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BOOK CLUB SYNOPSIS
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Chronology and About the Author 3, Foreword 4, Part I Ambition and the Recognition of Leadership. Chapter One Abraham 7, Chapter Two Theodore 10, Chapter Three Franklin 13. Chapter Four Lyndon 16, Part II Adversity and Growth. Chapter Five Abraham Lincoln 20, Chapter Six Theodore Roosevelt 25. Chapter Seven Franklin Roosevelt 29, Chapter Eight Lyndon Johnson 32.
Part III How They Led The Man and the Times, Chapter Nine Transformative Leadership 36. Chapter Ten Crisis Management 42, Chapter Eleven Turnaround Leadership 46. Chapter Twelve Visionary Leadership 51, Epilogue Of Death and Legacy 57. World 50 Inc 2018, LEADERSHIP IN TURBULENT TIMES CHRONOLOGY. ABRAHAM LINCOLN 1809 1865, Chapter One 1809 1839, Chapter Five 1840 1860.
Chapter Nine 1860 1865, Epilogue 1865, THEODORE ROOSEVELT 1858 1919. Chapter Two 1858 1883, Chapter Six 1884 1901, Chapter Ten 1902. Epilogue 1908 1919, FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT 1882 1945, Chapter Three 1882 1920. Chapter Seven 1921 1932, Chapter Eleven 1933, Epilogue 1944 1945. LYNDON JOHNSON 1908 1973, Chapter Four 1908 1938, Chapter Eight 1941 1960.
Chapter Twelve 1963 1968, Epilogue 1968 1973, About the Author. Doris Kearns Goodwin is a gifted historian and unparalleled. storyteller whose work brings history s most respected and. successful leaders to life The Pulitzer Prize winning author of. several best selling books Goodwin also consulted on Lincoln. Steven Spielberg s award winning film based on her work Team of. Rivals The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln In addition she is the. recipient of the Carnegie Medal for The Bully Pulpit which. chronicles the friendship of Theodore Roosevelt and William. Howard Taft Goodwin has taught at Harvard University and. worked as an assistant to President Lyndon Johnson during his last. year in the White House, In Leadership in Turbulent Times Doris Kearns Goodwin examines. the lives and political careers of Abraham Lincoln Theodore. Roosevelt Franklin Roosevelt and Lyndon Johnson each of whom. held office during a moment in American history that was fraught. with upheaval and uncertainty Throughout the book she explores. the following questions, Are leaders born or made, Where does ambition come from. How does adversity affect the growth of leadership. The book has a three part structure each part devotes a chapter to. each president s story Part I deals with the early life of each. president and describes how they entered the public sphere. Goodwin notes that while all four shared a driving ambition and. the desire to succeed they came from different backgrounds and. had different innate strengths which they developed in order to. become exceptional leaders, Part II illustrates how each of the four men suffered through. dramatic reversals that shattered their private and public lives. While the particular circumstances varied each crucible was. instrumental in molding the singular leader who emerged. Finally Part III unpacks the question of whether a leader is shaped. by the time in which he or she lives or vice versa One leader s. skills strengths and style may be suited for the times those of. another less so writes Goodwin citing James Buchanan William. McKinley Herbert Hoover and John F Kennedy as leaders who. were less equipped to deal with the challenges of their day than. were their successors, Goodwin acknowledges that one of her four subjects is not like the.
others Lincoln led the country through the Civil War Theodore. Roosevelt navigated the challenges of the Industrial Age and. Franklin Roosevelt maintained the nation s hope through the. Depression and World War II yet Johnson has a more problematic. place in history As Goodwin maintains his story merits inclusion. in the lineage of great leaders She writes While his conduct of the. Vietnam War continues to divide and threaten his legacy the. passing years make it clear that his leadership in civil rights and his. domestic vision in the Great Society stand the test of time. AMBITION AND THE, RECOGNITION OF LEADERSHIP, CHAPTER ONE. Abraham Lincoln was 23 years old in 1832 when he first ran for. office a common way for young men to make their mark at the. time Goodwin asserts that his ambition was not only about his. drive to succeed but also his deep desire to serve his fellow man His. own beginnings could hardly have been humbler His mother died. of an illness when he was only 9 years old Afterward his father a. poor illiterate subsistence farmer abandoned Abraham and his. 12 year old sister Sarah in their drafty floorless cabin for seven. months while he went looking for a new wife Goodwin poses the. question After such a tumultuous childhood how was Lincoln able. to develop and sustain a grand near visionary ambition a belief. that he was meant for higher and better things, YOUNG LINCOLN S LEADERSHIP TRAITS. As a boy Lincoln exhibited several qualities some innate and. others that developed over time that contributed to his perception. as a leader, A keen intellect a deep desire to understand the world around. him and the ability to engrave things into his memory by. writing and rewriting them, The motivation and willpower to develop every talent he. possessed to the fullest which Goodwin calls a keystone. attribute essential to success in any field, A talent for storytelling which he used to entertain his friends.
by mimicking the bombastic sermons of Baptist preachers or. recounting the details of local court cases, Profound empathy Young Abe rebuked his friends for. mistreating turtles rescued a drunk man from freezing to. death in a ditch and saved a pig stuck in a mud pit. Impressive stature athleticism and robust health which. unfortunately meant that he spent a great deal of time working. in the fields with his father who considered reading a lazy. A life affirming humor that allowed him to perceive what was. funny or ludicrous in life lightening his despair and fortifying. FIRST FORAYS INTO PUBLIC LIFE, When Lincoln reached 21 years of age he left his father s home and. walked 100 miles to New Salem Illinois where he took a job as a. clerk in the general store Tall and gawky with long arms and legs. he was thought odd at first but he quickly won over the New Salem. locals with his generosity and good nature The townspeople he. chatted with in the general store became his friends and benefactors. loaning him books and encouraging his education He studied. grammar and began constructing the simple straightforward. writing and speaking style for which he would become known. In the handbill announcing his candidacy for the state legislature. as a representative of the Whig Party Lincoln outlined the issues he. stood for among them public education and infrastructure. improvements to the state s rivers and roads which he saw as critical. to the economic development of the area He also pledged to. acknowledge errors and learn from his mistakes This willingness. to do so would last throughout his lifetime as he often said I d. like to believe I am smarter today than I was yesterday. Lincoln served three months in the Illinois militia during the Black. Hawk War When he returned he spent four weeks campaigning. traveling on horseback across the county speaking at auctions and. in town squares and meeting with men and women from all walks. of life He ended up losing the election but was encouraged by. winning 277 out of the 300 total votes cast in his town of New Salem. In 1834 he ran again and this time he won handily, LINCOLN FINDS HIS VOICE. During his first legislative session Lincoln remained in the. background quietly observing and learning A finely developed. sense of timing knowing when to wait and when to act would. remain in Lincoln s repertoire of leadership skills the rest of his. life writes Goodwin He began to educate himself on the law. borrowing law books and reading them at night after work When. his second session began his colleagues witnessed a remarkable. transformation in the previously silent young man who now. revealed himself as a master communicator The Whig caucus. elected him their minority leader recognizing not only his skill in. rhetoric but also his ability to intuit the feelings and intentions of. his fellow Whigs and the opposing Democrats He was able to. predict the political maneuvers of the opposition and recommend. a clear course of action better than any of his fellow legislators. Goodwin closes the chapter with two examples from Lincoln s early. political career that demonstrate the strength of the very moral. convictions that have come to define his legacy First he doubled. down on his commitment to improving infrastructure even as his. projects came under fire for being too expensive during a prolonged. recession Second he risked losing support among the large. southern population of Illinois by publicly speaking out in. opposition to slavery and condemning recent acts of violence. against abolitionists He warned that in a mob like environment. such as the one he saw developing in the U S a despot could. attempt to seize power prizing ambition above the best interests of. the people Lincoln believed the best defense against a potential. dictator was to educate every citizen on the history and principles. of the American Revolution and the Constitution in addition to. teaching them to appreciate the value of our free institutions. AMBITION AND THE, RECOGNITION OF LEADERSHIP, CHAPTER TWO. Fifty years after Lincoln first ran for office in rural Illinois 23 year. old Theodore Roosevelt entered the public sphere in a very different. way Whereas Lincoln a virtually unknown candidate nominated. himself by putting out a 2 000 word position statement Roosevelt. was nominated by the local Republican boss Joe Murray who picked. Roosevelt as the most electable candidate based on his wealth and. his family name Roosevelt s father had been a prominent. philanthropist in Manhattan where young Theodore nicknamed. Teedie grew up Suffering from asthma that kept him out of. public school and limited his ability to participate in physical. activities Teedie became a ferocious reader transporting himself. into the lives of the adventurous heroes he most admired. Unlike young Lincoln who was blessed with physical prowess but. had to scrounge for his own education Roosevelt had access to. books galore along with private taxidermy lessons and immersive. tours of Europe the Middle East and Africa but he had to. overcome his bodily frailty through rigorous exercise weight. training and boxing lessons At Harvard he excelled academically. participated in several sports and clubs and developed confidence. in his relationships with his peers Yet tragedy struck in his. sophomore year when the father he idolized fell ill and died of. colon cancer As the community mourned Roosevelt wrote in his. diary Oh how little worthy I am of such a father How I wish I. could ever do something to keep up his name, ROOSEVELT BROADENS HIS HORIZONS.
While still at Harvard Roosevelt met and married Alice Hathaway. Lee and he went on several expeditions into the Maine wilderness. with Bill Sewell who became a lifelong friend While on these trips. he took great pleasure in mingling with woodsmen and listening to. the stories of their lives which differed greatly from his sheltered. and privileged upbringing He then enrolled at Columbia Law. School and began spending time at Morton Hall headquarters of. the local Republican Association Despite his dandyish appearance. he was soon accepted by the working class men who frequented the. hall and offered their support when Murray eventually nominated. Roosevelt for the state legislature, Before his death Roosevelt s father had written to his son of his. concerns about corruption in the government a warning that. would long reverberate in young Roosevelt s mind helping to shape. his embattled style of leadership Sure enough no sooner was. Roosevelt nominated than a local saloon keeper told him that he. expected him to lower the costs of liquor licenses to which Roosevelt. retorted that he thought the costs were too low and he intended to. vote to raise them instead In public statements leading up to the. election Roosevelt promised that he would not be coerced into. making decisions proclaiming that he was owned by no man. and he would obey no boss and serve no clique including his. friend Murray the Republican boss His integrity appealed to the. voting community and he won the seat by almost twice the typical. I ROSE LIKE A ROCKET, In contrast to Lincoln who remained quiet and watchful throughout. his first legislative session Roosevelt aggressively interrogated his. fellow members learning all he could about where they stood on. the reform issue and whether bribes could sway their votes Two. months into the session he rose to the assembly floor to excoriate a. state judge accused of a corrupt alliance with robber baron Jay. Gould His speech made headlines Elected to a second term and. chosen as the Republican minority leader Roosevelt had found his. calling Unfortunately he allowed the success to go to his head and. after these initial triumphs he was repeatedly caught interrupting. assembly business yelling and pounding his desk with his fist His. abrasive behavior caused his circle of supporters to abandon him. In Leadership in Turbulent Times Doris Kearns Goodwin examines the lives and political careers of Abraham Lincoln Theodore Roosevelt Franklin Roosevelt and Lyndon Johnson each of whom held office during a moment in American history that was fraught with upheaval and uncertainty Throughout the book she explores the following questions

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