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Analysis of psychomotor development and level of physical
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Acta Fisiatr 2016 23 4 208 212 Prado MT Massetti T Fernani DC Ver ssimo CM Romanini MS Silva TD et al. Analysis of psychomotor development and level of physical activity of children with. extracurricular physical activities, INTRODUCTION which activities are carried out for the acqui was also signed by the child Children were. sition and or improvement of basic motor excluded if they had any disease condition. Psychomotor development refers to an skills 1 In these activities there is intense work during the study period or those with neu. improvement of the skills of psychomotor of body awareness temporal spatial balance rological cognitive or musculoskeletal alter. functions which is influenced by several sour and other characteristics such as cognitive ations that impaired their understanding or. ces such as cognitive and affective 1 2 The practice of motor activities through exer the realization of the tests. Developmental disorders are character cise or motor skills games provides an effect Activities started with the child s demo. ized by deficits in several areas such as in on the physical perceptual motor moral and graphic age and gender and anthropometric. fine and global motor skills3 balance body affective aspects of a child 19 data weight height and CA Verification of. scheme timeline organization and laterality 1 Hence an important tool for early detec BMI and CA were based on the methodology. Psychomotor activities are important for tion of problems in basic motor skills is to use described by Moser and colleagues 21. child development both fine and globally 2 physiotherapy with extracurricular activities To analyze the level of physical activity we. Psychomotor development comes as a senso offered by schools including the evaluation used a modified and adapted questionnaire. ry perceptual motor foundation and is an es of psychomotor functions to check the de suggested by Silva and colleagues 22 that ad. sential contributor for education and psycho velopment of fine motor skills overall motor dresses the means of transportation physical. motor reeducation processes because it works skills balance body scheme spatial organi activity performed in and out of school and. directly on the organization of sensation per zation temporal organization and laterality sedentary time which includes the individ. ceptions and cognitions therefore it can be and postural assessments to identify chang ual hours in front of the television playing. focused on previously planned and scheduled es and or body dysfunctions To provide it computer or video games and telephone. adaptive responses 4 there must be an organization of the proposed conversations The subjects answered the. For the evaluation of psychomotor devel physiotherapy actions by combining separate questionnaire through interviews conducted. opment there are several batteries and tests groups according to their difficulties The eval by the researcher And then they were clas. such as the Motor Development Scale MDS uation of physical performance and perceived sified according to frequency and intensity. which assesses psychomotor areas according difficulty of a task facilitates the planning of of exercises performed into inactive individ. to chronological age CA of the child 1 Some exercise programs with safe and successful uals those who did not perform any physi. studies assessed psychomotor development participation 20 cal activity inadequately active those who. in different clinical and social situations such Thus it is justified to carry out this study performed physical activity at a frequency of. as school 5 7 deficiency 8 9 learning difficul to check data on the development and level twice or less or shorter duration of one hour. ties 10 11 physical activeness 12 13 gender 14 age of physical activity of children and that these per week and active those who performed. socioeconomic status 15 virtual reality influ findings may contribute to the stimulation of physical activity three or more times or longer. ence16 and obesity 5 and others physical activity in this population for improv than one hour per week. Among the clinical situations mentioned ing psychomotor development The weight was measured with a portable. obesity is an important factor that impairs digital scale Plena brand with a maximum. motor development as it can change the pos capacity of 160 kg and a resolution of 100. ture balance and global praxis of overweight OBJECTIVE grams The individual was positioned stand. and obese individuals 5 Childhood obesity ing in the center of the platform barefoot. has gained epidemic proportions around the This study has the objective to analyze psy and with arms along the body The dress used. world Contrary to what was then the basic chomotor development in the areas of global was the school uniform pants and shirt For. concern for obese children i e the high risk motor skills balance and body structure and the height a tape measure fixed to a wall was. of becoming an obese adult nowadays there level of extracurricular physical activity used Its scale was metric m with a precision. is growing concern about the repercussions of of 0 1 cm The individual was placed in stand. obesity during childhood on the development ing position barefoot with the feet together. of the individual 17 METHOD and the occiput shoulder girdle pelvic and. An undesirable condition that poses a posterior region of the heel in contact with. great risk to health can lead to physical in The participants in this study were 30 chil the wall The head remained in the Frankfurt. activity and obesity is physical inactivity 18 dren with chronological age CA between six horizontal plane The AC was measured in. According to the World Health Organization and ten years of both genders Initially chil centimeters cm also with the measure tape. WHO the practice of physical activity is a key dren who were already engaged in extracur which was placed about the umbilicus and. health indicator what emphasizes its impor ricular physical activity were recruited after parallel to the ground The child remained in. tance Therefore it is necessary to encourage they were matched for sex and age with those standing position with feet together with ab. the practice of exercise in both the family and who were not A maximum of 6 months dif domen relaxed and loose arms along the body. the school as well as in the community where ference more or less among these children The nutritional diagnosis was established. the child lives Moreover it is believed that were allowed The children were divided into with the classification of BMI age according. children who perform physical activity on a two groups Active extracurricular Group AG to the Food and Nutrition Surveillance System. daily basis have better psychomotor develop and Sedentary Extracurricular Group SG SISVAN 23 used in the Brazilian population. ment 2 To participate in the study the children s with the cutoffs by the World Health Organi. Some public institutions have focused parents signed the informed consent form zation WHO There were analysis of growth. at encouraging children to participate in ex after been informed about the purposes and curves whose ratings are as follows Percen. tracurricular programs of sport initiation in procedures of the study This consent form tile 0 1 corresponds to severe malnutrition. Acta Fisiatr 2016 23 4 208 212 Prado MT Massetti T Fernani DC Ver ssimo CM Romanini MS Silva TD et al. Analysis of psychomotor development and level of physical activity of children with. extracurricular physical activities, Percentile 0 1 to 3 thinness Percentile Table 1 Characteristics of the sample according to the anthropometric variables with. meanss and standard deviatiosn,3 to 85 Eutrophic Percentile 85 to 97. overweight Percentile 97 to 99 9 Obesi AG SG, ty and Percentile 99 9 severe obesity CA months 111 86 14 41 108 13 15 52. To assess the psychomotor development Weight kg 37 4 10 38 35 22 11 91. in the aspects of global motor skills balance Height m 1 38 0 10 1 36 0 11. and body image tests of the Motor Develop,BMI kg m 19 11 3 28 18 42 3 52.
ment Scale MDS proposed by Rosa Neto1,AC cm 67 8 10 07 66 20 9 58. CA chronological age in months BMI body mass index AC abdominal circumference AG Active extracurricular Group SG Sedentary extracur. MDS includes specific tasks for each age ricular Group. group 2 11 years on each element of motor,development The complexity of the task to. be performed increases as the age increases Table 2 BMI rating age groups in percentage. Participants were evaluated from the corre Eutrophic Overweight Obesity Severe obesity. sponding test of their CA element in each area AG 53 3 20 20 6 6. evaluated in this study and the evaluation was,SG 53 3 33 3 6 6 6 6. considered completed when they were unable, AG Active extracurricular Group SG Sedentary extracurricular Group. to achieve a proposed task The age corre,sponding to the last task correctly performed.
by the child was characterized as the Motor, Age AM This scale also allows the analysis of of 19 38 hours 9 and the SG obtained 7 54 normal weight proportion 53 3 which di. the relationship between AM and CA which is hours 12 6 and p value of 0 0251 showing ffers from previous findings26 that assessed. called the Motor Quotient QM a statistically significant difference Table 3 the relationship between nutritional status. This cross sectional and observation shows the AM values divided into the groups eating habits and level of physical activity of. al study was conducted in a public primary by mean and standard deviation whereas 661 schoolchildren aged 6 to 14 They found. school of Bataguassu a city in the state of the Table 4 shows the ratings of the QM per 516 individuals classified as eutrophic howe. Mato Grosso do Sul in Brazil was approved by group in which the sedentary group had hi ver only 130 practiced physical activities for. the Ethics Committee Board CEP of the Oes gher results in global motor development and more than 300 minutes per week Another. te Paulista University UNOESTE and received the active group in balance and body scheme finding was that there was a greater number. the protocol number 1981 of overweight children in SG than AG which. Statistical analysis was conducted with corroborates another study 6 in which among. SPSS 20 0 With the Graphped Prism program DISCUSSION 133 inactive and inadequately active children. the variables were expressed as frequencies 31 were overweight and looking for physi. and proportions The normality of the data The main findings of this research were cal activity to improve this situation Ano. was evaluated with the Shapiro Wilk test and that AG children had higher QM in the areas ther relevant factor of this study is that both. the Student t test was used to determine the of balance and body scheme but the SG had were performed in very small towns with few. statistical difference As for the non normal higher global motor development In both opportunities for physical activity or sport. data we applied the Mann Whitney test A p groups there was a predominance of eutro In Cabrera s study6 that verified the diag. value of p 0 05 was considered statistically phic individuals nosis of BMI age according to SISVAN 40. significant According to Santos and Freire 24 it is be individuals representing 9 95 of the study. lieved that social projects that encourage phy sample had overweight and were classified as. sical activity contribute to an increased inte having obesity or severe obesity Significantly. RESULTS rest in sportive activities and therefore have in our study subjects with obesity and severe. a positive impact on motor development so obesity were found to correspond to 20 of. 10 female and 20 male children whose promoting this systematic practice decreases the sample Another study 27 compared chil. mean age was 106 36 7 78 months were sedentary lifestyles and the risk of cardiovas dren and adolescents who were eutrophic and. evaluated and divided into two groups 15 to cular diseases such as obesity This can then overweight obese and found that the level. the AG composed of individuals considered justify the findings of greater weight and AC of physical activity was similar in both groups. active and 15 to the SG composed of indivi in the AG considering the parents desire to What demonstrating the demand for research. duals considered inactive or inadequately acti involve their children in social projects for the into other factors that can lead to obesity A. ve They were matched for sex and AG prevention or treatment of obesity One stu study of 200328 evaluated 2 519 children be. Table 1 shows the anthropometric data in dy25 investigated cognitive function by using tween 7 and 10 years of age and found that. which there was a statistically significant diffe a neurocognitive battery test in children and obese children were less active than non obe. rence in the category CA achieving a p value adolescents with obesity Their results show se children The authors also claim that the. of 0 0321 The table 2 shows the BMI classifi that children and adolescents with obesity nutritional status the mother s presence and. cation age percentage where no significant had a significantly worse performance than eating habits interfered with the physical acti. differences were found healthy non obese in all cognitive domains vity patterns of these children. Regarding the number of hours of weekly By analyzing the BMI we found the same In a study of Valerio et al 29 the authors. physical activity the AG obtained an average number of individuals in the two groups with found that obese children had worse physi. Acta Fisiatr 2016 23 4 208 212 Prado MT Massetti T Fernani DC Ver ssimo CM Romanini MS Silva TD et al. Analysis of psychomotor development and level of physical activity of children with. extracurricular physical activities, Table 3 MI values of the sample showing mean and standard deviation 2 Bohn C Dalmolin R Soares C Souza A Fleck C. Gobatto R Skupien J Avalia o do equil brio,e motricidade global em alunos de uma escola. Global Motricity 122 4 19 87 124 2 8 62 0 2286 municipal infantil In 3 F rum em Fisioterapia. Balance 120 8 17 25 116 8 18 95 0 5311 2012 Ago 29 a 31 Anais Santa Maria 2012. UNIFRA citado 2016 Dez 10 Dispon vel em, Body Scheme 106 4 21 68 108 21 75 0 8491 h tt p w w w u n i f ra b r e ve n to s fo r u m f i s i o. AM motor age AG Active extracurricular Group SG Sedentary extracurricular Group Trabalhos 5135 pdf. 3 Coppede AC Capellini SA Okuda PMM Performance, of children with learning difficulties in fine motor.
Table 4 Rating of the QM group function and handwriting Rev Bras Crescimento. Desenvolv Hum 2012 22 3 297 306, Very high High Normal high Normal medium Normal low Low. 4 Cardoso SS Almeida M Efeitos de um programa de, AG 1 2 6 4 2 0 reeduca o psicomotora desenvolvido para uma. Global Motricity crian a cega com rela o aos fatores psicomotores. SG 3 4 4 2 2 0,no o de corpo e lateralidade Movimentum. AG 1 3 4 5 2 0 2007 2 2 29 32, SG 2 1 3 8 1 0 5 Aleixo AA Guimar es EL Walsh IAP Pereira K. Influ ncia do sobrepeso e da obesidade na postura,AG 0 0 5 2 6 2.
BodyScheme na praxia global e no equil brio de escolares Rev Bras. SG 0 0 2 11 2 0 Crescimento Desenvolv Hum 2012 22 2 239 45. QM motor quotients AG Active extracurricular Group SG Sedentary extracurricular Group 6 Cabrera TFC Correia IFL Santos DO Pacagnelli FL. Prado MTA Silva TD et al An lise da preval ncia,de sobrepeso e obesidade e do n vel de atividade. f sica em crian as e adolescentes de uma cidade, cal performance relative to normal weight Silva Silva Oliveira and Carvalho31 who when. do sudoeste de S o Paulo Rev Bras Crescimento, or overweight children in addition to having evaluating children from the city of Alagoas a Desenvolv Hum 2014 24 1 67 72. greater perceived difficulty with activities of state capital concluded that physical inactivity 7 Bezerra IMP Machado MFAS Souza OF Ant o JYFL. daily living Queiroz et al 14 when evaluating is present in 93 5 of children and adolescen Dantas MNL4 Reis AOA et al O fazer de profissionais. children aged 3 to 5 years found that children ts and that this is largely accounted for by the no contexto da educa o em sa de uma revis o. sistem tica Rev Bras Crescimento Desenvolv Hum, who practice sports showed significant advan amount of time that is spent in front of the TV. 2014 24 3 255 62, tages in relation to motor skills when compa Therefore it is suggested that further 8 Campos AC Coelho MC Rocha NACF Desempenho.
red to the group that did not practice sports research should be carried out with a larger motor e sensorial de lactentes com e sem. Physical activity from an early age has a po sample and that a comparison of these results s ndrome de Down estudo piloto Fisioter Pesqui. sitive impact on the motor learning process with cities above fifty thousand inhabitants 2010 17 3 203 8 DOI http dx doi org 10 1590. S1809 29502010000300003, and adherence to the practice of long term to verify the accuracy of the data presented. 9 Matias LM Antunes L Fernandes MM Ribas DIR, physical activity Moreover this practice can in this study Efeitos dos exerc cios psicomotores em ambiente. be a way to prevent or recover from obesity aqu tico no equil brio de crian as com s ndrome de. and other diseases associated with physical Down Cad Esc Sa de 2016 1 15 52 63. inactivity CONCLUSION 10 Fernandes RA Nogueira A Rosa CSC Bonfim MR. Freitas J nior IF H bito alimentar e n vel de pr tica. It was also noted that of the three areas of,de atividade f sica de meninos eutr ficos e de. development assessed in our study active chil Children who engage in physical activity obesos Rev Educ Fis 2006 17 1 45 51. dren out of school had a higher QM in balan outside of school have a better development 11 Ziereis S Jansen P Effects of physical activity on. ce which leads us to believe that children who of balance and body structure than children executive function and motor performance in. perform regular physical activity have better who do not We found that children who do children with ADHD Res Dev Disabil 2015 38 181 91. DOI http dx doi org 10 1016 j ridd 2014 12 005, development of balance This is consistent with not perform any physical activity outside of. 12 Diniz D Morais JVF Silva IO Compara o do, a study by Granacher et al 30 in which after an school have the same weight as those who perfil psicomotor entre crian as praticantes e n o.
eight week training period they investigated practice and that the results of the study may praticantes de nata o com a idade de 05 a 06. the effects of short term strength training and have been influenced by the environment and anos do Col gio Couto J nior Col Pesq Educ Fis. found improvements in the scores for balance the city in which this study was conducted 2010 9 1 101 8. 13 Palma MS Camargo VA Pontes MFP Efeitos da,Ziereis and Jansen11 also demonstrated im. atividade f sica sistem tica sobre o desempenho, provement in the motor skills of children with motor de crian as pr escolares Rev Educ Fis. attention deficit and hyperactivity after a 12 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 2012 23 3 421 9. week program of physical activity 14 Queiroz DR R AHN Henrique RS Moura MS. Considering all this data and discussion The authors wish to thank the study par Cattuzzo MT A participa o na pr tica de esportes. e compet ncia motora em crian as pr escolares, the results may have been influenced by the ticipants for their contribution to the research. Motriz Rev Educ Fis 2014 20 1 26 32, environment because it is a city in the state 15 Campos AC Silva LH Pereira K Rocha NACF. of Mato Grosso do Sul where children have Tudella E Interven o psicomotora em crian as. more freedom than in larger cities they can REFERENCES de n vel socioecon mico baixo Fisioter Pesq. play go cycling and spend less time in front 1 Rosa Neto F Santos APM Xavier RFC Amaro 2008 15 2 188 93 DOI http dx doi org 10 1590. KN A Import ncia da avalia o motora em S1809 29502008000200013. of the television TV and video games whi, escolares an lise da confiabilidade da Escala de 16 Souza EC Ferreira APL Influ ncia da realidade.
ch may explain the results of even those who Desenvolvimento Motor Rev Bras Cineantropom virtual nas atividades psicomotoras e percep o. did not perform extracurricular physical acti Desempenho Hum 2010 12 6 422 7 DOI http corporal de escolares estudo piloto Rev Aten. vity This agrees with the findings of Rivera dx doi org 10 5007 1980 0037 2010v12n6p422 Sa de 2016 14 48 11 20. Acta Fisiatr 2016 23 4 208 212 Prado MT Massetti T Fernani DC Ver ssimo CM Romanini MS Silva TD et al. Analysis of psychomotor development and level of physical activity of children with. extracurricular physical activities, 17 Almeida CA Pinho AP Ricco RG Elias CP Abdominal 21 Moser DC Giuliano Ide C Titski AC Gaya AR Coelho 26 Coelho LG C ndido AP Machado Coelho GL Freitas. circumference as an indicator of clinical and e Silva MJ Leite N Anthropometric measures and SN Association between nutritional status food. laboratory parameters associated with obesity in blood pressure in school children J Pediatr Rio J habits and physical activity level in schoolchildren J. children and adolescents comparison between two 2013 89 3 243 9 DOI http dx doi org 10 1016 j Pediatr Rio J 2012 88 5 406 12 DOI http dx doi. reference tables J Pediatr Rio J 2007 83 2 181 jped 2012 11 006 org 10 2223 JPED 2211. 5 DOI http dx doi org 10 1590 S0021 22 Silva DAS Lima JO Silva RJS Prado RL N vel de 27 Nogueira de Almeida CA Pires LA Miyasaka J Bueno. 75572007000200014 atividade f sica e comportamento sedent rio em V Khouri JM Ramos ML et al Comparison of feeding. 18 Castilho SD Nucci LB Hansen LO Assuino SR escolares Rev Bras Cineantropom Desempenho habits and physical activity between eutrophic and. Prevalence of weight excess according to age Hum 2009 11 3 299 306 overweight obese children and adolescents a cross. group in students from Campinas SP Brazil Rev 23 Brasil Minist rio da Sa de Protocolos do Sistema sectional study Rev Assoc Med Bras 2015 61 3 227. Paul Pediatr 2014 32 2 200 6 DOI http dx doi de Vigil ncia Alimentar e Nutricional SISVAN na 33 DOI http dx doi org 10 1590 1806. org 10 1590 0103 0582201432214713 assist ncia sa de Bras lia Minist rio da Sa de 9282 61 03 227. 19 Aquino MFS Browne RAV Sales MM Dantas RAE 2008 28 Jenovesi JF Bracco MM Colugnati FAB Taddei JAC. A psicomotricidade como ferramenta da educa o 24 Santos R Freire ES Educa o f sica e esporte no Perfil de atividade f sica em escolares da rede p blica. f sica na educa o infantil RBFF 2012 4 14 246 57 terceiro setor estrat gias utilizadas no ensino e de diferentes estados nutricionais Rev Bras Ci Mov. 20 Valerio G Gallarato V D Amico O Sticco M Tortorelli aprendizagem de valores atitudes e normas no 2003 11 4 57 62. P Zito E et al Perceived difficulty with physical tasks projeto Esporte Talento Rev Mackenzie Educ Fis. lifestyle and physical performance in obese children Esp 2006 5 1 35 45. Biomed Res Int 2014 2014 735764 DOI http 25 Bozkurt H zer S Y lmaz R S nmezg z E Kazanc. dx doi org 10 1155 2014 735764 Erba O et al Assessment of Neurocognitive. Functions in Children and Adolescents with Obesity.


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