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Archi Gaming Finding the Overlap,Jeff Chastine Rich Cole Chris Welty. Southern Polytechnic State University,Marietta GA USA. In academic settings students and researchers are often encouraged to participate in inter. disciplinary collaboration In practice one of the challenges that these groups face is the osten. sibly disparate set of expectations of project goals and outcomes To be successful collaborators. must be both aware and sensitive to these needs of those outside their discipline One example. of such collaboration is the integration of gaming elements into different disciplines commonly. known as gamification This topic is relatively new in academia as is awarding university de. grees in computer game design the discipline of game design has largely been an investigation. within the discipline itself Likewise architecture though much older as a degree granting disci. pline has also used primarily conventional architectural projections of orthographic projection. and perspective and more recently animation The underlying argument of this paper is that a. collaborative cross disciplinary approach to a design and presentation project specifically ar. chitecture and game design has a synergistic value in the overlap or common area of the pro. cess and goals of the respective disciplines, This paper reports the concept process and results of a student and faculty university. collaborative to explore the potential synergy of digital game design capstone projects and archi. tectural thesis projects The research intent of the collaboration was two fold establishing a. process that allowed interdepartmental student and faculty exchange and more importantly the. manifestation and analysis of a new area where the two disciplines cross pollinate what the col. laborators referred to as the overlap It was this interstitial piece between the two disciplines. the zone of intellectual inquiry and application that added value to each discipline s goals The. contributions of this paper include an analysis and discussion of this overlap a description of the. process as well as the collaborative outcome and perceived value of the exercise The challeng. es of communication meeting the goals of each discipline sharing information team organiza. tion and workflow between two distinct disciplines are discussed as well The presentation of. this paper will benefit others who desire to advance the knowledge of gamification of applicable. aspects of a discipline through a thorough review of a collaborative process with clear articula. tion of discipline specific project goals design of processes and best practices. Introduction, It is a natural phenomenon for people to gravitate towards those with similar backgrounds. and interests Like minded groups typically share the similar ideas education terminology and. processes for completing tasks This behavior is seen in academia as well as such faculty re. search often remains confined within schools or departments while student projects seldom inte. Page 24 193 2, grate concepts outside of a specific discipline While within discipline activities are certainly.
appropriate they often limit creativity constrain the range of possibilities and fail to expose stu. dents to new ways of thinking over extended periods of time there is also the potential to create. detrimental academic silos, In contrast the real world requires individuals to apply knowledge to a variety of disciplines. outside their area of expertise while working with others with diverse backgrounds For exam. ple a computer science graduate may find herself developing applications for an insurance com. pany or financial institution to create such software she must have at least rudimentary under. standing of her employer s business Similarly mathematicians can apply their knowledge to. other domains including scientific research or actuarial endeavors The field of computer game. design and development is perhaps one of the best exemplars of the need for cross discipline col. laboration The production of a computer game requires programmers artists sound designers. and businessmen to communicate and work together towards a common goal. In this paper we describe a collaborative effort between faculty members and students from two. distinct academic units computer game design and architecture with ostensibly opposing re. quirements Specifically computer game design is focused on the digital code implementation. of animation and game logic whereas architecture deals far more in the physical world of space. form function and human needs The goal of this work is the establishment of a process for such. collaborations as well as the identification and development of the overlap between these two. disciplines Our contributions include a discussion and analysis of this overlap the refined pro. cess as well as a description of the initial and long term challenges that faced both groups. The Perspective of Architecture, The Architectural Thesis is the last major step toward graduation with a first professional. degree from the Architecture Program and our institution It is composed of three interrelated. components Thesis Prep Thesis Research and Thesis Studio all providing an opportunity for. the student to explore and investigate a relevant issue in the field of architecture The process. starts as a student enters the last semester of senior year and runs over three semesters The final. two semesters comprise the fifth year of the 5 year professionally accredited Bachelor of Archi. tecture program Each component presents the student with different intentions and goals that. collectively contribute to the overall Thesis, Thesis Prep provides a mix of different modes of research and creative interpretation with the. intention of getting the student to learn and think independently and critically Its goal is to de. velop an understanding that research is a mode of inquiry that implies not only the gathering of. factual information but also the explanation and interpretation of the implicit and explicit values. conventions and assumptions embedded in the built environment Thesis Prep guides the student. through a process of self discovery and concludes with the establishment of the Thesis State. The Thesis Research phase of the project involves the construction of a critical context in which. the student investigates the ideas established Its goal is a well researched clearly articulated. written and illustrated examination of the topic The research work is intended to develop the. Page 24 193 3, student s individual architectural voice and serve as the intellectual grounding of the project to be. undertaken the following semester in the Thesis Studio. The goal of the Thesis is a demonstration of the Student s ability to apply critical thinking and. design research skills to the development of a design solution The student directs the proposal. developing the project as it moves through conceptual schematic development and technical. stages Throughout the process the student is required to articulate their findings and ideas with. representations and presentations While the Thesis originates in a determinate intellectual posi. tion it culminates in a designed artifact Often times these projects set the trajectory for a stu. dent s future, Largely an independent exercise the Thesis structure allows the student to explore their specific.
interests and to develop a unique voice Students who wish can engage in a collaborative exer. cise with the approval of their faculty advisors Though those who engage in collaboration do. not relinquish any requirements of the Thesis and must fulfill the requirements for graduation. In general our research seeks out projects that are place based with a firm notion of architectural. design that can be tested through construction Though this potential for construction does not. inherently lead to pragmatism it is an understanding or acceptance that the student will try to. develop the tectonics or details behind the ideas, Over the years our interests have focused on projects that have a sense of place or critical region. alism We encourage specific design responses that answer to the notion of what makes a place. a place designing in accordance with local conditions context materials technology and cul. ture demographics and symbols so as to make an architecture that is uniquely of its place. Students pursue design ideas and test design solutions through a series of physical and virtual. models The process is one of discovery At each stage they are required to document decisions. and provide visualization to represent the formal and experiential qualities of their designs Spa. tial relationships are typically shown through conventional orthographic projections of plan sec. tion and elevation For instance the student may develop a floor plan to articulate the circulation. patterns within the design while simultaneously illustrating the spatial layout of the program. components The experience of the space may be represented through a series of perspective. drawings Architectural detailing and constructability of the tectonic details are required and de. veloped through drawings and models The student must show the relationship of building skin. or enclosure with structural systems and systems integration Final design solutions must ad. dress the built environment and include some understanding of how the project will integrate into. the site and context, With the heavy use of digital technologies available there has been a real interest in using virtual. models as design tools and how these tools establish a predominate position in the realm of creat. ing documenting and delivering decisions about space and professional communications Can. immersion provide the environment for revealing more about design and design decisions The. collaboration with the game designers provides the opportunity for visualization moving beyond. static animation sequences to virtual interaction Moving from abstract drawings to first person. Page 24 193 4, perspective immersion allows the design and participant alike to engage in the role of discovery. or revealing more about the architecture and design decisions. A successful Thesis Studio investigation must document the design process and demonstrate the. evolution of the proposal into a comprehensive and convincing potential reality Final require. ments culminate with a final thesis review and the submission of all research findings and de. sign documented in a Thesis Book, Notwithstanding the technical and procedural aspects involved in successful completion of the. Thesis project its genuine value lies in exploration The fifth year commonly known as the The. sis year is full academic year for students to explore their individual passion for architecture. This goes well beyond stylistic preference and gets at the nexus of the student s intellectual and. critical reasoning processes as those relate to physical and virtual design Students enter the The. sis year with a prerequisite course Thesis Research that is focused on discovering what type of. Thesis pursuit will be most beneficial to their individual 5th year effort and will subsequently. help define them as a young architectural intern in practice or in graduate school It really is the. first time in the curriculum that students have this degree of freedom The ability to shape their. Thesis year is crucial to the collaborative potential with the Game Design and Development stu. dents and instructors,The Perspective of Gaming, The game development program at our university is taught as an applied form of comput.
er science In addition to requiring several core computer science courses students are re. quired to complete 14 courses that are specific to game development and gaming algorithms As. a culmination of this coursework students are required to complete a two semester sequence of. studio and capstone courses in which they exercise their design and development skills through. the implementation a full game prototype Students self organize into groups which typically. range in size from 1 to 3 members Groups are encouraged to pursue the genre of gaming they. would most prefer to work in professionally While some students elect to develop mobile and. casual 2D games a majority choose to work in 3D environments This likely stems from previ. ous coursework with one or more 3D gaming engines such as Unity3D or the Unreal Develop. ment Kit UDK Though some students begin the sequence with preconceived game ideas. many do not and are open minded about working on various projects After a concept document. is created students are expected to iterate on the current version of their game each week by. identifying high priority tasks implementing those modifications in the following week and. presenting them during the next class Finally students can choose to continue their game into. their second semester enabling a more comprehensive game to be created or choose to begin a. new project to demonstrate their diverse skillsets. The Studio and Capstone experience is important to gaming students not only from an academic. perspective but to their careers as well In addition to a r sum game developers are often re. quired to show a visually impressive portfolio that provides evidence to future employers of their. development skills Students understand this and therefore take the class seriously However. they have had notorious difficulties with finding professional looking assets for their games. While our university contains degrees in new media few students possess skills in 3D animation. Page 24 193 5, Previously the program established relationships with art departments in other universities. However this process was plagued with problems that were attributed not only to distance but. scheduling conflicts as well e g semesters vs quarter system Thus students resorted to scav. enging the Web for models and textures resulting in a non cohesive collection of assets for their. games In some cases students tried creating the assets themselves Not only did these assets. typically look poor this approach wasted valuable coding and design time and ultimately con. tributed to a visually unimpressive game and occasionally mediocre game mechanics. While game developers want to create games that are visually appealing they prioritize interac. tivity and entertainment and are often willing to sacrifice aesthetics for playability This can be. seen in early game systems which could not render high quality graphics while maintaining a. reasonable frames per second i e how animation is performed examples of this can be seen. in the successful games of the 1980s including Tetris and Super Mario Bros Instead designers. overcame limitations in graphics hardware by designing games that provided immediate feed. back and were highly playable When extrapolating to modern game development while more. polygons might support a visually impressive scene developers continue to find ways to reduce. the number of polygons in exchange for an interactive framerate. Background and Related Work, Though the origin of the term gamification is difficult to trace many believe it was. coined in 2002 by the British computer scientist Nick Peller Since then the use of the term has. increased significantly but was defined in 2011 as the use of game design elements in non game. contexts 1 There is also evidence that the term gamification was first used by Richard Bartle. in his design of MUD Multi User Dungeon as early as 1978 7 However in its broadest sense. gamification is simply the use of game like thinking and elements in situations that are not tradi. tionally approached as games 5 Gamification has been investigated in a variety of contexts such. as the preservation of historical experiences 2 It has been used as a way to reduce the overhead. cost of teaching the strength of materials 3 Recently gamification has been applied socially in a. K 6 educational environment 4 There are a number of game devices such as badges actions and. leaderboards that deployed properly can help extrinsically motivate the player or players to un. derstand a problem more clearly In the case of the Archi Gaming initiative gamification pro. vides information intrigue and familiarity of conventional architectural projection drawings of. plans elevations sections and perspectives, Gamification is relatively new to education but has its foundation in American business in the. first decade of the twentieth century In 1910 Kellogg offered a premium to customers pur. chasing two boxes of cereal the Funny Jungleland Moving Pictures book In 1912 Cracker. Jack featured a prize in every box 6 These and other similar consumer incentives weren t. games but combining fun surprise and incentive to repeat the process even if the process was. purchasing was an important first step in the journey to gamification More games followed. Car Bingo kept kids quiet on trips while resolving the real world observation of differing car. makes and the 1960 debut of The Game of Life mirrored life events of college family mort. gages employment and retirement These games featured rules rewards winners losers in an. entertaining simulation of real life These were analog games and as with prizes in cereal imag. ining real events in a game scenario was common,Page 24 193 6. With the accessibility of the personal computer in the late 1970s and the edutainment decade of. the 1980s with computer games such as The Oregon Trail and Where in the World in Carmen. Sandiego made the digital version of gamification a profit center for the burgeoning gaming. industry 8 1978 saw the first multi player game in which the players shared a virtual experience. Primitive by today s measure a MUD Multi User Dungeon developed by Richard Bartle and. Roy Trubshaw of Britain s University of Essex was a text based game similar to the genre in. cluding World of Warcraft Bartle refined the game now titled MUD1 to include more com. petitive situations and actions with more tasks available to the players Bartle coins this gamifi. The 1990s saw exponential growth of the computer game industry Sony s first home console. Playstation debuted in 1994 and sold more than 100 million units over the next decade A four. billion dollar industry in 1990 grew to fifteen billion by 1996 In 2003 gaming was included in. the political arena The Howard Dean presidential campaign commissioned the design of the. first well known U S presidential election video game The game was titled Howard Dean for. Iowa Game by Persuasive Games It helped to organize support for the Dean campaign by. providing a visualization of grassroots operations It was estimated that the game was played. 100 000 times in the month preceding the election 8. Establishment of Collaboration, The idea of collaboration between the Thesis and Game Design students and faculty.
came about as the result of a conversation between the dean School of Architecture and Con. struction Management and the university s Vice President for Academic Affairs about possible. collaborations amongst the university s programs In fact it was the VPAA that suggested there. was a potential symbiosis between the idea of concept program and design in the disciplines of. Architecture and Game Design, Parallel conversations were taking place between the Coordinator of the university s Computer. Game Design and Development program a Thesis studio professor in the Architecture program. and the dean of the school The conversations seem to always return to alternative possibilities. for presenting the physical design information of a 5th year Architecture Thesis project at the. university and how that effort could benefit the Computer Game Design and Development stu. dents as well as the Architecture Thesis students, The Architecture Thesis level of studios at the university s Architecture Program allows consid. erable latitude in project selection and presentation technique and media Similarly the universi. ty s Computer Game Design and Development program is a Capstone effort executed in the. fourth year of the major and encourages innovative design and creative presentation Ultimately. two faculty instructors from Architecture Thesis a design instructor and the dean joined with the. coordinator of the Computer Game Design and Development to develop the concept for the ini. tiative in the summer of 2012 Students from Computer Game Design and Development and Ar. chitecture Thesis joined the collaborative in fall 2012. Since the Architecture Thesis professors had students willing to participate in such a collabora. tive and the Game Design and Development coordinator was interested in how the Architecture. Page 24 193 7, students could contribute to the game image concept and assets the prospects looked positive. for a successful collaborative effort Each of the three faculty collaborators brought their indi. vidual strengths to the collaborative One of the Architectural Thesis instructors is knowledgea. ble in computer 3D modeling and animation and in fact built a successful private practice doing. animations from 3D virtual models for architects contractors and developers The Game Design. and Development instructor coordinates the Game Design effort is an expert in game design and. game design software and coordinates the Game Design Capstone project and the dean of Archi. tecture and Construction Management was able to manage some of the scheduling and logistical. challenges, Soon after the faculty commitment to the project Thesis instructors and two Architecture Thesis. students made a pitch video to solicit interest in their concept from the Game Design students. The pitch was successful in gaining the interests of several of the Game Design students as well. as the president of our institution volunteering to serve the team as a consultant for the geology. of Mars the location of the first game design The university s VPAA also signed on as the. team s chemist The president s PhD is in geology Mars geology and the VPAA s PhD is in. The pitch was successful and so with faculty from Architecture Thesis Game Design and Devel. opment two students from Architecture and eight students from Game Design the collaboration. began in fall 2012 The collaboration grew to four Architecture students and ten Game Design. students in spring 2013, The fall 2012 and spring 2013 collaboratives maintained a web presence to archive the original.
pitch and provide a central location for game assets Also the web presence helped to maintain. a constant visual brand as the collaborative passed from one semester to the next with new de. signers entering the collaborative as others graduated. This ongoing collaboration is intended to examine the design and production process of each dis. cipline observe and reflect on the efficacy of that process and seek that interstitial area between. the two disciplines the overlap and make meaningful reform to the next collaboration After. two semesters from fall 2012 to spring 2013 the faculty and student collaborators found sub. stance in the overlap frustrations in the process and sufficient value in the effort and product to. justify continuing the investigation in the next academic year. Learning Outcomes, In searching for the overlap in the learning outcomes for Archi Gaming the instructors. began with a comparison of syllabi for the Computer Game Design and Development Capstone. course CGDD 4814 and the Architectural Thesis course ARCH 5999T It was quickly apparent. that the courses while sharing design principles were not going to overlap in the conventional. sense of the fulfillment of learning outcomes In fact the computer gaming design Capstone. course states in the syllabus in the way of advice to the students Your job is not to design art. Your job is to develop things especially code On the architectural side of the collaborative. Page 24 193 8, the design of the art of architecture is fundamental and the design of code except for the recent. emphasis on computer scripting in architectural design is not a consideration. With little overlap with regard to learning outcomes in the most conventional and conservative. sense the instructors looked more closely at those outcomes that were more implicit in the sylla. bi of the courses The game design Capstone course has a syllabus mandate that challenges the. student to create a project that says to a future employer This is the best I could do Surely. that broad statement leaves some room for creative interpretation The architectural Thesis sylla. bi is crafted on a series of Student Performance Criteria SPC set forth by the program s pro. fessional accrediting board, There are several learning outcomes pertinent to the architectural Thesis that although not over. lapping with the game design Capstone could be demonstrated in part by a successful collabo. ration with the game design students, 1 Communication Skills This is a broad category of traditional communication in writ. ing speaking and listening The instructors broadened this to collaborative communica. tion skills, 2 Visual Communication Skills This is more narrowly defined to traditional and digital.
technology skills, 3 Leadership and Practice This learning outcome includes leadership skills in the col. laborative sense as well as business practices, In summary there was little in the learning outcomes of either discipline that suggested merely. merging the learning outcomes would suffice for the new collaborative initiative Instead the. instructors and the students decided to implement those learning objectives discussed in this sec. tion but moreover be open to discovery of new ideas and relationships that could be implement. ed in version 2 0 of the collaborative,Finding the Overlap. Identification of the middle ground a search for this interstitial piece between the two. disciplines the zone of intellectual inquiry and application that added value to each discipline s. goals was the first goal The larger question began to emerge Would the collaboration yield. more than the sum of the parts, Degrees in Architecture are established and have well defined academic requirements and pro. cesses Computer Game Design and Development CGDD on the other hand is a relatively. new academic area Consequently there were several initial challenges that stem primarily from. differences in terminology expectations and constraints. Initially the Architects were interested in revealing more about their architecture than was gained. through typical representational means with a desire to understand the link that visualization can. have on design decisions The Gamers needed assets to populate their games allowing them to. focus on interaction Each group had independent criterion for academic success. Page 24 193 9, John Dewey was one of the initial voices promoting learning by doing Throughout his life.
Dewey continued to argue that education and learning are social and interactive processes 9 In. 1991 Blumenfeld and others defined the project based learning model as a comprehensive per. spective focused on teaching by engaging students in investigation 10 An analysis of the learn. ing outcomes showed that both disciplines utilized some form of project based learning for. teaching and that each program required a final creative product for student evaluation The. learning objectives of each discipline prescribed an open ended challenge that was focused on a. design project requiring specific skills unique to their discipline The Architecture students have. to convey ideas of environments and space through models and representations The Game stu. dents use interaction and emersion as their media Within each discipline students are responsi. ble for their own choices and decisions which incorporates feedback from reviews Articulation. of a final design solution from both programs develops critical thinking and problem solving. Based on this common structure the gaming collaborative would provide an excellent opportuni. ty for project based learning, In the beginning information exchange was a problem Though both groups of students used. digital technology to communicate ideas there was the danger of data overload and the problem. of specificity from the architecture students Architects use specific terminology and often ex. press ideas via static 2D and 3D images CGDD students rely heavily on interactivity within a. space As an example of this architecture students prefer to create highly detailed spaces con. taining potentially several million polygons i e the triangles and shapes that make up the envi. ronment These scenes can take several minutes to hours to render the final image However. this constraint is not acceptable in the gaming world in which scenes must be rendered in 1 30th. of a second if not faster Thus there is a tradeoff between what architecture students prefer. e g the accuracy of models and what the game development students prefer e g interactivity. Figure 1 below demonstrates an example of this concept Note in figure 1a that the edges of the. sphere with the low polygon count are flattened while the sphere on the right is considerably. Figure 1 A textured sphere high and low polygon counts. Page 24 193 10,Figure 1a Notice the edge condition though. subtle the globe to the left has a faceted edge,due to low polygon count verses the smooth. edge on the right with a greater polygon count,but requiring more processing time Because. the architecture students typically produce,static images rendering times are not a concern.
so they model with many polygons, While these requirements initially present barriers to collaboration there is noticeable overlap. between the two degrees in that both typically require a Capstone portfolio experience and much. of what both groups produce manifest as something visual Further while Architecture portfoli. os often include 2D orthographic i e flattened view of their designs they often work and. think in the 3D space, These technical challenges lead students to communication successes as the students developed. catalogs that documented architectural assets including specific technical data Students began to. talk about game genres and architectural styles as interchangeable references Representation. from the Architecture students who rely on flat 2D abstractions of orthographic projection sys. tems to communicate space began to employ sketching and perspective views to express ideas. Presented with a realistic project students were confronted with the struggles of fulfilling the. central concepts and principles of each discipline while maintaining a commitment to the larger. project Within the collaborative faculty only played a facilitator role in the process Working. collaboratively required more than problem solving as students found working in a community. requires sensitivity to others Separately the Architectural thesis students concluded their work. with formal presentations of design solutions represented through projection systems and physi. cal models The game design students concluded their semester with an interactive game The. final outcome of the collaborative resulted in a design product that embodied both Architecture. and interaction with a series of online games, Examples from first collaboration Mars Colonization. During the first semester of collaboration two senior architecture students were willing. to participate in the pilot of this concept and were asked to talk with the gaming students during. the first week of classes One architecture student had a strong interest in architectural structures. for the colonization of Mars while the second was investigating foldable structures that could be. easily transported These students took the liberty of creating a plot for the games which includ. ed a rogue cyborg who served as the games antagonist While the design of the games had tradi. Page 24 193 11, tionally been left to the gaming students many seemed willing to adopt this theme and design. games around it Using the same pool of assets four games were created based on the coloniza. tion of Mars These included Cyborg Assault Red Protocol MT 18 and Colony 43 here we de. scribe the first three, In each of the three examples the objective was to reveal the architectural design through game.
play gamification In concept familiarity of the physical design of the building or buildings. interior spaces when required and exterior environments would be discovered and rewarded as. the player reached levels or goals The examples demonstrate interaction between the computer. game design and the architectural design depending on the type of game as each study discusses. In Cyborg Assault the player assumes the role of a space marine that finds himself inside a large. futuristic structure and is tasked by the captain to investigate locations within this space During. the investigation the player is required to explore the ship and destroy an alien infestation The. game is a First Person Shooter FPS however the main camera hovers above the marine to. provide a near FPS view see Figure 2 Other than the animated characters that appear in the. game all structures were made by the architecture students including a captain s bridge hallway. units and a cargo bay, Figure 2 The hallways of Cyborg Assault left and the cargo bay right. Red Protocol is a First Person platformer i e a game containing many platforms requiring the. player to jump in which the player is initially tasked with exploring a very dark environment to. find a power generator for the city During the game the player is expected to solve simple puz. zles and collect items to restore the city to a functional state see Figure 3 Over time the city. became increasingly brighter Other than the platforms all structures were designed by the ar. chitecture students,Page 24 193 12,Figure 3 The platforms in Red Protocol. Finally MT 18 is a reverse tower defense game in which the objective is to safely guide a con. voy of ships along a pre defined path in the Martian terrain Originally this was done by equip. ping each ship in the convoy with appropriate upgrades Further this initial version of the game. contained a static overhead view of the terrain similar to the mini map in Figure 4 As dis. cussed later the view was changed to a first person point of view and enabled the player to shoot. enemy turrets along the path The view also contained several visual elements to indicate the. status e g health shields etc of each ship in the convoy. Figure 4 MT 18 s first person view and overhead mini map. In trying to satisfy the constraints of both architecture and gaming students needed to be clever. Architecture students expressed interest in seeing their models not only from a specific view. point 5 to 6 feet above the ground but were also interested in visualizing the models in their. entirety All groups used different approaches for this constraint but were able to integrate these. Page 24 193 13, concepts seamlessly into their games For example Cyborg Assault is a FPS satisfying con. straint 1 but also includes a Gallery room where all major structural units appear in minia. ture serving as a map to the player After visiting the gallery the player is provided with a mini. map that eventually appears in the lower right corner of the player s view see Figure 5. Figure 5 The gallery left which later provides a mini map right. The other two games attempted to satisfy these constraints as well Though it was never imple. mented Red Protocol was originally designed to contain a room with orthographic projections of. the structures showing the locations of the items similar to a museum Not only would this. serve as a guide to the player it would convey the structural layout in a manner consistent with. the ways that architects communicate MT 18 on the other hand included a significant amount. of architecture yet originally contained a third person overhead view The game was later. changed to include a first person view that could change between ships in the convoy Conse. quently this enabled the player to have a more interactive experience while providing the correct. architectural perspective In addition the game included an introductory birds eye view of the. terrain and structures as well as tight rotating views of the vessels to demonstrate their architec. ture as well as in game capabilities see Figure 6, Figure 6 The introductory scenes left and the close up view of the vessels right. Examples from second semester collaboration China Revitalization. The successful collaboration of the Mars colonization project continued into the follow. ing semester but also encouraged participation from additional gaming and architecture students. The new architecture students had interest in the revitalization of existing structures in China. Page 24 193 14, including the preservation of religious structures and the redesign of an industrial complex This.
was a significant departure from the previous semester that provided the gaming students a de. sign challenge From these projects two new games emerged namely Evocation and District. 751 the original names of the architectural theses. Evocation is an educational serious game where the player solves simple puzzles while discover. ing artifacts in Chinese history and culture The game is located within a city museum that con. tains a religious temple on the top floor Throughout their experience the player is guided by. helpful spirits that appear in locations that need to be explored in order for the player to make. progress in the game For example inside a room is a bucket of water that is needed to extin. guish a large fire that blocks a doorway see Figure 7 Because the development team included. one of the members from Red Protocol the concept of hanging architectural renderings within. the space carried into this project, The original architectural vision for District 751 was significantly different than the game that. ultimately emerged The architecture students had painstakingly recreated an existing decrepit. industrial plant in China intending to repurpose the site as a green space and art museum How. ever the gaming students saw the original assets in their current state in how they could be. used in a horror game With the permission of the architect the gaming students developed the. horror game across two semesters in which the player investigates the disappearance of co. workers in District 751 see Figure 8 The game includes disappearing and reappearing objects. creatures that crawl on the underside of catwalks objects that vanish quickly into the back. ground and an unexpected ending, Figure 7 Evocation that includes a spirit and architectural renderings.

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