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An Inspector Calls Revision Guide Holy Trinity
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AN INSPECTOR CALLS,YEAR AND WHAT HAPPENS PERSON INVOLVED. September 1910 Eva sacked by Birling Co MR BIRLING. December 1910 Eva employed by Milwards, Late January 1911 Eva sacked by Milwards SHEILA BIRLING. March 1911 Eva calling herself Daisy GERALD CROFT,Renton becomes Gerald s. Early September 1911 Gerald breaks off the affair GERALD CROFT. Eva leaves Brumley for two months,November 1911 Eric meets Eva ERIC BIRLING. December Eva finds she is pregnant ERIC BIRLING,1911 January 1912.
Late March 1912 Mrs Birling turns down Eva s MRS BIRLING. application for help, Early April 1912 Eva s suicide the Inspector calls ALL. SOCIAL AND HISTORICAL BACKGROUND, Although An Inspector Calls is set in 1912 it was written in 1944 45 and produced in London for. the first time in 1946 it is as much about post war Britain as it is about the Edwardian period. Audiences at the end of the war would have appreciated the irony of Birling s predictions for the. future Setting the play before the First World War enabled Priestley to make the most of class. division and social hierarchy There are many references to social position Birling s compared. to his wife s the Birlings compared to Gerald s family the workers at Birling s factory and the. destitute women who go to the Brumley Women s Charity Organisation for help Birling. constantly name drops talking of Alderman Meggarty and the Chief Constable as well as his. own time as Lord Mayor He tries to impress Gerald with talk of the possibility of his being. knighted Social position is clearly important to him and Priestley uses Birling to represent the. capitalist viewpoint Birling is concerned about money and what other people think the. possibility of scandal horrifies him, You may also notice the different attitudes to women in the play Sheila is seen as someone. who needs protecting from the harsh realities of life both Gerald and Birling try to get her out of. the room when Gerald is being questioned They have a different attitude to women of the. town and to Eva Smith Mrs Birling adds to this by implying that Eva Smith had ideas above. her station Although both Gerald and Eric see that Eva was different from the usual women in. the Palace bar they are still both prepared to use her in a way which would be unthinkable in a. girl of their own social standing, The Birling family is celebrating the engagement of Sheila to Gerald Croft the son of Lord and. Lady Croft who comes from an old country family landed people Arthur Birling is in a good. mood and makes a number of speeches giving his views about the state of the world. technology and industrial relations One of his main themes is about everyone being. responsible for themselves he doesn t believe that anyone has a responsibility to others apart. from his family, When Inspector Goole is announced Birling and Gerald make a joke about Eric who shows his.
guilty conscience by reacting strongly to this, The inspector informs Birling about the death of a young woman who has committed suicide by. drinking disinfectant It emerges that Birling had sacked the girl Eva Smith two years earlier. after she had been one of the ring leaders in a strike and demanding higher wages. Sheila Birling is also connected to the girl having had her sacked from her new job at Milwards. She is horrified by what she did and is genuinely remorseful. The inspector seems to know details of the family s involvement before they speak and when. he tells them that the girl changed her name to Daisy Renton Gerald s reaction tells us that he. too knew the girl When they are temporarily left alone Sheila warns Gerald not to try to hide. anything from the inspector, By the end of the first act the audience is expecting the inspector to reveal further connections. with members of the Birling family, Although Gerald tries to get Sheila to leave the room she insists on staying Gerald admits to. having had an affair with Eva Smith the girl he knew as Daisy Renton the previous summer. Sheila is hurt and disappointed in Gerald who had told her he was busy at the works at that. time After Gerald broke off the affair Eva Daisy had left Brumley for a few months After. Sheila has returned her engagement ring to him Gerald goes out seemingly genuinely. affected by the news of the girl s death, Despite Sheila s warnings Mrs Birling tries to intimidate the inspector believing that she could. have no possible connection to the girl When the inspector reminds her of the pregnant girl. she turned away from the charity organisation she chaired Mrs Birling concedes but felt herself. to be justified because the girl had lied to her about her name calling herself Mrs Birling She. also disbelieved the girl s claim that she had refused the offer of help from the father of her. baby because she believed that he had stolen the money Mrs Birling digs herself deeper into. a hole by insisting that the father of the baby should be made to pay. Eric has been out during this exchange but re enters right at the end of the scene to expectant. faces we are expecting Eric to be the father of the baby. Eric immediately realises that they all know and tells them of how he met Eva and of her. subsequent pregnancy Questioned closely by the inspector he also reveals that he had tried. to support the girl by giving her money but he had stolen it from his father s business The. Birlings seem more horrified by this than his responsibility for the girl s condition. Having done his job the inspector makes a speech about social responsibility and leaves the. Birlings to examine their behaviour, When Gerald re enters he has news that there is no Inspector Goole is employed by the local.
police Birling and Gerald now set about disproving the inspector s case although Sheila and. Eric feel that that is not the point When Gerald confirms that no girl has died of drinking. disinfectant by telephoning the infirmary The Birlings and Gerald are delighted and their mood. of jollity and good humour of the beginning of Act 1 returns. Sheila and Eric do not feel the same way continuing to feel guilt for what they have done and. are appalled at the behaviour of Gerald and their parents When Birling suggests that Sheila. take back her engagement ring from Gerald Sheila remarks that it is too soon. Just at the point where Birling is teasing them for their lack of a sense of humour the telephone. rings and Birling is obviously stunned by what he hears a girl has died in the infirmary and a. police inspector is on his way to ask them some questions. CHARACTERS,MR BIRLING, Birling is a snob and a social climber very aware of his position in society especially as his. wife is higher up the social scale than him as are the Crofts Gerald s parents He tries to. impress and intimidate the inspector by mentioning having been mayor emphasising his. connections to the Crofts and his friendship with the Chief Constable Birling is pompous and. makes speeches revealing a selfish and arrogant attitude towards others His. proclamations about the Titanic the state of the nation and the impossibility of war are all. designed to make him look foolish in the eyes of the audience who would have the benefit of. hindsight Birling believes that each person is responsible only for himself and his family and. denies any collective or social responsibility More worried about scandal and his reputation. than other people s feelings Birling shows a callous and unsympathetic attitude towards Eva. Smith He is very impressed by Gerald and is indulgent towards his affair with Eva Smith. even though it is his own daughter who has been betrayed. MRS BIRLING, An even bigger snob than her husband Mrs Birling is described in the opening stage directions. as a cold woman and her husband s social superior She is narrow minded and judgmental. about the lower classes without really understanding how other people live She has no. insight and is genuinely unaware that her son is a heavy drinker Her life is governed by her. notion of correctness and whilst her daughter is behaving in an appropriate way she seems to. get on with her but when Sheila expresses opinions she doesn t approve of she reprimands. her Her arrogant and patronising attitude towards the inspector means that she falls a victim. to his questioning despite Sheila s warnings Although she chairs the committee of a charitable. organisation Sybil Birling is not a charitable person she is smug and self satisfied and only. serves on the committee out of a sense of duty rather than a genuine desire to help those less. fortunate than herself Because she only hears what she wants to she is easily offended It is. because Eva Smith had the impertinence to use the Birling name that Mrs Birling refused to. help her She is delighted when it seems that the inspector is a fraud because she feels that. she was the only one who didn t give in to him She does not change her attitude has no. sense of empathy and shows no remorse for her role in Eva Smith s death. At the beginning of the play Sheila is presented as rather pleased with herself but also rather. shallow She makes inconsequential remarks and speaks in a rather childish way she calls. her mother mummy and uses words like squiffy and jolly well However she is the only one. to immediately accept responsibility for her role in Eva Smith s death and she is therefore. probably the most sympathetic character in the play She is genuinely remorseful for her. actions and is very affected by details of the girl s terrible death She shows perception in her. attitude towards the inspector realising that he already knows much of what he is asking them. and showing intuition about what his questioning is leading to She is the first to realise that. Eric is the father of Eva s baby and tries to stop her mother from making it worse for Eric This. intuition is also evident in the fact that before information about Gerald s affair came out she. was suspicious about his behaviour when she speaks to him half serious half playfully about. it Although she acted out of spite and jealousy in getting Eva sacked she has more of a. conscience than any of the other characters and we believe her when she says that she will. never do anything like it again She has more empathy for Eva recognising her as a person. not just as a worker She is therefore very different from her father and mother and nearer to. the inspector in terms of her social conscience Of all the characters Sheila is most. changed by the inspector s visit She is more honest and outspoken than at the beginning of. the play often shocking her mother with her remarks Sheila represents hope that people can. Eric is rather awkward and ill at ease with himself and others He is described as half shy. half assertive immature and weak He is presented as a drunk who does not stand up for. himself against his father Neither of his parents know him well or understand him and he. seems to be lacking their regard and affection Birling makes it clear that Gerald is the type of. son he would have chosen for himself His liaison with Eva Smith was possibly as a result of. his parents lack of understanding but he did not treat her well at the time and the revelations. that he is a thief compound our view of him as a weak and spoilt young man He is however. genuinely sorry about Eva and horrified by the revelations that his mother had turned her. away The audience feels a certain sympathy for him particularly because he does redeem. himself towards the end of the play when he seems to have learnt his lesson. GERALD CROFT, Gerald is the upper class fianc of Sheila Birling unlike Eric he is at ease with himself and. others and has the self confidence of a young man of his class and upbringing He is more. like Mr Birling in his views and outlook on life than he is Sheila or Eric to whom he is nearer in. age He agrees with the way Mr Birling handles the sacking of Eva Smith and when questioned. by the inspector like Mr and Mrs Birling his first impulse is to deny everything However. unlike them he shows remorse for his actions when he realises what has happened to the. girl He tries to protect Sheila from the revelations about his affair with Eva and once he has. begun his confession he admits what he did However he is the one who acts on his. suspicions about the inspector and begins the chain of events which result in the revelation. that the inspector is a fraud or impostor Once he realises this like the Birlings he reverts to a. light hearted attitude which shows that he has not learned anything from the events of the. INSPECTOR GOOLE, The inspector is described as creating an impression of massiveness solidity and. purposefulness As each of the characters part in the death of Eva Smith is revealed he. remains constant and unmoving Although he is described variously as speaking calmly and. steadily he also speaks sternly and grimly There are several references to his taking. control and intervening The inspector could be said to be a mouth piece for Priestley s own. opinions and as a contrast with the views of Birling he has also been called merely a dramatic. device to move the plot along Certainly it is the inspector who makes things happen and. takes control of how and when the revelations occur He decides the order in which each. character is questioned The fact that he is quite ordinary in appearance underlines the fact. that he is not ordinary in the way he asks questions and his attitude towards the other. characters He is direct and takes charge on a number of occasions Both Birling and Mrs. Birling remark on his rudeness He is very single minded and seems very certain of himself. and his facts He also seems to be omniscient all knowing and Sheila is the one who. recognises this most He is a catalyst who seems able to get characters to reveal their. involvement with Eva Smith because he seems to already know what they are going to say. Some critics have argued that he is like a confessor figure with the characters revealing their. sins to him just as they might to a priest He does not make things easy for them and he does. pass judgment on them aloud unlike a real police inspector although unlike a priest he neither. forgives them nor punishes them Goole seems to be working to a very tight time scale and. makes a number of remarks about being in a hurry, There are various possibilities for who or what Inspector Goole represents.
The voice of conscience,A dramatic device,A ghoul or evil spirit. A forewarning of what the characters will face on Judgment Day. The power of Inspector Goole s character lies in not knowing exactly who he is or what he. represents Priestley gives us no clues and deliberately leaves it open at the end because he. does not want to impose just one interpretation of the inspector. When he is uncovered at the end as not being a real inspector it makes a huge difference to. Mr and Mrs Birling and Gerald because not only have they avoided a scandal but they are also. very aware of status whereas for Sheila and Eric it makes no difference he inspected us all. The themes of the play are closely connected and at times indistinguishable from one another. SOCIAL MESSAGE, Priestley uses the play to put across a social message that reflected his own views of society. The comparison between the Birlings and the contrast with the workers in Birling s factory. striking for a few pennies a week more, The fact that someone like Mrs Birling can have a say in whether the Eva Smith s of the. world get help or not, Mr Birling as representative of capitalism and the Inspector championing the poor. The inspector counters Birling s selfish attitude by talking about the need to be responsible. for each other,RESPONSIBILITY, Priestley shows the attitudes of the different characters towards responsibility.
Mr Birling does not have a sense of responsibility to his workers just to making a profit and. towards his family, Mrs Birling has a sense of responsibility to do good deeds by being on the Brumley Women s. Charity Organisation but feels no sense of responsibility for what happened to Eva Smith. after she turned her away, Gerald seems to show a responsible attitude when he rescued the girl from the attentions of. Alderman Meggarty but then used her for his own purposes discarding her once she was of. no further use to him, Eric shows little responsibility for his own actions forcing himself upon Eva when he was in a. drunken state and even when he tried to help her he did it by stealing from his own father. Sheila does show a sense of responsibility somewhat belatedly realising that her actions in. Milwards had a devastating consequence for one young woman s life. Apart from Eric stealing money from his father no crime has been committed in the play yet the. characters are examined as if it has What is being put on trial to some extent is the morality of. their different actions or inactions Although they may not have acted illegally could each of the. characters be said to have acted immorally in their dealings with Eva Smith using their relative. power over her to have her sacked twice to seduce her and then discard her when she was no. longer wanted to force her into having sex against her will and leaving her pregnant and refusing. her money and turning her away when she was destitute. POLITICAL VIEWPOINT, The play could be seen as a microcosm of society with different attitudes being shown through the. different characters Through the character of Birling we are shown the antithesis of everything that. Priestley believes in in the Inspector we get a glimpse of what Priestley would advocate instead Unlike. Birling Priestley believes that everyone has responsibility towards others In Inspector Calls Priestley. shows his fear that the country would not stand up to scrutiny that as a society we might be like Birling. although he shows some hope in the characters of Sheila and Eric that things might change. TENSION IN AN INSPECTOR CALLS, there is a very compact structure to the play nothing is allowed to distract the audience from.
the central theme There is no sub plot, the play takes place in just one location the action is continuous and takes place over one. Act One begins by introducing the characters and establishing the idea of a happy and united. family looking forward to the future with a degree of confidence In retrospect there are a. number of hints that all is not as it seems but these are not particularly obvious until later in. the play There is nothing to warn us of the shock of the Inspector s visit. events soon gather speed and it is not long before we are being informed of Birling and. Sheila s involvement with Eva Smith, tensions increase firstly as Gerald s affair is unveiled and the scandal it would cause and. Sheila begins to realise that they are all implicated in some way he is giving us rope so that. we ll hang ourselves As reader audience we realise that all the characters are going to have. secrets to reveal under the clever questioning of the inspector the anticipation of the audience. raises the level of tension, Mrs Birling s attempts to shift the blame for the girl s suicide lead her to blame the father of the. unborn child Despite Sheila s attempts to prevent her from digging herself deeper into a hole. Mrs Birling ploughs on relentlessly adding to the dramatic tension as the audience waits to. see what will happen, the tension is heightened at this point by the dramatic entrance of Eric. with the departure of the Inspector it would appear that what follows will be something of an anti. climax as the Inspector s identity is put into doubt by a series of observations made by the. Birling family and Gerald Even the existence of Eva is called into question. however the tension remains to some extent as the two generations show a split in their. attitudes confirming the differences highlighted by the Inspector s questioning the moral. divide is very great indeed, the final denouement the phone call announcing that a police inspector is on his way to ask.
some questions about a girl who has just died in the infirmary is as shocking as it is surprising. and ensures that the audience will leave the auditorium in a state of real shock. DRAMATIC DEVICES IN AN INSPECTOR CALLS, stage directions are used at the beginning of the play to give information about the set it tells us that. the Birlings are well off and middle class it is a fairly solid suburban house with good solid furniture. which is substantial and heavily comfortable rather than cosy. stage directions are used at the beginning of the play to give information about characters Priestley. tells us not only about their appearance but also about their character Birling is heavy looking and rather. portentous it means self important or pompous Mrs Birling is rather cold Sheila is a pretty girl very. pleased with life and rather excited Gerald is an attractive chap whilst Eric is not quite at ease half shy. half assertive when the inspector enters we are told that he has a disconcerting habit of looking hard at. the person he addresses before actually speaking, stage directions are widely used to give information about the feelings or actions of the characters which. would help the actors playing the characters bitterly distressed after a pause with a touch of. impatience massively taking charge, lighting is used to create effect at the beginning the lighting is described as pink and intimate after the. inspector enters there is a reference to his moving nearer a light perhaps a standard lamp This. suggests that the inspector is shining a harsh light on the Birlings and Gerald Croft. sparing use of sound effects help to enhance the drama the doorbell in the first act and the ringing of. the telephone in the final moments of the play are both highly significant. Priestley frequently makes use of the dash to show a character s emotional state the dash represents. the fact that the character is speaking in a disjointed rather than a flowing and articulate way see Sheila s. speech on page 29 and Eric s on p 55, not all the characters are on stage all the time exits and entrances are cleverly used to create dramatic. tension see separate notes about this with some characters being unaware of what has happened whilst. they were out of the room examples include the entrance of the inspector shortly after Birling has made. his pompous speeches Mrs Birling s not knowing that the inspector is implicating everyone with his clever. questioning techniques and Eric s re appearance at the end of Act 2 just at the moment when the. audience and the characters on stage realise that Eric is the father of Eva Smith s baby. dramatic irony this is particularly evident in Birling s speeches at the beginning of the play when he. makes pronouncements about war the state of the nation in 30 years time and more immediately the. unsinkable nature of the Titanic compare this apparent foolishness with the inspector s talk of blood and. anguish An audience seeing this immediately after the second world war with knowledge of the first war. would think of Birling as a fool and the inspector as a prophet. the major dramatic device used by Priestley is that of the Inspector himself He is used to good effect to. move the plot along controlling the pace of events and deciding in which order the characters are. questioned He is also used to voice Priestley s socialist views and opinions. contrast between characters is another effective dramatic device the juxtaposition of Birling and the. inspector provides an effective contrast of beliefs the attitudes of Sheila and her father to the fate of Eva. Smith also provides effective contrast, symbolism is a further dramatic device used by Priestley Birling represents capitalism whilst the.
inspector as a mouthpiece for Priestley himself represents socialism Mr and Mrs Birling and Gerald. Croft represent the old order of things whilst Sheila and Eric are symbolic of hope for the future. cliff hangers Priestley uses this device several times to make the audience wait in anticipation for what. they know will happen The end of Act 1 and beginning of Act 2 begin with the inspector saying Well to. Gerald the beginning of Act 3 is exactly as at the end of Act 2. EXAM QUESTIONS ON AN INSPECTOR CALLS, IN THE EXAM you will be asked to write TWO answers on An Inspector Calls. one compulsory question based on an extract from the text 10 marks. This is known as a CONTEXT question You are advised to spend about 20 minutes. on this answer,one longer question from a choice of two 20 marks. You are advised to spend about 40 minutes on this answer. HOW TO ANSWER A CONTEXT QUESTION No choice 10 marks 20 minutes. 1 Look carefully at what you are being asked to comment on is it character theme dramatic. 2 Read the extract carefully and try to locate the passage whereabouts in the play does it. come Before what After what This will give you a context for answering the question. 3 Focus on the extract only refer to elsewhere in the play if it is relevant e g shows a change. of character, 4 As you read write down about 3 or 4 points that you want to make to answer the question. underline a few quotes to support your points, 5 Don t do an introduction conclusion there isn t time. 6 Get straight into answering the question by making a major point in your first sentence. 7 Write about 3 4 short paragraphs covering the points you have highlighted as being. 8 Use only very short quotes, Q Read the extract on the opposite page Look closely at how Sheila speaks and behaves.
What does it reveal about her character,Sample answer major point. From the very beginning of this extract Sheila shows more assertive behaviour than earlier in the play. Although Gerald tries to protect Sheila from the revelations which are to follow Sheila does not want. protecting and shows her determination to stay,shows understanding of the context. There is evidence of a stronger character than there was in Act 1 she is far less subservient towards. Gerald showing her disappointment in his judgment of her by speaking bitterly and interrupting him. when he tries to explain himself,knowledge of text. Priestley shows that Sheila is a more sympathetic character than either of her parents through. selective use of stage directions She is distressed when reminded of the way Eva Smith died and. reacts eagerly when the inspector suggests that she does not want to feel entirely to blame However. the fact that she does acknowledge her responsibility and feels remorseful about it makes the. audience feel more warmly towards her,LI know I m to blame and I m desperately sorryL. Priestley effectively conveys Sheila s emotions through the use of dashes which suggest that she is. speaking in a disjointed way and that she is under some strain. During the play Sheila is shown to be perceptive and to have some sympathy with the inspector and. intuition about what he is doing The first hint of this is shown at the beginning of this extract she says. Lbut you haven t finished asking questions have you and then later when he seems to echo her. own thoughts she stares at him wonderingly and dubiously. Although this may seem a short answer it is enough for the 20 minutes you have for a context question. SHEILA No but you haven t finished asking questions have you. INSPECTOR No, SHEILA to GERALD You see To INSPECTOR Then I m staying.
GERALD Why should you It s bound to be unpleasant and disturbing. INSPECTOR And you think young women ought to be protected against unpleasant and disturbing. GERALD If possible yes, INSPECTOR Well we know one young woman who wasn t don t we. GERALD I suppose I asked for that, SHEILA Be careful you don t ask for any more Gerald. GERALD I only meant to say to you Why stay when you ll hate it. SHEILA It can t be any worse for me than it has been And it might be better. GERALD bitterly I see,SHEILA What do you see, GERALD You ve been through it and now you want to see somebody else put through it. SHEILA bitterly So that s what you think I m really like I m glad I realized it in time Gerald. GERALD No no I didn t mean, SHEILA cutting in Yes you did And if you d really loved me you couldn t have said that. You listened to that nice story about me I got that girl sacked from Milwards And. now you ve made up your mind I must obviously be a selfish vindictive creature. GERALD I neither said that nor even suggested it, SHEILA Then why say I want to see somebody else put through it That s not what I meant at.
GERALD All right then I m sorry, SHEILA Yes but you don t believe me And this is just the wrong time not to believe me. INSPECTOR massively taking charge Allow me Miss Birling To GERALD I can tell you why Miss. Birling wants to stay on and why she says it might be better for her if she did A girl. died tonight A pretty lively sort of girl who never did anybody any harm But she. died in misery and agony hating life, SHEILA distressed Don t please I know I know and I can t stop thinking about it. INSPECTOR ignoring this Now Miss Birling has just been made to understand what she did to. this girl She feels responsible And if she leaves us now and doesn t hear any more. then she ll feel she s entirely to blame she ll be alone with her responsibility the rest. of tonight all tomorrow all the next night, SHEILA eagerly Yes that s it And I know I m to blame and I m desperately sorry but I. can t believe I won t believe it s simply my fault that in the end she she. committed suicide That would be too horrible, INSPECTOR sternly to them both You see we have to share something If there s nothing else. we ll have to share our guilt, SHEILA staring at him Yes That s true You know She goes close to him wonderingly I.
don t understand about you,INSPECTOR calmly There s no reason why you should. LONGER QUESTIONS, The second question you will answer on An Inspector Calls is a longer question sometimes. an essay style question You need to choose ONE question from a choice of TWO Aim to. spend 40 minutes on this question 5 10 minutes thinking and planning and about 30 minutes. writing Don t do a long introduction or conclusion. 1 CHARACTER QUESTIONS,a This might be about an individual character. How is Sheila Birling presented,Which character do you have least sympathy for. b It might ask you to compare two characters, Choose two characters in Inspector Calls with different attitudes How does Priestley.
present these two characters, c You might also be asked about the relationships between two characters. How is the relationship between Gerald and Sheila presented at different points in the. 2 EMPATHY QUESTIONS, In this type of question you are asked to put yourself in a character s shoes and write as if. you were them You need to think about their attitudes their attitudes to others and their. reactions to what has happened Try to use appropriate language and get the tone right for. how they speak, Imagine you are Eric At the end of the play you look back over events Write down. your thoughts and feelings,3 DRAMA BASED QUESTIONS. These tend to be about the advice you would give to an actor playing a character. What advice would you give the actor playing Arthur Birling. You may be given some prompts but even if you are not remember to think about different. times in the play You might take four different points when giving advice about Birling For. example the beginning when he is making his speeches after the Inspector has entered. then when he realises that the inspector does not exist and finally after the telephone call at. 4 WHOLE TEXT THEMES ISSUES, Which character is most to blame for the death of Eva Smith.
How is the theme of responsibility presented in the play. 5 WRITER S CRAFT, This could be about the structure of the play or about the dramatic devices used by. What do you think of the ending of the play, How does Priestley create and maintain tension in An Inspector Calls. What do you think of the way Priestley uses dramatic devices in An Inspector Calls. INSPECTOR CALLS PAST PAPER QUESTIONS, Here are some of the questions that have been asked over the last few years This should help you to. understand the TYPE of questions asked rather than being useful for practice You may be able to guess. what questions may come up by looking at what has been asked over the last four years. You will notice that the questions for FOUNDATION and HIGHER tier vary slightly In the context question. the passage is always the same but the questions in the FOUNDATION tier tend to be about one or more. of the characters In the HIGHER tier the question will focus more on the MOOD or ATMOSPHERE. created in the extract In the longer questions the FOUNDATION tier will often have prompts Use these. to help you structure your answer,FOUNDATION, Answer both parts of a and either part b or part c. a Read the extract on pp 33 35 Act 2 Beginning of questioning of Gerald Inspector At the end of January last. i What are your thoughts and feelings about Sheila. ii What are your thoughts and feelings about Gerald 10. b Which character changes most as a result of the Inspector s visit in your opinion. Think about, your chosen character s dealings with the Inspector.
your chosen character s relationships with other characters in the play. the way your chosen character speaks and behaves at different points in the play. why you think your chosen character changes most 20. c Give advice to the actor playing Mr Birling about how he should speak and behave in the following parts. in the play,at the beginning before the Inspector arrives. at the end after Gerald brings news that there is no Inspector Goole on the police force. Answer a and either part b or part c, Act 2 Beginning of questioning of Gerald pp 33 35 Inspector At the end of January last yearL. a With close reference to the extract show how JB Priestley creates mood and atmosphere for an audience here. b Which character changes most as a result of the Inspector s visit in your opinion Show how this change. is presented to an audience, c Give advice to the actor playing Mr Birling on how he should present the character to an audience. FOUNDATION, Answer both parts of a and either part b or part c. a Read the extract on pp 54 56 Act 3 just before the Inspector leaves Inspector cutting in And my trouble is I. don t have much timeL, How does the Inspector speak and behave in this extract Give reasons for what you say.
b Imagine you are Sheila At the end of the play you think back over what has happened Write down your. thoughts and feelings,You may wish to think about,your relationship with your family. your relationship with Gerald Croft, your feelings about what the Inspector revealed about your involvement with the dead girl. your feelings about what the Inspector revealed about your family s involvement with the dead girl. c For which character in the play do you have the least sympathy Give reasons for what you say. Answer a and either part b or part c, a pp 54 56 Act 3 just before the Inspector leaves Inspector cutting in And my trouble is I don t have. much timeL, Look closely at how the Inspector speaks and behaves here How does the way he speaks and behaves create. mood and atmosphere for an audience, b Imagine you are Sheila At the end of the play you think back over what has happened Write down your.
thoughts and feelings Remember how Sheila would speak when you write your answer. c Show how Priestley creates and maintains tension throughout the play. FOUNDATION, Answer both parts of a and either part b or part c. a Read the extract from the beginning of Act 2 which begins SHEILA No but you haven t finished asking. questions have you pp 27 29 Then answer the following questions. i What do you think of the way Sheila speaks and behaves here Give reasons for what. ii How do you think an audience would respond to this part of the play Give reasons. for what you say 5, b Give advice to the actor playing Mrs Birling on how she should present the character to an. Think about,the way she speaks and behaves with Mr Birling. the way she speaks and behaves with Sheila Eric and Gerald. the way she speaks and behaves with the Inspector,her response to the news about Eva Smith. anything else you think important 20, c Write about the character of Inspector Goole and his importance to the play.
Think about,his arrival, the way he speaks and behaves with different characters. the impact he has on the Birlings and Gerald Croft. anything else you think important 20,Answer a and either part b or part c. a Read the extract from the beginning of Act 2 which begins SHEILA No but you haven t finished asking. questions have you pp 27 29 Then answer the following questions. Look closely at how Sheila speaks and behaves here What does it reveal about her character. b Give advice to the actor playing Mrs Birling on how she should present the character to an. audience 20, c How is the character of Inspector Goole important to the play as a whole 20. FOUNDATION, Answer both parts of a and either part b or part c. pp 70 end Just after Birling has learned that there is no Inspector Goole and that no girl has died that day in the. BIRLING triumphantly There you are Proof positive, i What do you think of the way Mr Birling speaks and behaves here Give reasons for what you say.
ii What do you think of the way Sheila speaks and behaves here Give reasons for what you say. b Imagine you are Gerald At the end of the play you think back over its events Write down your thoughts. and feelings,You may wish to think about, what happened during the evening of the Inspector s visit. your relationship with Sheila,your relationship with Eva Smith Daisy Renton. the effect the evening s events had on you, c Which character do you think is most to blame for Eva Smith s death Give reasons for what you say. Answer a and either part b or part c, pp 70 end Just after Birling has learned that there is no Inspector Goole and that no girl has died that day in the. BIRLING triumphantly There you are Proof positive, a How does this extract create mood and atmosphere for an audience.
b Imagine you are Gerald At the end of the play you think back over its events Write down your. thoughts and feelings Remember how Gerald would speak when you write your answer. c Inspector Goole says We are all responsible for each other How does J B Priestley present this theme.


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