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Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching
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CAMBRIDGE LANGUAGE TEACHING LIBRARY, A series covering central issues in language teaching and learning by authors. who have expert knowledge in their field , In this series . Affect in Language Learning edited by Jane Arnold, Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching Second Edition by Jack C . Richards and Theodore S Rodgers, Appropriate Methodology and Social Context by Adrian Holliday. Beyond Training by Jack C Richards, Collaborative Action Research for English Language Teachers by Anne Burns.
Collaborative Language Learning and Teaching edited by David Nunan. Communicative Language Teaching By William Littlewood. Designing Tasks for the Communicative Classroom by David Nunan. Developing Reading Skills by Franc oise Grellet, Developments in English for Specific Purposes by Tony Dudley Evans and Maggie. Jo St John, Discourse Analysis for Language Teachers by Michael McCarthy. Discourse and Language Education by Evelyn Hatch, English for Academic Purposes by R R Jordan. English for Specific Purposes by Tom Hutchinson and Alan Waters. Establishing Self Access From Theory to Practice by David Gardner and Lindsay. Miller, Foreign and Second Language Learning by William Littlewood. Language Learning in Intercultural Perspective edited by Michael Byram and. Michael Fleming, The Language Teaching Matrix by Jack C Richards.
Language Test Construction and Evaluation by J Charles Alderson Caroline. Chapham and Dianne Wall, Learner centredness as Language Education by Ian Tudor. Managing Curricular Innovation by Numa Markee, Materials Development in Language Teaching edited by Brian Tomlinson. New Immigrants in the United States edited by Sandra Lee McKay and Sau ling. Cynthia Wong, Psychology for Language Teachers by Marion Williams and Robert L Burden. Research Methods in Language Learning by David Nunan. Second Language Teacher Education edited by Jack C Richards and David Nunan. Society and the Language Classroom edited by Hywel Coleman. Teacher Learning in Language Teaching edited by Donald Freeman and Jack C . Richards, Teaching the Spoken Language by Gillian Brown and George Yule. Understanding Research in Second Language Learning by James Dean Brown. Vocabulary Description Acquisition and Pedagogy edited by Norbert Schmitt and. Michael McCarthy, Vocabulary Semantics and Language Education by Evelyn Hatch and Cheryl.
Brown, Voices From the Language Classroom edited by Kathleen M Bailey and David. Nunan, Downloaded from Cambridge Books Online by IP 129 215 17 188 on Fri Jan 22 20 45 51 GMT 2016 . http ebooks cambridge org ebook jsf bid CBO9780511667305. Cambridge Books Online Cambridge University Press 2016. Approaches and, Methods in, Language Teaching, Second Edition. Jack C Richards, Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization. Regional Language Centre Singapore, and, Theodore S Rodgers.
University of Hawaii, Manoa, Downloaded from Cambridge Books Online by IP 129 215 17 188 on Fri Jan 22 20 45 51 GMT 2016 . http ebooks cambridge org ebook jsf bid CBO9780511667305. Cambridge Books Online Cambridge University Press 2016. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS, Cambridge New York Melbourne Madrid Cape Town Singapore S o Paulo. Cambridge University Press, The Edinburgh Building Cambridge CB2 8RU UK. Published in the United States of America by Cambridge University Press New York. www cambridge org, Information on this title www cambridge org 9780521803656. Cambridge University Press 2001, This publication is in copyright Subject to statutory exception and to the.
provision of relevant collective licensing agreements no reproduction of any part. may take place without the written permission of Cambridge University Press . First published in print format 2001, ISBN 13 978 0 511 66730 5 OCeISBN. ISBN 13 978 0 521 80365 6 hardback, ISBN 13 978 0 521 00843 3 paperback. Cambridge University Press has no responsibility for the persistence or accuracy. of urls for external or third party internet websites referred to in this publication . and does not guarantee that any content on such websites is or will remain . accurate or appropriate , Downloaded from Cambridge Books Online by IP 129 215 17 188 on Fri Jan 22 20 45 51 GMT 2016 . http ebooks cambridge org ebook jsf bid CBO9780511667305. Cambridge Books Online Cambridge University Press 2016. Contents, Preface vii, Part I Major language trends in twentieth century language. teaching 1, 1 A brief history of language teaching 3.
2 The nature of approaches and methods in language teaching 18. 3 The Oral Approach and Situational Language Teaching 36. 4 The Audiolingual Method 50, Part II Alternative approaches and methods 71. 5 Total Physical Response 73, 6 The Silent Way 81. 7 Community Language Learning 90, 8 Suggestopedia 100. 9 Whole Language 108, 10 Multiple Intelligences 115. 11 Neurolinguistic Programming 125, 12 The lexical approach 132.
13 Competency Based Language Teaching 141, Part III Current communicative approaches 151. 14 Communicative Language Teaching 153, v, Downloaded from Cambridge Books Online by IP 129 215 17 188 on Fri Jan 22 20 46 05 GMT 2016 . http ebooks cambridge org ebook jsf bid CBO9780511667305. Cambridge Books Online Cambridge University Press 2016. Contents, 15 The Natural Approach 178, 16 Cooperative Language Learning 192. 17 Content Based Instruction 204, 18 Task Based Language Teaching 223. 19 The post methods era 244, Author index 257, Subject index 261.
vi, Downloaded from Cambridge Books Online by IP 129 215 17 188 on Fri Jan 22 20 46 05 GMT 2016 . http ebooks cambridge org ebook jsf bid CBO9780511667305. Cambridge Books Online Cambridge University Press 2016. Cambridge Books Online, http ebooks cambridge org . Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching, Jack C Richards Theodore S Rodgers. Book DOI http dx doi org 10 1017 CBO9780511667305. Online ISBN 9780511667305, Hardback ISBN 9780521803656. Paperback ISBN 9780521008433, Chapter, Preface pp vii x.
Chapter DOI http dx doi org 10 1017 CBO9780511667305 001. Cambridge University Press, Preface, This is a revised and reorganized version of the first edition originally. published in 1986 More than half of the contents of this new edition has. been specially written for this edition Since the first edition was pub . lished it has become one of the most widely referred to books on teach . ing methods Since then however a great deal has happened in language. teaching In planning this new edition we have therefore made a number. of substantial changes , We have divided the book into three main parts . Part I deals with major trends in twentieth century language teaching . The chapters in this section are substantially the same as those in the first. edition but include an updated list of references . Part II deals with alternative approaches and methods This section. describes approaches and methods that have attracted support at. different times and in different places throughout the last 30 or so years . but have generally not been widely accepted or in some cases have not. maintained substantial followings The chapters on Total Physical Re . sponse the Silent Way Community Language Learning and Sug . gestopedia are shorter versions of chapters from the first edition Addi . tional and more recent references have been added to these chapters . Because these methods are no longer widely used a shorter treatment. seemed appropriate Readers requiring fuller discussion of these methods. should consult the first edition New chapters on Whole Language Mul . tiple Intelligences Neurolinguistic Programming the lexical approach . and Competency Based Language Teaching complete Part II Although. these latter approaches share some features with communicative ap . proaches in Part III we feel that they are sufficiently distinct to be. grouped with the other approaches discussed in Part II . Part III deals with current communicative approaches It includes two. chapters from the first edition Communicative Language Teaching and. the Natural Approach and new chapters on Cooperative Language. Learning Content Based Instruction Task Based Language Teaching . and the post methods era New material has been added to the final. sections of the chapter on Communicative Language Teaching and addi . tional references have been added to this chapter and to the one on the. Natural Approach , vii, Downloaded from Cambridge Books Online by IP 129 215 17 188 on Fri Jan 22 20 46 35 GMT 2016 . http dx doi org 10 1017 CBO9780511667305 001, Cambridge Books Online Cambridge University Press 2016. Preface, The history of language teaching has been characterized by a search for.
more effective ways of teaching second or foreign languages For more. than a hundred years debate and discussion within the teaching profes . sion have often centered on issues such as the role of grammar in the. language curriculum the development of accuracy and fluency in teach . ing the choice of syllabus frameworks in course design the role of vocab . ulary in language learning teaching productive and receptive skills learn . ing theories and their application in teaching memorization and. learning motivating learners effective learning strategies techniques for. teaching the four skills and the role of materials and technology Al . though much has been done to clarify these and other important ques . tions in language teaching the teaching profession is continually explor . ing new options for addressing these and other basic issues and the. effectiveness of different instructional strategies and methods in the. classroom , The teaching of any subject matter is usually based on an analysis of. the nature of the subject itself and the application of teaching and learn . ing principles drawn from research and theory in educational psychology . The result is generally referred to as a teaching method or approach by. which we refer to a set of core teaching and learning principles together. with a body of classroom practices that are derived from them The same. is true in language teaching and the field of teaching methods has been a. very active one in language teaching since the 1900s New approaches. and methods proliferated throughout the twentieth century Some. achieved wide levels of acceptance and popularity at different times but. were then were replaced by methods based on newer or more appealing. ideas and theories Examples of this kind include the Direct Method . Audiolingualism and the Situational Approach Some such as Com . municative Language Teaching were adopted almost universally and. achieved the status of methodological orthodoxy At the same time alter . natives to mainstream approaches have always found some level of sup . port within language teaching though often this has not led to wider. acceptance or use Methods in this category include those from the 1970s. such as the Silent Way Counseling Learning Suggestopedia and Total. Physical Response as well as more recent alternative methods and ap . proaches such as Multiple Intelligences Neurolinguistic Programming . and the Lexical Approach , Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching seeks to provide a. comprehensive and comprehensible account of major and minor trends. in language teaching methods from the beginning of the twentieth cen . tury to the present To highlight the similarities and differences between. approaches and methods the same descriptive framework is used. throughout This model is presented in Chapter 2 and is used in subse . quent chapters It describes approaches and methods according to their. viii, Downloaded from Cambridge Books Online by IP 129 215 17 188 on Fri Jan 22 20 46 35 GMT 2016 . http dx doi org 10 1017 CBO9780511667305 001, Cambridge Books Online Cambridge University Press 2016. Preface, underlying theories of language and language learning the learning ob .
jectives the syllabus model used the roles of teachers learners and. materials within the method or approach and the classroom procedures. and techniques that the method uses Where a method or approach has. extensive and acknowledged links to a particular tradition in second or. foreign language teaching this historical background is treated in the first. section of each chapter In other cases we have attempted to establish. links between the method or approach and more general linguistic psy . chological or educational traditions , Within each chapter our aim has been to present an objective and. comprehensive picture of a particular approach or method We have. avoided personal evaluation preferring to let the method speak for itself. and allow readers to make their own appraisals The book is not intended. to popularize or promote particular approaches or methods nor is it an. attempt to train teachers in the use of the methods described Rather it is. designed to give the teacher or teacher trainee a straightforward intro . duction to commonly and less commonly used methods and a set of. criteria by which to critically read observe analyze and question ap . proaches and methods , We have included several references to articles that are available on or. through the Internet through the ERIC databases and ERIC Digests In. Teacher Learning in Language Teachingedited by Donald Freeman and Jack C Richards Teaching the Spoken Languageby Gillian Brown and George Yule Understanding Research in Second Language Learning by James Dean Brown Vocabulary Description Acquisition and Pedagogyedited by Norbert Schmitt and Michael McCarthy

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