Arbor Trellis Or Pergola What S In Your Garden-Books Pdf

Arbor Trellis or Pergola What s in Your Garden
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Belvederes were common in seventeenth century Italian popular shape is octagonal or round Today most serve as. and English gardens ornamental features, Conservatory A glass and metal structure traditionally Greenhouse A structure of glass or plastic for plant. found in estate gardens Conservatories were built as indoor cultivation that allows incoming solar radiation to be. garden rooms to display plants unlike a greenhouse which absorbed by plants and soil in the building Heat from. is used primarily to cultivate plants The word conservatory re radiation by the plants and soil keeps the plants warm. is derived from the Italian term conservato meaning to The earliest greenhouses in sixteenth century Italy see. store or preserve and the Latin term ory meaning a place Orangeries used open windows and plank and cloth. for A conservatory was originally a structure for storing covers Glass greenhouses came into use in seventeenth. food Descriptions of garden conservatories are seen in century Europe and modern greenhouse and conservatory. writings as early as 1650 However the term conservatory design evolved with advancements in glass technology and. began to be used in Britain in the mid seventeenth century construction techniques in mid eighteenth century Europe. to refer to buildings with large south facing windows. Modern conservatory design began in the mid eighteenth Lattice An open network of laths thin strips of wood. century when advances in glass and steel production in a crisscross pattern at right angles with small square. allowed larger spans of glass for more light openings to let in light and air circulation The lattice is. often built in flat panels and attached to a frame to create a. Crinkle Crankle Wall Sometimes known as ribbon walls or trellis or enclose a structure such as a gazebo. serpentine walls the term originated from a Suffolk dialect. term to describe a serpentine shaped brick or stone garden Lath House A structure used to create shade for cultivating. wall designed to enhance the growing of fruit Fruit trees plants The structure can be open sided or enclosed with. were espaliered on the sun facing surfaces to catch more thin narrow parallel strips of wood spaced to provide about. sun Serpentine walls were used in early colonial gardens 50 shade The structure allows air and light in through the. because in their traditional form they are a single line of roof while screening the sun and wind. brick in a serpentine shape that does not require support. columns or buttressing for stability Thomas Jefferson is Moon Gate A circular oval or octagonal shape cut in a. widely credited with bringing the serpentine wall to the walled garden or courtyard wall The opening acts as a. United States where he used it on the University of Virginia pedestrian passageway Of Chinese origin the moon gate. campus is a traditional element in Chinese gardens but it was. originally only found in the gardens of wealthy nobles The. Folly A small structure constructed for decoration but gates have different spiritual meanings for the different. often built to suggest usefulness Follies were used as focal shapes and for each tile used in the gate The curve of the. points in large English and French landscape gardens gate represents the half moon hence the name. in the eighteenth century The origin is believed to be. from the Old French folie meaning madness They are Orangerie An area in a garden where orange and lemon. distinguished from garden ornaments because they are true trees were planted in moveable tubs in formal arrangements. buildings although they re deliberately built as ornaments outside in the summer then moved into an adjacent. They often have an unusual design and false elements for hothouse in winter The hothouse had large open windows. example some mimic old ruins and a heater to overwinter the citrus trees Orangeries were. first introduced into Spain by Arabs in the twelfth century. Gazebo A small structure or garden pavilion usually sited and used in Italian Renaissance gardens in the sixteenth. for a view The origin of the term is unknown however they century They reached the height of popularity in sixteenth. were often used in England so homeowners could stand century English and German gardens and they evolved into. in a protected area gaze upon their land and supervise the glass greenhouse in the seventeenth century A modern. a construction or landscaping project Thus the term is greenhouse is sometimes referred to as an orangerie. believed to have originated from the English word gaze. and Latin suffix ebo together meaning I shall gaze They Pavilion An ornate tent or a light building with an. were used in Egyptian and Roman gardens and British ornamental roof typically built for relaxation in pleasure. architects used the term in 1750 to describe rural Chinese gardens The term pavilion is derived from the Latin word. architecture In Chinese gardens small colorful gazebo papilio meaning butterfly and tent Pavilions were first. type structures are referred to as T ing Gazebos can be used in the Far East where they were small colorful tents. freestanding or attached to a garden wall and they are in Asian gardens Modern pavilions can be small garden. characterized by a roof and partially open sides The most structures or large public park structures typically used for. group activities parties and community events, Pergola A long and narrow structure linear with pillars Garden Ornaments. to support flat crossbeams and an open latticework that. is often covered in vines to shade a walkway Although Jardini re An ornamental highly decorative container for. sometimes called an arbor a pergola is a trellis structure growing and displaying plants and flowers in the garden. over a walkway and may extend from a building connect particularly culinary and herb gardens A jardini re is often. buildings or protect an open terrace Pergolas can also in the shape of an urn and usually made from a colorful. extend from a door to a garden feature such as a pool ceramic The term is a French word meaning gardener. Pergolas were first used in ancient Egyptian gardens and. then introduced to Italy during the Renaissance where Obelisk A tall vertical monument four sided and square. pergola means a close walk of boughs Pergola comes from at the bottom and tapering to a pyramid at the apex The. pergula a Latin term for a projecting eave obelisk is Egyptian in origin used in temples rather than. gardens but the word obelisk is Greek obelisko in origin. Perron Perron is a French word from the Old French perre Herodotus a Greek traveler was one of the first to describe. for steps up a sloped terrace or an outdoor stairway leading the structure In the sixteenth century excavated obelisks. to a building entrance with a platform at the top It is also were used in Roman gardens Obelisks are often used as a. a term used for ramped steps Perrons were common in focal feature in the garden or to mark the center of an open. seventeenth and eighteenth century Italian and English space or intersection of pathways. Renaissance gardens where they connected terraces,Statuary A sculpture a three dimensional form. Strombrella A small covered structure that holds a two representing a human or animal The term statuary. seater swing The small gable roof is supported by columns originated from the Old French statuere via Latin statua. or posts on the side and the structure is often embellished meaning to set up Historically statues also represented. with gingerbread scrollwork Strombrellas were popular in figures of mythological deities Garden statuary was first. early nineteenth century Victorian gardens used on a large scale in ancient Egypt where temple. gardens incorporated statues of deities and sphinxes The. Terrace A terrace has two definitions in a garden One is ancient Greeks created statues of their gods and idols many. a flat paved or gravel section for walking that overlooks a of which were copied by the Romans who were the first. garden and provides a transition between the house and to position statuary to enhance the overall garden design. the garden The second definition is a narrow flat tract of Early Egyptian sculptures were of cast bronze the Greeks. land usually a series of levels on a hillside faced with stone and Romans used stone and lead Modern garden statuary. masonry or turf and often planted Planted terraces were tends to involve more abstract figures or copies of classical. first used in ancient Mesopotamian gardens A terrace statues Cast stone concrete copper ceramic and glass are. can also be a flat roof or raised viewing platform next to a popular materials for today s gardens. building often found in Persian gardens that is used for. leisure and recreation or it can be an outdoor promenade Trompe l oeil A French term that means trick of the eye. or balcony bordered by colonnades trompe l oeil is an illusionistic painting that depicts objects. in three dimensions for a realistic look It was often used in. Trellis A small free standing structure usually made from murals and has been found on ancient Greek and Roman. wood or metal with a framework of crossbars that is used architecture Paintings are often used on garden walls to. to support train and display climbing plants A trellis can suggest depth and expand the garden by depicting a scene. also be a flat structure that is attached to a wall or a panel that appears to be in the distance. attached to beams over columns Trellises were first used. in seventeenth century Dutch gardens and were popular. in nineteenth century American and German gardens,Structures for Animals. Arched trellises are often used in the garden as a gateway Apiary A man made structure where a collection of. feature beehives is kept for honey Most apiaries used today are. white wooden boxes stacked on a low platform Although. Wattle A framework of poles intertwined with twigs reeds Egyptians 4000 BC were known to culture bees German. or small branches used for walls garden edging fences or beemasters were the first to use apiaries of twisted straw. roofs Saplings are often used woven into a pattern similar in a cone or dome shape called a bee skep and gardeners in. to the weave of a fabric A wattle and daub wall is made seventeenth century Italy were the first to use boxes similar. from twigs and mud Wattle was once a common structure to modern apiaries. in many gardens including ancient Egyptian gardens and. twelfth century medieval knot gardens in monasteries. Aviary A large enclosure in which small birds are kept above The large air spaces between the broken stone or. Aviaries are sometimes known as flight cages because they gravel hold a large volume of water which then percolates. are often big enough to allow small birds to fly Many larger into the ground over time. aviaries include plants to mimic the natural environment. The first recorded use of aviaries was by the Romans who French Drain A trench covered with gravel or rock used to. called them ornithones European explorers of the fifteenth redirect surface water to another location The trench often. century also noted aviaries in the Aztec empire and includes a buried drain pipe used to collect and drain the. Chinese gardens excess stormwater along the entire length of the pipe The. drain pipes are perforated with holes and covered with a. Ha Ha A deep trench with one steep side often a wall porous fabric sleeve to keep out the silt when buried in the. and one gently sloping side or a fence at the bottom When trench with gravel. gazing across an open field the fence is hidden from view. because the top is lower than the horizon The trench serves Jub A ditch or swale in which trees are planted to allow tree. as a barrier for grazing and wild animals Ha has are French roots quick access to water The jub is used to help prevent. in origin first appearing in the gardens of Versailles in the water evaporation and maximize tree access to a small. seventeenth century They were popular in eighteenth amount of water in arid countries Jubs were commonly. century English picturesque gardens to allow clear views used in ancient Persian gardens 500 BC to conserve water. off site to be incorporated into the garden landscape. without blocking the view The name is surmised to come Rill A narrow channel or small rivulet with running water. from the response of surprise from people who came upon inset in the concrete or stone pavement of a garden A rill. them unexpectedly can be used to transport water to plant beds but it is also. used as a decorative water feature Historically rills were. Piscina An Italian word for a small pool or fish pond found in Persian and Moorish Spanish gardens as far back. The piscina was first used in Roman gardens as a small as 4000 BC Rills are also formed in nature by overland. artificial reservoir for a fish pond During the Middle Ages water flow that cuts a very narrow and shallow stream. the piscina was a tank or pool where fish were stored in. monastic communities for eating In modern gardens it is Runnel Slightly larger than a rill a runnel is a narrow. a fish pond that is incorporated into a decorative scheme channel small course of water or small stream streamlet. The original piscina at Monticello the home of Thomas flowing on the surface or underground Runnels were used. Jefferson has been restored Jefferson stocked his pond so for irrigating trees in ancient Persian and Mesopotamian. that he could have fresh fish on demand before the time of gardens The term is derived from the Old English rynel or. Arbor Trellis or Pergola What s in Your Garden A Mini Dictionary of Garden Structures and Plant Forms1 2 Belvederes were common in seventeenth century Italian and English gardens Conservatory A glass and metal structure traditionally found in estate gardens Conservatories were built as indoor garden rooms to display plants unlike a greenhouse which is used primarily to cultivate

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