within. 6 Help your players become fit and value fitness for a lifetime We. want you to help your players be fit so they can play basketball safely and. successfully We also want your players to learn to become fit on their own. understand the value of fitness and enjoy training Thus we ask you not to. make them do push ups or run laps for punishment Make it fun to get fit for. basketball and make it fun to play basketball so they ll stay fit for a lifetime. 7 Help young people develop character Character development includes. learning caring honesty respect and responsibility These intangible. qualities are no less important to teach than the skill of shooting the ball. well We ask you to teach these values to players both by conducting Team. Circles after every game and by demonstrating and encouraging behaviors. that express these values at all times, These are your responsibilities as a coach But coaching becomes even more. complicated when your child is a player on the team you coach If this is the. case you ll have to take into account your roles as both a coach and a. parent and think about how those roles relate to each other. COACHING YOUR OWN CHILD, Many coaches are parents but the two roles should not be confused Unlike. your role as a parent as a coach you are responsible not only to yourself and. your child but also to the organization all the players on the team including. your child and their parents Because of this additional responsibility your. behavior on the basketball court will be different from your behavior at. home and your son or daughter may not understand why. For example imagine the confusion of a young boy who is the center of his. parents attention at home but is barely noticed by his father coach in the. sport setting Or consider the mixed signals received by a young girl whose. basketball skill is constantly evaluated by a mother coach who otherwise. rarely comments on her daughter s activities You need to explain to your. son or daughter your new responsibilities and how they will affect your. relationship when coaching, Take the following steps to avoid problems in coaching your child. Ask your child if he or she wants you to coach the team. Explain why you wish to be involved with the team, Discuss with your child how your interactions will change when you. take on the role of coach at practices or games, Limit your coaching behavior to when you are in the coaching role. Avoid parenting during practice or game situations to keep your role. clear in your child s mind, Reaffirm your love for your child irrespective of his or her. performance on the basketball court, Now let s look at some of the qualities that will help you become an effective. FIVE TOOLS OF AN EFFECTIVE COACH, Have you purchased the traditional coaching tools things like whistles. coaching clothes sport shoes and a clipboard They ll help you coach but to. be a successful coach you ll need five other tools that cannot be bought. These tools are available only through self examination and hard work. they re easy to remember with the acronym COACH,C Comprehension. A Affection,C Character,Comprehension, Comprehension of the rules tactics and skills of basketball is required You. must understand the basic elements of the sport To assist you in learning. about the game we describe rules tactics and skills in chapters 7 and 8 We. also provide season plans in chapter 9, To improve your comprehension of basketball take the following steps. Read the sport specific section of this book in chapters 7 8 and 9. Consider reading other basketball coaching books including those. available from the American Sport Education Program ASEP. Contact youth basketball organizations,Attend basketball clinics. Talk with more experienced coaches, Observe local college high school and youth basketball games. Watch basketball games on television, In addition to having basketball knowledge you must implement proper. training and safety methods so your players can participate with little risk of. injury Even then injuries may occur And more often than not you ll be the. first person responding to your players injuries so be sure you understand. the basic emergency care procedures described in chapter 3 Also read in. that chapter how to handle more serious sport injury situations. This coaching tool refers to your perspective and goals what you are. seeking as a coach The most common coaching objectives are to a have. fun b help players develop their physical mental and social skills and c. win Thus your outlook involves the priorities you set your planning and. your vision for the future, While all coaches focus on competition we want you to focus on positive. competition keeping the pursuit of victory in perspective by making. decisions that first are in the best interest of the players and second will. help to win the game, So how do you know if your outlook and priorities are in order Here s a little. test for you,Which situation would you be most proud of. a Knowing that each participant enjoyed playing basketball. b Seeing that all players improved their basketball skills. c Winning the league championship, Which statement best reflects your thoughts about sport. a If it isn t fun don t do it,b Everyone should learn something every day. c Sport isn t fun if you don t win,How would you like your players to remember you. a As a coach who was fun to play for, b As a coach who provided a good base of fundamental skills. c As a coach who had a winning record, Which would you most like to hear a parent of a player on your team say. a Mike really had a good time playing basketball this year. b Nicole learned some important lessons playing basketball this year. c Willie played on the first place basketball team this year. Which of the following would be the most rewarding moment of your season. a Having your team not want to stop playing even after practice is over. b Seeing one of your players finally master the skill of dribbling without. constantly looking at the ball,c Winning the league championship. Look over your answers If you most often selected a responses then. having fun is most important to you A majority of b answers suggests that. skill development is what attracts you to coaching And if c was your most. frequent response winning is tops on your list of coaching priorities If your. priorities are in order your players well being will take precedence over your. team s win loss record every time, The American Sport Education Program ASEP has a motto that will help you. keep your outlook in line with the best interests of the kids on your team It. summarizes in four words all you need to remember when establishing your. coaching priorities,Athletes First Winning Second, This motto recognizes that striving to win is an important even vital part of. sports But it emphatically states that no efforts in striving to win should be. made at the expense of the athletes well being development and. Take the following actions to better define your outlook. 1 Determine your priorities for the season, 2 Prepare for situations that challenge your priorities. 3 Set goals for yourself and your players that are consistent with those. priorities, 4 Plan how you and your players can best attain those goals. 5 Review your goals frequently to be sure that you are staying on track. This is another vital tool you will want to have in your coaching kit a genuine. concern for the young people you coach It involves having a love for kids a. desire to share with them your love and knowledge of basketball and the. patience and understanding that allow each individual playing for you to grow. from his or her involvement in sport, You can demonstrate your affection and patience in many ways including. Make an effort to get to know each player on your team. Treat each player as an individual, Empathize with players trying to learn new and difficult skills. Treat players as you would like to be treated under similar. circumstances, Be in control of your emotions Stepping Into Coaching 7. Show your enthusiasm for being involved with your team. Keep an upbeat and positive tone in all of your communications. The fact that you have decided to coach young basketball players probably. means that you think participation in sport is important But whether or not. that participation develops character in your players depends as much on you. as it does on the sport itself How can you build character in your players. Having good character means modeling appropriate behaviors for sport and. life That means more than just saying the right things What you say and. what you do must match There is no place in coaching for the Do as I say. not as I do philosophy Challenge support encourage and reward every. youngster and your players will be more likely to accept even celebrate. their differences Be in control before during and after all practices and. contests And don t be afraid to admit that you were wrong No one is. Consider the following steps to being a good role model. Take stock of your strengths and weaknesses,Build on your strengths. Set goals for yourself to improve upon those areas you would not like. to see copied, If you slip up apologize to your team and to yourself You ll do better. Humor is an often overlooked coaching tool For our use it means having the. ability to laugh at yourself and with your players during practices and. contests Nothing helps balance the tone of a serious skill learning session. like a chuckle or two And a sense of humor puts in perspective the many. mistakes your players will make So don t get upset over each miscue or. respond negatively to erring players Allow your players and yourself to enjoy. the ups and don t dwell on the downs, Here are some tips for injecting humor into your practices. Make practices fun by including a variety of activities. Keep all players involved in games and skill practices. Consider laughter by your players a sign of enjoyment not of waning. discipline,YOUR JOB DESCRIPTION,Now you know what YMCA Youth Super Sports is and. what our philosophy the Seven Pillars of YMCA Youth. Sports is for conducting this unique sports program. You also know that YMCA Rookies emphasizes teaching. children basic basketball skills and rules in a,precompetitive environment We ll ask you to teach. your players how to play the game of basketball but. the emphasis will be on teaching not on competing in. YOUR DUTIES AS A COACH, You have seven duties as a YMCA Rookies basketball coach. 1 Teach the skills and tactics of basketball to the best of your ability. We want you to teach children the physical skills and tactics to play the sport. to the best of their ability Children value the learning of these skills and. tactics and they respect those who can help them master them Be a good. teacher but remember that not all children have the same ability to learn A. few have the ability to be outstanding many have the ability to be. competent and a few have the ability to barely play the sport We ask that. you help them all be the best that they can be We ll show you an innovative. games approach to teaching and practicing these skills that children. thoroughly enjoy These games are designed to be developmentally. appropriate for the children you will be teaching You ll avoid monotonous. drills where children stand in line waiting their turn instead you ll be keeping. everyone active practicing basic skills in game like conditions To help you. first we ll provide season plans in chapter 5 In chapter 6 we ll give you. practice plans for four to five year olds and in chapter 7 we ll do the same. for six to seven year olds In chapter 8 we ll review with you how to teach. the basic skills and provide you with assistance in detecting and correcting. 2 Help your players learn the rules and traditions of basketball We. ask you to teach your players the rules of basketball as they learn the basic. skills through the modified games of the sport Beyond the rules we also ask. you to teach the basic traditions of the sport By traditions we mean the. proper actions to take to show courtesy and avoid injury in short to be a. good sport You ll find the rules and traditions for YMCA Rookies basketball in. 3 Help your players to become fit and to value fitness for a lifetime. We want you to help your players be fit so they can play basketball safely. and successfully But we also want more We want you to do so in a way that. your players learn to become fit on their own understand the value of. fitness and enjoy training Thus we ask you not to make them do push ups. or run laps for punishment Make it fun to get fit for basketball and make it. fun to play basketball so they ll stay fit for a lifetime In chapter 10 we ll give. you some tips on basic fitness for your players, 4 Help your players develop character Character development is. teaching children the core values caring honesty respect and. responsibility These intangible qualities are no less important to teach than. ballhandling or defensive skills We ask you to teach these values to children. by 1 conducting Team Circles which are built into every practice plan and. 2 demonstrating and encouraging behaviors that express these values at all. times Chapter 11 will give you more suggestions about teaching character. development, 5 Ensure the safety of your players You are responsible for supervising. every aspect of your players participation in basketball Make sure the field. is clear of hazardous objects and that the children do not engage in activities. that might injure themselves or others You have not only a legal. responsibility but also a moral one to supervise them closely See chapter 10. for more on safety, 6 Help each player develop a positive sense of self worth An essential. goal in conducting YMCA Youth Super Sports programs is to help children. gain a strong positive sense of their worth as human beings For each of us. our most important possession is our self worth Please teach our children. basketball in a way that helps them grow to respect themselves and others. 7 Make it fun Make learning the game a fantastic experience so that your. players will want to continue playing for many years to come. These are your responsibilities as a coach But coaching becomes even more. complicated when your child is a player on the team you coach If this is the. case you ll have to take into account your roles as both a coach and a. parent and think about how those roles relate to each other. BEING A GOOD COACH,Just what makes a good basketball coach. A person who knows the sport of basketball well If you re not that. familiar with the sport be sure to attend the YMCA Rookies Basketball. Coaches Course and study more about the sport Refer to the list of. useful books and videos in appendix A, A person who wants to teach basketball to young people who cares. Excellent teachers are motivated have a positive attitude and give. the time to do the job well, A person who understands young people who possesses empathy. Empathy is caring about the young people you teach by showing you. understand them, We hope you ll do your best to be a good basketball coach for the children on. your team By doing so you can help them develop their spirits minds and. bodies which is the goal for all YMCA programs,WHO ELSE DO I NEED TO COMMUNICATE WITH. Coaching involves not only sending and receiving messages and providing. proper feedback to players but also interacting with parents fans game. referees and opposing coaches If you don t communicate effectively with. these groups of people your coaching career will be unpleasant and short. lived So try the following suggestions for communicating with these groups. A player s parents need to be assured that their son or daughter is under the. direction of a coach who is both knowledgeable about the sport and. concerned about the youngster s well being You can put their worries to rest. by holding a preseason parent orientation meeting in which you describe. your background and your approach to coaching If parents contact you with. a concern during the season listen to them closely and try to offer positive. responses If you need to communicate with parents catch them after a. practice give them a phone call or send a note through the mail Messages. sent to parents through players are too often lost misinterpreted or. The stands probably won t be overflowing at your contests but that only. means that you ll more easily hear the few fans who criticize your coaching. When you hear something negative said about the job you re doing don t. respond Keep calm consider whether the message had any value and if. not forget it Acknowledging critical unwarranted comments from a fan. during a contest will only encourage others to voice their opinions So put. away your rabbit ears and communicate to fans through your actions that. you are a confident competent coach Prepare your players for fans. criticisms Tell them it is you not the spectators they should listen to If you. notice that one of your players is rattled by a fan s comment reassure the. player that your evaluation is more objective and favorable and the one that. Contest Referees, How you communicate with referees will have a great influence on the way. your players behave toward them Therefore you need to set an example. Greet referees with a handshake an introduction and perhaps some casual. conversation about the upcoming contest Indicate your respect for them. before during and after the contest Don t make nasty remarks shout or. use disrespectful body gestures Your players will see you do it and they ll. get the idea that such behavior is appropriate Plus if the referee hears or. sees you the communication between the two of you will break down. Opposing Coaches, Make an effort to visit with the coach of the opposing team before the game. During the game don t get into a personal feud with the opposing coach. Remember it s the kids not the coaches who are competing And by getting. along well with the opposing coach you ll show your players that competition. involves cooperation,TEACHING BASKETBALL RULES AND TRADITIONS. This chapter is where we ll introduce you to some of the basic rules and. traditions of basketball We won t try to cover all the rules of the game but. we ll give you what you need to work with four to seven year old children. Some of the rules will be explained just so you understand the game better. those that should be taught to your players have been incorporated into the. practice plans, In this chapter we ll give you information on ball and court size and. markings player equipment player positions actions to start and restart the. game fouls and violations and scoring In a short section we ll show you. the officiating signals for basketball We also will talk briefly about a few of. the unwritten rules or traditions of basketball which good players follow to. be courteous and safe,EQUIPMENT COURT AND GAME LENGTH. Basketball requires very little player equipment Players should wear. basketball shoes so they have proper traction on the court They should wear. clothing such as athletic shorts and tank tops or loose fitting shirts so they. have the freedom of movement needed to run jump and shoot Players may. choose to wear safety glasses or goggles to protect their eyes from injury. Also if desired players who have conditions affecting the knees or elbows. may want to wear soft pads to protect them Players may not wear jewelry. during games, In table 14 1 we present rules that cover many of the basics of the game. Many leagues run the clock continuously In such cases instead of playing. for example a 12 minute half and stopping the clock you might play a 16. to 20 minute half without stopping the clock,BALL AND COURT CHARACTERISTICS. Because basketball is a game in which a ball is passed dribbled and shot. with the hands the size of the ball must be appropriate for participants A. regulation men s basketball is far too heavy and large for kids to handle For. YMCA Rookies we recommend you use a 5 ball and if possible supply. balls in a variety of sizes and weights, Basketball courts are normally 50 feet by 94 feet 84 feet in high school but. this size is much too large for children younger than eight YMCA Rookies. should play on smaller sized courts either half court or a short court the. basket is at the side of the court We also recommend that you lower the. basket from the regulation 10 feet to 6 feet for the six to seven year olds. and to 5 feet for the four to five year olds, Figure 9 1 shows the standard basketball court markings Those you will use. most often in YMCA Rookies play are the sidelines the midcourt line and the. free throw lane or key Several areas of the court are referred to with. special basketball terminology, Frontcourt refers to the half of the court where your team s offensive. basket is located, Backcourt includes the midcourt line and the half of the court where. your opponent s basket is located, The three second lane is an area that extends from the baseline under. the basket to the free throw line it s also called the key The. semicircle that extends beyond the free throw line designates the top. of the key In regulation play offensive players are not allowed to. remain in the lane for more than three seconds If they do a violation. is called and the ball is given to the opposing team This violation will. not be called in YMCA Rookies however, The area outside the three second lane area is called the perimeter. The three point line marks a semicircle that is 19 feet from the basket. at all points Shots that are made from behind this line count for three. points instead of two, The square markings six feet from the baseline on each side of the. lane are referred to as the blocks,PLAYER EQUIPMENT. Basketball requires very little equipment Players should wear basketball. shoes so they have proper traction on the court and we recommend that. they wear two pairs of athletic socks to avoid blisters They should wear. clothing such as athletic shorts and tank tops or loose fitting shirts so they. have the freedom of movement needed to run jump and shoot Players may. choose to wear safety glasses or goggles to protect their eyes from injury. Also if desired players who have conditions affecting the knees or elbows. may want to wear soft pads to protect them,PLAYER POSITIONS. Although in YMCA Rookies your players will only play 2 v 2 or 3 v 3. basketball is usually played with five players on a team Each player is. assigned a position and each position is referred to by a number 1 through. 5 The types of positions are guard forward and center. Guards Guards usually are the best ballhandlers and outside shooters on. the team They tend to be shorter and quicker than the other players and to. have good dribbling and passing skills Guards play farthest from the basket. on the perimeter, A basketball team usually has two guards in the game at all times The point. guard who is in the 1 position is played by the team s best dribbler and. passer The second guard is the off guard who is in the 2 position He or. she is often the team s best long range shooter and second best dribbler. Forwards Forwards typically are taller than guards and play near the. basket They should be able to shoot the ball accurately from within 12 feet. of the basket and rebound the ball when shots are missed. A team usually plays with two forwards in its lineup The small forward also. referred to as the wing is in the 3 position This position often is filled by.
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