Chapter 40 The Immune System And Disease Te-Books Pdf

Chapter 40 The Immune System and Disease TE
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Name Class Date, Chapter 40 The Immune System and Disease continued. Agents of Disease page 1031, 10 Is the following sentence true or false Most of the bacteria and. yeast that are found in the body are harmful and cause disease. 11 List two ways that bacteria can produce illness. a Breaking down tissues b Releasing toxins, 12 Poisons that produce illness by disrupting body functions are. called toxins, 13 How does a virus reproduce inside a host cell It uses the materials of the host cell to. make copies of itself, 14 Pathogens that live and feed inside infected organisms are called.
Match each type of pathogen with a disease caused by that type. Type of Pathogen Disease, d 15 Virus a Athlete s foot. b 16 Bacterium b Tetanus, e 17 Protist c Tapeworm, c 18 Worm d Influenza. a 19 Fungus e Malaria, How Diseases Are Spread page 1032. 20 List three ways that infectious diseases are spread. a Coughing sneezing or physical contact, b Contaminated water or food. Pearson Education Inc All rights reserved, c Infected animals.
21 Animals that carry disease causing organisms from person to. person are called vectors, 22 Is the following sentence true or false Thorough handwashing. does not help prevent the spread of many pathogens. 23 Is the following sentence true or false Some of the most. dangerous disease causing organisms are spread from one. person to another by sexual contact true, 24 Circle the letter of each choice that is a sexually transmitted. a syphilis b gonorrhea c AIDS d malaria, 344 Guided Reading and Study Workbook Chapter 40. Name Class Date, Fighting Infectious Diseases page 1033. 25 Compounds that kill bacteria without harming the cells of. humans or animals are called antibiotics, 26 Circle the letter of each sentence that is true about antibiotics.
a They work by interfering with the cellular processes of. microorganisms, b Many of them are produced by living organisms. c They were first discovered in the 1940s, d They are effective against viruses. 27 How do antiviral drugs fight viral diseases Antiviral drugs inhibit the ability of viruses to. invade cells and to multiply once inside of cells, Section 40 2 The Immune System pages 1034 1040. This section describes the body s defenses against disease causing organisms. and explains what immunity is, Nonspecific Defenses pages 1034 1035. 1 The body s primary defense against pathogens is the. immune system, Match the type of defense with its role in the body.
Defense Role, b 2 Nonspecific a Destroying harmful pathogens that enter the body. a 3 Specific b Preventing pathogens from entering the body. 4 What is the job of the body s first line of defense Its job is to keep pathogens out of the. 5 List the four components of the body s first line of defense. a Skin c Sweat, Pearson Education Inc All rights reserved. b Mucus d Tears, 6 Is the following sentence true or false The body s most important. nonspecific defense is the skin true, 7 How does mucus help protect the body from disease It traps bacteria and viruses. 8 Body secretions contain an enzyme called lysozyme. that kills bacteria, 9 When does the body s second line of defense come into play It comes into play when.
pathogens enter the body, 10 Is the following sentence true or false The inflammatory. response is a nonspecific reaction to tissue damage caused by. injury or infection true, Guided Reading and Study Workbook Chapter 40 345. Name Class Date, Chapter 40 The Immune System and Disease continued. 11 White blood cells called phagocytes engulf and destroy. 12 Why does an increase in the number of white blood cells indicate. that the body is dealing with a serious infection When pathogens are detected in the. body the immune system produces millions of white blood cells to fight the infection. 13 An elevated body temperature is called a an fever. 14 Circle the letter of each sentence that is true about elevated body. temperature, a It kills many pathogens, b It speeds up the action of white blood cells. c It decreases heart rate, d It slows down chemical reactions.
15 Is the following sentence true or false Interferon is a protein that. helps fight bacterial infections false, Specific Defenses pages 1036 1039. 16 What is the immune response It is a series of specific defenses that attack a disease. causing agent, 17 A substance that triggers the immune response is known as a an. 18 What are some examples of antigens Examples include carbohydrates proteins and lipids. on the surfaces of viruses bacteria and other pathogens. 19 List the two different immune responses, a Humoral immunity b Cell mediated immunity. 20 Circle the letter of each sentence that is true about humoral Pearson Education Inc All rights reserved. a It is a response to pathogens in body fluids, b It depends on lymphocytes. c It involves antibodies, d It involves plasma cells.
21 A protein that helps destroy pathogens is called a an. 22 What happens to a clump of viruses and antibodies The clump attracts phagocytes. which engulf and destroy it, 23 Is the following sentence true or false Antibodies can fight. viruses but not bacteria false, 346 Guided Reading and Study Workbook Chapter 40. Name Class Date, 24 Label the antigen binding sites in the drawing below. Antigen binding, Match the type of cell with its role in humoral immunity. Type of Cell Role, b 25 B cell a Assisting plasma cells.
a 26 T cell b Producing antibodies, 27 Is the following sentence true or false Plasma cells are. specialized B cells true, 28 How does permanent immunity develop Once the body has been exposed to certain. pathogens millions of memory B cells remain capable of producing specific antibodies to that. pathogen This ensures that the disease never gets a chance to develop a second time. 29 Circle the letter of each sentence that is true about cell mediated. a It relies on lymphocytes c It involves antibodies. b It involves killer T cells d It causes pathogen cells to. rupture and die, Pearson Education Inc All rights reserved. 30 Is the following sentence true or false Cell mediated immunity is. particularly important for diseases caused by prokaryotic. pathogens false, Active Immunity pages 1039 1040, 31 The first smallpox vaccine was produced by Edward. 32 What is vaccination It is the injection of a weakened or mild form of a pathogen to produce. 33 How do vaccines work Vaccines stimulate the immune system to create millions of plasma. cells ready to produce specific types of antibodies should you ever be exposed to the pathogen. Guided Reading and Study Workbook Chapter 40 347, Name Class Date.
Chapter 40 The Immune System and Disease continued. Passive Immunity page 1040, 34 Complete the Venn diagram comparing types of immunity. Active Immunity Passive Immunity, Is due to antigens Is due to antibodies. Can result from vaccination, Lasts for life Lasts for a short time. Section 40 3 Immune System Disorders pages 1041 1044. This section describes diseases that affect the immune system. Allergies pages 1041 1042, 1 An overreaction of the immune system caused by antigens is. called a an allergy, 2 Circle the letter of each choice that is a result of allergens binding.
to mast cells, a The mast cells release chemicals known as histamines. b There is increased flow of blood and fluids to the surrounding. c Sneezing runny eyes and other symptoms occur, d Antihistamines are released by the mast cells. Pearson Education Inc All rights reserved, 3 A condition in which smooth muscle contractions reduce the size. of air passageways in the lungs and make breathing very difficult. is called asthma, 4 Circle the letter of the choice that is the usual trigger of an asthma. a A combination of many different antigens, b A particular antigen.
c A drug that is inhaled, d Relaxation of the smooth muscles. 5 Is the following sentence true or false The best way to avoid an. asthma attack is to avoid the antigen that produces the attack. 348 Guided Reading and Study Workbook Chapter 40, Name Class Date. Autoimmune Disease page 1042, 6 What produces an autoimmune disease It is produced by the immune system making a. mistake and attacking the body s own cells, 7 Complete the compare and contrast table. AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES, Autoimmune Disease Organ or Tissue That Is Attacked.
Rheumatic fever Lining and valves of the heart, Juvenile onset diabetes Insulin producing cells of the pancreas. Myasthenia gravis Nerve receptors of muscles, Multiple sclerosis Myelin sheath surrounding nerve fibers. AIDS pages 1042 1044, 8 Is the following sentence true or false AIDS is a type of disease. in which the immune system is weakened by infection. 9 What do the letters A I D and S stand for They stand for Acquired Immune Deficiency. 10 List some of the diseases that may be symptoms of AIDS. a Protozoa in the lungs, b A rare form of skin cancer. c Severe fungal infections in the mouth and throat. 11 What made scientists suspect that AIDS was caused by a virus The spread of the. disease made scientists suspect this, Pearson Education Inc All rights reserved.
12 Circle the letter of the choice that refers to the cells that are. attacked by HIV, a Helper T cells c Red blood cells. b Killer T cells d Helper B cells, 13 Is the following sentence true or false The body does not. produce antibodies against HIV false, 14 Circle the letter of each choice that is true about the spread of HIV. a It is usually spread by casual contact, b It is spread only by sexual contact. c It can be spread by sharing intravenous drug needles. d It is spread only by contact with infected blood or other body. Guided Reading and Study Workbook Chapter 40 349, Name Class Date.
Chapter 40 The Immune System and Disease continued. 15 Is the following sentence true or false Any sexual contact carries. some risk of contracting HIV true, Reading Skill Practice. When you read about new or difficult concepts making a concept map can help. you better understand and remember the ideas Make a concept map that shows. how immune system disorders are classified based on the material in Section 40 3. For more information about concept maps see Appendix A of your text Do your. work on a separate sheet of paper, Students concept maps should show that immune system disorders are classified as allergies in which. the immune system overreacts to antigens autoimmune diseases in which the immune system attacks. the body s own cells and diseases such as AIDS in which the immune system itself is attacked. Section 40 4 Cancer pages 1046 1048, This section explains what cancer is identifies its causes and describes how. it is treated, Introduction page 1046, 1 Circle the letter of each sentence that is true about cancer. a It is generally a life threatening disease, b It is characterized by cells multiplying uncontrollably and.
destroying healthy tissue, c It is caused by foreign cells invading the body. d Its is easy to treat and to understand, A Cellular Disease page 1046. 2 When do cancers begin Cancers begin when something goes wrong with the controls that. normally regulate cell growth and division, Pearson Education Inc All rights reserved. 3 A mass of growing tissue is known as a an tumor, 4 Is the following sentence true or false All tumors are cancerous. Match the type of tumor with its description, Tumor Type Description.
a 5 Benign a Does not spread to surrounding healthy tissue or to. b 6 Malignant other parts of the body, b Can invade and destroy surrounding healthy tissue or. spread to other parts of the body, 7 The spread of cancerous tumors beyond their original site is. called metastasis, 350 Guided Reading and Study Workbook Chapter 40. Name Class Date, 8 List three ways that cancer cells cause illness as they spread. a They absorb the nutrients needed by other cells, b They block nerve connections.
c They prevent the organs they invade from functioning properly. Causes of Cancer pages 1046 1047, 9 Complete the concept map. Generic Defects, The result, Inherited Caused by viruses. of mutations, Occur Be produced by, spontaneously radiation or chemicals. 10 What is an example of a virus that causes cancer in humans An example is the human. papilloma virus or HPV, 11 Chemical compounds that are known to cause cancer are called. carcinogens, Fighting Cancer, Pearson Education Inc All rights reserved.
pages 1047 1048, 12 Why is it important to detect cancer early If cancer is detected early there is a better. chance of treating it successfully, 13 List the three general categories of treatments for cancer. a Surgery b Radiation therapy c Drug therapy, 14 Which types of tumors are often removed by surgery Localized cancerous tumors or. those that do not spread quickly are often removed by surgery. 15 Another name for drug therapy is chemotherapy, 16 Is the following sentence true or false Radiation destroys fast. growing cancer cells more slowly than normal cells. Guided Reading and Study Workbook Chapter 40 351, Name Class Date.
Chapter 40 The Immune System and Disease continued. Progress Against Cancer page 1048, 17 Circle the letter of each sentence that is true about cancer in the. United States since 1990, a There has been little progress in fighting cancer. The Immune System and Disease Section 40 1 Infectious Disease pages 1029 1033 This section describes the causes of disease and explains how infectious diseases are transmitted Introduction page 1029 1 Any change other than an injury that disrupts the normal functions of the body is a an 2 What are three ways diseases can come about Diseases can be inherited caused by material

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