City Of Richmond Enhanced Accessibility-Books Pdf

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Table of Contents,4 6 Signage 18, Table of Contents i 4 7 Spatial Requirements at Drinking Fountains and Bottle Fillers 19. Executive Summary iii 4 8 Clearances at Mailboxes and Vending Machines 20. 4 9 Waiting Queuing and Seating Areas 20,1 0 Introduction 1 4 10 Interior Finishing 21. 1 1 Mission Statement 1 4 10 1 Flooring 21, 1 2 Intent of Guidelines and Specifications and How They Are to be 4 10 2 Walls 21. Applied 1 4 10 3 Ceilings 22, 1 3 City of Richmond s Commitment to Accessibility and Enhanced 4 10 4 Doors and Entrances 23. Accessibility 1 4 10 5 Windows Glazed Screens and Sidelights 25. 1 4 The Changing Regulatory Environment Concerning Accessibility in 4 10 6 Reception and Information Counters 26. Canada 2 4 10 7 Elevators Lofts and Escalators 26, 1 5 Principles of Accessibility and Universal Design 3 4 10 8 Work Stations and Shelving 27.
1 6 How the Development Process in the City of Richmond Works and 4 10 9 Staff Kitchenettes 27. How Principles to Incorporate Enhanced Accessibility in Buildings 4 10 10 Washroom Facilities 28. and Open Spaces Can be Integrated into the Development Process 4 Typical Male and Female Washrooms. Universal Washrooms, 2 0 A Glossary of Definitions Pertaining to Accessibility in Shower Stalls. Buildings and Public Spaces 5 4 10 11 Lockers and Storage Areas 31. 4 10 12 Controls and Operating Mechanisms 31, 3 0 Understanding Accessibility Requirements 11 4 10 13 Emergency Exits and Areas of Refuge 32. 3 1 Meeting Community Needs 11 4 10 14 Security Considerations and Alarms 32. 3 2 Preferred Dimensions to Enhance Accessibility 11 4 10 15 Indoor Lighting Considerations 32. 3 2 1 Wheelchairs Clear Space 11 4 11 Streetscape Considerations 33. 3 2 2 Wheelchairs Reach Requirements 12 4 12 Parking Area Considerations 34. 3 2 3 Requirements for Power Wheelchairs and 4 13 Passenger Loading Zone Considerations 35. Scooter Maneuvering 12 4 14 Outdoor Recreational Facilities 35. 3 2 4 Requirements for Persons Accompanied by Certified Guide 4 15 Drop off and Pick up Shelters 36. or Service Dogs 13 4 16 Outdoor Lighting Considerations 36. 3 2 5 Acoustic Considerations for those who are Hard of Hearing 13. 5 0 Technical Specifications 37, 4 0 General Design Considerations to Enhance Accessibility 15. 6 0 Checklists For Enhanced Accessibility 43,4 1 Corridors and Paths of Travel 15. 4 2 Gates and Turnstiles 16,4 3 Ramps 16,4 4 Stairs 17.
4 5 Colour and Texture 17, City of Richmond i Enhanced Accessibility Design Guidelines and Technical Specifications June 2018. Executive Summary, These City of Richmond Enhanced Accessibility Design Guidelines and Technical Specifications The. Guidelines were approved by City Council on October 22 2018 as an administrative document to be updated. from time to time, The City of Richmond provides these Guidelines to assist City staff and the development community in the. incorporation of accessibility features in City owned or City leased premises that go beyond the requirements. of the BC Building Code for accessibility in public buildings The Guidelines are provided as well to the public as. a resource on an information only basis, Therefore while the content is thought to be accurate on the publication date shown the Guidelines are. provided on an as is basis and without warranty of any kind either expressed or implied. The City of Richmond its elected officials officers agents employees and contractors will in no event be. liable or responsible for losses or damages of any kind arising out of the use of the Guidelines Additionally. changes may be made to the Guidelines without prior notice. The information contained in the Guidelines is subject always to the provisions of all governing legislation and. bylaws including without limitation the BC Building Code the City of Richmond Zoning Bylaw 8500 the City. of Richmond Building Regulation Bylaw 7230 and the City of Richmond Subdivision and Development Bylaw. 8751 including all as they may be amended or replaced from time to time. City of Richmond ii Enhanced Accessibility Design Guidelines and Technical Specifications June 2018. Executive Summary, The City of Richmond is committed to incorporating principles of accessible design in The intent of these Design Guidelines and Technical Specifications for Enhanced.
all buildings and open spaces in the City This is especially true for City owned facilities Accessibility to keep pace with new attitudes and commitments to people s health and. and ongoing efforts are made to ensure that the design and construction of Richmond s independence and to provide guidelines for City owned buildings and public spaces. public infrastructure reflects a strong committed to accessible design requirements that go beyond basic codes for accessibility. An essential aspect of this commitment to accessibility is the need to keep abreast with In addition to input from City staff the preparation of these Design Guidelines has. requirements for accessibility and inclusivity as they occur over time in Richmond City relied on consultation with key stakeholders and advocates for those living with. Policies have in the past articulated such objectives City Policy 4012 Access and diverse abilities The contributions of these groups are recognized with thanks in the. Inclusion emphasizes this and commits to Acknowledgements section of the document This document has also been informed by. a survey of work in the field and best practices from other jurisdictions in Canada. developing programs and adopting practices to ensure Richmond residents and. visitors have access to a range of opportunities to participate in the economic social It is hoped that by enhancing accessibility in City owned buildings and public spaces. cultural and recreational life of the City Richmond can play a leadership role and can promote better standards for accessible. collaborating with senior levels of government partner organizations and stakeholder design in privately developed buildings throughout the City. groups to promote social and physical infrastructure to meet the diverse needs of. people who visit work and live in Richmond and, promoting barrier free access to the City s facilities parks programs and services. The City of Richmond Building Bylaws and the Provincial Building Code typically provide. for the minimum requirements for accessibility in buildings and public spaces These. regulations are informed by the BC Office of Housing and Construction Standards BC. Access Handbook 2014 which provides an illustrated commentary describing and. suggesting how many of the Code requirements can be implemented. Across Canada there is a growing trend for more and more provinces and. municipalities to go beyond minimum standards and to establish new guidelines and. regulations that enhance accessibility particularly in public buildings and open spaces. Generally this shift in attitude is in response to the changing needs of an aging society. which has greater numbers of people who are experiencing changes to their abilities. and who require more design supports in the built environment to assist them to live as. healthy and independent lives as possible, City of Richmond iii Enhanced Accessibility Design Guidelines and Technical Specifications June 2018. Introduction 1, 1 1 Mission Statement More specifically under Social Development Strategy Strategic Direction 2 the City. The City of Richmond is committed to incorporating principles of accessible design in supports. all buildings and open spaces in the City The City is also committed to moving beyond promoting best practices in the assessment and upgrading of accessibility features in. the basic building code requirements for accessibility and wishes to promote enhanced City and non City facilities. accessibility and barrier free access for all Richmond citizens The goal is to help foster developing a long term plan to undertake the necessary upgrades to further increase. independence and mobility in all parts of the City for every person no matter what their the accessibility of existing City facilities. degree of physical or cognitive ability might be ensuring that City facilities and the public realm are as accessible as possible. 1 2 Intent of Guidelines and Technical Specifications and How They Are to be Richmond s City Council Policies 2012 and 4012 reiterate goals set out in the Social. Applied Development Strategy namely to, In the City of Richmond accessibility and enhanced accessibility in buildings acknowledge and keep abreast of the accessibility and inclusive needs and. and streets sidewalks and open spaces is typically mandated through the city s challenges of diverse population groups in Richmond. development approvals and building permitting processes collaborate with senior levels of government partner organizations and stakeholder. groups to promote the development of physical infrastructure to meet the diverse. The Richmond Building Bylaws and the Provincial Building Code provide minimum needs of people who work visit and live in Richmond. requirements for accessibility for persons with diverse abilities including individuals. who have had a loss or reduction of functional ability people living with a sensory or. cognitive disability impairments or those living with a form of dementia. The intent of these Guidelines and Technical Specifications is to provide information. for the public and to provide clarity for building owners developers architects and. others in the development industry regarding the City s expectations for going beyond. minimum requirements and providing for enhanced design and delivery of accessibility. in buildings and in the public realm, More specifically these Guidelines and Technical Specifications are intended to define.
expectations and guide the City s decisions for the design of all City owned buildings. whether for a new build or a renovation of an existing City facility. 1 3 City of Richmond s Commitment to Accessibility and Enhanced Accessibility. The City has a strong history of facilitating accessibility in buildings and public spaces. Richmond s Social Development Strategy 2013 sets out that the City is an inclusive. engaged and caring community and one that commits to enhancing accessibility and. addressing the needs of an aging population, City of Richmond 1 Enhanced Accessibility Design Guidelines and Technical Specifications June 2018. Introduction 1, The City of Richmond continues to support goals for accessibility and enhanced 1 4 The Changing Regulatory Environment Concerning Accessibility in Canada. accessibility based on the following core planning principles Typically new builds or renovated private buildings in Canada must comply with the. provide for accessibility in all buildings and public spaces indoors and outdoors minimum requirements for accessibility that are set out in the Building Codes adopted. provide for principles of equity in new developments by the various Provinces. commitment to principles of visitability for people of all physical abilities in. buildings and public spaces In British Columbia the 2012 BC Building Code sets out the minimum requirements for. commitment to assisting to care for Richmond citizens who are part of vulnerable accessibility in buildings and public spaces and these regulations are further informed. groups by the Building Access Handbook 2014 published by the BC Office of Housing and. commitment to partnering with community health stakeholder and other Construction Standards The Handbook provides an illustrated commentary suggesting. organizations that assist with generating healing and accessible environments how many of the code requirements may be implemented. development of resilient and sustainable buildings that incorporate principles of. accessibility that are durable and that minimize maintenance costs over the life of However for publicly owned and funded buildings a growing number of provinces and. the facility municipalities are opting to go beyond minimum standards and are establishing new. commitment to sound public finance economic practice and working pro actively sets of regulations to enhance accessibility in buildings. with all stakeholders in the delivery of accessible buildings and public spaces. commitment to public engagement on the delivery of accessibility in buildings and The work of this document to enhance accessibility emulates what many other. public spaces to meet the needs of the community municipalities and provincial jurisdictions are already doing and also anticipates new. federal legislation that is presently being formulated that will enforce a higher degree of. accessibility related regulations for the construction of buildings and public spaces in. the future, Until Canada passes legislation similar to the United States Americans with. Disabilities Act 2010 the most nationally recognized and recommended. accessible design guide is CAN CSA B651 Accessible Design for the Built. Environment This document refers to and summarizes some of the standards. described in CAN CSA B651 but also includes references to best practices adopted. already in other jurisdictions in Canada,One such best practices guide is. Ontario s Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act AODA. In 2005 Ontario passed the Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act with. the goal of making buildings and public spaces accessible by 2025 The Act created. standards for businesses and government and non government organizations to. follow to identify and remove barriers that prevent people with disabilities having. opportunities to participate in everyday life, The Integrated Accessibility Standards Regulation now requires that all businesses.
and organizations provide a Declaration of Compliance with the provisions of the. Accessible Route Highlighted by Paving Contrast Act with first reporting due by 31 December 2017. City of Richmond 2 Enhanced Accessibility Design Guidelines and Technical Specifications June 2018. Introduction 1, 1 5 Principles of Accessibility and Universal Design. Richmond residents and visitors have varying degrees of physical ability and levels. of comfort in participating in the activities of everyday life Enhanced Accessibility in. buildings also referred to as barrier free design or universal design allows for easier. and safer use of buildings and public spaces for the public in general Such design. guidelines promote ease of user access and safety that benefit all citizens from parents. pushing strollers to tradespeople dealing with the loading and unloading of goods. In all Universal Design aspires to benefit each member of the population by promoting. accessible and usable products services and built environments. The Seven Principles of Universal Design were developed in 1997 by a working group. of architects product designers engineers and environmental design researchers under. the leadership of Ronald Mace of North Carolina State University. The Seven Principles,of Universal Design, copyright c 1997 NC State University The Centre for Universal Design. City of Richmond 3 Enhanced Accessibility Design Guidelines and Technical Specifications June 2018. Introduction 1, 1 6 How the Development Process in the City of Richmond Works and How. Principles to Incorporate Enhanced Accessibility in Buildings and Open Spaces. Can be Integrated into the Development Process,Overview of the Process. The City collaborates with the public the development community various stakeholders. in the non profit sector and other involved groups to create high quality fully accessible. buildings and open spaces, To facilitate this process it is important for building and public space project proposal.
applicants to follow an appropriate development methodology in order to promote. applications that successfully promote principles of enhanced accessibility and universal. design An overview of the process would include, review City and Provincial guidelines and requirements for accessibility and. enhanced accessibility for new City owned projects and renovations. review of the typical approvals process including preliminary project discussions with. City staff,City Approvals, Modified Development Permit Process for City Owned Buildings. a development application for the project comprised of design drawings. that incorporate City and Provincial requirements for. Accessibility as well as expectations for Enhanced Accessibility. including these Design Guidelines and Technical Specifications and any. other related guidelines or regulations,Building Permit. City approval that allows construction to begin comprised of working. drawings and specifications that demonstrate compliance with the. Building Code and Development Permit requirements,Occupancy Permit. City final approval of the constructed facility indicating that it is. ready for use, The City of Richmond wants to enhance the accessibility of its City owned.
buildings for the public and City staff and officials. City of Richmond 4 Enhanced Accessibility Design Guidelines and Technical Specifications June 2018. A Glossary of Definitions Pertaining to,Accessibility in Buildings and Public Spaces 2. 2 0 A Glossary of Definitions Pertaining to Accessibility in Buildings and Public Active Transportation Routes. Spaces Refers to human powered transportation modes such as walking cycling or rolling. Providing for barrier free design typically enhances the functionality of Active. Developments incorporating accessibility and enhanced accessibility have a descriptive Transportation Routes as well as enhancing their accessibility for people with diverse. and regulatory language that is specific to the needs and requirements of this barrier abilities or those using mobility devices such as walkers wheelchairs and scooters and. free and universal design philosophy people using certified guide dogs. Access Aisle, A pedestrian space that provides satisfactory clearances between specific elements. such as parked cars or desks or seating and which provides for accessible use. Accessibility, A design standard that allows for persons with diverse abilities to approach enter. pass to and from and make use of an area and its facilities without the assistance of a. third party or caregiver Accessibility allows for independence of use and movement by. individuals who live with diverse abilities,Accessible Route. A continuous and clear path of travel that is unobstructed by vertical or over hanging. elements as well as any encroaching or protruding horizontal elements. Active Transportation Routes, Interior accessible routes may include hallways ramps or specific floor areas such as.
clear spaces at doors or furnishings or fixtures Adaptable Buildings and Public Spaces. Refers to anticipating future needs or changing aspects of existing buildings and. Exterior access routes may include sidewalks and crossings curb cuts and ramps public spaces to make them more functionally useful to people with different degrees. parking access aisles and building exits and entrances of disability For example bathrooms can be constructed with backing in the wall. construction to enable the addition of grab bars in the future to enhance accessibility in. years to come,Aging in Place, The ability to live in one s home for as long as possible This will often depend on the. living space being adaptable in order to assist with health and wellness goals. Area of Refuge Area of Rescue Assistance, A floor area with direct access to a building exit where individuals who cannot use stairs. can wait in relative safety until assisted or instructed to evacuate the building An area. of rescue assistance can also be located at an exterior location where individuals can. wait for help to arrive, City of Richmond 5 Enhanced Accessibility Design Guidelines and Technical Specifications June 2018. A Glossary of Definitions Pertaining to,Accessibility in Buildings and Public Spaces 2. Assistive Listening Device Circulation Path, Wireless sound transmission systems that improve sound reception for persons with Refers to a way of passage for pedestrians including walkways hallways courtyards.
hearing impairments Such systems provide adjustable amplification for the user while stairways and stair landings Accessible circulation paths must meet minimum. blocking out background noise disturbances regulatory standards in order to comply with building code requirements. At Risk Populations, Individuals or households with income or health challenges and typically whose shelter. needs are a concern Often the health challenges faced include living with diverse. Automatic Door Power Assisted Door, A door equipped with power operation and controls that open and close the door without. manually touching the door These doors can be swing or automatic sliding door type. Switches for such doors typically are push plates to enable accessibility and may also. include photoelectrical devices or floor mat actuators. A condition that impedes freedom of movement or an obstacle or social circumstance. that prevents an objective being reached including access to information. Barrier free design incorporates a clear accessible path with. Barrier Free Design cane detectability and good colour contrast. A design philosophy that looks to eliminate physical barriers on the ground plane. that impede freedom of movement Primarily concerned with avoiding curbs steps or Clear Space. changes in grade that make movement in a wheelchair difficult or impossible Barrier The minimum unobstructed floor area or ground space required to accommodate. free design also helps the average person s ease of mobility since trip hazards are a single stationary wheelchair power wheelchair scooter or other mobility device. avoided or eliminated including the user of the device. BC Building Code Closed Circuit Telephone Enterphone. The legislation that governs the design and construction of new buildings additions to Refers to a house or courtesy phone or a telephone to gain entrance to a building An. buildings alterations to existing buildings and the occupancy of any building The BC appropriate mounting height is installed for the telephone to provide for accessibility. Building Code sets out the minimum requirements for accommodating accessibility in. buildings Colour Contrast and Conspicuity, Research shows that elements are more conspicuous when there is a colour contrast. Cane Detectable of at least 70 and with light coloured characters on a dark background providing the. The condition of an object being within the detection range of a user s cane as it sweeps best readability Colour contrast should be provided on building elements such as stair. or taps Typically cane detectability refers to a mobility cane used by a person who is nosings or signage to promote legibility for persons who are partially sighted. blind deafblind or partially sighted, City of Richmond 6 Enhanced Accessibility Design Guidelines and Technical Specifications June 2018. A Glossary of Definitions Pertaining to,Accessibility in Buildings and Public Spaces 2.
Complete Community Entrance, A neighbourhood where individuals and households of all income strata and levels of An access point into a building or part of the public realm The accessibility and spatial. ability can be housed with the appropriate design and community supports in order to requirements of entrances are many and include an approach walkway any vertical. meet their daily living needs climb or descent to the entry the entrance element itself whether a vestibule is. provided at the entry or gate and what the nature of the entry hardware is at the door or. Crime Prevention through Environmental Design CPTED gate Well designed entrances are key to providing for enhanced accessibility. An approach to building and urban design which can foster feelings of security for. residents and users CPTED principles should also endeavor to accommodate Floor Area Ratio FAR or Floor Space Ratio FSR. principles of Enhanced Accessibility A calculation where the total floor area of a building or development is divided by the. area of the site,Diverse Ability, A limitation occurring when an individual s physical environment fails to accommodate Since providing enhanced accessibility is often about providing more space in a building. his or her functional needs The experience of a diverse ability can be alleviated by that can often encroach into the maximum FAR or FSR permitted a municipality may. designing environments that accommodate a wide range of physical and sensory provide floor space exclusions so that economics of development of a building with a. abilities level of enhanced accessibility is not the negatively impacted. Egress Means of Guard, A continuous and unobstructed path of exit travel in a vertical or horizontal travel A protective barrier or safety railing used to prevent falling off of a raised platform or. direction or a combination thereof that provides for an ability to safely leave a building floor or at the open sides of stairs landings or raised walkways. On upper floors of a building an accessible means of egress means that exiting is The barrier or railing may or may not have openings on it. accommodated without the use of stairs elevators or escalators In such cases areas. of rescue assistance such as areas of refuge or protected lobbies provide a safe Handrail. refuge until help arrives A building element that provides support for pedestrians primarily at steps ramps and. stairways and also at hallways or horizontal passageways such as corridors in seniors. It is also advisable to include an area of refuge outside of the building on the ground facilities. level where people with mobility or cognitive challenges can gather to wait for help to. arrive Handrails should be designed for ease of gripping and provide sufficient clearances to. walls or adjacent surfaces,Enhanced Accessibility, A barrier free design philosophy that seeks to go beyond the requirements of the Healing Environments. Building Code for accessibility to foster independence and mobility for all citizens Environments that provide appropriate supports to enable users to better deal with. regardless of what their level of individual disability might be physical intellectual and health related challenges. Impairment, Refers to a diminishment of physical or psychological performance or function.
The affects of impairment can be alleviated with appropriate building design and. attention to detail, City of Richmond 7 Enhanced Accessibility Design Guidelines and Technical Specifications June 2018. A Glossary of Definitions Pertaining to,Accessibility in Buildings and Public Spaces 2. Mixed Use Development Ramp including Ramp Slope and Cross Slope. A building or development that blends two or more uses including retail office A walking surface where the slope is greater than 1 20 5 The maximum ramp. institutional and residential uses Mixed use developments are more urban in slope allowed by code for assembly occupancy or exterior use is 1 10 If possible the. character and should incorporate barrier free design elements throughout to foster the maximum slope should be kept to 1 12 Appropriate landings should be provided in. establishment of complete and accessible communities compliance with code requirements. Cross slopes at ramps should be minimized to allow for surface drainage maximum. 6mm 1 4 in one foot while not compromising the safety of the ramp. Handrails and guards are required by code to accommodate safe use of ramps. Regulations for curb cuts or lay downs to the street level at exterior sidewalks differ from. those for ramps, The dual wheelchair curb cut design is a preferred best practice for crosswalks at. intersections where the centreline of the curb cut ramp lines up with the centreline of. the crosswalk, Includes ramps at the end of pedestrial access aisles for van accessible parking and as. defined in City of Richmond Zoning Bylaw 8500 Section 7 Parking and Loading. Resilient Cities and Neighbourhoods, Mixed Use Development An urban planning strategy that encourages new development to be built for the long.
term with an emphasis on a high level of energy utilization and a reduction in the need. Multi Use Pathway to replace buildings systems or components. Refers to paths that typically accommodate both bicycle and pedestrian use on the. same path system Both uses benefit from a continuous barrier free design without Elements that provide accessibility in buildings should be designed with the same level. curbs or steps Care should be undertaken to design the multi use path in order to avoid of resilience in mind. conflicts between pedestrians and those who use mobility devices such as wheelchairs. strollers cyclists scooters skates and other personal low powered travel modes. Operable Portion of Piece of Equipment, The part of a piece of equipment that is used to activate de activate or adjust how. the equipment performs These include door handles push buttons water fountains. washroom fixtures and accessories and mail and coin slots among other items. City of Richmond 8 Enhanced Accessibility Design Guidelines and Technical Specifications June 2018. A Glossary of Definitions Pertaining to,Accessibility in Buildings and Public Spaces 2. Service Entrance Sustainability, Typically a non public entrance provided for the delivery of goods and services As Meeting present needs without compromising the ability of future generations to meet. such entrances often also provide entry for staff principles of accessibility should also their needs Sustainability is described as having four main components economic. be considered cultural social and environmental Providing for accessibility and barrier free design. enhances the social sustainability of urban places for the long term. Tactile Walking Surface Indicators TWSI, A surface treatment on pedestrian walkways ramps and stairs that provides a warning. for persons who are blind deafblind or partially sighted regarding obstructions on the. circulation path As well as providing for colour contrasts indicator surfaces should be. textured differently in order to be cane detectable. Technically Not Feasible Building Renovations and Alterations. When an existing building is being altered at times a building upgrade cannot be. contemplated because of structural or building services considerations. In some instances building upgrades that promote use of the building by persons with. diverse abilities should be contemplated even though they do not provide complete. compliance with minimum code requirements for new construction and are technically. not feasible,Accessibility should be considered for.
all drop off and service entrances An example of such a condition would be the installation of a wheelchair lift in a building. that cannot accommodate installation of a code compliant elevator. Signage Note an inadequate budget is not a reason to relax full code compliance. Providing for general information or way finding in buildings and in the public realm. signage should provide for a wide range of effectiveness in communication and include Transit Oriented Development TOD. an appropriate combination of written word pictorial and tactile information including An urban planning strategy that looks at encouraging pedestrian oriented developments. Braille by clustering higher density urban developments around public transit infrastructure. investments such as rapid transit stations,Speaking Port. A piece of security equipment that provides for effective two way communication Often Transit oriented developments should incorporate accessible design and further benefit. amplification of voice levels is required to deliver effective communication at speaking from barrier free and enhanced accessibility strategies. City of Richmond 9 Enhanced Accessibility Design Guidelines and Technical Specifications June 2018.

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