Chapter 7 Office Administration Progressio-Books Pdf

Chapter 7 Office administration Progressio
23 Mar 2020 | 21 views | 0 downloads | 29 Pages | 271.95 KB

Share Pdf : Chapter 7 Office Administration Progressio

Download and Preview : Chapter 7 Office Administration Progressio

Report CopyRight/DMCA Form For : Chapter 7 Office Administration Progressio


Chapter 7 Office administration,RELEVANCE OF AN ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTURE CHART. It clarifies the lines of authority and how work is shared within the. organisation, Employees feel part of the NGO when they see themselves on the. It shows outsiders how the NGO is structured and its main areas of. It shows the different departments and the number of staff. It makes the delegation of responsibilities easier. A good structure should help the NGO reach its objectives. It helps to involve staff when developing the chart so that they. understand the organisation s lines of authority and decision making. Once a chart has been developed the governing body should approve it. A good organisational structure chart is well defined so that work is. delegated and shared and lines of authority responsibility and reporting. relationships are clear An organisational structure chart should be. adapted to the context particular goals and habits of teamwork in the. specific organisation There is no best structure the best structure for one. NGO may be very different from the best one for another. The questions in the box below may be useful when discussing the. structure of the organisation Subsequent boxes give advice on writing up. EXERCISE SOME KEY QUESTIONS ABOUT STRUCTURE, What rules are there for the discussion of issues and decision. What kind of membership policy is needed, What role will different individuals staff partner organisations play. in decision making,Who is involved in what decisions and how.
How will decision making be structured in the organisation What. kind of hierachy or system will there be, What type of organisational structure can best help achieve the. organisation s goals and mission, How can the vision and mission statement be implemented through. the organisational structure, 180 Capacity building for local NGOs A guidance manual for good practice. Chapter 7 Office administration,EXERCISE WRITING UP A CHART. Consider what information an organisational structure chart could. contain It may include some or all of the following. the name of the organisation,the date the chart was compiled.
the lines of authority within the organisation,the names of departments. the names of projects,employees names job titles and possibly photos. CHECKLIST ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTURE CHARTS, Once the chart has been drawn up check for the following. consistency include all names and or job titles, clarity distinguish job titles from departments or sub teams clearly. completeness do not forget the organisation s members. volunteers and part time staff, update as and when necessary and decide who should be.
responsible for doing this, place think about where to place the chart eg as a poster in. See Appendix 1 for an example of an organisational structure chart. 7 3 OFFICE COMMUNICATIONS, People outside the organisation communicate with the office in three. They visit the office,They telephone the office, They write a letter or send an email to the office. This section present some tips for the efficient management of these. three types of communication,How to manage office visitors. The very nature of NGO work means that the office should be. accessible particularly to the beneficiaries and client groups Members. of the public will also want to visit the office to find out more about the. organisation s work and to offer or seek assistance Sometimes. government officials or representatives of other NGOs or international. funding agencies will also come to the office for meetings It is important. that their first impressions of the office are positive. Capacity building for local NGOs A guidance manual for good practice 181. Chapter 7 Office administration,TIPS FOR MAKING VISITORS FEEL WELCOME.
Install a signboard outside the office with the organisation s name. office hours and contact details so that visitors will know what the. organisation is and how to make contact with it Some offices with. fewer staff distinguish between office hours and visiting hours to. reduce the demands that too many visitors can place on staff. Make a sign giving directions to the main entrance and reception. Label the offices of individuals with the person s name and job title. so that visitors can find the office that reception staff direct them to. Set up a reception area with at least two chairs and a small table. Put the organisation s brochure and annual report on the table for. visitors to read while they are waiting, Keep an appointments book that shows when visitors are expected. Wherever possible make appointments for visitors to discourage. unexpected visits, Design any noticeboards vehicle control board meeting board etc. nicely so that they make the office look more attractive. You may want to hang a display board showing the organisation s. current activities This could include photos with captions of staff. or partners at work workshops they have attended and visitors to. the office, Display the organisational structure chart mission statement and. strategic plan if you have them, Make sure that the reception area however small it may be is. always clean and tidy, Take any steps necessary to make the office accessible to disabled.
To ensure that the daily work of staff at the office is not endlessly. interrupted by unanticipated visitors it is advisable to establish an. appointments system Of course visitors will come to the office. unexpectedly from time to time but an appointments system will ensure. that most visits are planned in advance for the benefit of both staff and. the visitors themselves The box below contains some tips for setting up. an appointments system, 182 Capacity building for local NGOs A guidance manual for good practice. Chapter 7 Office administration,AN APPOINTMENTS SYSTEM. Ask visitors to make an appointment in advance so that the. necessary people are available to meet with them, Have some background information about the organisation and its. work available to either give or show to the visitor such as an. organisational profile the structure chart annual report and a list. of completed projects, Ask the visitor to sign the visitors book and state his or her name. job title address telephone or fax number email address and. organisation, Collect any information that the visitor gives the organisation and.
file it for future reference, Prepare for an informal office tour and visit to project sites if. Follow up the visit with a letter or phone call This is extremely. The use of some basic administrative books and forms can also help in. managing visitors see appendices to this chapter for samples of these. They are summarised below,BOOKS AND FORMS,Telephone messages. Whenever a person calls for someone who is not in the office the. Administrator or Secretary if the office has one should write down. the name of the person who called his or her telephone number the. time and date of the call and any message The person who took the. message should also sign her name,Appointments book. The appointments book can be a diary or any other calendar that is. used only to record appointments The Administrator or the Secretary. should record all the appointments and remind people about them. closer to the time,Visitors book, The visitors book can be a blank book In it visitors should sign their. name their organisation s name address telephone number fax. number email address and the date of their visit Some visitors will. just give a business card the Administrator can attach that to the book. instead The Administrator can also write down later with whom that. person met and what was discussed If the organisation uses a. computer the Administrator can put the visitor s information in a. database or spreadsheet so that the organisation can keep a contact. address list, Capacity building for local NGOs A guidance manual for good practice 183.
Chapter 7 Office administration,How to manage telephone calls. In addition to visitors a large number of people are likely to be making. telephone calls to the office It is therefore important to think carefully. about how best to manage these calls The box below has some tips. MANAGING TELEPHONE CALLS, Some organisations employ a receptionist but if you do not have. the resources for this make sure that there is a rota of staff. responsible for answering the phone, Answer the telephone by identifying the organisation For example. Good morning this is the X office How may I help you or Hello. this is the X office How may I help you, If the person the caller wants to speak to is in the office ask the. caller his or her name and then look for that person If the person is. busy ask if she wants to speak to the caller If not take a message. If the caller will not give his name then tell him that the person he. wants to speak to is not available Often callers who do not want to. give their names are not making work related telephone calls. If the person the caller wants to speak to is not available tell the. caller that Then tell him or her your name and job title and ask if. you can help with anything If not ask the caller to leave a message. Fill out a telephone message form and include the caller s name. who the message is for the time and date of the call the message. itself the caller s telephone number and the name of the person. who took the message When someone leaves a telephone. After taking the message consider if it requires action or if it. should just be passed on, If the message should be passed on write it down put it on the.
desk or pigeonhole of the person it is for and then follow up to. make sure that this person receives it, Although there will always be some personal telephone calls to or by. staff in the office it is a good idea to have some rules about this to. prevent misuse of the office telephone,How to streamline correspondence. In addition to visitors and telephone calls the office is likely to receive. letters to which it will need to reply The NGO may also decide to do. regular mailings of information such as an annual report The. following tips will help ensure that office correspondence is dealt with. efficiently, 184 Capacity building for local NGOs A guidance manual for good practice. Chapter 7 Office administration,SENDING AND RECEIVING LETTERS. Letter formats, Set a standard way to write letters so that they are faster to write.
Make sure that letters are proofread that they include a reference. number and that they look neat,There are three main types of letters. memo an internal message informal used within the office. semi formal also called semi block a personal letter to someone. the writer knows, formal block style a cover letter for official correspondence job. application report documents etc people the writer does not. know international correspondence for the organisation. Addressing envelopes, Put the sender s address either at the top left hand corner or on the. top of the back of the envelope on the flap for closing it. Write the addressee s name and address in the centre of the. envelope Use clear handwriting and a dark pen because many. countries use machines to sort the mail and if the address is not. clear the letter will take longer to arrive, Leave a blank space at the top right of the envelope for the stamp. It is unnecessary to put a telephone number on an envelope if it is. being delivered through the postal service A postal service will. never call that number to deliver it Also some people may object. for privacy reasons to their telephone number appearing on the. 7 4 INTERNAL OFFICE COMMUNICATIONS, Within the office staff members communicate with one another through.
meetings or conversations by sending memos by giving and receiving. telephone messages and through office cooperation people working. together as a team,How to hold effective office meetings. Some internal office meetings will be held on a regular basis For. example the Executive Director may decide to hold a staff meeting for. the whole team once a month or more often In addition if the. organisation has a number of programme staff they may hold regular. meetings to discuss programme issues Similarly if the NGO employs a. number of administrative staff they may want to hold regular meetings. to discuss administration issues including finance and staffing It is. advisable however to keep the number of meetings to a minimum as. they consume considerable time and may not be the most effective. vehicle for getting things done, Capacity building for local NGOs A guidance manual for good practice 185. Chapter 7 Office administration,Here are two tips for successful meetings. Hang a meeting board in the administration office that shows who is. attending which meeting inside or outside of the office This also. helps people who want to visit someone in the office If they see that. the person is in a scheduled meeting they will know when to come. Develop a procedure for what to do if a meeting is interrupted by. telephone calls visitors etc,How to use office memos. Depending on the number of staff the organisation may communicate. some kinds of information through internal office memos For example. the organisation may have a system for circulating project reports to. various members of staff through this mechanism,USING INTERNAL OFFICE MEMOS.
Hang short internal memos on the administration office noticeboard. for everyone to see, Develop a circulation system for longer memos or letters One. method is to put everyone s name on a slip of paper attached to the. memo After a person reads it she crosses off her name and passes. it to the next person, Build mailboxes or pigeonholes for everyone for easier circulation of. messages Mailboxes can be simple boxes stacked filing trays or. wooden shelves,How to create a good working environment. All these tips will help to make the office environment a welcoming and. well organised place to work However it is also important to establish. some ground rules to promote good working relations between staff. The human resources chapter looked at some of the advantages of. developing a policy on harassment and bullying at work to deal with. situations where a staff member feels that he or she is being unfairly. treated It is also sensible to set out some principles of good office. discipline to guide staff on a daily basis,OFFICE DISCIPLINE. Speak honestly in a friendly way and politely to each other. Respect each other s schedules and appointments,Respect each other.
Help cover job responsibilities when others are away. Respect the privacy of others and of the organisation. Solve internal problems professionally,Be patient trusting and tolerant of each other. Share resources,Respect others when making jokes, 186 Capacity building for local NGOs A guidance manual for good practice. Chapter 7 Office administration, Although these points do not apply to every single office the organisation. should adopt those that will help improve relationships within the office. Remember the more friendly and open people are towards one another. the happier they will be and the better they will work. 7 5 FILING AND RECORD KEEPING, The first step in setting up a solid administrative system is to introduce an. efficient filing system If organisational documents are easy to find and. are all systematically kept in one place it will be much easier for staff to. find the documents and information they need In addition when the. time comes to report to the governing body funders or members the. information needed to compile the report will be much more readily. accessible, The following suggestion is a standard system that suits most offices It is.
best to keep the records on projects separate from administrative. Also it is a good idea to number files so that people can find and. replace them quickly Big offices may even want to develop an index. system for their files For more information about indexing see the. section on setting up a resource centre, A filing system can be set up in filing cabinets using different drawers for. different categories of document or in box files kept on shelves The. important point is that they are all kept in one or two designated areas. and that the files are updated regularly Wherever possible each member. of staff should be encouraged to do their own routine filing Hence. everyone needs to understand the system that is being used. How to create an efficient filing system, From the previous chapters in this manual it is clear that the organisation. will have a number of different types of information for different. purposes which different members of staff and others need ready access. to They include those described in the box below,DIFFERENT TYPES OF INFORMATION. Reports and papers presented to the governing performance appraisals or reviews health and. body as well as the agenda and minutes of its safety information staff sickness absence. meetings Documents filed under this heading returns staff leave records information relating. might also be the completed annual financial to any disciplinary or grievancy procedures etc. returns or audit report for the governing body Documentation and information relating to the. and an annual report financial system including the annual budget. Documents relating to the strategic plan the income and expenditure reports inventories. annual team work plan and individual work asset registers procurement information. plans information about vehicle use and servicing, Documents relating to human resources and monthly statements of account financial reports. staffing which will include job descriptions to funders etc. contracts of employment documents relating to Project information and project accounts. selection and recruitment staff objectives and including information about funding agencies. Capacity building for local NGOs A guidance manual for good practice 187. Chapter 7 Office administration, Spend some time looking at who in the office needs access to what types.
of information This will help the administrative staff to determine where. and how the information might best be organised,EXERCISE ACCESS TO INFORMATION. TYPE OF INFORMATION WHERE IS IT KEPT WHO HAS ACCESS TO IT. Make a list based on the categories above of all the Once the main headings and subheadings are. different types of information the NGO has or is agreed look at each one and list those who need. likely to have under main headings and access to the information eg governing body. subheadings governing body subcommittees Executive Director. Finance Officer project staff individual staff the. public etc Put an asterisk against the subheadings. containing confidential information, It will become obvious during the course of this exercise who needs. ready access to what information This will help staff decide how to. group different kinds of information, Much information and documentation relating to human resources. management is of a confidential nature It is good practice for. example to have a confidential file for each member of staff which. that person can have access to with the authorisation of his or her. manager Executive Director for most staff the Chair of the governing. body for the Executive Director These files should be kept separately. in a locked filing cabinet and rules concerning access to them must be. clear and transparent,What type of filing system works best. There are four main ways to set up a filing system as outlined in the. FOUR SYSTEMS OF FILING,Filing by date Filing by topic or subject.
Documents are filed in date order For example Documents are grouped by their content category. October 1 1998 would go before December 12 or heading and subheading For example all. 1998 Documents from 1990 precede those from correspondence is grouped together in one file and. 1995 Some people prefer to put the oldest the financial receipts are placed in another file. documents at the back and the newest in the, front This is called reverse chronological order Filing in alphabetical order. Items are filed in order by the first letter of their. Filing by number title The documents starting with A go first. Documents or files are given a number and then followed by those starting with B and so on until. filed in numerical order Low numbers usually come Z If two documents start with the same letter then. before the high numbers Numbers can be put them in order by the second letter. reference numbers on documents or numbers of, 188 Capacity building for local NGOs A guidance manual for good practice. Chapter 7 Office administration, Remember it is possible to use more than one method of filing. For example the files could be divided by topic correspondence. projects administration etc and by date new financial documents behind. the old ones in reverse chronological order Look at the information needs. of the organisation before deciding how best to arrange files. Filing takes time but establishing and maintaining a good system saves. time The example below uses a system of filing by category and heading. under which each separate subheading is numbered,A NUMERICAL FILING SYSTEM BY HEADING. 100 PERSONNEL,110 Confidential individual staff files.
120 Staff records leave etc,130 Payroll,140 Health and safety. 200 FINANCE,210 Budget,220 Procurement,230 Asset register. 240 Travel expenses,250 Petty cash records,260 Financial returns. 270 Bank accounts,280 Financial audits,300 CORRESPONDENCE. 310 Correspondence with government agencies,320 Correspondence with funding agencies.
330 Correspondence with project partners,340 Correspondence with other NGOs. 400 ORGANISATIONAL DOCUMENTS,410 Governing body,420 Subcommittees. 430 Strategic planning,440 Other documents,500 PROJECT DOCUMENTS. 510 Project proposals,520 Completed projects,530 Current projects. 540 Future projects,600 OFFICE ADMINISTRATION,610 Office meeting minutes.
620 Internal correspondence,630 Staff tour reports. Once a filing system has been designed and set up it may be helpful to. look at the checklist below to make sure that nothing has been forgotten. Capacity building for local NGOs A guidance manual for good practice 189. Chapter 7 Office administration,CHECKLIST FILING SYSTEMS. Make sure that files are located in the most logical place For. example keep all files in the same shelf or cabinet or keep all. administrative records in the Administrator s office and project files. with the project managers Be sure to separate what records are not. actually files but rather resources For example newspapers and. training materials are resources not files, If the files are overcrowded look at their contents and throw away. irrelevant duplicate or unimportant papers Or keep the old files. separate from the current ones Every January new files can be. moved into the old files starting with empty files for the year. If the names of the files do not really show what is inside them then. check their contents and either rename the file move the papers. that are not similar and start another file for them or re file the. papers inside to the correct files, If the files are numbered it is useful to prepare an index to hang on. the wall or filing cabinet to make finding files faster. When redesigning a filing system it may be a good time to look at. the record keeping system and decide if the organisation should be. keeping more records, An improved filing system will need maintenance Be sure to show the.
others in the office how the improved system is set up and how they can. help maintain it Invite the others to give feedback on the filing system so. that they can continue to improve it,7 6 ADMINISTRATIVE AUDIT. What is an administrative audit, An internal organisational audit is a complete check of all administrative. systems except reception It is similar to a financial audit which checks. the financial systems of the organisation see Chapter 4 Managing. finances It is the most important tool for monitoring and evaluating. administrative systems as it checks to see that all systems are in place. and working, There are two types of audits internal and external Someone from. within the organisation completes an internal audit This person should be. known to the organisation but independent of its administration and. finances Somebody from the governing body or a member with some. financial and administrative experience is a good choice The internal audit. is important for checking systems before an external auditor comes in. When and how long will the audit take,The audit should be done at least once a year. The first time that an administrative audit is carried out it may be time. consuming because each document must be checked However after the. first audit if the staff responsible have corrected any weaknesses in the. system the auditor should be able to check everything in just a few days. 190 Capacity building for local NGOs A guidance manual for good practice. Chapter 7 Office administration,What should the audit look for.
In carrying out an audit the auditor might want to follow the checklist. below If the auditor discovers weaknesses in the system he or she. should clearly explain what these are and how they might best be. corrected See Chapter 4 Managing Finances for more detail about. financial audits,CHECKLIST INTERNAL AUDIT,A INTERNAL SYSTEMS D INVENTORY. The NGO has a governing body Board of A written inventory management policy exists. Trustees or Board of Directors The inventory policy is implemented. There is a written organisational structure chart, There is a system for reviewing and following up When inventory is used it is. reports that have been made for the authorised by the correct person. organisation and it is being implemented properly supported with a supply request form. properly recorded in the inventory non, B FIXED ASSETS expendable supplies register or supply control. The NGO has a clear fixed assets policy card, The fixed assets policy is implemented the inventory is counted regularly and the count. All fixed assets are recorded correctly in the fixed is recorded. assets register, The fixed assets are counted regularly and the E PERSONNEL AND PAYROLL.
count is recorded A clear personnel policy exists and is. implemented, C VEHICLE MANAGEMENT All staff members have detailed job descriptions. The NGO has a comprehensive vehicle usage There are defined systems of evaluating and. policy measuring staff performance and they are in. The vehicle policy has been implemented use, The NGO maintains a vehicle logbook which is All staff members have current written signed. filled in completely and correctly employment contracts. Procedures for vehicle servicing insuring tax Documentation and authorisation of payroll. and MOT checking roadworthiness are in place exists such as timesheets and contracts. and up to date, Capacity building for local NGOs A guidance manual for good practice 191. Chapter 7 Office administration,How to do an administrative audit. Carrying out an administrative audit is not a complicated matter The. main thing is to be sure that it is thorough and systematic Below are. some examples of how to do this,EXAMPLE WHAT AN AUDIT LOOKS FOR.
To do the audit the auditor simply looks at standards of practice and. checks to see if they are being met If not the auditor must write. down exactly what the problem is, For example if the auditor is checking to see if all fixed assets are. recorded correctly in the fixed assets register then she or he will. have to go and see all the fixed assets and check their condition. location serial numbers etc, If for example the auditor sees that the new chairs do not have serial. numbers on them then he or she should write down that the. Administrator needs to give the new chairs serial numbers. When the auditor is finished she should prepare a report with the. findings and share it with the staff and governing body. Then the auditor should make a list of recommendations for how the. mistakes can be set right, The Executive Director is responsible for seeing that the. recommendations are followed,7 7 SETTING UP A RESOURCE CENTRE. This guidance has been developed for organisations that want to set up a. resource centre Many local NGOs have various donated resource. materials and would probably like to have more in the future to upgrade. the knowledge of their staff and improve their performance Usually. however few people have the chance to look at the resources and make. use of them because they are inaccessible,What is a resource centre.
A resource centre is a place where reference materials are stored in an. orderly way so that they are easy to find and use, Resource centres contain books magazines training materials and. newspapers as well as other information that an organisation wants to. make available Most organisations have many reference materials but. most do not keep them in one place If they are put together grouped. according to their topic and labelled they are much more accessible than. when they are simply filed on a shelf inside a cupboard. Resources include books but also reports videos cassettes newsletters. booklets and brochures Any information that may help people is a. resource Items that are not really resources are letters internal memos. and organisational records The place where resources are kept should be. 192 Capacity building for local NGOs A guidance manual for good practice. Chapter 7 Office administration, big enough to hold them all and should also be secure a room that can. be locked out of office hours or a corner of a room for example. One of the best things to do before setting up a resource centre is to visit. others to get an idea of what is possible The following questions can be. asked of organisations that already have a resource centre. EXERCISE QUESTIONS TO ASK, Where in the office is the resource centre located. Is there a place for people to read the books so that they do not. have to borrow them,Is there a written inventory of the resources. What non book resources videos tapes etc does the resource. centre have,Who is permitted to use the resource centre.
Who are the main users of the resource centre, How many people use the resource centre on average each week. What are the most frequently borrowed or used books or. For how long may books be borrowed How many books may be. borrowed at one time, What is the procedure for borrowing books from the resource. How many of the borrowed books are successfully returned. How many books have been lost or damaged by borrowers. How is security maintained at the resource centre,Cataloguing. How are the resources arranged,How are the books arranged. Is an international cataloguing system in use,Management.
Who is responsible for maintaining the resource centre on a daily. Who makes decisions regarding the resource centre s management. Acquisition receiving new materials,How are new materials or resources found. How are new materials received and processed, In the box below are the key steps to take when creating a resource. Capacity building for local NGOs A guidance manual for good practice 193.

Related Books

Lesson Plan: Ancient Rome Subject: World History Next ...

Lesson Plan Ancient Rome Subject World History Next

Grade: 6 Next Generation Sunshine State Standards: ... SS.6.W.3.11 Explain the transition from Roman Republic to empire and Imperial Rome, and compare Roman life and culture under each one. SS.6.W.3.12 Explain the causes for the growth and longevity of the Roman Empire. SS.6.W.3.14 Describe the key achievements and contributions of Roman civilization. SS.6.W.3.15 Explain the reasons for the ...

Iranian Politics and Religious Modernism

Iranian Politics and Religious Modernism

Iranian politics and religious modernism: the liberation movement of Iran. t. Iran. Politics I. Title 320.955 ISBN 1-85043-198-1 Printed in the United States of America For my parents . N.llillll ...

Repair of submerged concrete piles with FRP composites

Repair of submerged concrete piles with FRP composites

Deterioration of concrete piles in marine structures due to harsh environmental conditions has highlighted the need of continuous maintenance and renewal of such structures. To repair these structures a relatively new and emerging repair method is to wrap the piles with fibre reinforced polymer (FRP) materials. The lightweight, high

Maintenance Planning Of Reinforced Concrete Structures ...

Maintenance Planning Of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Maintenance Planning Of Reinforced Concrete Structures: Redesign In A Probabilistic Environment Inspection Update And Derived Decision Making C Gehlen & C Sodeikat Consulting Bureau Professor Schiessl Germany Summary: In the European Brite-Euram research project DURACRETE, a new service life design concept for reinforced concrete structures has been established. This new concept enables the ..



9. Objective: To introduce the theoretical concepts of ordinary differential equations. 10. Details of Course: S. No. Contents Contact Hours 1. Existence, uniqueness and continuation of solutions of a differential equation and system of differential equations, differential and integral inequalities, fixed point methods. 9 2. Linear systems ...

Syllabus of B. Tech. Computer Engineering + M. Tech ...

Syllabus of B Tech Computer Engineering M Tech

Syllabus of B. Tech. Computer Engineering + M. Tech. Computer Engineering (C ED) for 1st and 2nd Semesters (According to 22nd and 23rd Senate meeting minutes) Course Title Calculus Course No (w ill be assigned) Specialization Mathematics Structure (LTPC) 3 0 0 3 Offered for UG& DD Status Core Elective Faculty Type New Modification Pre-requisite To take effect from Submission date 21/07/2014 ..



based on the half bridge converter is employed for PFC which ensures near unity power factor over wide speed range. The proposed speed control scheme has the concept of DC link voltage control proportional to the desired speed of the PMBLDC motor. The PFC converter based PMBLDCM drive is designed, modeled and simulated using MATLAB-SimuLink environment. This drive ensures high accuracy and ...

Best Available Techniques (BAT) for Preventing and ...

Best Available Techniques BAT for Preventing and

OECD (2019), Best Available Techniques (BAT) for Preventing and Controlling Industrial Pollution, Activity 3: Measuring the Effectiveness of BAT Policies, Environment, Health and Safety, Environment Directorate, OECD.

Real estate Joint Ventures for Commercial Real estate ...

Real estate Joint Ventures for Commercial Real estate

Real estate Joint Ventures for Commercial Real estate Deelopment 1 J. Andrew Crossett Samantha Maerz This practice note discusses the reasons parties enter into real estate joint ventures for the development of commercial real property, how to form a real estate joint venture, the importance of a robust joint venture agreement, key terms of which to be aware, and drafting tips related to such ...



REQUEST FOR PROPOSALS COMMERCIAL REAL ESTATE ADVISORY SERVICES PC518 Issue Date: August 30, 2010 Proposals Due: Tuesday, September 21, 2010 at 2 pm PDT Issued by: Housing Authority of the County of San Bernardino 715 E. Brier Drive San Bernardino, CA 92408 . Page 2 of 26 REQUEST FOR PROPOSALS COMMERCIAL REAL ESTATE ADVISORY SERVICES PC518 Table of Contents I. INTRODUCTION ..... 3 II. PURPOSE ...