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Chapter 1 NAVY BMR
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History and Organization of the Seabees and the Laws. of Armed Conflict,1 0 0 Occupational Construction Skills. 2 0 0 Concept of Organization and Chain of Command of the NCF. 3 0 0 Organizations Supporting the Naval Construction Force. 4 0 0 Laws of Armed Conflict, 5 0 0 General Precepts of the Laws of Armed Conflict. 6 0 0 Relations with the Country Being Entered, 7 0 0 Your Conduct Under the Laws of Armed Conflict. 8 0 0 What Happens When Rules are Violated,To hear audio click on the icon. The Seabees are the Navy s construction force and few select teams if any enjoy a. finer reputation among America s fighting men and women During their short history. the Seabees have won fame honor and distinction as an organization that Can Do. even when faced with practically insurmountable obstacles In this chapter you will learn. about the history of the construction force You will also become familiar with the. organization of the finest fighting construction team Furthermore you will learn about. the laws of war and why we need them,Objectives, When you have completed this chapter you will be able to.
1 Describe the events that led to the establishment of the Civil Engineer Corps. CEC and the Seabees, 2 Identify the general organization of the Naval Construction Force NCF types. of Seabee Units within the NCF and their objectives and organization. 3 Identify the services provided by the organizations that support the Naval. Construction Force, 4 Identify the mission function and structure of the Naval Mobile Construction. Battalions NMCBs, 5 Describe the organization and mission of the Headquarters Company and the. duties of its personnel, 6 Describe the duties of the rifle company personnel. 7 Identify the members of a rifle platoon and their duties. 8 Identify the members of a rifle squad and their duties. 9 Identify the members of a rifle fire team their duties and individual weapons. 10 Identify the fire support elements of the rifle companies in a battalion and. denote individual responsibilities, 11 Identify the members of the machine gun and antitank squads their equipment.
and duties,Prerequisites, There are no prerequisites for completing this manual. Features of this Manual, This manual has several features which make it easy to use online. Figure and table numbers are italicized within the handbook text Figure and. table reference numbers are conveniently located next to or near the applicable. handbook text, Audio and video clips are included in the text with italicized instructions telling. you where to click to activate the appropriate link. Review questions are included at the end of this chapter as the chapter. assignment To submit assignments log into https www courses netc navy mil. go to Student Services in the drop down click on Active Courses go to. View Submit Answers next to the course you wish to submit answers for. Assignments may be submitted to the above Web site as they are completed. and instant scoring is available Your completion letter is available as soon as. you pass all assignments, A form at the end of each chapter allows your input for improving the manual or. correcting errors to be brought to the attention of CSFE s Technical Review. Committee Your input is important and will help keep this manual up to date and. free of technical errors,1 0 0 OCCUPATIONAL CONSTRUCTION SKILLS.
1 1 0 Civil Engineer Corps, The Navy CEC was established in 1867 to build and maintain the naval shore. establishment CEC officers are the Navy s uniformed professional engineers and. architects who are billeted to and command NCF units and who. 1 Execute and manage the planning design construction operation and. maintenance of the Navy s shore infrastructure for Commander Navy. Installations Command CNIC,2 Serve as component and service staff engineers. 3 Serve in Naval Facilities Engineering Command s NAVFAC public works and in. Facilities Engineering and Acquisition Division FEAD Resident Officer In. Charge of Construction ROICC billets, 4 Provide a unique combination as naval officer expeditionary warrior engineering. professional and acquisition business professional by. a Developing warfighting skills through tours with NCF units and being required. to achieve a warfare qualification as a Seabee Combat Warfare Specialist. b Registering as a professional engineer or licensed architect in areas such as. architecture or civil mechanical environmental and electrical engineering. c Pursuing certification as an acquisition professional in their role as. construction project managers,1 2 0 Seabees, The name Seabee has three distinct meanings The context in which Seabee is used. determines its meaning For the purpose of this publication the name Seabee is. synonymous with personnel and units of the NCF Seabees are referred to as one of the. Enlisted personnel of the Navy s Occupational Field 7 OF 7 ratings builder. construction electrician construction mechanic engineering aid equipment. operator steelworker and utilitiesman, All officers and enlisted personnel assigned to an NCF organization.
Units that make up the NCF,1 3 0 Seabee Occupational Skill. Seabee units consist of enlisted personnel with fleet and traditional Seabee OF 7. ratings The Navy s fleet rating system uses broad enlisted career fields to classify. personnel similarly to the Marine Corps Military Occupational Specialty MOS ratings. Seabee occupational capability skills are identified for enlisted E1 E8 personnel using. the OF 7 construction ratings described below, 1 Builders Builder Constructionman Recruit BUCR to Senior Chief Builder. BUCS make up a large part of Seabees with skills similar to those of civilian. construction workers Builders are,Bricklayers,Carpenters. Concrete finishers,Plasterers, 2 Construction Electricians Construction Electrician Constructionman Recruit. CECR to Senior Chief Construction Electrician CECS are responsible for. power production and specialize as,Construction and powerhouse electricians.
Electrical repairmen,Substation operators,Telephone repairmen. Unless specifically trained and equipped construction electricians do not. work on high power electrical distribution lines, 3 Construction Mechanics Construction Mechanic Constructionman Recruit. CMCR to Senior Chief Construction Mechanic CMCS perform maintenance. and repair to the following heavy construction and automotive equipment. Gasoline and diesel engines,Hydraulic and pneumatic systems. Ignition and fuel systems,Steering systems,Transmission and electrical systems. Materials handling equipment, 4 Engineering Aids Engineering Aid Constructionman Recruit EACR to Senior.
Chief Engineering Aid EACS assist civil engineers in developing final. construction plans They,Conduct land and underwater surveys. Estimate costs, Perform quality assurance tests on common construction materials. Prepare topographic and hydrographic maps sketches and drawings. Schedule and plan site layout and grade control, 5 Equipment Operators Equipment Operator Constructionman Recruit EOCR to. Senior Chief Equipment Operator EOCS are skilled in the following Civil. Engineering Support Equipment CESE and horizontal construction related skill. Automotive vehicles and trucks, Materials Handling Equipment MHE and Weight Handling Equipment WHE. Pile driving drilling and blasting equipment, Bulldozers front end loaders excavators and graders.
Rollers graders and asphalt paving equipment, 6 Steelworkers Steelworker Constructionman Recruit SWCR to Senior Chief. Steelworker SWCS have skills similar to those of civilian steel workers They. are skilled in the following, Rigging and special equipment used to move hoist and install materials such. as structural steel and structural shapes, Placing fitting welding cutting bolting and riveting steel shapes and. reinforcing construction materials,Nonstandard bridge erection. 7 Utilitiesmen Utilitiesman Constructionman Recruit UTCR to Senior Chief. Utilitiesman UTCS are skilled in the following plumbing and heating. construction related areas,Air conditioning and refrigeration equipment.
Compressed air systems,Fuel storage and distribution systems. Sewage collection and disposal facilities,Steam engineering systems. Water treatment and distribution systems, Refer to Appendix D for a breakdown of unit manning numbers and a. rank rate structure breakdown for NCF units,1 4 0 Rating Convergence. At the master chief E9 level Seabee ratings converge into the following three from the. seven listed above, 1 Master Chief Equipmentman EQCM from the equipment operator and.
construction mechanic ratings, 2 Master Chief Constructionman CUCM from the builder steelworker and. engineering aid ratings, 3 Master Chief Utilitiesman UCCM from the construction electrician and. utilitiesman ratings,1 5 0 Construction Skill Knowledge. Active and reserve Seabee forces bring significant engineering and construction. knowledge to the fight Seabee units are well trained to accomplish the initial. temporary and permanent construction standard levels They have a broad scope of. construction skills building from entry level skills gained at Class A schools to. journeyman level skills gained at Class C schools and on the job training Although. there are specialized ratings for engineering disciplines Seabees often cross train. working outside their ratings as crewmembers on construction projects creating a. versatile construction workforce Many Seabee reservists also work full time in. construction trade civilian careers augmenting active duty forces with in depth. construction skills,1 6 0 The First Seabees, The U S Navy Seabees were formed during World War II shortly after the Japanese. attack on Pearl Harbor Created by Admiral Ben Moreell Chief of the Navy s Bureau of. Yards and Docks in 1942 the Navy s Seabees were founded on the premise that. experienced armed construction workers were critically needed in combat areas of. World War II to support the need for massive military construction Civilian labor in war. zones was impractical so the first Construction Battalions CBs were established This. was the beginning of the Seabees who obtained their name from a transliteration of. CB for construction battalion However using seamen of the fleet to build. shore based facilities was not a new idea Ancient Phoenicians Romans Greeks and. Egyptians did it From the earliest days of the United States Navy USN Sailors who. were handy with tools occasionally did minor construction chores at land bases Admiral. Moreell also gave the Seabees their official motto Construimus Batuimus We Build. We Fight as depicted in the Seabee s memorial statue in Figure 1 1. Officially permission to use the name Seabee was granted on 5 March 1942 Each. year March 5th is observed as the anniversary of the Seabees. Figure 1 1 The Seabee s memorial,1 7 0 Seabees in World War II.
In World War II the legendary deeds of the Seabees were recorded throughout both the. Atlantic and Pacific theaters of operation The Seabees built over 400 advance bases. along five figurative roads to victory All five of these roads started in the continental. U S The North Atlantic road continued through Newfoundland to Great Britain France. and Germany The South Atlantic road continued through the Caribbean Sea to Africa. Sicily and up the Italian peninsula The North Pacific road continued through Alaska. and along the Aleutian chain of islands The Central Pacific road continued through the. Hawaiian Marshall Gilbert Mariana and Ryukyu Islands The South Pacific road. continued through the South Sea Islands to Samoa the Solomon Islands New Guinea. and the Philippine Islands The first Seabee Detachment the Bobcats left the U S in. January 1942 and landed at Bora Bora in the Society Islands in February The Bobcats. were the advance party of more than 325 000 men who served in the NCF during World. Less than two months later Detachments 2 and 3 of Naval Construction Battalion 1. landed at Tongatabu and Efate in the South Pacific These two islands and Bora Bora. were on the supply route to Australia which was being used as a staging area for the. Allied Forces that were preparing for the counterthrust against the Japanese forces in. the southwest Pacific On these three islands the Seabees constructed fuel tank farms. airfields supply depots and other facilities for supporting actions in the Coral Sea and. Solomon Islands, From then on the Seabees and their construction and fighting deeds became legendary. Side by side with Marines and Army troops they fought and built along the Pacific roads. to Tokyo and along the Atlantic roads through North Africa Italy France and Germany. Their feats earned them the gratitude of the Allied fighting men who followed their trail in. airplanes ships tanks trucks and on foot, For example in the Pacific the Seabees built 111 major airstrips 441 piers 2 556. ammunition magazines 700 square blocks of warehouses hospitals for 70 000. patients tanks for storing 100 000 000 gallons of gasoline and housing for 1 500 000. At Espiritu Santo in the New Hebrides Seabees constructed a 5 000 foot airstrip from. virgin jungle in 20 days From this airstrip bombers destroyed the big Japanese air. base nearing completion on Guadalcanal, The Marines then invaded Guadalcanal and engaged in the battle that reversed the. course of the war Within days after the Marine landing Seabees were there filling the. bombshell holes on Henderson Field faster than the Japanese could make them They. kept the precious airstrip in almost continuous operation despite frequent Japanese air. raids and fleet shelling At Cape Gloucester Seabees bulldozed paths to the Japanese. lines so that American tanks could attack the hostile position They landed with Marines. at Tarawa and put a shell pocked airfield in operation within 15 hours At Tinian in a. nine month period the Seabees placed 6 000 000 square yards of asphalt paving. enough to pave a road from New York to Boston At the same time they excavated. 12 000 000 cubic yards of coral enough material to construct three dams the size of. Hoover Dam, Finally by way of numerous islands such as New Georgia Iwo Jima Okinawa and the. Philippines the Road to Tokyo was completed and the Japanese formally surrendered. in September 1945, At the end of World War II the rapid demobilization of the Seabees followed the same.
pattern that characterized the other Armed Forces By June 1946 only 20 000 men. remained on active duty, Just before the Korean Crisis in June 1950 the number in active status dwindled to. 2 800 With the declaration of the emergency the active duty force was increased to. over 14 000 This rapid expansion was possible because of the existence of the Seabee. Reserve Organization,1 8 0 Seabees in Korea, In Korea Seabees rose to the challenge of the Cold War in the tradition of their Can. Do predecessors At the Inchon landing in September 1950 Seabees positioned. pontoon causeways within hours of the first beach assault and did it while under. continuous enemy fire and in the face of enormously strong tides. In addition to amphibious operations Seabees were broken up into numerous. detachments to service the K fields of the various Marine air groups Each airfield of the. Marine air groups was designated with a K number such as K 3 at Pohang K 18 at. Kimpo Seoul and K 2 at Teagan, As the war continued the need arose for an advance airfield to retrieve damaged. aircraft unable to reach home bases or carriers after raiding the North Korean interior. The project was code named Operation Crippled Chick and a detachment of Seabees. was sent to Yo Do in the Bay of Wonson to build an airstrip The Seabees were given. 35 days to complete the job but they had the strip ready in 16 days While building the. strip the Seabees were under constant artillery bombardment from enemy forces on. neighboring islands, The rapid demobilization that followed World War II was not repeated after the signing. of the Korean Armistice in July 1953 The Cold War had created a necessity to maintain. military strength and preparedness Crises in Berlin Cuba Africa South America and. especially in Southeast Asia kept the Seabees strong and active Just before the. outbreak of the Korean War a basic reorganization of Seabee battalions was in. progress During this war the reorganization was substantially completed Two distinct. types of battalions were established to gain specialization and mobility and are still in. existence today The Amphibious Construction Battalions PHIBCBs are landing and. docking units with the mission of placing causeways constructing pontoon docks and. performing other functions necessary for landing personnel and equipment in the. shortest possible time The NMCBs are responsible for land construction of a wide. variety which includes military camps roads bridges tank farms airstrips and docking. facilities,1 9 0 Between Korea and Vietnam, Wide diversity marked the activity of the reorganized battalions during the decades.
following the Korean Armistice The tasks of Seabees were the tasks of a watchful. peacetime Wide ranging of tremendous variety many were pioneering and. experimental as well They were a part of the Navy s developing roles in defense and. science In this decade Seabee builders were again on six continents. More building and less fighting became the keynote of Seabee activities and their. peacetime achievements were no less impressive than those of wartime On Okinawa. for example the Seabees built a Marine Corps air facility using concrete precasting. methods that earned the admiration of contractors throughout the Pacific area. Elsewhere a small detachment of Seabees supervised and instructed Ecuadorians in. modern construction methods while building a new Ecuadorian Naval Academy. Beginning in 1955 Seabees began deploying yearly to the continent of Antarctica As. participants in Operation DEEP FREEZE their mission was to build and expand. scientific bases located on the frozen continent The first wintering over party included. 200 Seabees who distinguished themselves by constructing a 6 000 foot ice runway on. McMurdo Sound Despite a blizzard that once destroyed the entire project the airstrip. was completed in time for the advance party of Deep Freeze II to become the first men. to arrive at the South Pole by plane The Seabees next assignment was to build a. permanent scientific base on the continent Over the following years and under the. most adverse conditions Seabees added to their list of accomplishments such things as. snow compacted roads underground storage laboratories and living areas One of the. most notable achievements took place in 1962 when the Navy s builders constructed. the continent s first nuclear power plant at McMurdo Station. By far the largest and most impressive project tackled by the Seabees in the 1950s was. the construction of Naval Air Station NAS Cubi Point in the Philippines Civilian. contractors after taking one look at the forbidding Zombales Mountains and the maze. of jungle at Cubi Point claimed it could not be done Nevertheless the Seabees. proceeded to do it Begun in 1951 at the height of the Korean War it took five years. and an estimated 20 million man hours to build this new major Navy base At Cubi. Point Seabees cut a mountain in half to make way for a runway nearly two miles long. They blasted coral to fill a section of Subic Bay filled swampland moved trees as much. as 150 feet tall and 6 to 8 feet in diameter and even relocated a native fishing village. The result was an air station and an adjacent pier that was capable of docking the. Navy s largest carriers Undoubtedly as important as the finished project however was. the indispensable leadership and construction experience gained by the postwar. generation of Seabees The construction of NAS Cubi Point was a mammoth learning. experience as well as a job well done, In 1960 the Seabee reserve organization began a series of important changes. Following the Korean War the reserve grew to 242 divisions each with 4 officers and 50. enlisted men In July 1960 the Chief of Naval Operations CNO granted authority for. the establishment of 18 reserve battalions These battalions were to be formed from the. reserve divisions In July 1961 battalion active duty training was initiated In July 1967. the CNO approved the establishment of four regimental staffs later an additional four. staffs were approved This process of evolution culminated in the establishment of the. 1st Reserve Naval Construction Brigade in September 1969 The brigade exercised. overall control of the Reserve NCF, In 1961 the Seabees assembled a huge floating dry dock at Holy Loch Scotland for. the service and repair of the Polaris missile submarines that cruised beneath the waters. off northern Europe The dry dock with a submarine tender anchored alongside gave. the vital submarines a base that ended long transocean cruises for the purpose of repair. and resupply, In 1962 Project Judy brought the Seabees to the historic Greek plain of Marathon. Living in a tent camp in a rural community they built a naval communication station. from scratch When the job was completed in 1965 the Seabees had fabricated and. erected more than 100 major antennae and created a base with all the comforts of. Seabees participated in building missile ranges in the Atlantic and Pacific They also. constructed housing and apartment complexes for U S servicemen and their families. As indicated by the above cited construction projects Seabees during this period could. be found everywhere NMCBs regularly deployed to Guam Okinawa Midway the. Philippines Cuba Newfoundland and Spain Seabee detachments could also be found. at dozens of smaller U S naval facilities throughout the world The Seabees primary. mission was base expansion and maintenance Their assignments included building. and paving roads laying sewer lines and water mains building airfield and harbor. facilities restoring and converting old structures for new uses wiring buildings and. erecting power lines Such duty kept the battalions in a high state of readiness for the. eventuality of advanced base building and amphibious support when war came again. The Cold War era was not without crises In 1958 when dissidents threatened to. overthrow the government of Lebanon and U S assistance was requested Seabees. brought the Marines ashore over their pontoon causeways In addition to participating in. the landing Seabees were divided into beach salvage teams to recover swamped. equipment improve beaches and build roads, Seabees were once again poised for action and on the scene in 1962 when following. the successful conclusion of the Cuban Missile Crisis it was felt that Fidel Castro s. regime might retaliate against the U S Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay Cuba Under. the constant threat of imminent ground attack or sniper fire Seabees worked with speed. and skill to fortify the base perimeter, During this period Seabees assumed yet another new role that of an operationally.
ready disaster relief force Trained to build and fight Seabees proved equally capable of. quickly rebuilding ruins and combating peril When an earthquake devastated the Greek. island of Cephalonia in 1953 Seabees took part in emergency relief operations In mid. January 1961 Seabees improvised and used pontoons to save a California beach. community threatened by tremendous tides Seabees restored power and rebuilt. damaged structures when Typhoon Karen destroyed much of Guam in 1962 Later in. 1964 Seabees were on the scene restoring utilities and building roads in a matter of. hours after Alaska was struck by a devastating earthquake and tidal wave When yet. another typhoon ravaged an island in the Azores Seabees arrived quickly with. prefabricated housing units to lend vital assistance to the homeless On several. occasions Seabees also manned their equipment to successfully battle forest and. brush fires in the United States, In the late 1950s and early 1960s Seabee teams another proud addition to the Seabee. family were born This era marked the first use of these small detachments for local. military aid and socioeconomic projects in underdeveloped countries By 1963 this vital. aid program was refined in both organization and control and became a regular feature. of Seabee activity abroad Seabee teams usually consisted of thirteen carefully. selected experienced men one junior CEC officer eleven constructionmen and a. hospital corpsman Such teams proved exceptionally effective in rural development. programs and for teaching construction skills to people in such diverse locations as. Africa Central and South America Southeast Asia and later in the Trust Territories of. the Pacific Islands For instance in 1962 a Seabee team arrived in the Republic of Haiti. to restore a collapsing municipal pier that was vital to the national economy The. following year Spanish speaking Seabees built and staffed a technical school in Santo. Domingo A Seabee team in Costa Rica protected the imperiled city of Cartago from a. disastrous mud flow by building dams and dikes In other far flung locations Seabee. teams constructed roads schools orphanages public utilities and many other. community structures, However much more important than the actual construction work they accomplished. were the skills team members imparted to the local residents Their true success was in. enabling the local populous to continue old projects and initiate new ones long after. Seabees left the region There is no doubt that the Can Do Seabee teams have more. than earned their additional measure of recognition as the Navy s Peace Corps. It was during the summer of 1964 that the Seabees first went to work for the State. Department The program was initiated following the discovery of electronic surveillance. devices planted throughout the U S embassy in Moscow To prevent future incidents of. this nature Seabees were used to perform all construction and renovation in security. sensitive areas of Foreign Service facilities abroad In addition they were tasked with. the supervision of private contractors assigned to do construction work in nonsensitive. areas Despite its beginnings in 1964 it was not until 1966 that the Naval Support Unit. State Department was officially established to administer Seabees assigned to support. the Foreign Service Because of the superb on the job performance of these Seabees. the State Department happily made them a permanent part of its operations. Thus a peacetime pattern of battalion training and deployment took shape in the years. following the Korean War This pattern however was drastically altered in 1965 The. war in Vietnam brought American military intervention on a large scale and effected. major changes in Seabee activity worldwide In the spring of 1965 there were 9 400. Seabees on active duty at various sea and shore locations most of these Seabees. were assigned to ten reduced strength NMCBs These relatively few Seabees. however were fully prepared to write a new chapter in the history of the Seabees. 1 10 0 Seabees in Vietnam, In South Vietnam the Seabees built and fought and established a new reputation for. their deeds of construction while under fire from the demilitarized zone in the north to. the delta region In the south they supported combat operations and sometimes fought. side by side with Marine Corps and Army troops in guerrilla infested areas. The first full Seabee battalion arrived in Vietnam on 7 May 1965 to build an. expeditionary airfield for the Marines at Chu Lai Others soon followed From 1965 until. 1969 the Seabee commitment in Southeast Asia rapidly increased necessitating first. the transfer of Atlantic Fleet battalions to the Pacific through a change of homeport then. the deployment of Atlantic Fleet NMCBs to Republic of Vietnam RVN and later the. reactivation of nine additional battalions This effort was culminated by the call to active. duty of two reserve NMCBs in May 1968 bringing the number of battalions deploying to. RVN to 21 In addition there were two PHIBCBs lending support to the RVN effort In. the same time period with a requirement for Seabees to support in country activities. such as naval support activities at Danang and Saigon two Construction Batallion. Maintenance Units CBMUs two deployed Naval Construction Regiments NCRs and. the deployed Third Naval Construction Brigade rapidly increased To support these. various requirements the total Seabee community grew from 9 400 to more than. 29 000 in 1968 and 1969, To help meet the mushrooming RVN requirements the Navy used the concept of. recruiting skilled construction workers at advanced pay grades The Direct Procurement. Petty Officer Program reminiscent of early World War II recruiting efforts proved to be. highly successful in terms of both total numbers recruited more than 13 000 and. quality of input, Seabee accomplishments in Vietnam were impressive just as they were in World War.
II in Korea and during peacetime All 21 active battalions deployed to Vietnam some. several times to build the roads airfields cantonments warehouses hospitals storage. facilities bunkers and other facilities that were needed to continue the struggle In. accordance with the mobile concept of the NCF Seabee units supported Marine. Navy Army and Air Force operations at camps and landing zones throughout RVN and. at such outposts as Con Thien Khe Sanh,and Gio Linh. For their efforts in Vietnam Seabee units,and individual Seabees received formal. recognition in the form of numerous,commendations and medals Moreover it. was in Vietnam that the first Seabee in,history CM3 Marvin G Shields a member. of Seabee Team 1104 was posthumously,awarded this nation s highest recognition.
the Medal of Honor for his heroic efforts in,defense of a special forces camp and. Vietnamese district at Dong Xoai as seen in,Figure 1 2. In a war in which the winning of people was,an important part of the total effort Seabee. construction skills and medical assistance Figure 1 2 CM3 Marvin G. proved powerful weapons The recitation of Shields,events and the quoting of statistics fail to. reflect the true color of the Seabees involvement during the Vietnam years Later they. supported the Marines at Chu Lai and Khe Shan reopened the railroad between Hue. and DaNang struggled with the logistics problems of the Mekong Delta constructed a. new naval base on a sand pad floating on paddy mud and built staggering quantities of. warehouses aircraft support facilities roads and bridges But they also hauled and. dumped tons of rock for paving roads to provide access to farms and markets supplied. fresh water to countless numbers of Vietnamese through hundreds of Seabee dug. wells provided medical treatment to thousands of villagers and opened up new. opportunities and hope for generations to come through Seabee built schools hospitals. utilities systems roads and other community facilities Seabees also worked with and. taught construction skills to the Vietnamese people helping them to help themselves. and proved that the Seabees really are builders for peace. 1 11 0 Post Vietnam, After Vietnam when de escalation of U S activity in Southeast Asia got underway.
Seabee strength was once again reduced By September 1970 the NMCBs were down. to the planned post Vietnam level of ten full sized battalions Because of the reduction. of the NCF in Vietnam on 6 December 1969 the HQ of the Thirtieth NCR was moved. from Vietnam to Okinawa in the Ryukyu Islands and on 1 May 1971 the HQ of the. Thirty Second NCR was moved from Vietnam to Roosevelt Roads Puerto Rico By the. end of 1971 most Seabees were employed outside of Southeast Asia Thus on 9. November 1971 the THIRD U S Naval Construction Brigade was disestablished. As the Seabees entered this new era they found themselves employed on major. peacetime projects that had been deferred or neglected because of wartime priorities. Alert battalions were reestablished in the Atlantic Fleet at Roosevelt Roads in Puerto. Rico and in the Pacific Fleet at Okinawa in the Ryukyu Islands The men in the NCF. found themselves employed outside their homeport fleet areas No geographic. limitations existed as battalions and details were deployed to satisfy the current and. ever increasing demand for Seabee expertise For example since the reestablishment. of the alert battalions one battalion NMCB FOUR served in 1970 as the Pacific alert. battalion at Okinawa and in 1972 as the Atlantic alert battalion at Roosevelt Roads. The post Vietnam Seabees were involved in new construction frontiers the Indian. Ocean the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands Europe on the ocean floor and in most. of the oceans of the globe Though younger and lower in number than their World War II. predecessors Seabees continued to demonstrate the same old Can Do spirit. One of the major peacetime projects undertaken by Seabees after Vietnam was the. development construction and operation of a U S naval communications station on. Diego Garcia Diego Garcia is one of the 52 coral atolls of the Chagos Archipelago in. the Indian Ocean 960 miles south of India and 7 degrees south of the equator. Construction was started early in 1971 and the establishment ceremonies were held on. 20 March 1973 The station became a complete operating entity and included. transmitting and receiving facilities berthing and mess facilities an airfield to. accommodate logistical aircraft utilities roads shops and other support facilities a fuel. storage farm and an entrance channel and turning basin within the interior lagoon. During the 1970s the mission of the Diego Garcia facility was greatly expanded as the. Indian Ocean and Persian Gulf assumed new strategic importance for the United. States The decision was made to develop Diego Garcia as a major support base for. U S forces operating in the Indian Ocean area Seabee battalions and detachments. continued to deploy to Diego Garcia throughout the 1970s with at least one full. battalion always in residence During these years the Seabees extended the existing. runway added to the power plant subsistence and receiver buildings expanded the. pier and the Petroleum Oils and Lubricants POLs facilities and built additional. personnel support and supply facilities, Other projects on which Seabees worked in the 1970s included the upgrading of. recreational and living facilities at the Naval Communication Station Nea Makri. Greece There they built a radio facility improved the base swimming pool built tennis. courts a softball field and an addition to the enlisted men s club and remodeled the. barracks At the Naval Facility Souda Bay Crete Seabees built an open storage. facility a pipe and canvas enclosure and a helicopter pad In Sigonella Sicily at the. Naval Air Facility they installed diesel units and no break generators remodeled. barracks and the general mess and built an air frames repair shop power check pad. ordnance magazine enlisted CPO club handball court and theater At the Fleet. Support Office La Maddalena Italy the Seabees built a gymnasium and a playing field. In Spain the Seabees worked on a number of projects at Naval Station NAVSTA. Rota These projects included remodeling barracks and the enlisted club building. additions to the base telephone exchange warehouse and calibration laboratory at the. airfield installation of a new fender system on Pier 2 and a causeway connection. They also reconstructed the Rota Seabee Camp which had deteriorated because it had. been vacant from 1965 until 1971 In London England Seabees remodeled a Marine. barracks in Greenock Scotland they built a bowling alley in Holy Loch Scotland they. renovated the public works department garage and the hobby shop facility at the Naval. Security Group Activity Todendorf Germany they built an addition to an operations. building and installed a new emergency generator, Meanwhile in the Pacific the major efforts of the Seabees were centered on Okinawa. in the Ryukyu Islands and on Guam in the Marianas Islands At Okinawa they. performed many different and challenging assignments The jobs included new. structures at Camp Kinser a new water pipeline a modern underground electrical. distribution system and a major land grading project at the Marine Corps Air Facility at. On Guam Seabees were hard at work on a Seabee Camp The camp dedicated to. William Lee Covington a young CEC officer killed in Vietnam included approximately. 39 pre engineered buildings housing facilities offices shops a galley living quarters a. chapel and utilities Other projects completed during the 1970s included a major. swimming pool complex at the naval hospital a culvert and earthmoving project at the. naval magazine a CPO club community center and teen center at the naval. communication station and four steel buildings at Polaris Point submarine facility. Seabees in Taiwan worked on the rehabilitation of barracks and on the construction of. duplex cabins at Iwakuni Japan they worked on a Marine Corps confinement facility. an exchange warehouse and a water line In the Philippines they constructed an. aircraft rinse rack and runway support facilities, In Puerto Rico Seabees renovated roads during the 1970s built a commissary and new. buildings at Camp Moscrip and carried out numerous civic action projects During 1977. Seabees carried out a beach erosion preventive project in Argentia Newfoundland and. rehabilitated housing at Guantanamo Bay Cuba, The Seabees were also active in Antarctica again after the Vietnam War As part of. Operation Deepfreeze they provided logistic support for the scientific research. programs that were being conducted by 70 American universities government.

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indian penal code the indian penal code, 1860 (act no. 45 of 1860) [6th october 1860]3 contents s. no. chapter 1. introduction 2. general explanations 3. punishments 4. general exceptions 5. abetment 6. criminal conspiracy 7. offences against the state 8. 1offences relating to the army [ navy and air force] 9.

Chapter 2 Test of Strength - Naval History and Heritage ...

Chapter 2 Test of Strength Naval History and Heritage

squadrons had organized the Northern Bombing Group, which prepared a round-the-clock air campaign that was to have led toward the first strictly American air offensive of the war. When the fighting ended, Navy and Marine Corps aviators were flying from 27 stations in Europe, two in Canada, one in the Panama Canal Zone, one in the Azores

Chapter 13 Air Conditioning - NAVY BMR

Chapter 13 Air Conditioning NAVY BMR

Chapter 13 Air Conditioning Topics 1.0.0 Principles of Air Conditioning . 2.0.0 Air-Conditioning Systems . 3.0.0 Major System Components and Controls . 4.0.0 Automotive Air Conditioning . 5.0.0 Ductwork . To hear audio, click on the box. Overview . Air conditioning is used throughout the world to counter the negative effects caused by heat and humidity. Without air conditioning people tire ...

Chapter 9 Preventive Medicine for Ground Forces

Chapter 9 Preventive Medicine for Ground Forces

ity among Navy and Marine Corps personnel was dra-matically reduced by application of environmental health controls. These controls included restricted ac-cess to local foods, close adherence to good food sanita-tion practices, extensive use of Meals, Ready to Eat (MRE), aggressive fly control programs, and application

CHAPTER 6 - WordPress.com

CHAPTER 6 WordPress com

has been commented on in connection with his elder brother. But at least John had had two years at Winchester to prepare him in part for the rigours of life aboard H.M.'s ships. Poor Francis Alexander seems to have gone straight into the navy from his comfortable home and his not very uncomfortable life at the Fyfield rectory.

MANMED Change 120 - Chapter 18 - Navy Medicine

MANMED Change 120 Chapter 18 Navy Medicine

10 Jan 2005 Change 120 18-7 Medical Evaluation Boards Contents Chapter 18 TABLE OF CONTENTS Article Title Page 18-1 Overview and Definition of MEBs and MEBRs 18-9 18-2 Removal from Duty for Medical Reasons: Sick In Quarters (SIQ), Convalescent Leave, Light Duty, or Limited Duty 18-12

CHAPTER 5 - NavyBMR

CHAPTER 5 NavyBMR

CHAPTER 5 . AIR-LAID MINES AND TORPEDOES . Since World War II, the U.S. Navy has developed sophisticated air -launched torpedoes and air-laid mines. These weapons incorporate components so sensitive that their operation is classified information. Therefore, the information in this RTM on air-launched torpedoes and air-laid mines is limited. You ...

Chapter 3 Crane Crew Supervisor - NAVY BMR

Chapter 3 Crane Crew Supervisor NAVY BMR

Chapter 3 Crane Crew Supervisor Topics 1.0.0 Crane Crew Supervisor Responsibilities To hear audio, click on the box. Overview In minutes, a crane can easily lift and place a load weighing several tons.

CHAPTER 5 AIRCRAFT FIREFIGHTING (CVN/LHD/LHA) - NAVY BMR

CHAPTER 5 AIRCRAFT FIREFIGHTING CVN LHD LHA NAVY BMR

CHAPTER 5 AIRCRAFT FIREFIGHTING (CVN/LHD/LHA) On carrier, fixed wing aircraft, nuclear (CVN), Amphibious Assault Ship, Multipurpose (LHD), and General Purpose Amphibious Assault Ship (LHA) class ships, hazards to firefighters are associated with a broad spectrum of substances that range from fire-accelerating materials to non-combustibles.

CHAPTER 4 RECIPROCATING INTERNAL-COMBUSTION ENGINE - NAVY BMR

CHAPTER 4 RECIPROCATING INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE NAVY BMR

CHAPTER 4 RECIPROCATING INTERNAL-COMBUSTION ENGINE ... Fireman, NAVEDTRA 14104. This chapter provides additional information to help you to understand the differences

CHAPTER 3 SHIP COMPARTMENTATION AND WATERTIGHT INTEGRITY

CHAPTER 3 SHIP COMPARTMENTATION AND WATERTIGHT INTEGRITY

designations for ships built after March 1949. Compartments on Navy ships are numbered for identification following a standard system. Each compartment has a four-part number separated by hyphens ...

HONORS AND CEREMONIES - GlobalSecurity.org

HONORS AND CEREMONIES GlobalSecurity org

Additional information is contained in Flags, Pennants and Customs, NTP 13, and U.S. Navy Regulations, chapter 12. FLAG DISPLAYS LEARNING OBJECTIVE: Explain the procedures for the display of the ...

Change 140 Manual of the Medical Department U.S. Navy

Change 140 Manual of the Medical Department U S Navy

Change 126 Manual of the Medical Department U.S. Navy NAVMED P-117 12 Aug 2005 To: Holders of the Manual of the Medical Department 1. This Change Completely revises Chapter 15, Physical Examinations and Standards for Enlistment, Commission, and Special Duty.

CHAPTER 6 PRINCIPAL MOVING AND RELATED COMPONENTS - NAVY BMR

CHAPTER 6 PRINCIPAL MOVING AND RELATED COMPONENTS NAVY BMR

PRINCIPAL MOVING AND RELATED COMPONENTS Many of the principal parts that are within the main structure of an engine are moving parts. ... Fireman, NAVEDTRA 14104.

Chapter 1 Technical Administration - NAVY BMR

Chapter 1 Technical Administration NAVY BMR

Chapter 1 Technical Administration Topics . To hear audio, click on the box. Overview . The higher you ascend on the enlisted ladder, the more valuable you are to the Navy. Advancement brings both increased rewards and responsibilities. You must be able to perform various administrative duties within the Construction Mechanic rate, such as

JAGINST 5800.7D MANUAL OF THE JUDGE ADVOCATE GENERAL (JAGMAN)

JAGINST 5800 7D MANUAL OF THE JUDGE ADVOCATE GENERAL JAGMAN

The Manual of the Judge Advocate General may be cited as "JAGMAN 0101a(1)" or "JAGMAN A-1-b-(1)." b. Forms, certain reference material, and technical guides are located in the Appendices, which are keyed by section number to the relevant chapter. c. The words "Navy" and "naval" as used in this Manual include the Marine Corps, except where the ...

Chapter 4 Construction Management - NAVY BMR

Chapter 4 Construction Management NAVY BMR

Chapter 4 Construction Management Topics 1.0.0 Definitions 2.0.0 Planning 3.0.0 Estimating 4.0.0 Scheduling 5.0.0 Execution 6.0.0 Administration 7.0.0 Safety 8.0.0 Operational Risk Management 9.0.0 Quality Control To hear audio, click on the box. Overview As a candidate for Petty Officer Third or Second Class, you are an emerging leader who will provide critical support to sustain the U.S ...

Chapter 4 Gasoline Fuel Systems - NAVY BMR

Chapter 4 Gasoline Fuel Systems NAVY BMR

Gasoline Fuel Injection Systems : 3.0.0 . Exhaust and Emission Control Systems : To hear audio, click on the box. Overview As a Construction Mechanic, you will be working with different types of fuel systems for the internal combustion engine. It is important to know how these components function to provide fuel to the engine and how to service those systems. You will need to be able to ...

SUBMARINE SUB COMBAT SYSTEMS - United States Navy

SUBMARINE SUB COMBAT SYSTEMS United States Navy

17. (G2A2) REF: JFMM Volume V, Part 1 Chapter 5.2.2 NAVAIR 17-35TR-8 Calibration Labels and Tags 2.1.1.i C R NA UA PF Repeat Significant PMS Is a complete Otto fuel spill kit available outside of the torpedo room and inventoried per the MRC? 18. (G2B0) REF: MIP 7500 / ADC R-5 C R NA UA PF Repeat Significant PMS F. ADMINISTRATION