Broiler Guide Feedmaster-Books Pdf

BROILER GUIDE Feedmaster
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Broiler production introduction, Broilers are chickens that are specifically bred and raised for their meat. The goal for any broiler farmer is to successfully raise a day old chick to a. market ready chicken in the shortest amount of time Within this period the. birds will likely meet many challenges that will inhibit their growth and affect. their production This is why broiler production systems require management. to have high levels of responsiveness and availability of information. To be a successful broiler farmer at any level one has to master the. day to day management tasks of the broiler s life The most significant. management task would be FEED Feed makes up 65 70 of the total cost of. production Therefore we cannot over emphasize the importance of a good. quality well balanced formulated feed for the best possible production results. This is why we at Feedmaster only use quality raw materials formulated. by qualified nutritionists to supply the poultry farmer with a quality solution. Placement of chicks, Stocking density should be adapted with temperature changes In the. summer the stocking rate 10 birds per m would be lower than in the. winter 12 birds per m, It is important that the chicken house should be cleaned and disinfected at. least 10 12 days before the placement of the new chicks. Pre heat the floor 2 days before chick placement Floor temperature 32 C. Feed and water should also be placed the day before to ensure that it. would be room temperature and available when the chicks are placed. Use paper to cover 50 of brooding area and place feed on the paper to. stimulate intake in the first 24 hours, Weigh some of the chicks to get a starting weight. Post placement chick checks, hick check 1 4 6 hours after placement Test the temperature.
of the feet of the chicks against your cheek If cold the pre heating. was not done correctly and the farmer should re evaluate his. pre heating procedures, Results of cold floor temperature. Poor early feed intake, Poor growth, Poor uniformity. 2 Chick check 2 24 hours post placement This check is called a crop check. The reason for this check is to confirm that the chicks found the placement. of feed and water, By this time a minimum of 95 of the crops should feel soft and pliable. indicating chicks have successfully located feed and water. Hard crop chicks have not found adequate water Check water. supply immediately, Swollen and distended crop chicks have located water but insufficient. feed Check feed supply immediately, Daily checks should be made through out the cycle.
Check if there are cold spots and draughts in the house. Check if the ventilation is correct no build up of ammonia. Check if the drinkers and feeders are at the correct height. and if there are enough of them for the amount of birds. Check for wet bedding or too dry bedding, Keep notes of all dead birds removed. Why brooding, During the first 14 days a chick cannot properly control its own body. temperature This is why it is so important to manage their environmental. temperature The following would be improved by good brooding. practices The development of the following would be improved by good. brooding practices, 1 The skeletal structure, 2 The cardiovascular system. 3 Appetite and water consumption, 4 Health and immune system. 5 Minimize stress, All these improvements will help accelerate the rate of growth of the chicks.
GAS BROODER INFRA RED LIGHTS, Too Hot Too Cold Draught Comfortable. Litter Bedding, Important functions of litter include the ability. To absorb moisture, To dilute excreta thus minimizing bird to manure contact. To provide an insulation from cold floor temperatures. Litter Type Minimum depth or volume, Wood shavings 2 5cm. Dry sawdust 2 5cm, Chopped straw 1kg m, Sunflower hulls 5cm.
Rice hulls 5cm, Lighting program and it s advantages. A period of darkness is a natural requirement for all animals. Better feed conversion because of energy conserved during resting. Reduce mortality rate and skeletal defects, Stimulates the production of melatonin Melatonin is important in the. development of the immune system, Lighting program as by the Cobb. Aged Days Hours dark, 100 160 grams 9, 5 days before slaughter 5. 4 days before slaughter 4, 3 days before slaughter 3.
2 days before slaughter 2, 1 day before slaughter 1. Temperature management, Temperature management is one of the most important tasks especially. during the brooding period Because any stress chicks experience during this. period will affect the growth and development in other phases. The optimal temperatures are as follow, Environmental Air temperature 32 33 C. Floor temperature 32 C, Directly underneath brooders 40 5 C. Temperatures as by the Cobb, Temperature C Temperature C.
Relative for chicks from 30 for chicks from 30, Humidity week old parent week old parent. flocks or younger flocks or older, 0 30 50 34 33, 7 40 60 31 30. 14 40 60 27 27, 21 40 60 24 24, 28 50 70 21 24, 35 50 70 19 19. Ventilation, The function of ventilation is not only to supply the chicks with an adequate. supply of oxygen it also assists with the removal of waste products of growth. and combustion from the environment such as, Moisture removal.
The provision of oxygen to meet the birds metabolic demand. The control of relative humidity, The maintenance of good litter conditions. Always ensure that there is a supply of fresh air at all times but be careful not. to have a cold draft blowing into the house This will reduce the temperature. in the house, Good maintenance of house curtains are crucial and it is important for. curtains to be opening from top to bottom to ensure no cold drafts are blowing. over the chicks, Bird health, Prevention is by far the most economical and best method of disease control. Prevention is best achieved by the implementation of an effective bio security. program in conjunction with an appropriate vaccination program. Bio security is a practice designed to prevent the spread of disease into your. farm It is accomplished by maintaining the facility in such a way that there is. minimal traffic of biological organisms viruses bacteria rodents etc across. its borders It is the most effective and cheapest means of disease control on. the farm Below are a few key points to a successful bio security program. Farms should be fenced, Limit non essential visitors to the farm. Farm supervisors should visit the youngest flocks at the beginning of the. day and working by age to the oldest flock for the last visit in that day. Provide wheel dips or wheel spraying facilities at the farm entrance and. allow only necessary vehicles on site, Absolutely no other poultry should be kept on the same farm as your.
broiler unit, The area around the poultry house should be free from vegetation debris. and unused equipment that could harbour rodents, Adequate down time between flock placements is essential 10 days. Dispose of dead birds immediately, Footbaths should be placed at every poultry house entrance. Vaccination, Vaccination is the administration of antigenic material a vaccine to stimulate. the bird s immune system to develop adaptive immunity to a pathogen That. means that it gives the bird s defence mechanism a memory system against. that disease, The most common vaccinations given to broilers are against diseases such as.
New Castle disease, Infectious Bursal Disease Gumboro Disease. Infectious Bronchitis, It is very important to CHECK WITH YOUR CHICK SUPPLIER WHAT VACCINATIONS. YOU NEED TO DO Some hatcheries do carry out vaccinations at the hatchery. Broiler diets are formulated to provide the energy and nutrients essential. for health and efficient broiler production The basic nutritional components. required by the birds are water amino acids energy vitamins and minerals. Feedmaster provides the following, All our products are specifically formulated to achieve the desired. production at a lower cost, All our products are produced in an ISO 22000 accredited plant. All our products are formulated with natural products such as maize and. soya sunflower oilcake chop and bran, We don t include any animal protein sources or animal derived products.
into any of our product ranges, We adhere to strict bio security rules at all times in order to reduce possible. contamination, The produced feed is put through a rigorous quality control process to. confirm quality before being distributed, Target weights. It is important to weigh the chicks as they grow The table below shows the. target weights of the Cobb500, Age Days Weight for age Grams. Feedmaster Classic Broiler Range, Ideal for the smaller producer who sells live broilers to the market It is a cost.
effective range with a moderate growth rate, Number of Classic Broiler Classic Broiler. Broiler Starter Total, chicks Grower Pellet Finisher Pellet. 3 days before, 14 days 3 days, Day old 14 days slaughter. before slaughter 4 1Kg, 500 per bird slaughter, 2 75kg per bird. 850g per bird, Kg Bag Kg Bag Kg Bag Kg Bag, Needed 50Kg Needed 50Kg Needed 50Kg Needed 50Kg.
100 50 1 275 6 85 2 410 9, 200 100 2 550 11 170 4 820 17. 300 150 3 825 17 255 6 1230 26, 400 200 4 1100 22 340 7 1640 33. 500 250 5 1375 28 425 9 2050 42, 600 300 6 1650 33 510 11 2460 50. 700 350 7 1925 39 595 12 2870 58, 800 400 8 2200 44 680 14 3280 66. 900 450 9 2475 50 765 16 3690 75, 1000 500 10 2750 55 850 17 4100 82.
The amount of feed per bird is an indication stick to the recommended. feeding days indicated on the feeding table, For the first 10 days feed should be on the pan feeders or on paper. From day 2 feed should also be in feeding troughs so that the chicks can. learn to eat from it, Do not place feed or water directly under the heat source as this may cause. the chicks to eat or drink less than they should, Recordkeeping. The biggest function of accurate records is for the farmer to utilize the. information in future decision making Accurate record keeping is essential to. monitor the performance and profitability of a flock. Daily records that should be taken, Mortality and culls. Type of culls, Feed consumption, Water consumption.
Water to feed ratio, Water treatments, Minimum and maximum daily temperatures. Minimum and maximum daily humidity, Number of birds taken for processing. Management changes, Flock records, are a summary at the end of the flock s cycle and include the following. Feed deliveries supplier amount type date of consumption. Feed sample from each feed delivery, Live weight daily weekly daily gain. Medication type batch amount date of administration date. of withdrawal, Lighting program followed, Litter type date of delivery amount delivered visual inspection.
Chick delivery number date time count in boxes truck temperature. and humidity, Stocking density, Chick source, Weights of each load at processing plant. Downgrades, Date and time of feed withdrawn, Date and time catching started and finished. Post mortem results, Repairs and maintenance, Controlling sensors and thermostats date calibrated. Technical visits, Annual records, Water Tested at source and at the drinker. No more 42 days, Top quality, raw materials, Modern formulas.
and processes, 3 Phase feeding, Produced in Namibia. Tel 264 61 290 1300, Fax 264 61 290 1313, info feedmaster com na. BROILER GUIDE Broiler production introduction Broilers are chickens that are specifically bred and raised for their meat The goal for any broiler farmer is to successfully raise a day old chick to a market ready chicken in the shortest amount of time Within this period the birds will likely meet many challenges that will inhibit their growth and affect their production This is why broiler

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