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BIO ZOOLOGY
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Bio Zoology Practical General Instruction, In order to get maximum benefit and good training it is necessary for the. students to follow the following instructions, e students must attend all practical classes Each experiment in. practicals has got important relevance to theory subjects. 2 Bring this practical manual to your practicals class. 3 Bring the following objects to the practicals class Pencils HB Pen. Eraser a scale and a small hand towel, 4 Record the title date and findings of the experiment in the observation. 5 Carefully listen to the instructions given by your Teacher. 6 While observation slides or models draw the structure of the specimen. as you see it neatly in your observation note book Use pencil for. 7 While doing experiments neither consult your neighbours nor look. into their readings or observations, 8 If the object under the microscope remains without proper focusing. immediately bring it to the notice of the Teacher, 9 Do not touch or lift the models or equipments kept for your.
identification, 10 No need to draw diagrams from part III to VII in the record note. Relevant photograph can be collected pasted and notes to be. MODEL QUESTION PAPER,CLASS 11 TIME 75 min,Marks 7 1 2. I Identify the given animal A picture specimen draw and. write any 2 diagnostic features 1, II Identify the given animal tissue B slide photograph picture. and write any 2 comments with diagram 1, III Identify and comment on the given bone joint C 1. IV Identify the deficiency disease disorder in the given. picture photograph D Write any two symptoms 1,V Identify the given sample solution E for the.
presence activity of Ammonia Urea Salivary amylase Any one 1. VI Observe and write about the given e,xperiment specimen picture F 1. VII Identify the photograph picture and,write its economic importance G 1. MARKS ALLOTMENT,MARKS 71 2,I Identification Diagram 1. Diagnostic features any 2 points,II Identification Comments any 2 points 1. III Identification Comments any two points 1,IV Identification Symptoms any two points 1.
V Experiment Result 1,VI Procedure and Result 1, VII Identification Economic importance any two points 1. NOTE Any relevant points diagnostic features and comments apart from those. provided in the practical manual must also be considered for evaluation. QUESTION NO I A,S No List of Slides Specimens Page No. 1 Spongilla 1,2 Sea Anemone 1,3 Tapeworm 2,4 Ascaris 3. 5 Earthworm 3,6 Cockroach 4,8 Starfish 5,9 Balanoglossus 6. 10 Amphioxus 7,11 Ascidia 7,12 Shark 8,13 Seahorse 9.
14 Frog 10,15 Calotes 10,16 Pigeon 11,QUESTION NO II B. S No List of Slides Pictures Photograph Page no,1 Squamous Epithelium 13. 2 Columnar Epithelium 13,3 Cardiac Muscles 14,4 Smooth Muscles 14. 5 Adipose Tissue 15,QUESTION NO III C, S No List of model picture photograph Human Page no. 1 Humerus 17,2 Pectoral girdle 17,3 Pelvic girdle 18.
Part of the Skull,Occipital Frontal Temporal Parietal. 5 Rib cage True ribs Pseudo ribs False ribs 19,6 Ball and Socket joint 19. 7 Pivot joint 20,QUESTION NO IV D,S No List of Slides Pictures Photograph Page no. 1 Addison s disease 21,2 Gigantism 21,3 Marasmus 22. 4 Rickets 22,5 Exopthalmic Goitre 23,QUESTION NO V E.
S No List of Experiments Page no,1 Test for Ammonia 24. 2 Test for Urea 24,3 Test for Salivary Amylase 24,QUESTION NO VI F. S No List of Experiments Page no,1 Determine Your Eye Dominance 25. 2 Determine Your Blind Spot 25, 3 Identify the sex of cockroach using hand lens 26. 4 Clitellum of earthworm using hand lens 26,QUESTION NO VII G.
S No List of photograph pictures Page no,1 Kangayam bull 27. 2 Aquaponics 27,3 Honey bee 28,4 Bombyx mori 28, I Identify the given animal A picture specimen and write any 2 diagnostic features. with diagram,1 SPONGILLA,Identification, The given specimen is identified as Spongilla It belongs to the Phylum Porifera. Wooden stick,Reasons for identification,It is a pore bearing animal. It is an aquatic multicellular animals with cellular level of organization. It possess a canal system where the water enters into the central cavity spongocoel. through minute pores called ostia, The spongocoel is lined with special flagellated cells called choanocytes.
2 SEA ANEMONE,Identification, The given specimen is identified as Sea anemone It belongs to the Phylum Cnidaria. Basal disk,Reasons for identification, S ea anemone is diploblastic and the first group of animals to exhibit tissue level of. organization, It has stinging cells called nematocysts on their tentacles. The central vascular cavity is called coelenteron which opens out through the. The nervous system is formed of a diffused nerve net. Cnidarians exhibit 2 basic body forms polyp and medusa. The polyp represents the asexual generation and the medusa represents the sexual. generation Alternation of generation,Development includes a ciliated Planula larva. 3 TAPEWORM,Identification, The given specimen is identified as Tapeworm It belongs to the Phylum.
Platyhelminthes,Rostellum Hook,proglottid,proglottid. proglottid,Reasons for identification, It is a dorsoventrally flattened triploblastic acoelomate animal with organ level of. organization,It is an endoparasites,Hooks and Suckers act as organs of attachment. Excretion is carried out by specialized cells called flame cells. Identification, The given specimen is identified as Ascaris It belongs to the Phylum Aschelminthes. Excretory Pore,Female Pore,Leteral Line,Reasons for identification.
Ascaris is a roundworm because it is circular in cross section. It is a triploblastic pseudocoelomate animal, The unsegmented body is covered by a protective layer called cuticle. Alimentary canal is complete with a well developed mouth pharynx and anus cloaca. Sexes are separate and exhibit sexual dimorphism,Excretion is carried out through Rennet glands. It is an endoparasite,5 EARTHWORM,Identification,The given specimen is. identified as Earthworm,It belongs to the Phylum,Reasons for identification. Earthworm is a triploblastic schizocoelomate animal. Its elongated body is segmented, The longitudinal and circular muscles in the body wall help in locomotion.
The circulatory system is of closed type and the respiratory pigment haemoglobin is. present in the plasma,It is a hermaphrodite animal. 6 COCKROACH,Identification, The given specimen is identified as Cockroach It belongs to the Phylum Arthropoda. Anal cerci,Reasons for identification,It is a triploblastic schizocoelomate animal. It has jointed appendages which are used for locomotion. Body is covered by a chitinous exoskeleton which is shed off periodically by a. process called moulting ecdysis,Respiration is through trachea. Excretion is by malpighian tubules,Identification, The given specimen is identified as Pila It belongs to the Phylum Mollusca.
Umbilicus Mouth,Reasons for identification,It is a triploblastic coelomate animal. Body is covered by a calcareous shell, Internal organs are covered by a soft layer of skin called mantle. Respiration is carried out through a number of feather like gills called ctenidia. The mouth contains a rasping organ called radula,Excretory organs are the nephridia. Blood contains a copper containing respiratory pigment haemocyanin. Their development includes a Veliger larva,8 STARFISH. Identification, The given specimen is identified as Starfish It belongs to the Phylum.
Echinodermata,Arm or Ray,Ambulacral,Reasons for identification. It has spiny skin,It has Water vascular system,Tube feet help in locomotion. The adults are radially symmetrical,Larvae are bilaterally symmetrical. Circulatory system is open type without heart and blood vessels. It exhibits autotomy with remarkable power of regeneration. Bipinnaria is the first larva in its development,9 BALANOGLOSSUS. Identification, e given specimen is identified as Balanoglossus It belongs to the Phylum.
Hemichordata,Reasons for identification, It is a connecting link between invertebrates and chordates. The body is divided into anterior proboscis a short collar and a long trunk. It is a marine and bilaterally symmetrical animal,Excretion is by a single proboscis gland. Development is indirect with a free swimming Tornaria larva. Presence of buccal diverticulum is the significant character of this animal. 10 AMPHIOXUS,Identification, The given specimen is identified as Amphioxus It belongs to the Sub. phylum Cephalochordata,Nerve cord Myotomes,Reasons for identification. mphioxus is a marine animal found in shallow waters leading a burrowing mode. hordate characters such us notochord dorsal tabular nerve cord and pharyngeal. gill slits are present throughout their life, Closed type of circulatory system is seen without heart.
Excretion by protonephridia, S exes are separate fertilization is external development is indirect and includes a. free swimming larva,11 ASCIDIAN,Identification,The given specimen is identified Oral. as Ascidian It belongs to the,Subphylum Urochordata.


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