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Chapter Preview Chapter Overview Visit, jat glencoe com for a preview. The ancient Chinese like the Egyptians established of Chapter 7 . long ruling dynasties The Chinese valued three great. philosophies Confucianism Daoism and Legalism , View the Chapter 7 video in the World History . Journey Across Time Video Program , China s First Civilizations. Chinese civilization was shaped by geography such. as mountains and large rivers Long lasting dynasties. gained power through strong armies , Life in Ancient China. Early Chinese society had three main social classes . aristocrats farmers and merchants During periods, of unrest ideas such as Confucianism and Daoism.
developed , The Qin and Han Dynasties, Both the Qin and Han dynasties created strong. central governments New inventions developed, during the Han dynasty helped to improve the. lives of Chinese people , Organizing Information Make this foldable to help you organize information. about the important people in the early history of China . Step 1 Fold a Step 2 Turn the paper Reading and Writing. sheet of paper and fold it into thirds As you read the chapter . in half from Fold it so the left, edge lies about. list important people and, side to side 1 what they did or taught.
2 inch from the, right edge during these periods in. Chinese history , Step 4 Turn the paper, and label it as shown . Step 3 Unfold and cut the, top layer only along both folds China s. First, Civilizations, This will make Chinese, three tabs Philosopher. s, Qin, and Han, 221, Text Structure, Headings and Punctuation.
As you read this chapter pay attention to bold headings and. punctuation They are used by authors to help you better understand. what you are reading Look at the heading on page 235 Chinese. Thinkers By putting these words in red the author lets you know . even before you begin reading that this part of the chapter is about. famous thinkers in Chinese history Paying attention to punctuation. marks also can help you understand the text Look at the punctuation. marks in the paragraph below , Words are, indented to To Confucius the best. show where, a new para way to behave was simi , graph and lar to an idea known as. a new idea, begin the Golden Rule Do, unto others as you would A colon . tells you that, have others do unto you the words that. follow are an, from page 236, illustration or, an explana .
tion of the, first part of, e c t i o n out loud the sentence . Read a s mes of the, na, Say the ks as Quotation marks. n c t u a t ion mar elp have several uses , pu, a d T h is will h . you r e why cer Here they are used to, e m b e r. you rem uation m, ar ks set off words taken, p u n c t.
tain from another source , , are used, 222, Punctuation Clues Read to Write. Suppose you had a, Look at the heading and punctuation in the following younger brother sister . paragraph and answer the questions that follow or friend who was just. learning to read How, could you explain the, use of punctuation marks. to this person Write a, step by step explanation. The Zhou Empire Falls Over time of what he or she would. the local rulers of the Zhou territories need to know about. became powerful They stopped periods commas colons . obeying the Zhou kings and set up and quotation marks . their own states In 403 B C fighting, broke out For almost 200 years the.
states battled each other Historians, call this time the Period of the. Warring States , from page 231, 1 Based on the heading what do you. think this section will be about , 2 Why do you think the phrase. Period of the Warring States , is in quotation marks . 3 How will you know when a new, paragraph begins .
Winged dragon, from Zhou dynasty, As you read the chapter jot down. punctuation or section headings that, you do not understand Write them. in your notebook to discuss later , 223, file photo. China s First, Civilizations, What s the Connection Meeting People. In earlier chapters you learned Wu Wang WOO WAHNG . that many civilizations developed, in river valleys The civilizations of Building Your Vocabulary.
China also began in river valleys dynasty DY nuh stee . However other features of the land aristocrat uh RIHS tuh KRAT . such as mountains and deserts pictograph PIHK tuh GRAF . affected China s history as well ideograph IH dee uh GRAF . bureaucracy byu RAH kruh see , Focusing on the mandate MAN DAYT . Rivers mountains and deserts helped, shape China s civilization page 225 Dao DOW . Rulers known as the Shang became Reading Strategy. powerful because they controlled Summarizing Information Complete. land and had strong armies page 226 a chart like the one below describing. Chinese rulers claimed that the the characteristics of the Shang and. Mandate of Heaven gave them Zhou dynasties , the right to rule page 229 . Shang Zhou, Dynasty Dynasty, Locating Places Dates. Huang He HWAHNG HUH , Leadership, Chang Jiang CHAHNG JYAHNG .
Accomplishments, Anyang AHN YAHNG , 1750 B C 975 B C 200 B C . c 1750 B C 1045 B C 221 B C , Shang dynasty Wu Wang Qin dynasty. Anyang begins creates Zhou begins, Luoyang, dynasty. 224 CHAPTER 7 Early China, people drowned and many homes were. China s Geography destroyed As a result the Chinese called. Rivers mountains and deserts helped the Huang He China s sorrow . shape China s civilization The river however also brought a gift . Reading Focus Why do you think so many cities and When the river flooded it left behind rich. towns were built beside rivers Read to learn why rivers topsoil in the Huang He valley As a result . were important to the development of China farmers could grow large amounts of food. on very small farms , The Huang He HWAHNG HUH or China also has another great river .
Yellow River flows across China for more called the Chang Jiang CHAHNG JYAHNG . than 2 900 miles 4 666 km It gets its name or the Yangtze River The Chang Jiang is. from the rich yellow soil it carries from even longer than the Huang He It flows. Mongolia to the Pacific Ocean for about 3 400 miles 5 471 km east across. Like rivers in early Mesopotamia and central China where it empties into the. Egypt China s Huang He flooded the land Yellow Sea Like the Huang He valley the. The flooding was good and bad for the valley of the Chang Jiang also has rich. Chinese When the river overflowed many soil for farming . The Geography of China, 0 600 mi 80 E 100 E 120 E. 0 600 km N, Lambert Azimuthal Equal Area projection. W E, AL S, TA, YM, OU, NT MONGOLIA 40 N, TIAN SHAN AIN Sea of. S Japan, I, GOB East Sea , TAKLIMAKAN S , DESERT MT KOREAN. KU AN UN, H ua n g H, JAPAN, N L UN SH PENINSULA.
T, R, AL, w, lo, Yellow, el, e Y Sea, Wei H. e, H PLATEAU, IM OF TIBET CHINA , , AL iang PACIFIC. R, g J gt, an z e, AY Y East, an, A Ch OCEAN. China, Sea, INDIA, While the country of China has one of Taiwan 20 N. the world s largest populations little of, its land can be farmed South.
1 What is the name of the desert on China, China s northern border near Mongolia Sea. Hainan, 2 What effect did China s mountains and, deserts have on its history . Find NGS online map resources , www nationalgeographic com maps. CHAPTER 7 Early China 225, Even though China has rich soil along. its rivers only a little more than one tenth, The Shang Dynasty.
of its land can be farmed That is because Rulers known as the Shang became. mountains and deserts cover most of the powerful because they controlled land and had. land The towering Himalaya close off strong armies . China to the southwest The Kunlun Shan Reading Focus Who are the leaders in your commu . and Tian Shan are mountain ranges on nity What gives them their power Read to learn. China s western border The Gobi a vast why some people in early China had more power than. cold rocky desert spreads east from the others , mountains These mountains and deserts. shaped much of Chinese history They were Little is known about how Chinese civi . like a wall around the Chinese separating lization began Archaeologists however . them from most other peoples have found pottery in the Huang He valley. Over time the Chinese people united to dating back thousands of years These arti . form one kingdom They called their home facts show that the Huang He valley was. land the Middle Kingdom To them it the first center of Chinese civilization . was the world s center and its leading civi Archaeologists think that people stayed in. lization The Chinese developed a way of the valley and farmed the land because of. life that lasted into modern times rich soil As their numbers rose they began. Identify Name two rivers building towns and soon after the first. important to early Chinese civilizations Chinese civilization began . China s first rulers were probably part of, the Xia SYAH dynasty A dynasty DY . Shang Empire nuh stee is a line of rulers who belong. 0 400 mi 120 E to the same family Little is known, 0 400 km N about the Xia We know more about the. Lambert Azimuthal, Equal Area projection E next dynasty the Shang The Shang kings. W, , S, ruled from about 1750 B C to 1045 B C .
R , e llow, 40 N, Who Were the Shang Archaeologists. Y, He, R , Yellow have found huge walls royal palaces and. g, an, u Anyang ow Sea, H, royal tombs from the time of the Shang . ell, Y, e, Wei H Huang H KEY These remains show that the Shang may. e, Shang empire have built the first Chinese cities One of.
, eR, c 1750 1045 B C , tz, Cha, ng g Y a n g these cities was Anyang AHN YAHNG in. J i an, East, China northern China Anyang was China s first. Sea capital From there the Shang kings ruled, the early Chinese people . The Shang probably built the first The people of the Shang dynasty were. Chinese cities divided into groups The most powerful. 1 What rivers were found within group was the king and his family The first. the borders of the Shang dynasty , Shang king ruled over a small area in north . 2 In what part of the Shang, kingdom was Anyang found ern China His armies used chariots and.
bronze weapons to take over nearby areas , 226 CHAPTER 7 Early China. In time the Shang kings ruled over most of, Asian Art Archaeology CORBIS. the Huang He valley , Later Shang kings chose warlords to. govern the kingdom s territories Warlords, are military leaders who command. their own armies However the king The Role of Women Zheng. controlled even larger armies who Zhenxiang was China s first. defended the kingdom s borders female archaeologist In 1976. The king s armies helped him stay she found the tomb of Fu Hao . in power China s first female general , Under the king the warlords and In the tomb were more than.
other royal officials made up the 2 000 artifacts from the Shang. upper class They were aristocrats dynasty including weapons . uh RIHS tuh KRATS nobles whose bronze vessels jade objects . wealth came from the land they and bones with Chinese. owned Aristocrats passed their land characters carved on them . and their power from one generation Bronze, vessel Fu Hao the wife of King. to the next , Wu Ding was given a royal, In Shang China a few people were. burial She was famous for, traders and artisans Most Chinese how . ever were farmers They worked the land, her strength martial arts skills and. that belonged to the aristocrats They grew military strategies She often helped. grains such as millet wheat and rice and her husband defeat their enemies on. raised cattle sheep and chickens A small the battlefield Fu Hao was the first. number of enslaved people captured in war female in China s history to receive. also lived in Shang China the highest military rank . Her tomb and its artifacts reveal, Spirits and Ancestors People in Shang the grand civilization of China s.
China worshiped gods and spirits Spirits Shang dynasty During. were believed to live in mountains rivers this period the. and seas The people believed that they had Chinese developed. to keep the gods and spirits happy by mak writing a. ing offerings of food and other goods They calendar and. believed that the gods and spirits would be, musical instruments . angry if they were not treated well Angry, gods and spirits might cause farmers to have. a poor harvest or armies to lose a battle Jade sculpture of a. People also honored their ancestors or seated human figure. departed family members Offerings were, made in the hope that ancestors would help. in times of need and bring good luck To, Connecting to the Past. 1 What was Fu Hao famous for during, this day many Chinese still remember their her life .
ancestors by going to temples and burning 2 Describe what the artifacts found in. small paper copies of food and clothing Fu Hao s tomb might reveal about. Journey Across Time Video Program Chapter OverviewVisit jat glencoe com for a preview of Chapter 7 Organizing InformationMake this foldable to help you organize information about the important people in the early history of China Reading and Writing As you read the chapter list important people and what they did or taught during these

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