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Bio based Polymers in the World
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Market study on, Bio based Polymers in the World, Capacities Production and Applications. Status Quo and Trends towards 2020, nova Institut GmbH. Edited by Adriana Sanz Mirabal Lena Scholz Michael Carus. February 2013, The expert team of the Market Study authors has made every attempt to ensure the accuracy and reliability. of the information provided on this study The included market and trend analyses and forecasts are. and the latest research and inquiries Nevertheless authors editors and publisher do not warrant the. information contained in this study to be free of errors or will prove to be accurate The information. cannot accept liability for actions taken based on the content of this Market Study. 2013 nova Institut GmbH Germany, Michael Carus v i S d P nova Institute GmbH Chemiepark Knapsack Industriestr 300 50354 Huerth. Germany Phone 49 0 2233 48 14 40 Fax 49 0 2233 48 14 50 contact nova institut de. www nova institut eu, No part of this publication shall be reproduced transmitted displayed published broadcast or resold in.
whole or in part in any form without the prior written consent of the authors. Authors in alphabetical order, Janpeter Beckmann nova Institut GmbH Germany. Michael Carus nova Institut GmbH Germany, Roland Essel nova Institut GmbH Germany. Harald Kaeb narocon Germany, Adriana Sanz Mirabal nova Institut GmbH Germany. Lena Scholz nova Institut GmbH Germany, Fabrizio Sibilla nova Institut GmbH Germany. Stephan Zepnik Fraunhofer UMSICHT Germany, Table of Content.
Table of Content, 1 Executive Summary 6, 2 Research team and Advisory Board for the market study 19. Market Data, 4 Qualitative analyses of selected bio based Polymers 62. Trend Reports, 7 Asian markets for bio based resins 144. 8 Environmental evaluation of bio based polymers and plastics 175. 9 Green Premium within the value chain from chemicals to bioplastics 193. Company Data, 12 Company product index 353, 13 List of Acronyms 362. 1 Bio based polymers Production capacity will triple from. 3 5 million tonnes in 2011 to nearly 12 million tonnes. Bio based drop in PET and PE PP polymers and the new polymers. PLA and PHA show the fastest rates of market growth The lion s. share of capital investment is expected to take place in Asia and. South America, 1 1 Summary, Germany s nova Institute is publishing the most comprehensive market study of bio based polymers.
ever made The nova Institute carried out this study in collaboration with renowned international. of bio based polymer produced by 247 companies at 363 locations around the world and it examines. in detail 114 companies in 135 locations Considerably higher production capacity was found than in. previous studies The 3 5 million tonnes represent a share of 1 5 of an overall construction polymer. production of 235 million tonnes in 2011 Current producers of bio based polymers estimate that. production capacity will reach nearly 12 million tonnes by 2020 With an expected total polymer pro. duction of about 400 million tonnes in 2020 the bio based share should increase from 1 5 in 2011. to 3 in 2020 meaning that bio based production capacity will grow faster than overall production. The most dynamic development is foreseen for drop in biopolymers which are chemically identical. to their petrochemical counterparts but at least partially derived from biomass This group is spear. headed by partly bio based PET Bio PET whose production capacity will reach about 5 million. tonnes by the year 2020 using bioethanol from sugar cane The second in this group are bio based. PLA and PHA are also expected to at least quadruple the capacity between 2011 and 2020 Most in. vestment in new bio based polymer capacities will take place in Asia and South America because of. better access to feedstock and a favourable political framework Europe s share will decrease from. 20 to 14 and North America s share from 15 to 13 whereas Asia s will increase from 52. to 55 and South America s from 13 to 18 So world market shares are not expected to shift. bio based polymer production, This is considerably higher than in previous studies which did not cover all polymers and producers. The forecast of a total capacity of 12 million tonnes by 2020 a tripling of 2011 levels suggests that. to grow to the biggest group among the bio based polymers due to an initiative by one big brand. owner This could happen again with any other bio based polymer PLA and PHA also have a remark. 6 Executive Summary, Executive Summary, 1 2 Study background. reached development stages that range from research level via initial market adoption to longterm. A number of factors affect the growth rate of the bio based polymer branch These factors include. state policy technology feedstock cost competition biomass versus fossil fuels crude oil prices. consumer acceptance and last but not least access to clear and reliable market data. There was in fact broad agreement not only from the major industrial players but also from the user. side about the need for solid transparent and worldwide market data about the bio based polymer. This need was a major stimulus for conducting this market survey We have therefore tried to provide. some clarity and transparency to the market by launching the most comprehensive international mar. ket study of bio based polymers to date, During a preparatory phase from August 2011 to the end of that year interested stakeholders from the. bio based polymer branch were invited to become a partner of the study The multi client survey was. funded by 26 renowned companies and institutions from 11 countries around the world These com. panies had full access to intermediate results and sat on the Advisory Board which met four times. during the project see the full list at http www bio based eu market study. 1 3 Methodology, inconsistent This can lead to confusion and misinterpreted results It therefore seems crucial to ex. plain the methodology that we used for this survey. This study focuses exclusively on bio based polymer producers and the market data therefore does. not cover the bio based plastics branch We must clearly differentiate between these two terms A. polymer is a chemical compound consisting of repeating structural units monomers synthesized. through a polymerization or fermentation process whereas a plastic material constitutes a blend of. one or more polymers and additives, an attempt to avoid double counting over the various steps in the value chain Starch blends are the.
single exception among plastics to have been included in the market research They are always used. in complex blends of many components such as aliphatic polyesters e g PCL PLA PBAT PBS. In order to also avoid double counting here it was attempted to leave out the capacities of bio based. polymers used in starch blends, The focus of the study is on construction polymers i e the polymers that will later constitute the. or simply as a performance enhancer in other materials were only covered selectively and are not. included in the totals given in this summary Regenerated cellulose e g cellophane and viscose. natural rubber and linoleum are beyond the scope of this study. This market survey covers current market trends on bio based polymers i e derived from biomass. which may be biodegradable or not However we decided to include market data on some polymers. that are currently still fossil based namely polybutylene succinate PBS and polybutyleneadipat. terephthalate PBAT It may seem paradoxical but the reasons for covering their production capaci. ties are as follows Their development is highly linked to the development of other bio based poly. mers as they are often used to enhance their properties in bio based compounds In the case of PBS. which is currently produced from fossil resources in relatively small quantities the capacity devel. opment is spurred by the development of its bio based precursors as bio based succinic acid can be. produced at lower cost than its fossil based alternative They are both drop in processable i e every. fossil based PBS or PBAT producer can switch to bio based PBS or PBAT if the bio based diacids. capacity development in their bio based precursor chemicals the polymers of the companies covered. here are expected to be increasingly bio based reaching shares of 50 PBAT and 80 PBS by. This study considers only announced capacities The research work is based on the analysis and. discussion of existing publications press releases and market studies questionnaires face to face. expert interviews many at CEO level and expert workshops and conferences held during the study. period On the other hand the database gathers a broader list of companies e g start ups that have. no announced volumes as yet but may become leading companies in the future The database will be. continuously updated and act as a perfect database for future market surveys. The total estimate of polymer production capacity in 2020 is mainly based on the forecasts of compa. nies already producing bio based polymers or precursors today That could lead to an underestima. tion of future capacities because the method does not take account of new players. Table 1 gives an overview on the covered bio based polymers and the producer companies with their. locations The database contains a total of 247 companies in 363 locations More detailed information. is provided for 114 companies in 135 locations, Bio based polymers Locations. of polymer until 2020, Cellulose Acetate CA 50 9 15. Polyamide PA 14 17, Polybutylene Adipate Terephthalat PBAT 3 3. Polybutylene Succinate PBS 11 12, Polyethylene PE 100 2.
Polyethylene Terephthalat PET 4 4, Polyhydroxy Alkanoate PHAs 100 14 16. Polylactic Acid PLA 100 27 32, Poylpropylene PP 100 1 1. Polyvinyl Chloride 43 2 2, Polyurethane PUR 30 10 10. Total companies covered with detailed information in this report 114 135. Additional companies included in the 133 228, Total companies and locations recorded in the market study 247 363. 8 Executive Summary, Executive Summary, 1 4 Main results.
1 4 1 Building blocks and monomers as a precursor of polymers. The thickness of the arrows is related to the current market relevance of the corresponding building. blocks while the yellow coloured areas illustrate the direct conversion of different polymers namely. natural rubber starch based polymers lignin based polymers and cellulose based polymers from. the purple and the orange ones coincide with the glycerol and fatty acid pathways respectively Only. existing routes currently engaged in industrial production have been taken into consideration There. are many more pathways under research or at pilot stage However one can clearly see that bio based. chemical producers currently have the potential to build extensive alternative supply chains for a va. riety of chemicals and polymers e g PU PA, FROM BIOMASS TO POLYMERS. Propylene MEG, PMMA PBT PU, Vinyl Chloride Ethylene Teraphtalic acid. Methyl Metacrylate, Ethanol p Xylene, Sorbitol Isobutanol THF PBS. Isosorbide PEF, PHA 1 4 Butanediol, 1 3 Propanediol. PTT Lactic acid Succinate, Adipic Superabsorbent Polymers.
Acid Starch, Saccharose 3 HP, PU Lysine Lignocellulose. Acrylic acid, Natural Rubber, PA Caprolactam, Plant oils. Glycerol Fatty acids, Epichlorohydrin, Polyols Diacids Other Furan based polymers. Natural Rubber, Starch based Polymers, Lignin based Polymers. Cellulose based Polymers, Epoxy resins PU PA, Institut eu 2012.
From Biomass to Polymers, There is a strong growth in the market for bio based precursors for drop in solutions which are also. partially covered by the report and database Often there are not yet any announced capacities at the. precursors, There is also a strong upward potential for bio based PA precursors for example as well as plans to. adipic acid 2 800 kt market in total HMDA caprolactam etc the bio based market share is purely. a matter of price compared to petrochemical routes which is already lower in some cases. The ongoing increase in bio based MEG and pTA capacity has a considerable impact on the produc. tion capacities of partly bio based PET Our forecast for the total Bio PET production capacity is. based on the forecast of bio based MEG production capacity in particular supported by announce. ments of future market demand, 1 4 2 Bio based polymers. The report shows that the production capacity of bio based polymers will triple from 3 5 million. tonnes in 2011 to nearly 12 million tonnes by 2020 Bio based drop in PET and PE PP polymers and. the new polymers PLA and PHA show the highest growth rates on the market Most capital invest. ment is expected to take place in Asia and South America. panies at 363 locations around the world and it examines 114 companies in 135 locations in detail. see Table 1 Considerably higher production capacity was found than in previous studies The 3 5. million tonnes represent a share of 1 5 of an overall construction polymer production of 235 million. tonnes in 2011 Current producers of bio based polymers estimate that production capacity will reach. nearly 12 million tonnes by 2020 With an expected total polymer production of about 400 million. tonnes in 2020 the bio based share will increase from 1 5 in 2011 to 3 in 2020 meaning that bio. based production capacity will grow faster than overall production. Bio based Polymers in the World Capacities Production and Applications Status Quo and Trends towards 2020 Saccharose Fatty acids Diacids Glycerol Epichlorohydrin Epoxy resins Starch 1 3 Propanediol Isobutanol Succinate Acrylic acid Superabsorbent Polymers Other Furan based polymers PEF 1 4 Butanediol p Xylene Ethylene Propylene Vinyl Chloride

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