Chapter 10 Social Studies Smart Ged Academy-Books Pdf

Chapter 10 Social Studies smart GED Academy
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If you don t know history it s as,if you were born yesterday If you. were born yesterday then any,leader can tell you anything. Howard Zinn,w w w p a s s G E D c o m,Social Studies Smart 511. The GED Social Studies Test, W hat is the GED social studies test like You ll have 50. multiple choice questions to answer in 70 minutes That. means on average you ll have about 1 minutes per question. The social studies test will ask you questions based on both. readings and visual materials About 40 of the questions or 20. questions will be about a reading of 200 words or less Another. 40 20 questions will be about visual materials like maps. charts and graphs diagrams cartoons or pictures The final. 20 10 questions will have a combination of text and images. Map reading understanding charts and graphs and interpreting. diagrams and pictures are all important skills for the social studies. test but these skills are not difficult to learn, Often several questions will be grouped together to apply to.
one text or image but overall you ll have more shorter texts than. on the reading test Most often there will be one or two questions. about a particular short text chart map or picture A good plan is. to aim at finishing one question per minute That will leave plenty. of time to go back to more difficult questions at the end of the test. The social studies test covers 25 National U S or Canadian. History 12 13 questions 15 World History 7 8 questions. 15 Geography 7 8 questions 25 Civics and Government. 2008 by The GED Academy You are licensed one copy of this document for personal use only Any other. reproduction or redistribution is prohibited All rights reserved w w w p a s s G E D c o m. 512 Social Studies Smart, 12 13 questions and 20 Economics 10 questions That s a lot. of material to cover and not very many questions The test doesn t. try to check your knowledge of details of historical events because. it can t The area it covers is too broad Anyone might have a broad. knowledge of social studies and still be missing an important piece. of information about a Civil War battle so it would be unfair to. test people on facts and dates The social studies test addresses the. bigger issues whether you have a background of understanding. against which to read analyze and interpret information in all. these different areas, Your context for understanding social studies is more. important than the details The GED social studies test is 60. international and 40 national U S or Canada depending on. where you re taking the test That means you need a background of. thinking about the whole world not just your own country or local. area Reading about world news can give you a good background. for thinking about global issues, You ll also need to understand a few important historical. documents In the U S you ll find questions about the Declaration. of Independence the U S Constitution and landmark Supreme. Court cases In Canada you ll find questions about the Charter of. Rights and Freedoms, You ll also find at least one practical document on the social. studies test That means a tax form voter guide political speech. or some other document that is important to you as a citizen This. practical document shows how the big global and national issues. of civics or economics affect individuals like you. 2008 by The GED Academy You are licensed one copy of this document for personal use only Any other. reproduction or redistribution is prohibited All rights reserved w w w p a s s G E D c o m. Social Studies Smart 513, Having a context and background to understand important.
social studies concepts is one part of the GED test The other part is. having the thinking skills to answer questions about social studies. readings or visual information The thinking skills on the social. studies test are broken down into the following categories. About 10 questions 20 will be comprehension questions. These questions want to know if you understood what you read. You ll use skills like restating summarizing and inferring. About 10 questions 20 will be application questions These. questions want to know if you can apply what you read about to. a new situation You ll need to understand general principles and. examples of those principles, About 20 questions 40 will be analysis questions These. questions want to know if you can understand facts and. opinions make conclusions and relate conclusions to supporting. statements and assumptions recognize persuasive information. and evaluate arguments understand biases and viewpoints and. recognize cause and effect, About 10 questions 20 will be evaluation questions These. questions want to know if you can evaluate information by its. source objectivity accuracy and appropriateness compare and. contrast and understand how values and beliefs affect decisions. 2008 by The GED Academy You are licensed one copy of this document for personal use only Any other. reproduction or redistribution is prohibited All rights reserved w w w p a s s G E D c o m. 514 Social Studies Smart,GED Social Studies Skills. Comprehension Questions,Restating Information and Ideas. O ne of the ways the GED exam tests whether you understand. information and ideas is by testing whether you can recognize. restated information and ideas Restated information is the. same information put in different words This is also known as. paraphrasing It means saying something in a new way using new. words The GED exam will show you a paragraph of text and then. let you choose which answer contains the same information in. different words If you can recognize the information even though. it s in different words then you understood what was said. Here s an example of a sentence you might see on the GED. social studies test, Antonio Pigafetta an Italian sailor with Magellan in.
the 1500s was one of the first people to notice the. International Date Line,Here is the same idea restated in new words. One of the first people who paid attention to the, International Date Line was an Italian who sailed with. Magellan in the 1500s named Antonio Pigafetta, Notice that the restated sentence isn t shorter It s just using. different words Here s a practice question for this skill. 2008 by The GED Academy You are licensed one copy of this document for personal use only Any other. reproduction or redistribution is prohibited All rights reserved w w w p a s s G E D c o m. Social Studies Smart 515,Impo rtant C o ncept,Eras are periods of time when important. events or trends happened in history,Eras are defined by time and location This.
question is about the World War II era Be,prepared to see questions about many. different eras on the GED social studies test,Practice Question. On June 22 1941 Germany attacked the Soviet Union with. three million soldiers mainly German Hitler thought the. war with Soviet Russia would end in six months or less. It lasted for four years getting worse and worse On the. Russian front where Hitler s German tyranny fought Stalin s. Russian tyranny the German army lost Russia s win over. the Germans changed the course of World War II and helped. the Allies England Russia and the U S win the war, From 20 million to 27 million Russian people both soldiers. and civilians lost their lives, Which of the following statements is true based on the. above paragraph,1 The war with Soviet Russia ended in six months.
2 More than 27 million Russian soldiers lost their lives. 3 Germany s decision to go to war with the Soviet Union. turned out as predicted by German strategists, 4 The Soviet Union s hard won defeat of Germany was. instrumental in winning World War II, 5 Only German soldiers were involved in the attack on the. Soviet Union, 2008 by The GED Academy You are licensed one copy of this document for personal use only Any other. reproduction or redistribution is prohibited All rights reserved w w w p a s s G E D c o m. 516 Social Studies Smart,Practice Question Answer, T his question is about recognizing restated information from. the paragraph Answer 1 uses a lot of the same words as are. in the paragraph The paragraph says Hitler thought the war with. Soviet Russia would end in six months or less and the first answer. says The war with Soviet Russia ended in six months You need. to pay close attention to the meaning of the words to see that these. two sentences are saying something different The first sentence just. says what Hitler thought would happen and the second sentence. says it did happen Reading the whole paragraph it becomes clear. that Hitler was wrong, The second answer also uses words similar to those in the.
paragraph It says that more than 27 million Russian soldiers lost. their lives Pay careful attention The reading says that between 20. and 27 million Russians died but that includes civilians as well as. soldiers It doesn t say that 27 million Russian soldiers died. Answer 3 says that the decision to go to war turned out as. predicted According to the paragraph though Hitler didn t expect. the war to last long and he didn t expect to lose Answer 5 says. that only German soldiers were involved in the attack but the. paragraph says they were mainly German, The correct answer is answer 4 The paragraph says Russia s. win over the Germans changed the course of World War II and. helped the Allies England Russia and the U S win the war. This sentence is restated in answer 4 The Soviet Union s hard won. defeat of Germany was instrumental in winning World War II It. says the same thing in different words, 2008 by The GED Academy You are licensed one copy of this document for personal use only Any other. reproduction or redistribution is prohibited All rights reserved w w w p a s s G E D c o m. Social Studies Smart 517,Learn More about Restating. http www passGED com links restating or paraphrasing. Learn More about World War II,http www passGED com links category world war ii. Finding a Fact, F inding a fact is similar to recognizing a restated idea but the.
information is not necessarily given in different words The. question will ask about something in the reading and you ll need. to find the correct fact in the reading A helpful skill in finding a. fact is skimming the reading quickly to locate information You. can develop this skill through practice Remember reading the. question first will help you out Once you read the question you ll. know what you re looking for in the reading,Here s an example of finding a fact. Impo rtant C o ncept,Supply an d D e mand,Supply and demand is a fundamental. economic concept Be prepared to see,questions about supply and demand on. the GED social studies test,Supply and Demand, Supply and demand shows what the price for something should. be At higher prices people want demand less quantity At. lower prices people want demand more quantity Think of it. like this More people will buy something priced at 1 than if the. same thing were 100, 2008 by The GED Academy You are licensed one copy of this document for personal use only Any other.
reproduction or redistribution is prohibited All rights reserved w w w p a s s G E D c o m. 518 Social Studies Smart, F in d a Fact Que sti o n What does a supply and demand. chart help you find, The answer is that supply and demand shows what the price. for something should be A supply and demand chart would help. you find the price of an item in a free market,Learn More about Supply and Demand. http www passGED com links supply and demand, Now here s a GED practice question about finding a fact. Impo rtant C o ncept,U S Co n stit uti o n,The United States Constitution is one of.
the fundamental U S documents that,might be on the GED social studies test. Pay close attention to the ideas in the,Constitution. We give you the original text from,the Constitution plus a plain modern. English version after the question to,make it easier to read Try the question. first without looking at the plain English,On the exam you may need to read and.
understand the original text without a,translation For complete information. on these fundamental documents see,the end of Social Studies Smart. 2008 by The GED Academy You are licensed one copy of this document for personal use only Any other. reproduction or redistribution is prohibited All rights reserved w w w p a s s G E D c o m. Social Studies Smart 519,Practice Question,From the U S Constitution. How does a presidential veto work, Every Order Resolution or Vote to which the Concurrence. of the Senate and House of Representatives may be, necessary except on a question of Adjournment shall be.
presented to the President of the United States and before. the Same shall take Effect shall be approved by him or. being disapproved by him shall be repassed by two thirds. of the Senate and House of Representatives according to. the Rules and Limitations prescribed in the Case of a Bill. How would Congress pass a law if the President vetoed or. rejected it, 1 The law would need a two thirds vote of both the. Senate and the House of Representatives, 2 The law would need a majority vote of both the Senate. and the House of Representatives,3 The law would need the concurrence of both the. Senate and the House of Representatives,4 The law would need a unanimous vote of both the. Senate and the House of Representatives, 5 Congress cannot pass a law after the President has.
U S Constitution Excerpt in Plain English, Everything that the Congress does except end a session needs. to be approved by the President before it becomes law If he. doesn t approve it it s called a veto If the President vetoes a. law Congress can pass it anyway if two thirds of the Congress. votes for it, 2008 by The GED Academy You are licensed one copy of this document for personal use only Any other. reproduction or redistribution is prohibited All rights reserved w w w p a s s G E D c o m. 520 Social Studies Smart,Practice Question Answer, T o answer this question you ll need to find the information. in the passage The question asks how Congress can pass a. law if the President has vetoed it First you need to understand. that a veto is the same as the President disapproving the law You. can find the correct answer near the end of the paragraph The law. would need to be repassed by two thirds of the Senate and House. of Representatives In other words two thirds of the Congress. would need to vote for the law That s answer 1,Learn More about the U S Constitution. http www passGED com links the us constitution,Charts and Graphs.
T he GED social studies exam asks you to find information. on charts and graphs as well as in text Charts graphs and. tables are different ways to see and understand information Take a. look at the following chart,Impo rtant C o ncept,Supply an d D e m an d. Supply and demand is a fundamental,economic concept Be prepared to see. questions about supply and demand on,the GED social studies test. 2008 by The GED Academy You are licensed one copy of this document for personal use only Any other. reproduction or redistribution is prohibited All rights reserved w w w p a s s G E D c o m. Social Studies Smart 521,Supply and Demand, W hat does this chart tell you At higher prices people want. or demand lower quantities In other words people don t. want to buy as much when the prices are higher At higher prices. businesses want to make supply bigger quantities In other words. businesses want to sell more when the prices are higher Makes. sense The equilibrium point is the place where supply and demand. meet The equilibrium point gives the price the item should sell for. on an open market when the same number of people want to buy. and sell an item,Learn More about Charts and Graphs.
http www passGED com links charts graphs and tables. Main Ideas and Summaries, O n the GED social studies test it s important to recognize the. main idea of what you re reading What s the writer trying. to say What does the writer mean What s the point The main. idea is the point the writer is trying to make and the focus of what. 2008 by The GED Academy You are licensed one copy of this document for personal use only Any other. reproduction or redistribution is prohibited All rights reserved w w w p a s s G E D c o m. 522 Social Studies Smart, you re reading You need to boil down the information to the. A summary is related to a main idea A summary is a shorter. way to say something so it gives the main idea in fewer words. Summaries focus on retelling or restating the main idea of the. In text the best places to focus on to look for the main idea. are at the beginning and at the end The beginning and end of text. often contains an introduction or conclusion that tells you the. main idea That s not always the case though The summary of a. paragraph needs to relate to the whole paragraph not just one part. Here s an example of a paragraph you might find on the GED. social studies exam, Fort Smith is located in Surry County Virginia The historic. significance of this site dates back to 1614 when English. settler John Rolfe married his Native American bride. Pocahontas Pocahontas s father Chief Powhatan gave. the newlyweds land as a present and included in that. land was a small brick house across the James River from. Jamestown Pocahontas and John Rolfe lived in this house. now Fort Smith during the first years of their marriage. A summary of the main idea might read, In 1614 what is now Fort Smith was a wedding present. from Chief Powhatan to John Rolfe and Pocahontas, A GED social studies question about main ideas can be asked.
in many different ways It will include a paragraph picture or. 2008 by The GED Academy You are licensed one copy of this document for personal use only Any other. reproduction or redistribution is prohibited All rights reserved w w w p a s s G E D c o m. Social Studies Smart 523, chart and you ll need to identify the main idea from among several. answer choices Here is an example question,Practice Question. The Federalist Papers are a group of articles written by. Alexander Hamilton and other Founding Fathers of the U S. The Federalist Papers try to get people to agree with the. United States Constitution Seventy seven of the 85 articles. were printed in The New York Packet and The Independent. Journal between 1787 and 1788 The authors hoped that. the articles would get people to like the Constitution and. get more states to vote for the Constitution Today the. Federalist Papers show how the Founding Fathers who. wrote the Constitution thought about the Constitution and. what the Constitution means, Which of the following is the best explanation of what the. Federalist Papers are, 1 The Federalist Papers are 85 articles printed in The New. York Packet and The Independent Journal between 1787. 2 The Federalist Papers written by the Founding Fathers. to gain support for the Constitution explain what the. Constitution meant to the Founding Fathers, 3 The Federalist Papers are newspapers that show the.
Federalist point of view of the Founding Fathers, 4 The Federalist Papers written by The New York Packet. and The Independent Journal were an attempt to get. states to vote down the Constitution, 5 The Federalist Papers are The New York Packet and The. Independent Journal, 2008 by The GED Academy You are licensed one copy of this document for personal use only Any other. reproduction or redistribution is prohibited All rights reserved w w w p a s s G E D c o m.

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