Cho Colate S Bitter Taste World Vision Australia-Books Pdf

CHO COLATE S BITTER TASTE World Vision Australia
18 Oct 2020 | 1 views | 0 downloads | 6 Pages | 2.49 MB

Share Pdf : Cho Colate S Bitter Taste World Vision Australia

Download and Preview : Cho Colate S Bitter Taste World Vision Australia

Report CopyRight/DMCA Form For : Cho Colate S Bitter Taste World Vision Australia



Transcription

THE ISSUE Farmer poverty, Smallholder farmers typically live in poverty Prices paid. The majority of cocoa farmers in West Africa work on to farmers by cocoa buyers are often incredibly low. small farms of no more than 10 hectares6 It is estimated Hampered by limited bargaining power with cocoa buyers. there are between 1 5 2 million small cocoa farms across farmers must accept whatever price they are offered at. Ghana and the Ivory Coast7 Many children and adults the farm gate11 Low cocoa prices combined with poor. must work to harvest cocoa for global consumption productivity and a vulnerability to price downturns in. Often families live in poverty and children must work to volatile commodity markets often mean farmers struggle. help support their family Typically adult farmers are paid to make enough income to cover production costs. poorly for the cocoa they harvest further compounding Making matters worse farmers who do not own their. the issue In other cases children are trafficked and forced land must give high proportions of their profits to the land. to harvest cocoa owner meaning little is left to pay for basic necessities. like food shelter and healthcare12 These factors help to. Children as young as six years old work on cocoa farms create the conditions for labour exploitation and feed the. under extremely hazardous conditions8 Carrying heavy demand for child labour. loads using machetes to clear land and inhaling harmful. pesticides are all in a day s work Pesticides are commonly. used in cocoa growing regions to control bugs and viruses. that harm the cocoa plant In West Africa up to 97, percent of farmers use pesticides9 Some of these have What is child labour. been found to cause headaches nausea diarrhoea liver. and kidney complications and even cancer10 Child labour is any kind of work that deprives. Labouring in extreme heat is also common in West a child of their childhood their potential and. African countries where midday temperatures can dignity and that is harmful to their physical and. average 30 35 degrees throughout the year and the mental development It may include work that is. tropical climate means high humidity and a torrential mentally physically socially or morally dangerous. wet season and harmful to children that interferes with their. schooling by depriving them of the opportunity, to attend school causes them to leave school. prematurely or requires them to attempt to, combine school attendance with excessively long. and heavy work, What is trafficking, Human trafficking is putting or keeping someone.
in an exploitative situation for profit They are, not free and they are exploited for profit over. and over again It is a serious crime and victims, of trafficking can be men women and children. Child labour Child trafficking, In developing countries around the world it may be seen Many children from neighbouring countries are trafficked. as normal for children to help their parents on the farm into cocoa growing areas and forced to harvest the crop13. or in the home just like children in Australia doing chores Many people profit from this including brokers who may. after school or on weekends However as a result of arrange for the children to leave their home communities. extreme poverty children often have to work long and with promises of an education or better working. physically demanding days harvesting cocoa to support opportunities farm and business owners who profit from. their families at the expense of their education and the cheap labour international companies who profit from. long term development Children may also be exposed cheap cocoa in their products and customers around the. to dangerous chemicals and equipment or work in an world who buy them Children are forced to work long days. environment that is damaging to their health This work in dangerous conditions for little or no pay There are also. can be detrimental to both their physical and mental reports of children working 80 100 hours a week more. development than double the standard Australian work week while. battling poverty malnutrition and backbreaking work14. where has your cocoa been, Cocoa farms, Cocoa farmers grow cocoa. Forced child and trafficked, Cocoa buyers, labour is commonly reported Dealers or middlemen buy.
to be used at this stage of cocoa from farmers for a low. the process price and sell to processors, and exporters. Buy cocoa beans from a network of, local buyers and sell to processors Processors. Turn the raw product into, different cocoa products such as. cocoa butter cocoa powder and, refined chocolate which is then. sold on to different companies, Manufacturers, Manufacture and package cocoa products and.
send finished product to distributors, Sell cocoa products to the public. The cocoa supply chain can differ from company to company In some cases companies have oversight. over the whole process Other companies outsource these different stages to external partners. Other cocoa products, being done Big chocolate companies are the largest users of cocoa. and have been the focus of most calls to eradicate. forced and child labour in the industry but they are. In 2001 the global cocoa industry, not the only ones with a responsibility to address. acknowledged the use of forced and child this problem Other companies using cocoa in their. labour and made a commitment to eliminate products must also make firm commitments to tracing. the practice While some companies and transparently reporting on their supply chains and. ensuring the cocoa they use is not tainted by forced and. have made steps towards addressing the, child labour This includes companies who use cocoa. issue labour exploitation still exists in the butter in products such as cosmetics lotions. industry and companies are a long way from and shampoos. eliminating the practice Some have responded by introducing products containing. ethically certified cocoa or cocoa butter and investing in. The fair trade movement projects aimed at assisting cocoa producing communities. Fair trade is a market based approach to trade to obtain ethical certification However many companies. and economic development that aims to give have not and continue to use cocoa which may have been. producers especially in developing countries a fair produced using forced or child labour. wage improve their trading capacity and promote, sustainability.
This system has been increasingly adopted in the, cocoa industry to overcome its negative social and ethical cocoa from independent certification schemes17. environmental impacts Ethical certification schemes such However others have stated that they will work to. as Fairtrade International Rainforest Alliance and UTZ ensure they source ethical cocoa without the use of. Certified help ensure a better deal for farmers and better ethical certification schemes18 19 20 This is an acceptable. conditions for workers through minimum labour pricing solution only if they can prove through independent. and production standards When a company sources verification that their own schemes are meeting those. from certified farms and maintains the appropriate standards of ethical certification schemes. environmental social and economic standards it may. display the ethical certification logo on the package of the Many companies also fund community development. cocoa product projects and farmer education on crop sustainability. and support industry wide projects to improve the, Global non government organisations NGOs have also traceability and monitoring of cocoa harvests While. implemented numerous projects to help prevent the use these are worthy initiatives there remains a lack of. of forced child or trafficked labour in the cocoa industry transparency over the efficiency of these schemes to. including supporting farming communities to work with assist the most vulnerable communities and actually. the ethical certification schemes eradicate the issue of forced child and trafficked labour. As a result of consumer demand there is an increasing In spite of these efforts the majority of chocolate. presence of ethically certified goods in Australia companies including the big brand names are not. However this is still limited to only a handful of chocolate transparently reporting where they source their cocoa. bars from leading chocolate companies which are made This means the cocoa used in their products may have. from ethical cocoa Around 95 percent of global cocoa been harvested using forced child or trafficked labour. supplies still remain uncertified against the use of forced Chocolate companies must fully report on their cocoa. child and trafficked labour15 sourcing and have their supply chain independently. The global chocolate industry verified to demonstrate that they are purchasing ethical. cocoa and are treating farmers fairly, A number of initiatives have been established by the. cocoa industry to improve conditions in cocoa harvesting Some companies have made commitments to rectify this. communities and to help eradicate the worst forms of and World Vision continues to monitor their progress. child labour Australia s leading chocolate companies For up to date information about the different chocolate. Nestle Cadbury Mars Ferrero and Lindt Spr ngli have companies progress see our Chocolate Scorecard at. all started to implement various schemes16 For some donttradelives com au. companies this includes commitments to using certified. What can YOU DO, You can play a critical role in combating forced Purchase with pride. child and trafficked labour by using your voice Buy more ethical chocolate products Use World Vision s. Good Chocolate Guide21 and the Ethical Guide to, and purchasing power to demand cocoa Supermarket Shopping to help you decide which brands.
products are made ethically to buy Tell others about buying ethical products via Fairly. Local22 This site lets you find ethical products near you. Write to the chocolate companies and add products that you find so everyone in your. neighbourhood can enjoy them, Chocolate companies need consumers to keep buying. their products Get in touch with the companies who. make the chocolate you love and ask them what they are. doing to eradicate forced child and trafficked labour from. their supply chain Ask them to, make a timetabled commitment towards 100. percent sourcing of ethically certified cocoa that is. independently verified to have been made without the. use of forced child and trafficked labour, transparently report on their progress in meeting these. targets where a timetabled commitment exists, transparently report on their investment in and. progress of initiatives to directly address forced and. child labour and, increase the supply of ethical cocoa.
For more information visit, donttradelives com au Young people from the Holy Trinity Anglican Church encouraged members of. their community to buy more ethical chocolate and sign petitions asking chocolate. companies to clean up their supply chains, 1 International Cocoa Organization 2012 Sector Available from http www 10campaign 15 World Vision 2011 Our Guilty Pleasure. Production of Cocoa Beans Accessed on 17 July com static faq pdf Exploitative Child Labour in the Chocolate. 2012 Available from http www icco org about 8 International Labour Organization International Industry 10 Years on From the Harkin Engel. us international cocoa agreements cat view 30 Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour Cocoa Protocol Available from https. related documents 46 statistics production html IPEC Accessed on 5 July 2012 Available from www worldvision com au Libraries Reports. 2 World Vision 2012 Our Guilty Pleasure http www ilo org public english standards ipec WVAReport Our Guilty Pleasure sflb ashx. Exploitative Child Labour in the Chocolate themes cocoa download 2005 02 cl cocoa pdf 16 International Labour Organization About Child. Industry 10 Years on From the Harkin Engel Labor Accessed on 5 July 2012 Available from. 9 International Cocoa Organization Available from, Cocoa Protocol Available from https www http www ilo org ipec facts lang en. http www icco org pdf 4 Mike Rutherford pdf, worldvision com au Libraries Reports. 10 Grinning Planet Chocolate and Pesticides Organic 17 See World Vision Australia s Chocolate Scorecard. 3 http www sfu ca geog351fall03 groups for more details Available from www worldvision. Cocoa Accessed on 5 July 2012 Available from, webpages gp8 consum consum html com au Libraries DTL Demand Ethical.
http www grinningplanet com 2004 02 03, 4 World Vision 2012 Our Guilty Pleasure pesticides in chocolate organic cocoa htm ChocolateScorecard FINAL Aug 2012 pdf. Exploitative Child Labour in the Chocolate 18 See World Vision Australia s Chocolate Scorecard. Industry 10 Years on From the Harkin Engel 11 International Labour Organization About Child. Labor Accessed on 5 July 2012 Available from for more details Available from www worldvision. Cocoa Protocol Available from https com au Libraries DTL Demand Ethical. www worldvision com au Libraries Reports http www ilo org ipec facts lang en. ChocolateScorecard FINAL Aug 2012 pdf, WVAReport Our Guilty Pleasure sflb ashx 12 Anti Slavery International 2004 The Cocoa. Industry in West Africa A History of Exploitation 19 Ferrero Code of Ethics Accessed on 17 July. 5 Ten Campaign Briefing Paper 19 09 2011 10 Years 2012 Available from http www ferrero com. CHO COLATE S BITTER TASTE Forced chiLd and tra FFicKed LaboUr in the cocoa indUstrY Key facts In 2010 2011 4 3 million tonnes of cocoa was produced1 Australians consume between 1 3 3billion worth of chocolate a year2 Australia ranks ninth in global chocolate consumption per person beating the USA Japan and Brazil3 The Ivory Coast and Ghana are the world s two

Related Books

imm5925 F Permis de travail

imm5925 F Permis de travail

IMM 5925 F 01 2020 2 Vous devez soumettre Les formulaires de demande d ment remplis et sign s Veuillez lire attentivement toutes les questions qui figurent sur le formulaire Vous pourriez vous attirer de graves probl mes en ne donnant pas des r ponses qui font tat

Guide 5487F Pr senter une demande de permis de travail

Guide 5487F Pr senter une demande de permis de travail

Travailler au Canada 5 Quelles conditions dois je remplir pour obtenir un permis de travail Vous devez d montrer l agent que vous remplissez les exigences de la Loi et du R glement sur l immigration et la protection des r fugi s du Canada Vous devez en outre

Table of Contents Canada Work Permit

Table of Contents Canada Work Permit

IMM 5925 E 01 2020 2 Application for a Work Permit Checklist Complete and place this checklist on top of your application You must include a certified translation with any document that is not in English or French

email sulusamoa cccs org ws Main Office Ph 24414 Ext

email sulusamoa cccs org ws Main Office Ph 24414 Ext

FAAVAEINA 1839 O LE SULU SAMOA IULAI 2016 email sulusamoa cccs org ws Main Office Ph 24414 Ext 30 website www cccs org ws

TUSI MO MATAUPU AUTALAVOU 2 0 1 8 CCCS

TUSI MO MATAUPU AUTALAVOU 2 0 1 8 CCCS

1 ekalesia faapotopotoga kerisiano samoa tusi mo mataupu autalavou 2 0 1 8 autalavou matutua matagaluega o a oa oga kerisiano

QUA HOUSEHOLD DEBT AND CREDIT Serving the Second

QUA HOUSEHOLD DEBT AND CREDIT Serving the Second

Household Debt and Credit Developments in 2019Q41 Aggregate household debt balances increased by 193 billion in the fourth quarter of 2019 a 1 4 increase and now stand at 14 15 trillion Balances have been steadily rising for five years and in aggregate are now 1 5 trillion higher in nominal terms than the previous peak 2008Q3 peak of 12 68 trillion Overall household debt is now 26

CONTINUITY OF LEARNING PLAN Harford County Public Schools

CONTINUITY OF LEARNING PLAN Harford County Public Schools

Third quarter report cards will be available on Home Access Center HAC on April 24 at 5 00 p m A fourth quarter report card will not be issued In lieu of grades elementary schools will be utilizing a parent teacher conference format for the fourth quarter similar to how teachers report student progress each year during the first quarter

Financial Report Second Quarter 2019 advanzia com

Financial Report Second Quarter 2019 advanzia com

Financial Report Fourth Quarter 2019 Advanzia Bank S A Page 4 of 14 Highlights for the fourth quarter 2019 Gross credit card loan balance of MEUR 1 725 growth 2 5 QoQ and 15 6 YoY 1 102 000 performing active clients growth 1 8 QoQ and 18 5 YoY 1 699 000 cards in force1 growth 1 6 QoQ and 18 7 YoY

First Year Agenda premier tas gov au

First Year Agenda premier tas gov au

First Year Agenda Fourth Quarter Report Introduce Ticket to Play a sports voucher system to boost participation in sport and physical activity for eligible Tasmanians Commence implementation of cost neutral transition for PAYG electricity customers Investing in Health Education and Tasmanians in Need Fourth Quarter Initiatives and Outcomes The Fund which was an election commitment will

Financial Report Fourth Quarter 2018 Advanzia Bank

Financial Report Fourth Quarter 2018 Advanzia Bank

Financial Report Fourth Quarter 2018 Advanzia Bank S A Page 4 of 14 Highlights for the fourth quarter 2018 Gross credit card loan balance of MEUR 1 492 growth 4 0 QoQ and 21 5 YoY 931 000 performing active clients growth 3 3 QoQ and 22 7 YoY 1 431 000 cards in force1 growth 3 6 QoQ and 19 1 YoY

DAFTAR PUSTAKA Alamsyah A F 2009 pada Proses

DAFTAR PUSTAKA Alamsyah A F 2009 pada Proses

DAFTAR PUSTAKA Alamsyah A F 2009 Gambaran Darah Mencit Mus musculusalbinus pada Proses Persembuhan Luka yang Diberi Salep Fraksi Etil Asetat dan Fraksi Air Rimpang Kunyit Curcuma longa Linn Skripsi Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Institut Pertanian Bogor Bogor Andriani l 2007 Penambahan Bakteri Probiotik Lactobacillus acidophillus dan Bifidobacterium Sebagai Starter Yoghurt