Cherilynn Morrow And Michael Zawaski-Books Pdf

Cherilynn Morrow and Michael Zawaski
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Dear Educator, Here we present a significant upgrade to the first in a series of innovative experiential lessons. we call Kinesthetic Astronomy The Sky Time lesson reconnects students with the astronomical. meaning of the day year and seasons Like all Kinesthetic Astronomy lessons it teaches basic. astronomical concepts through choreographed bodily movements and positions that provide. educational sensory experiences, Kinesthetic Astronomy lessons are science rich and fun They are intended for sixth graders up. through adult learners in both formal and informal educational settings They emphasize. astronomical concepts and phenomenon that people can readily encounter in their everyday. lives such as time seasons and sky motions of the Sun Moon stars and planets Kinesthetic. Astronomy lesson plans are fully aligned with national science education standards both in. content and instructional practice Our lessons offer a complete learning cycle with written. assessment opportunities now embedded throughout the lesson. Field testing with non science undergraduates middle school science teachers and students. Junior girl scouts museum education staff and outdoor educators has been providing evidence. that kinesthetic astronomy techniques allow learners to achieve a good intuitive grasp of. concepts that are much more difficult to learn in more conventional ways such as via textbooks. or even computer animation, Field testing of the Sky Time lesson has also led us to significant changes from the previous. version These include 1 re locating the South Pole to the tailbone instead of the bottom of. the feet 2 referring to times of day on the student s meridian instead of at their nose 3. not attaching seasons signs to students bodies and 4 making use of E and W signs and the. Zodiac signs as standard procedures We have also added some illustrations to help communicate. the lesson s set up more effectively Most importantly we have substantially strengthened the. written assessment options for the Sky Time lesson This helps students to translate their. kinesthetic and visual learning into the verbal linguistic and mathematical logical realms of. expression This improvement also enables teachers to better monitor progress in student. understanding throughout the lesson, We hope you will enjoy our efforts to make the Sky Time lesson more accessible and useful to. you and your students, Cherilynn Morrow, Michael Zawaski.
Boulder CO, 10 August 2004, Cover Photos Graphics and Drawings. Left Cherilynn Morrow leads a group of teachers and astronomers in the Sky Time Lesson at a workshop held at. the Atlanta 2000 meeting of the American Astronomical Society Photo by Christy Edwards and Jesper Schou. Right Michael Zawaski leads the Sky Time lesson with students from the Eagle Rock High School a high school. for at risk students in Estes Park Colorado The setting is Vedauvoo WY Photo by Cherilynn Morrow. Cover graphic rendered by Tyson Brawley All drawings of students rendered by Andrew Sanchez. For the latest on the development of Kinesthetic Astronomy lessons please go to http www spacescience org. click on K 12 Curriculum and look for the Kinesthetic Astronomy icon. Dr Cherilynn A Morrow and Michael Zawaski Kinesthetic Astronomy. camorrow colorado edu and zawaski colorado edu Sky Time 10 August 2004. TABLE of CONTENTS, GETTING READY TAB 1, LESSON DESCRIPTION LEARNING GOALS. MATERIALS PREPARATION, BACKGROUND COMMON MISCONCEPTIONS. THE LESSON PLAN TAB 2, ENGAGEMENT ASSESSMENT OF PRIOR KNOWLEDGE. LESSON ACTIVITIES and APPLICATIONS, The Set up for Kinesthetic Astronomy.
The Astronomical Meaning of Day and Night, The Astronomical Meaning of a Year includes reasons for seasons. Applying Assessing New Knowledge about the Day and Year. LESSON EXTENSIONS, REFERENCES and RESOURCES, FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS. WRITTEN ASSESSMENT OPTIONS for SKY TIME TAB 3, PROPS for KINESTHETIC ASTRONOMY TAB 4. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We acknowledge the NASA IDEAS program for the initial seed funding that. led to the further development of the Sky Time lesson We also acknowledge the staff of the Space Science Institute. Boulder CO for their support We wish to express special thanks to the able educators and learners who have. worked with us and inspired us to constant improvement of Kinesthetic Astronomy and the Sky Time lesson Their. names are too numerous to list but some of their organizations are Sunset Middle School Longmont CO Eagle. Rock High School Estes Park CO Western State College Gunnison CO Outward Bound West Golden CO. the National Outdoor Leadership School Lander WY the Mile Hi Girl Scout Council Denver CO the Clark. Planetarium Salt Lake City UT Project ASTRO National Optical Astronomy Observatories Tucson AZ the. Aspen Center for Environmental Studies the Exploratorium San Francisco the Denver Museum of Nature and. Science the Boston Museum the Harvard Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics Boston Flashback Video. Productions Boulder CO the Society for Advancement of Chicanos and Native Americans in Science. Albuquerque NM the CAPER team at the University of Arizona and the Space Foundation Colorado Springs. Dr Cherilynn A Morrow and Michael Zawaski Kinesthetic Astronomy. camorrow colorado edu and zawaski colorado edu Sky Time 10 August 2004. Sky Time On the Astronomical Meaning of the Day Year and Seasons. GETTING READY, LESSON DESCRIPTION, Modern everyday association with time involves watches clocks and calendars instead of the astronomical motions. that were the original bases for time keeping Through a series of simple body movements students gain insight into. the relationship between time and astronomical motions of Earth rotation about its axis and orbit around the Sun. and also about how these motions influence what we see in the sky at various times of the day and year The lesson. can be applied to understand the times of day and year on other planets e g Mars The lesson can be taught with. or without an emphasis on the reasons for seasons but in any case is an excellent set up for understanding seasons. AUDIENCE Middle school ages and up, LOCATION SETTING.
An indoor or outdoor space large enough for your students to form a circle with arms outstretched to their sides For. a class of 25 30 students one needs a space whose size is about half a basketball court This lesson is best with at. least eight students participating, TIME TO IMPLEMENT 3 6 hours depending on prior knowledge of students and choice of assessments. PREREQUISITE SKILLS and KNOWLEDGE, 1 Has observed the daily motion of the Sun in the sky. 2 Knows the location of Earth s poles and equator, 3 Is familiar with the latitude and longitude coordinate system on Earth. 4 Has observed that the Sun is higher in the sky in summer and lower in the sky in winter. 5 Is familiar with the terms solstice and equinox and their calendar dates. 6 Knows that stars appear in fixed patterns called constellations. 7 Knows the difference between a star and a planet. 8 Knows that there are 360 degrees in a circle and how to estimate 45 and 90 angles. EDUCATION STANDARDS and BENCHMARKS, Grades 5 8 Earth and Space Science 1 Knows the positions of the Sun and Earth in the Universe and. 2 Knows how the regular and predictable motions of the Sun and Earth are related to the day and the year. SPECIFIC LEARNING GOALS, 1 Explain a proper size and distance scale for the Sun Earth and the nearest star.
2 Describe and demonstrate how Earth s rotation about its north south axis and Earth s orbit of the Sun are. related to the day and the year on Earth Be able to apply the astronomical meaning of a day and year to other. planets including correct use of the terms rotation and orbit. 3 Explain why the Sun appears to rise and set and know how to determine that the constellations of stars rise and. set like the Sun due to Earth s rotation, 4 Describe how the constant tilt of Earth s North Pole toward the distant star Polaris the North Star affects the. orientation of Earth s hemispheres toward or away from the Sun at different times of year. 5 Demonstrate why we see different constellations in the night sky at different times of the year. 6 Reason correctly in addressing the question of whether people in the US tonight will see the same stars as. people in China saw last night assuming everyone is observing from the same latitude. 7 Demonstrate why the constant tilt of Earth s axis toward Polaris results in the Sun being higher in the sky in. summer and lower in the sky in winter and why this results in Earth s seasons Be able to apply this. understanding to another planet like Mars Optional only if teaching the lesson with an emphasis on the. reasons for seasons, Dr Cherilynn A Morrow and Michael Zawaski Kinesthetic Astronomy. camorrow colorado edu and zawaski colorado edu Sky Time 10 August 2004. MATERIALS and PREPARATION, Refers to P pages for Props and ST pages for Sky Time assessments appended to the lesson. Props for the kinesthetic learning environment, 1 A spherical object the size of a large grapefruit 14 in diameter for scale model Sun. 2 A ball point pen or pencil tip is for scale model Earth. 3 An object to represent the Sun at the center of the circle a lofting helium balloon is ideal. 4 12 Zodiac Signs with instructions for assembly and set up P 9 P 22 Masking tape is needed if. you are taping these signs to chairs or walls Best to laminate and attach strings for repeated use. Use of the sign representing the Orion constellation P 23 is optional used with ST 20. 5 A sphere to show the distribution of continents on planet Earth globe or inflatable Earth. 6 A T shirt with North South America on the front and Asia Australia Optional. 7 Birthday or party hat Optional but a simple and fun enrichment. 8 4 Seasons Signs with dates of equinoxes and solstices P 5 to P 8 laminate for repeated use. 9 Flashlight or light source that projects a bright beam of light Optional only if you choose to. emphasize the reasons for seasons The lesson can be taught with or without this emphasis. For each student during kinesthetic activities, 10 A pair of E and W cards see P 2 to P 4 for assembly Optional Similar objects or hand.
gestures can also be used to indicate direction not recommended for younger students. For each student written assessment options 1 pre 1 post and 14 embedded. 1 What do You Know Pre assessment questionnaire ST 2 ST 4. 2 Scale Model of the Sun Earth and Moon Cutout Activity ST 5. 3 Exploring the Structure of the Universe Fill in the Blank ST 6. 4 Body Geography Student Worksheet ST 7, 5 Kinesthetic Times of the Day Student Worksheet ST 8. 6 Rotation vs Orbit Student Worksheet ST 9, 7 The Dating Game Student Worksheet ST 10. 8 Kinesthetic Seasons Student Worksheet ST 11 emphasis on reasons for seasons. 9 Reasons for Seasons Concept Map Activity ST 12 ST 13. 10 Reasons for Seasons Fill in the Blank ST 14 ST 15. 11 Your Birthday Stars Student Worksheet ST 16 ST 17. 12 Different Stars for Different Seasons Fill in the Poem ST 18. 13 The Night Sky in China Student Worksheet ST 19, 14 Who Can See Orion When Student Worksheet ST 20 Answer Key ST 21. 15 Comparing Seasons on Earth and Mars Worksheet ST 22 Answer Key ST 23. 16 What Have You Learned A Cumulative Post Lesson Assessment Tool ST 24 ST 28. Dr Cherilynn A Morrow and Michael Zawaski Kinesthetic Astronomy. camorrow colorado edu and zawaski colorado edu Sky Time 10 August 2004. BACKGROUND AND COMMON MISCONCEPTIONS, Kinesthetic describes a sensation of bodily position presence or movement Putting a spoonful of soup. in our mouth is an everyday example of using a kinesthetic sense We know where our mouth is even. though we do not see it or touch it We kinesthetically sense the presence and position of our mouth so. that the soup spoon makes it in You can kinesthetically sense the position and movement of other body. parts as well The Sky Time lesson calls on our kinesthetic senses as we rotate bend and tilt to learn. basic astronomical concepts A section of Frequently Asked Questions FAQ that have arisen during. field testing is located at the end of this lesson Below we also note several common misconceptions that. have been encountered during field testing of this lesson. 1 Many people believe that there is more than one star in our solar system and that the Solar System is. the entire Universe For example many wrongly believe that Polaris the Pole Star or North Star is. within the Solar System and closer than the planet Pluto In reality Polaris is about 876 000 times. more distant from our sun than Pluto We thus strongly recommend emphasis on scale and basic. structure of the Universe as required pre requisites to the Sky Time lesson e g Scale Model of the. Sun Earth Moon Nearest Star ST 5 and the Structure of the Universe Fill in the Blank ST 6. 2 Many people except those who have watched the night sky for hours have not perceived that stars. at all but polar latitudes appear to rise and set just as the Sun does due to Earth s rotation about its. north south axis For some urban dwellers even sunrise and sunset are uncommon experiences. 3 NSF Indicators of Science Engineering 2002 reports that about 50 of a representative sample of. the U S public are unaware that it takes one year for Earth to orbit the Sun. 4 There is a common confusion between use of the terms rotation and orbit Rotation is often. Cover Photos Graphics and Drawings Left Use of the sign representing the Orion constellation P 23 is optional used with ST 20 5 A sphere to show the distribution of continents on planet Earth globe or inflatable Earth 6 A T shirt with North amp South America on the front and Asia amp Australia Optional 7 Birthday or party hat Optional but a simple and fun enrichment 8 4

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