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Are Quantity Surveyors Competent to Value for Civil
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Journal of Education and Practice www iiste org,ISSN 2222 1735 Paper ISSN 2222 288X Online. Vol 7 No 16 2016, practical physical construction works of a project in a successful way so as to be able to apply the results of his. analysis in solving problems peculiar to each project Nkado 2000 The built environment is global and extends. across all real estate and infrastructure markets and in order to appreciate the dynamics of the quantity surveying. profession along these segments it necessary to define the scope of work of the Quantity Surveyor. Quantity surveyors work in all sectors of the built environment sometimes refer to as the construction. industry worldwide In real estate QS scope of work covers residential commercial industrial leisure. agricultural and retail In infrastructure QS work sectors include roads railways airports waterways seaports. coastal defenses power generation and utilities Also QS needs understand all aspects of construction over the. whole life of a building or facility and must have the ability to manage cost effectively equating quality and. value with individual client needs Quantity surveyors are initially involved with the capital expenditure phase of. a building or facility which involves the feasibility design and construction phases However we are also. involved with the extension refurbishment maintenance and demolition of a facility not excluding other. professional services like cost planning contract administration procurement advice preparation of bill of. quantities BOQ among others, The quantity surveying profession largely developed over the 19th century Opawole Awodele. Babatunde Awodele 2012 Quantity surveyors are involved in various types of construction including civil. building mining petrochemical plants and refineries construction and installations Olanrewaju and Anahwe. 2015 Quantity surveying involves cost management procurement and contractual issues in the supply chain. and marketplace for constructions They monitor and update initial estimates and contractual obligations as the. construction progresses based on additional works and variations While some practices still provide services. that are focused on buildings the architectural elements others now provide services that include heavy. engineering oil and gas and engineering services Ashworth Hogg and Higgs 2013. Quantity surveying is concerned with cost and financial management of construction projects Ekung. Okonkwo 2015 Its expertise enhances the design process through the logical use of cost parameter to sustain. viable links relating price utility and forms which assists in attaining the employer s objectives within the. predetermined budget Maarouf Habib 2011 The responsibility of the Quantity Surveyor includes cost. assessment evaluation of economic and contractual arrangement of the project which is often significantly. prejudiced by factors in the environment and changes that are exclusive to the individual project Senaratne. Sabesan 2008 Experience over the years underpinned the significance growth in practices and procedures of. the quantity surveying since establishment Moore 2011 many decades ago Basically the expertise of the. quantity surveying profession is anchored on key knowledge including construction technology quantification. convention construction economics financial management business administration and construction law. Ashworth Hogg 2007, Quantity surveyors add value primarily to the financial and contractual management of construction. projects at the pre construction construction and post construction stages Dada Jagboro 2012 They. contribute to overall construction project performance by acquiring developing and deploying appropriate. competencies Nkado and Meyer 2001 The profession of quantity surveying is practiced in Nigeria along the. same pattern as in the United Kingdom and other commonwealth countries The Regulated and Other. Professions Miscellaneous Provisions Act 1978 of Nigeria recognized Quantity Surveying profession as one of. the scheduled Professions while Decree No 31 of 1986 gave legal backing to the profession and also set up the. Quantity Surveying Registration Board of Nigeria QSRBN to regulate it. Quantity surveying is global and provides services across various industries Quantity surveyors are. involved in all phases of a facility s lifecycle such as feasibility design construction extension refurbishment. maintenance and demolition The competencies of the quantity surveyors are aimed at producing constructions. that meet the client s value system Olanrewaju and Anahwe 2015 Quantity surveying as a discipline. concerned with detailed calculation and measurement of materials and labor required for construction activities. including building and engineering project reveals a multi disciplinary nature Opawole et al 2012 Olusoga. 2006 observed that Nigerian quantity surveyors of the older generation were more of experts in the costing. cost monitoring and control as it relates to building projects which they were respected for by their sisters. professionals Although it is true that today s quantity surveyors want to expand the horizon of their practice as. observed by Seppanen 2002 it is to be noted that most of this expansion in Nigeria as the case may be is into. costing of engineering projects which are still within the traditional role of the older generation of quantity. surveyors especially in the developed world, The RICS 1998 set out the requirements and competencies for assessment of professional competence.
by listing the competencies required of quantity surveyors in three categories basic competence core. competency and optional competencies Dada Jagboro 2012 The basic skills are common to all construction. professionals under RICS structure the core skills are uniquely required of quantity surveyors while the optional. competencies reflect areas of specialization or future career diversification Nkado and Meyer 2001. The quantity surveyor according to Aje and Awodele 2006 is a professional trained qualified and. Journal of Education and Practice www iiste org,ISSN 2222 1735 Paper ISSN 2222 288X Online. Vol 7 No 16 2016, experienced in dealing with problems relating to construction cost management and communication in the. construction industry The problem lies neither in the cost nor communication but in the management of. construction projects since proper and effective overall management entails every other function i e cost and. communication This should be an area of concern to Nigerian quantity surveyors in discharging their duties. since a well managed project is always a well delivered project Royal Institute of Chartered Surveyors RICS. noted that quantity surveying is very much a client led profession in that the professional quantity surveyors. respond to client needs and must continue to develop more on their own initiatives and that concerns in the. coming decade will be dominated by the need to anticipate and satisfy changing client requirements This. called for a need to examine the present performance of Nigerian quantity surveyors in their quest for better. service delivery, 3 0 Quantity Surveyors and Civil Engineering Works. The Curriculum and Course Specification for Nigerian University system defined civil engineering as discipline. involved in the planning design construction and operation of physical facilities essential to modern life and. community living Opawole et al 2012 noted that whereas quantity surveyors are adequately engaged in. engineering projects in Great Britain from where quantity surveying education in Nigeria derived its source and. model their involvement seems sub optimum in Nigeria attributable to the perception of the correlation of. quantity surveyors education to engineering projects requirements They further emphasized that there is an. increasing evolution of the profession into new fields including engineering and that for this evolution to be. worthwhile in Nigeria there is the need to understand the major aspects under which engineering constructions. are administered and the scope of quantity surveyors education and training in Nigeria. Seleey 1993 identified nine major aspects around which engineering contract administration revolved. These are a contractual arrangement contract documentation tendering procedure site organization site. supervision communication measurement and valuation of works instruction and variations settlement of. claims and certificate while Bello 2003 summarizes these as design and construction and cost appraisal and. construction, Quantity surveying profession is constantly confronted with challenges and opportunities in new. markets These are often passed over predominantly because of the lack of relevant skills and competencies. Dada Jagboro 2012 These challenges and opportunities will not be fully leveraged if these skills are not. addressed Ajanlekoko 2012 emphasized the need for quantity surveyors to move away from being a. thermometer reader of temperature to being a thermostat controller of the event in the 21st century If this. is going to be he called for a culture change and attitudinal development of quantity surveyors. Hore O Kelly and Scully 2009 list typical quantity surveying functions as. 1 Preparing approximate estimates of cost in the very early stages of the formulation of a building project. giving advice on alternative materials components and types of construction and assisting with. feasibility studies, 2 Cost planning and value analysis during the design stage of a project to ensure that the client obtains the.
best possible value for money including adding value to property assets preferably having regard to. total costs using life cycle costing techniques Costs should be distributed in the most realistic way. throughout the various sections or elements of the building and tender figures should be kept within the. client s budget, 3 Advising on the most appropriate form of building procurement having regard to the type of project. quality the speed of construction apportionment of risk and price certainty. 4 Preparation of bills of quantities and other contract documents relating to the project. 5 Examining tenders and priced bills of quantities and reporting the findings. 6 Negotiating rates with contractors on negotiated contracts and dealing with cost reimbursement. contracts design and build management and other forms of contract. 7 Valuing work in progress and making recommendations as to payments to be made to the contractor. including advising on the financial effect of variations. 8 Preparing the final account on completion of the contract works. 9 Advising on the financial and contractual aspects of contractors claims. 10 Giving cost advice and information at all stages of the contract and preparing cost analyses and cost. reports to clients, 11 Specialist advice such as technical auditing valuations for fire insurance giving advice on funding. grants capital allowances and taxation risk analysis and management bank monitoring project. management building services cost advice and other related matters including health and safety and. quality control, Cost advise and cost planning functions enable the QS to advise building owners architects and the. other members of the design team of the probable costs of construction schemes and on the costs of alternative. Journal of Education and Practice www iiste org,ISSN 2222 1735 Paper ISSN 2222 288X Online. Vol 7 No 16 2016, designs before and during the design development phase of the project This assists the design team to arrive.
jointly at practical designs for projects while staying within the client s budget This advice enables design and. construction to be controlled within predetermined expenditure limits at all stages of the project. The relationship between the quantity surveyors and the construction industry vis vis their ability to. comprehend and manage civil engineering projects effectively will be discussed under the following headings. 3 1 Skills and Knowledge of Quantity Surveyors, In almost all the British colony quantity surveyors services are fully appreciated for all forms of engineering. projects The situation is different in Nigeria where their involvement is fully appreciated for building. engineering constructions but at a seemingly low level in engineering projects Opawole et al 2012 They. further stressed that some previous works attributed this lacuna to professional rivalries while some are of the. opinion that the present education training of quantity surveyors in Nigeria has not led to the adequate qualitative. competence of the quantity surveyors due to the embryonic state of the discipline. Collaboratively Olanrewaju and Anahwe 2015 argued that it would be out of place to claim that all. quantity surveyors have the required skills and knowledge to provide expert advice on the engineering services. as they do for other aspects of the construction processes They argued further that clients are increasingly. becoming uncomfortable with the inability of quantity surveyors to provide conclusive and accurate estimates. for their buildings arising from using lump sums to price engineering services. Meanwhile several researchers Ashworth 2010 Ashworth Hogg and Higgs 2013 Marsh 2003. opined that some quantity surveyors have specialized their job in such a way that they preferred been called. M E Quantity Surveyors ostensibly to mean quantity surveyors. across all real estate and infrastructure markets and in order to appreciate the dynamics of the quantity surveying profession along these segments it necessary to define the scope of work of the Quantity Surveyor Quantity surveyors work in all sectors of the built environment sometimes refer to as the construction industry worldwide In

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