NAME CLASS DATE, for CHAPTER 11 USING MODIFIERS CORRECTLY pages 238 39. What Is a Modifier, A modifier is a word or word group that makes the meaning of another word or word group. more specific Adjectives modify nouns and pronouns Adverbs modify verbs adjectives and. other adverbs, ADJECTIVES My green dress is here Green modifies the noun dress. This one is fast Fast modifies the pronoun one, ADVERBS Eli spoke softly Softly modifies the verb spoke. I feel too tired Too modifies the adjective tired, You work more quickly than I More modifies the adverb quickly. EXERCISE In each of the following sentences circle the word that modifies the underlined word or word. group Do not include the articles a an and the,Example 1 Will you try harder. 1 The bright sun hurts my eyes,2 That dancer moves gracefully. 3 This popcorn seems much saltier,4 Paris is an exciting city. 5 The downpour almost completely flooded our yard,6 Leaves provide food for small animals. 7 Your report was extremely interesting,8 She talks rather softly. Copyright by Holt Rinehart and Winston All rights reserved. 9 Will you listen carefully,10 Send us another one. 11 Several others have voted,12 I could almost taste it. 13 This room is slightly cooler,14 The steaming drink warmed us. 15 You are very late,16 We were too late for front row seats. 17 He answered the question intelligently,18 Your e mail message was so funny. 19 I will gladly help you,20 Samone is unusually quiet today. 222 HOLT HANDBOOK Second Course,NAME CLASS DATE, for CHAPTER 11 USING MODIFIERS CORRECTLY pages 238 39. Adjective or Adverb, To decide whether a word is an adjective or adverb determine how the word is used in. the sentence, 11a If a word in the predicate modifies the subject of the verb use the adjective form If it modifies. the verb use the adverb form, ADJECTIVE Jenny s performance was beautiful Beautiful modifies the noun performance. ADVERB Jenny performed beautifully Beautifully modifies the verb performed. EXERCISE Each of the following sentences contains an underlined modifier If the underlined word is. used as an adjective write ADJ above the word Write ADV if the word is used as an adverb. Example 1 Our long distance runner is sick,1 We arrived late for the track meet. 2 I hurriedly dressed in my uniform,3 The locker room smelled musty. 4 Will the first event begin soon,5 The anxious participants filled the bleachers. 6 Can you line up quickly,7 The runner beside me looked so serious. 8 I can t believe I finished first,9 The distance to the finish line seemed endless. Copyright by Holt Rinehart and Winston All rights reserved. 10 I have never run so fast, 11 The crowd cheered enthusiastically for all the runners. 12 Our team is so excited about the 400 meter relay. 13 We have the best record in our region,14 Eli ran a surprisingly fast time in the trial. 15 He walked confidently to the starting blocks,16 Is the high jump the first field event. 17 Pedro jumped easily and cleared the bar,18 Our whole team performed fantastically. 19 Coach Williams proudly accepted our trophy,20 We looked exhausted but we felt great. Language and Sentence Skills Practice 223,NAME CLASS DATE. for CHAPTER 11 USING MODIFIERS CORRECTLY page 240,Good and Well. Good is an adjective It should be used to modify a noun or a pronoun Use well to modify. EXAMPLES Ram n s paintings look good Good modifies the noun paintings. Ram n paints well Well modifies the verb paints, Well may be used either as an adjective or as an adverb As an adjective well has two. meanings in good health or satisfactory, EXAMPLES Ram n feels well today Meaning in good health well modifies the noun Ram n. All is well at his studio Meaning satisfactory well modifies the pronoun All. EXERCISE A For each of the sentences below underline the correct modifier in parentheses. Example 1 Everything is good well with my favorite band. 1 We didn t have good well seats at the concert, 2 Inge and I couldn t hear the lead singer very good well. 3 The band performed as good well as we had hoped, 4 The drummer looked good well in that silver outfit. 5 It was so hot in the concert hall that I didn t feel good well. 6 Being a good well friend Janeatha bought me a cup of cold apple juice. 7 The apple juice tasted good well,8 How good well was the concert. 9 I was surprised that the bass guitarist sang so good well. Copyright by Holt Rinehart and Winston All rights reserved. 10 His voice is so good well that I think he should become the lead singer. EXERCISE B The following paragraph contains errors in the use of good and well Cross out the errors. and write the correct modifier above each word that you have crossed out. Example 1 All is good with me today, 11 How good or healthy I feel depends on how good I take care of myself 12 A good break. fast gives me a well start on my day 13 Foods low in sugar are well choices 14 My family and. I work good together to make healthy foods that taste well 15 Exercise is important too 16 I. can t run very good but a long walk gives me energy 17 I also play basketball very good so I. get plenty of exercise 18 How good I sleep at night also affects the way I feel 19 I need at least. eight hours to perform good at school the next day 20 Diet exercise and rest will help me live a. well long life,224 HOLT HANDBOOK Second Course,NAME CLASS DATE. for CHAPTER 11 USING MODIFIERS CORRECTLY pages 241 43. Regular Comparison, 11b The three degrees of comparison are the positive the comparative and the superlative. In regular comparison modifiers form the comparative degree by adding er or using. more less They form the superlative degree by adding est or using most least. POSITIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE,new newer newest,quickly more quickly most quickly. careful less careful least careful, EXERCISE Complete the following chart by filling in the two missing forms for each modifier given. Positive Comparative Superlative,Example 1 juicier juiciest. 2 most cheerfully,3 prettier,5 more improbable,6 most smoothly. 8 less desirable, Copyright by Holt Rinehart and Winston All rights reserved. 9 crankiest,10 boastful,11 sweeter,12 grateful,13 chilliest. 15 sillier,16 most wonderful,19 more fickle,20 least salty. Language and Sentence Skills Practice 225,NAME CLASS DATE. for CHAPTER 11 USING MODIFIERS CORRECTLY page 243,Irregular Comparison. The comparative and superlative degrees of some modifiers are not formed by the. usual methods,POSITIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE,good better best. bad worse worst,little less least, EXERCISE Complete each sentence below by writing the modifier specified in the parentheses on the. line provided, Example 1 superlative of little Orange is my favorite color. 1 superlative of much The common form of Nigerian jewelry is a long. string of beads, 2 comparative of good Both of the charcoal drawings were exceptional but I thought. 3 comparative of little I have time to practice the piano today than I. had yesterday, 4 superlative of good Tony has the scoring record on our team. 5 superlative of bad This is the movie I have ever seen. Copyright by Holt Rinehart and Winston All rights reserved. 6 comparative of much Joseph Bruchac s Birdfoot s Grampa is the. interesting of the two poems, 7 superlative of well Of all the musicians who performed last night I think Wynton. Marsalis played the, 8 comparative of many There were people at this year s school carnival. than at last year s, 9 superlative of far Which of the following Tanzanian cities is from. Mtwara Lindi Songea or Tabora, 10 comparative of well I feel much today than I did yesterday. 226 HOLT HANDBOOK Second Course,NAME CLASS DATE, for CHAPTER 11 USING MODIFIERS CORRECTLY pages 241 43. Regular and Irregular Comparison A, 11b The three degrees of comparison are the positive the comparative and the superlative. POSITIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE,happy happier happiest. skillfully more skillfully most skillfully,much more most. EXERCISE Complete the following chart by filling in the two missing forms for each modifier given. Positive Comparative Superlative,Example 1 bossier. 1 more believable,6 least bitter,7 most observant, Copyright by Holt Rinehart and Winston All rights reserved. 11 farther,12 perkiest,14 little money money money. 15 more ridiculous,17 saddest,19 happily,20 grumpiest. Language and Sentence Skills Practice 227,NAME CLASS DATE. for CHAPTER 11 USING MODIFIERS CORRECTLY pages 241 43. Regular and Irregular Comparison B, 11b The three degrees of comparison are the positive the comparative and the superlative. POSITIVE An anglerfish is a big saltwater fish, COMPARATIVE A barracuda is bigger than an anglerfish. SUPERLATIVE The bluefin tuna is the biggest of the three fish. EXERCISE Complete each sentence below by writing the modifier specified in the parentheses on the. line provided,most exciting, Example 1 superlative of exciting The spot our family has ever visited. is the Monterey Bay Aquarium, 1 superlative of large Most of the aquarium s permanent exhibits focus on Monterey. Bay the nation s national marine sanctuary, 2 comparative of many The aquarium had exhibits than our family. could visit in one day, 3 superlative of well Because a diver hand fed sharks in the Kelp Forest exhibit. Stephen liked that exhibit, 4 superlative of odd The fish in the Outer Bay exhibit was the. ocean sunfish which looked like a big leather disk. 5 comparative of much In the Mystery of the Deep exhibit visitors can learn. information about the deep sea, Copyright by Holt Rinehart and Winston All rights reserved. 6 superlative of deep Some of the animals we saw from the. waters as deep as 3 300 feet were Pacific hagfish mushroom. corals and squat lobsters, 7 superlative of interested Of all the members of my family I am the. in deep sea life, 8 comparative of gracefully In the Splash Zone exhibit my little sister Kate crawled. through the coral reef structures than I did, 9 superlative of cute She decided that the animal she saw was. the black footed penguin, 10 comparative of far On that exciting day Kate who usually complains walked. than she ever had before,228 HOLT HANDBOOK Second Course. NAME CLASS DATE, for CHAPTER 11 USING MODIFIERS CORRECTLY pages 245 46. Use of Comparative and Superlative Forms A, Use the comparative degree when comparing two things Use the superlative degree when. comparing more than two,COMPARATIVE Of the two boys he is more bashful. Rosa s dive was better than mine, SUPERLATIVE Is he the most bashful of all the boys. She performed her best dive ever, EXERCISE In the following sentences if an underlined modifier is incorrect cross it out and write the. correct form above it If the underlined modifier is correct write C above it. more destructive, Example 1 Which is most destructive to an archaeological site wind or water. 1 The tomb of Qin Shihuangdi has been called the greater archaeological find of our time. 2 Of the more than 7 000 life size warriors horses and chariots which looked more realistic. 3 It was the more amazing thing I had ever seen, 4 Since 1974 archaeologists in China have been putting forth their better efforts to rebuild the. lifelike terra cotta army, 5 Rebuilding the statues was probably hardest than unearthing them. 6 Some of the smallest pieces provide the best clues about sculpting techniques during the. emperor s time, 7 Amy knows more information about China s first emperor than I do. Copyright by Holt Rinehart and Winston All rights reserved. 8 Were the chariots or the horses buried deepest, 9 Of all the farmers who found the first clay head he was more terrified. 10 Do you have a more current account than this one. Language and Sentence Skills Practice 229,NAME CLASS DATE. for CHAPTER 11 USING MODIFIERS CORRECTLY page 247,Use of Comparative and Superlative Forms B. 11e Include the word other or else when comparing one member of a group with the rest of. NONSTANDARD The blue whale is larger than any animal. STANDARD The blue whale is larger than any other animal. NONSTANDARD I finished my report before anyone in my class did. STANDARD I finished my report before anyone else in my class did. EXERCISE Some of the following sentences need other or else to complete their meaning Insert a caret. where the word other or else is needed and write the omitted word on the line provided If a. sentence is already correct write C on the line, Example 1 Julia is taller than anyone in her class. 1 Can anyone else on the team run faster than he can. 2 These scissors are sharper than any pair I could find. 3 Berta has won more trophies for track and field than any athlete. 4 She is more skillful than anyone in her art class. 5 I write to my cousin more than I write to anyone in my family. 6 Is jogging more effective for weight loss than any form of exercise. 7 During free reading short stories are more popular than any form of literature. 8 Juan has done more volunteer work than anyone in his troop. 9 This kitten is not as curious as all the kittens in its litter. Copyright by Holt Rinehart and Winston All rights reserved. 10 Gina was more observant than anyone on the hike. 11 This first song is better than any song on the CD. 12 The cheetah can run faster than any land animal. 13 The month of February has fewer days than any month. 14 Houda speaks Arabic better than anyone in his family. 15 This book has fewer pages than any book, 16 Rachel scored more goals than anyone on her soccer team. 17 Has Paul run more miles than anyone in his track club. 18 A saltwater crocodile is larger than any other reptile. 19 Our neighbor Mrs Gold grows more flowers than anyone on our street. 20 These pants are baggier than any other pants in my closet. 230 HOLT HANDBOOK Second Course,NAME CLASS DATE, for CHAPTER 11 USING MODIFIERS CORRECTLY pages 248 49. Double Comparisons and Double Negatives,11f Avoid using double comparisons. NONSTANDARD This sweater is more warmer than my jacket. STANDARD This sweater is warmer than my jacket,11g Avoid using double negatives. NONSTANDARD I don t have no mail today, STANDARD I don t have any mail today or I have no mail today. EXERCISE Most of the following sentences contain incorrect double comparisons or double negatives. Cross out any unnecessary words Insert carets where words are needed and write the needed words. on the lines provided If a sentence is already correct write C on the line. Example 1 I don t have no change, 1 I don t hardly know nothing about the country of Zambia. 2 We have never had no problems with our car, 3 These enchiladas are more tastier than the tacos. 4 The most strangest noise is coming from behind that door. 5 I haven t never watched the sun rise,6 Your explanation doesn t make no sense to me. 7 If the water were more deeper we could dive safely. 8 I can t barely reach the top shelf, Copyright by Holt Rinehart and Winston All rights reserved. 9 Is the most longest bridge in the world the Humber Bridge in England. 10 Grandpa seems more wiser than anyone else I know. 11 The black rock for these statues can t be found in no other place. 12 That s the most funniest story I have ever heard. 13 We didn t see no weeds in the garden,14 Could I try on this dress in a larger size. 15 This discount store has the most cheapest prices on school supplies. 16 I don t remember ever eating a plantain, 17 The most oldest covered bridge in use is in New Hampshire. 18 I never heard no one play the piano as well as Angela Cheng. 19 Joe needs a more shorter board for the birdhouse floor. 20 She never goes nowhere without her glasses,Language and Sentence Skills Practice 231. NAME CLASS DATE, for CHAPTER 11 USING MODIFIERS CORRECTLY pages 251 53. Misplaced Prepositional Phrases, 11h Place modifying words phrases and clauses as near as possible to the words they modify. MISPLACED We took our cat to the veterinarian with the sore paw. CORRECT We took our cat with the sore paw to the veterinarian The phrase modifies the. EXERCISE A Underline the prepositional phrase in each of the following sentences Then circle the word. that the phrase modifies, Example 1 I saw in the newspaper a camera advertisement. 1 The ad said that the camera came with two extra lenses. 2 I called the phone number that was listed in the advertisement. 3 I wanted further information about the camera, 4 The camera dealer had satisfactory answers to my questions. 5 A camera of my own is a dream come true, EXERCISE B Underline the misplaced prepositional phrase in each of the following sentences Draw an. arrow from the phrase to its correct location in the sentence. Example 1 I saw a movie about spiders in my science class. 6 I took a nap and dreamed about a faraway castle on my blue couch. 7 Virgil found a book about prehistoric animals in the library. 8 The woman wrote a play about two elephants in the red dress. Copyright by Holt Rinehart and Winston All rights reserved. 9 Three men had to stop quickly while a goose crossed the road in a small car. 10 The water refreshed us from a fountain, 11 Did you see the medals that Aunt Elsa won in the attic. 12 This daruma doll is said to help wishes come true from Japan. 13 That boy will feed our dogs in the yellow shirt. 14 The rocks are from the playground in my shoes, 15 The book Scorpions describes two friends living in Harlem by Walter Dean Myers. 232 HOLT HANDBOOK Second Course,NAME CLASS DATE,for CHAPTER 11 USING MODIFIERS CORRECTLY page 254. Misplaced and Dangling Participial Phrases, 11h Place modifying words phrases and clauses as near as possible to the words they modify. MISPLACED Buried in the yard the dog dug up a bone. CORRECT The dog dug up a bone buried in the yard,DANGLING Planning a picnic the rain was saddening. CORRECT Planning a picnic we were saddened by the rain. CORRECT Because we were planning a picnic the rain was saddening. EXERCISE Rewrite the following sentences to correct the misplaced and dangling participial phrases. Addressing, Example 1 Addressing the crowd Dr Martin Luther King Jr s speech was inspiring. the crowd Dr Martin Luther King Jr gave an inspiring speech. 1 Hoping to win the race the fall was disappointing. 2 Grasped tightly in my hands I urged the horse onward with the reins. 3 Vo hidden in the closet couldn t find his sleeping bag. 4 The log fit into the stove broken in half,5 Running on empty I needed to stop for gas. Copyright by Holt Rinehart and Winston All rights reserved. 6 Built into the cliffs archaeologists have learned much from Anasazi dwellings. 7 Aunt Rosa offered grilled chicken to us wrapped in a flour tortilla. 8 Rested from a long nap the afternoon hike seemed easy. 9 Traveling along the Congo River exotic birds and brightly colored insects can be seen. 10 Leaping across the stage the dancer s performance amazed us. Language and Sentence Skills Practice 233,NAME CLASS DATE. for CHAPTER 11 USING MODIFIERS CORRECTLY pages 255 56. Misplaced Clauses, 11h Place modifying words phrases and clauses as near as possible to the words they modify. An adjective clause should be placed directly after the word it modifies. MISPLACED CLAUSE He gave a turtle to his sister that he found under the tree. CORRECT He gave a turtle that he found under the tree to his sister The clause. modifies turtle not sister, EXERCISE A In each of the sentences below underline the adjective clause Then circle the noun or. pronoun that the clause modifies,Example 1 I have an uncle who lives in Hungary. 1 I really enjoyed the movie that we saw last night. 2 My sister who lives in Oklahoma is coming home for Thanksgiving. 3 I couldn t have finished without your help which I really appreciate. 4 The man whose car had been dented filed an accident report. 5 The boy whom I invited to the dance will be unable to go. EXERCISE B Rewrite the following sentences to correct the placement of adjective clauses. Example 1 The bike is on sale this week that I want The bike that I want is on sale. 6 Jolene gave a bird to her brother that has white feathers. Copyright by Holt Rinehart and Winston All rights reserved. 7 The pictures were of monkeys that we took, 8 The trees held many birds nests that lost their leaves in the hurricane. 9 The burglar turned himself in to the police who had stolen my bracelet. 10 The store is on Elm Avenue that offers secondhand clothing. 234 HOLT HANDBOOK Second Course,NAME CLASS DATE, for CHAPTER 11 USING MODIFIERS CORRECTLY pages 251 56. Misplaced Phrases and Clauses, 11h Place modifying words phrases and clauses as near as possible to the words they modify. MISPLACED CLAUSE The comic strip features Charlie Brown that I like. CORRECT The comic strip that I like features Charlie Brown. EXERCISE Underline the misplaced phrase or clause in the following sentences Then draw an arrow. from the phrase or clause to its correct location in the sentence. Example 1 Charlie Brown and his gang teach readers valuable lessons including a beagle and. 1 Beth showed me a magazine article about Charles Schulz in the library. 2 Schulz created his comic strip for almost fifty years called Peanuts. 3 The comic strip was published in twenty one different languages about a funny group of. neighborhood children, 4 The comic strips are my favorites about sandlot baseball and the Great Pumpkin. 5 The one is about Charlie Brown that I like the most finally hitting a home run. 6 Charlie Brown worries about his batting ability who loves baseball. 7 Charlie Brown s beagle has an adventurous personality whose name is Snoopy. 8 Snoopy flies an imaginary airplane in World War I called the Sopwith Camel. 9 The evil Red Baron often threatens Snoopy s safety who also flies a World War I airplane. 10 The beagle is confident and comical nicknamed Joe Cool. Copyright by Holt Rinehart and Winston All rights reserved. 11 Snoopy writes novels sitting on his doghouse, 12 The bird Woodstock takes shorthand for Snoopy s great novels who rarely speaks. 13 Linus sucks his thumb carrying a security blanket. 14 He anxiously awaits Halloween hoping to see the Great Pumpkin. 15 Peppermint Patty and Marcie share a secret crush on Charlie Brown who are pals. 16 Schulz s children talk of hope faith and love whose problems are not always childhood ones. 17 Peanuts has given its millions of readers many laughs originally called L il Folks. 18 Did you see the box of Peanuts comic strips in the attic that Bill collected. 19 Bill was given the collection whose father is a Peanuts fan for his birthday. 20 Dating as far back as 1951 Bill has comic strips.
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