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Application of Automatic Deformation Monitoring System for Hong Kong. Railway Monitoring, Eric TANG Vincent LUI and Andrew WONG Hong Kong SAR China. 1 INTRODUCTION, As a part of construction works totally about 1 2km new railway line is going to undertake. just beside the Existing Airport Express Line In order to ensure the construction works not. disturbing the daily operation of the existing Railway Line ADMS is deployed to monitor the. settlement of the affected tracks The total operation period were 36 months. 2 ADMS REQUIREMENT, There a number of monitoring contractors for the projects and the clients selected based on. the project background Leica Geosystems AG being the first one introduce this monitoring. system in railway first in Singapore on 1995 and second Hong Kong in 1996 and this system. is very reliable for checking the daily operation work And this project Leica provided the. sensors software installation test and commissioning work a total solution to handover the. The project is started on first week of January 2006 and the the system implementation time. are required to be running on 6 8 weeks after commissioning of the project. Under the specifications three sections of track are necessary to monitor which includes. Ballasted Section 600 m Trough Section 210 m and Tunnel Section 400 m For the. Ballasted and Trough sections both up and down track of Railway Line are required to. monitor by ADMS For the tunnel section only the Down Track is included 14 units of. TCA2003 and 4 spares are installed in the railways and total of 560 monitoring prisms are. used The proposed system of different section with number of prisms and total station as. For the monitoring data it would be served by web and that can be accessed by the client. from remote site With assistance of Leica TCA2003 GeoMoS and 560 monitoring prisms. report generated each 2 hours daily data volume would be 6720 total 7 million set of data. in 3 years and this ADMS system got a very strict requirement that minimum data lost if. possible as the operation cost of the railway is very high due to any disturb from the existing. construction work, All these collected data and then will transmit to the control centre via the cables Data will. then be integrated and re arranged under the engineer requirements The report will be sent to. all relevant persons for decision making,TS 1F Deformaton Measurement 2 13.
Eric Tang Vincent Lui and Andrew Wong, Application of Automatic Deformation Monitoring System for Hong Kong Railway Monitoring. Strategic Integration of Surveying Services,FIG Working Week 2007. Hong Kong SAR China 13 17 May 2007,3 HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE. The data capturing system is classified as an Operation part It comprises Total Station. Reference Station Prism and Mini Prism,3 1 Total Station. There are totally around 14 sets of total station TCA2003 being deployed in the site to cover. 1 2 km track All these total stations are driven by computer automatically to trace out all mini. prisms which embedded at the track side TCA2003 can achieve 0 5 in angular and 1mm. 1ppm The overall error budget for over 100 m in distance it can achieve the error less. Due to the sensitivity of the total station any vibration of the stand may lead to disturb the. total station We proposed that the total station will be mounted on the wall figure 1 There. are four sets of total stations will be installed at the roof of the Station For the tunnel section. total stations will be mounted on the wall of the tunnel At ballasted section we proposed two. sets of total station be used the pole mounted inside the noise barrier. The power and data cable will be laid to link up all total stations which provide a channel for. power supply and data transmission between the control centre and the total stations To. maintain the efficiency of the total stations all these total station will be under service at. every 6 months 4 spare total stations were proposed for replacement during the maintenance. period Services such as oiling and repair of servo motor are an essential to ensure the total. station in good condition, Meanwhile a special lock and special security system are designed to away all the burglary of.
expensive equipment The connection cables which provided power to the total stations and. data transmission are laid along the cable trough of railway. The position of the total stations was configured as Figure 3 For tunnel trough and ballasted. sections 4 4 6 sets of total station are installed respectively. 3 2 Reference Stations for Total Stations, The reference stations are comprised pieces of prisms They are setup in form of control. network They are distributed around the total station and installed on a comparatively stable. structure All these reference stations will be coordinated and fixed by the survey traversing. Network adjustment will be made to ensure all survey control stations are in good stand. Before each sets of measurement all these reference stations will be observed by the total. stations in order to fix the positions of the total stations. For tunnel section prisms inside the tunnel may be affected by the construction works as well. The survey control stations are evaluated inside the tunnel before each set of measurements. To provide a stable control network a minimum of 6 survey control points per each total. station are referenced In facts the accuracy of survey controls at the entrance of the tunnel is. TS 1F Deformaton Measurement 3 13,Eric Tang Vincent Lui and Andrew Wong. Application of Automatic Deformation Monitoring System for Hong Kong Railway Monitoring. Strategic Integration of Surveying Services,FIG Working Week 2007. Hong Kong SAR China 13 17 May 2007, crucial Six fixed survey controls outside the tunnel will be referenced in order to fix the total. station near the entrance of the tunnel There are 10 numbers of 360 degree prisms figure 4. as tie points to spread the survey controls coordinates into the tunnel The adjustment is. carried out by the GeoMoS, Meanwhile in order to avoid the disturbance due to the wild weather condition or damaged.
by the third party we have designed a shelter for the prism To provide the high accuracy and. readabilities of the prism these reference prisms will have regular maintenance such as. cleaning and repairing,3 3 Monitoring Points, For the monitoring points mini optical prisms figure 5 will be installed along the track. Under the Specification for each track a pair of prism will be installed in every 13m interval. i e at tunnel trough and ballasted sections about 60 130 and 370 prisms are installed. respectively Total 560 pieces of prisms are involved in the project. For the ballasted section mini optical prisms are installed on the sleeper For the tough. section since the guard rails are installed just right beside the track there is insufficient space. to place the prism on the sleeper However since the trough section is constructed in a U. shape structure prisms are installed at the toe of structure of the track or the base of the track. structure For the tunnel section the mini optical prism are installed at the toe of tunnel wall. For the prism assignment each prism would be label according to the individual total group. To ensure the stability of survey a special protective shelter is designed to protect the prisms. Of courses a regular maintenance for the mini prisms is essential for the ADMS. 3 4 GeoMos Software, GeoMoS Software is the core part of this ADMS system and the GeoMoS composed essential. features of Leica Sensor Manager that it can connect to and read data from different types of. sensors and display the results for analysis The Leica Sensor Manager enables new sensors to. be quickly integrated into GeoMoS The data can be stored in the database and extracted for. analysis or visualized numerically or graphically The GeoMoS software is scalable for. control 14 total stations in this project and can also integrate with the temperature sensor. meteorological sensors such that to improve the quality of the measurement For the final. adjusted data it is sent to the web interface for remote user assessed. The system comprised Data Capturing System Control Workstations and Web server Data. Capturing System have already discussed in details The Control Workstations will integrate. the observations and transfer those processed data to the Web server Through the internet the. client can get the monitoring result and also can control the workstations remotely Figure 7. TS 1F Deformaton Measurement 4 13,Eric Tang Vincent Lui and Andrew Wong. Application of Automatic Deformation Monitoring System for Hong Kong Railway Monitoring. Strategic Integration of Surveying Services,FIG Working Week 2007. Hong Kong SAR China 13 17 May 2007, The data will be analyzed and manipulated the data into the desire format and compared with.
the preset trigger value the alarm system will activate when the trigger value is reached. 4 1 Control Workstation, 4 sets of Control Workstation connect to all 14 total stations with the software GeoMoS are. installed This software can convert the observations from bearing distance and vertical angle. into X Y and Z values All observations taken by 14 total stations will integrate and be put. into the Web server via Ethernet To manage the whole monitoring system easily we propose. a server rack which contains 5 sets of workstation placed into a shelter at the roof floor of. Olympic station to facilitate the controlling works It got an advantage is to check the fault. alarm easily while the Olympic station building can look widely over the monitoring zone. 4 2 The Alarm System, After X Y and Z values are obtained for each monitoring prisms further data manipulation. arrangement is essential to get the meaningful result for the Engineers decision such as for. the single point data comparison Alarm Alert and Action AAA values is considered For. overall analysis by comparing the distance and levels between prisms twist and lateral. deformation of the track could be shown While the system will be reached the designated. levels an alarm system will be triggered a SMS message will be sent to the related person s. mobile phone, Meanwhile the system will generate the routine report in 2 hours interval and send to related. person via email Before the train starts up every morning a general report is sent to ensure. whether the tracks are safe or not,5 REPORT FORMAT. The system could generate the following types of report. Tabular Plots Report,Alarm System, Tabular Report includes all data in the table format to show the settlement details The.
monitoring data is tabulated in text format Information like initial reading real time observed. reading and their differences in X Y and Z is shown In figure 8 10 the changes of a single. epoch Prism No 135 in 5 days are shown, The specific chainage for their movements or the overall settlements can be studied and the. systsm plot AAA values into the plots as a reference to study the trend Based on all X Y Z. data we can analyse the degree of deformation under different aspects. According to the client specifications the system should allow the automatically alarm system. once the settlement reach the AAA values The GeoMoS has this option module for the user. TS 1F Deformaton Measurement 5 13,Eric Tang Vincent Lui and Andrew Wong. Application of Automatic Deformation Monitoring System for Hong Kong Railway Monitoring. Strategic Integration of Surveying Services,FIG Working Week 2007. Hong Kong SAR China 13 17 May 2007, The alarm system will automatically send a message via SMS to all related party who. includes the on site surveyor In occurrence of triggering alarm the surveyor examined. whether it is a fault alarm or not and a brief message is sent to related party. 6 SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS, This paper presented the design and implementation of ADMS in the typical railways and.
tunnel area Experiences in construction project of railways in Hong Kong it is necessary to. employ an auotmatical monitoring system to fulfil the strick railway monitoring requirement. in 24 hours a day, ADMS allows measurement analysis and alarms in real time and it running 24 hours a day. 365 days a years It is a very flexible system in adaptoring the railways and tunnel site. monitoring in complemented of the geodetic sensors like strain gauge for Engineers. inteprlataion and the Engineers back on the real time result and quickly take an appropriate. decision in advance,REFERENCES, Karl Sippel 2000 Modern Monitoring System Software Development Leica Geosystems. Leica Geosystems AG 2001 Automatic Monitoring Systesm for the Linea 9 extension of. the Barcelona Underground System,TS 1F Deformaton Measurement 6 13. Eric Tang Vincent Lui and Andrew Wong, Application of Automatic Deformation Monitoring System for Hong Kong Railway Monitoring. Strategic Integration of Surveying Services,FIG Working Week 2007.
Hong Kong SAR China 13 17 May 2007, Table 1 The Number of TCA2003 Prisms and GeoMoS Software. Sections GeoMoS Monitoring Prisms TCA2003,Tunnel One copy of 400 meters 60 4. Section GeoMoS Prisms,Ballasted Two copies 600 meters 370 6. section GeoMoS prisms,Trough One copy 210 meters 130 4. section GeoMoS prisms,TS 1F Deformaton Measurement 7 13.
Application of Automatic Deformation Monitoring System for Hong Kong Railway Monitoring Strategic Integration of Surveying Services FIG Working Week 2007 Hong Kong SAR China 13 17 May 2007 4 13 crucial Six fixed survey controls outside the tunnel will be referenced in order to fix the total station near the entrance of the tunnel There are

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