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AFTN Terminal User Manual Flight ATM
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AFTN Terminal 18 Oct 09,Revision History,Revision Description of changes made. Draft A 01 Initial release,Change History,Revision Draft A 01 A B C D. Rev Date 16th Oct 09,Written by Peter Venton,Checked by. Approved by,Quality Stamp,Document Authorisation,Authorised for use Approved by. Peter Venton Customer, Flight ATM Systems Ltd Doc No GEN USR Rev A0 01 A4 2 of 41.
All information contained in this document remains the sole and exclusive property of Flight ATM Systems Ltd No part of it may be copied or disclosed by the recipient to third. persons without the prior written consent of Flight ATM Systems Ltd nor shall it be used for any purpose other than in connection with an agreement or proposed agreement with. Flight ATM Systems Ltd Registered in the United Kingdom registration number 562 5816. AFTN Terminal 18 Oct 09,Document Authorisation,No of Hardcopy. Name Company,Copies Softcopy,Anders Brolien Flight ATM Ltd System 1 SC. Architecture Design,Peter Venton Flight ATM Systems Ltd 1 SC. Application Design,Referenced Documents,Reference Identification Name. 1 ICAO DOC 4444 Procedures for Air Navigation,Services Air Traffic Management.
Fourteenth Edition 2001, 2 Volume II Communication Annex 10 to the Convention on. Procedures including those with International Civil Aviation. PANS status Sixth Edition October International Civil Aviation. 2001 Organization International,Standards and Recommended. Practices and Procedures for Air,Navigation Services. 3 GEN CDP Flight ATM Systems Ltd AFTN,Terminal Configuration Data. Preparation,4 DPS ET1 ST09 STD 01 01 EUROCONTROL STANDARD.
DOCUMENT for ATS Data,Exchange Presentation ADEXP,Edition 2 1. Edition Date December 2001,5 AFTNTERM ARCH Flight ATM Systems Ltd AFTN. Terminal Architecture Overview, Flight ATM Systems Ltd Doc No GEN USR Rev A0 01 A4 3 of 41. All information contained in this document remains the sole and exclusive property of Flight ATM Systems Ltd No part of it may be copied or disclosed by the recipient to third. persons without the prior written consent of Flight ATM Systems Ltd nor shall it be used for any purpose other than in connection with an agreement or proposed agreement with. Flight ATM Systems Ltd Registered in the United Kingdom registration number 562 5816. AFTN Terminal 18 Oct 09,Table of Contents,1 Document Overview 6. 1 1 Identification 6,1 2 Purpose 6,1 3 Scope 6,1 4 Conventions 6.
2 System Overview 7,2 1 1 Message Processing 7,2 1 2 System Architecture Overview 9. 3 Application Basics 10,3 1 On Line Help 11,3 2 Limitations 11. 4 Using the Application 12,4 1 Main Window 12,4 1 1 Status Bar 14. 4 1 2 Main Window Print Options 15,4 1 3 Main Window Tree Folder Manipulation 15. 4 1 4 Message Templates 16,4 1 5 Main Window Message Correction 16.
4 1 6 Main Window Message Deletion 16,4 1 7 Main Window Message Display 17. 4 1 8 Main Window Message Composition 17,4 1 9 Main Window Message Transmission 18. 4 1 10 Acknowledging Received Message 18,4 2 Message Editors 18. 4 2 1 Text Editor 20,4 2 2 Form Editor 25,4 3 Network Connectivity Window 37. 5 Appendix A Command Availability Matrix 39,6 Appendix B Acronyms 40.
List of Figures,Figure 1 Simplified Architectural Overview 9. Figure 2 Client Primary GUI Window 10, Figure 3 Main Application Window Appearance after cold Start 12. Figure 4 Main Application Window Appearance after warm Start 13. Figure 5 Main Application Window with Error Selected 14. Figure 6 Text Editor Appearance new Message 20,Figure 7 Text Editor Appearance Reply To 21. Figure 8 Form Editor FPL 25,Figure 9 Network Connectivity Window 37. Flight ATM Systems Ltd Doc No GEN USR Rev A0 01 A4 4 of 41. All information contained in this document remains the sole and exclusive property of Flight ATM Systems Ltd No part of it may be copied or disclosed by the recipient to third. persons without the prior written consent of Flight ATM Systems Ltd nor shall it be used for any purpose other than in connection with an agreement or proposed agreement with. Flight ATM Systems Ltd Registered in the United Kingdom registration number 562 5816. AFTN Terminal 18 Oct 09,List of Tables,Table 1 Status Bar Icons 15.
Table 2 Command Availability Matrix 39, Flight ATM Systems Ltd Doc No GEN USR Rev A0 01 A4 5 of 41. All information contained in this document remains the sole and exclusive property of Flight ATM Systems Ltd No part of it may be copied or disclosed by the recipient to third. persons without the prior written consent of Flight ATM Systems Ltd nor shall it be used for any purpose other than in connection with an agreement or proposed agreement with. Flight ATM Systems Ltd Registered in the United Kingdom registration number 562 5816. AFTN Terminal 18 Oct 09,1 Document Overview,1 1 Identification. Program Program Name,Document Name AFTN Terminal User Manual. Document Number GEN USR,Revision A0 01,Revision Date Sunday 18 October 2009. Document Owner Peter Venton Flight ATM Systems Ltd. File Name GEN AFTN Terminal User Manual doc,1 2 Purpose.
This is the user manual for the Flight ATM Systems Ltd AFTN Terminal application. This document provides end users with sufficient information to use the AFTN Terminal Application. in an operational environment, This document can be used as training material if required. This document cannot be used for system monitoring and control this includes system. configuration fallback operation and general functionality of a system nature typically reserved for. SMC and or technicians maintaining the operational systems for the ANSP. 1 4 Conventions, Menu and submenu item selection are shown in fixed pitch font as follows. File Print Summary List, This means select Print Summary List File menu item. Flight ATM Systems Ltd Doc No GEN USR Rev A0 01 A4 6 of 41. All information contained in this document remains the sole and exclusive property of Flight ATM Systems Ltd No part of it may be copied or disclosed by the recipient to third. persons without the prior written consent of Flight ATM Systems Ltd nor shall it be used for any purpose other than in connection with an agreement or proposed agreement with. Flight ATM Systems Ltd Registered in the United Kingdom registration number 562 5816. AFTN Terminal 18 Oct 09,2 System Overview, The Flight ATM Systems Ltd AFTN Terminal Application is designed to receive from and transmit. to the AFTN a number of different message types including. ATS Messages in both ICAO and ADEXP formats,METARs for meteorological data.
Other plain text messages as required, The application is implemented using state of the art technological solutions. Messages are stored in a COTS XML database, The application is implemented in Java which provides scalability for future enhancements. as well as a reduction in initial production and subsequent maintenance costs due to the. high levels of support for the language, The application paradigm is based on commercial email applications this paradigm is immediately. recognisable from the main application window The application provides the following functionality. Support for processing all ICAO ATS messages defined in 1 receive and transmit. Support for processing ADEXP messages message processing conforms to the rules. defined by EUROCONTROL in 4 receive and transmit The ADEXP message titles. supported are defined in configuration data at a programming level Currently changes to. the ADEXP configuration data must be made through Flight ATM Systems Ltd. Support for reception and transmission of METAR and NOTAM messages. Support for reception and transmission of other free text message carried by the AFTN. Archiving of all received and transmitted messages to meet legal retention obligations. 2 1 1 Message Processing, The application aims to reduce operator workload by automating the ATS message filing process. as far as possible, Received ATS ICAO and ADEXP messages are parsed for syntax and semantics and saved to.
the database erroneous messages are also saved to the database but flagged to users as. containing errors errors do not have to be corrected. When composing ATS ICAO and ADEXP messages for transmission any errors detected during. message composition must first be corrected before transmission onto the AFTN It is not possible. to transmit an erroneous message, The payload of METAR and NOTAM messages is not parsed on reception or transmission the. message header is, To assist in efficient message composition message creation is supported with a number of form. editors Context sensitive help is continuously available to users providing an explanation of a. field s syntax, Free text editors are also available in which messages can be entered these editors must be used. for METAR and NOTAM messages or other non ATS messages No form editor support is. currently available for ADEXP message and these must also be entered by hand if required. 2 1 1 1 Message Parsing, Received and created ATS messages are fully parsed for conformance to ICAO or ADEXP. standards as defined in 1 and 4 respectively The route field ICAO field 15 is checked for. correct syntax and semantics there is no check with any AIP data to ensure a point lies on a route. etc As much semantic checking is carried out as possible without the availability of AIP data. Flight ATM Systems Ltd Doc No GEN USR Rev A0 01 A4 7 of 41. All information contained in this document remains the sole and exclusive property of Flight ATM Systems Ltd No part of it may be copied or disclosed by the recipient to third. persons without the prior written consent of Flight ATM Systems Ltd nor shall it be used for any purpose other than in connection with an agreement or proposed agreement with. Flight ATM Systems Ltd Registered in the United Kingdom registration number 562 5816. AFTN Terminal 18 Oct 09, Field 18 and 19 are also checked but many fields are not parsed due to the free text nature of.
many fields However fields such as field 18 EET are checked for correct syntax and semantics. The overall concept is to provide syntax and semantic checking wherever ICAO specifies very. specific rules EET and DOF are examples where such rules are clearly defined. ADEXP messages are parsed for the following, That the correct primary fields are present for a given message title. That auxiliary terms are syntactically and semantically correct. That a primary field contains the correct auxiliary term. All parsing rules are implemented as defined in the ADEXP standard given in 4. Only messages with a priority indicator FF are parsed for ATS message compliance this. includes ADEXP and ICAO formats other priority indicators are used for specific message types. which as already stated are not parsed,The messages parsed are. ICAO messages ACH ACP AFP APL ARR CDN CHG CNL CPL DEP DLA EST FPL. FNM MFS RQP RQS and SPL,ADEXP ETFMS messages DES SAM SRM SLC and SMM. ADEXP ATS messages FLS IACH IAFP IAPL IARR ICHG ICNL IDEP IDLA IFPL IRQP. Flight ATM Systems Ltd Doc No GEN USR Rev A0 01 A4 8 of 41. All information contained in this document remains the sole and exclusive property of Flight ATM Systems Ltd No part of it may be copied or disclosed by the recipient to third. persons without the prior written consent of Flight ATM Systems Ltd nor shall it be used for any purpose other than in connection with an agreement or proposed agreement with. Flight ATM Systems Ltd Registered in the United Kingdom registration number 562 5816. AFTN Terminal 18 Oct 09,2 1 2 System Architecture Overview. This section provides a brief synopsis of the applications architecture this section is provided for. improved understanding how the application fits into the overall ANSP architecture. This section does not attempt to provide a detailed view of the system architecture for a more. detailed description refer to the document 5, The network infrastructure is based on standard Ethernet using TCP IP Clients are connected to a.
redundant server that in turn is connected with a TCP IP connection to the ANSP AFTN switch. A client instance can be configured to run in any of the tower CWPs the physical network. infrastructure is shared with the CWP,Flight Plan AFTN Terminal. ATS Message,Server TCP IP,Database AFTN SITA Interface. TCP IP LAN,Local tower CWP Client s AFTN,Figure 1 Simplified Architectural Overview. When a message is received the server ensures that the message is parsed and stored. Connected clients are notified that a message has been received clients subsequently display. messages to the end user, Messages created by a client are parsed and stored in the database The user is able to optionally. transmit the message onto the AFTN Messages derived from a client are secured in the database. and cause all clients to be notified of the new message clients update their respective views of. the data once a client has completed inputting a message. Each message secured to the database is stored as a single XML document. Flight ATM Systems Ltd Doc No GEN USR Rev A0 01 A4 9 of 41. All information contained in this document remains the sole and exclusive property of Flight ATM Systems Ltd No part of it may be copied or disclosed by the recipient to third. persons without the prior written consent of Flight ATM Systems Ltd nor shall it be used for any purpose other than in connection with an agreement or proposed agreement with. Flight ATM Systems Ltd Registered in the United Kingdom registration number 562 5816. AFTN Terminal 18 Oct 09,3 Application Basics, This section provides a brief overview of the AFTN Terminal Application functionality without going.
into detail later sections elaborate on the use of the application in greater detail. The application provides functionality to, Enter all ICAO ATS Message types in either ICAO or ADEXP format. Ensure entered messages are syntactically correct, Ensure entered messages are semantically correct as far as is possible without. environmental data checking against AIP data, Receive all ICAO ATS Message types in either ICAO or ADEXP format. Transmit all ICAO ATS Message types, Message creation is supported using two mechanisms. Plain text editors these editors are free format text editors allowing complete freedom as to. the data entered These editors are difficult to use as a user must have extensive knowledge. of both syntax and semantics for a message being entered. Form editors these editors provide a form where many fields are initialised by default and. context sensitive help is provided for all fields in a given form providing users with as much. support as possible during message composition The online help is configured in off line. configuration data and can be modified for user preferences. Default ICAO AFTN originator and addresses are provided in both the form and text editors This. data is obtained from configuration data for details on how to configure such data refer to 3. As stated previously the paradigm used for the application is analogous to many commercial email. applications The following drawing provides a high level description of the applications primary. client window at application start up This window is never closed closing this window closes the. client and disconnects the client application from the server. Window Title Bar, List view displaying a summary of messages contained in a selected.
folder of the tree view pane on the left,Tree view displaying. messages secured in the, XML database Disabled text editor displaying the message in ICAO or ADEXP format. Error reports,Status Bar,Figure 2 Client Primary GUI Window. The following describes the areas of the primary application window. Flight ATM Systems Ltd Doc No GEN USR Rev A0 01 A4 10 of 41. All information contained in this document remains the sole and exclusive property of Flight ATM Systems Ltd No part of it may be copied or disclosed by the recipient to third. persons without the prior written consent of Flight ATM Systems Ltd nor shall it be used for any purpose other than in connection with an agreement or proposed agreement with. Flight ATM Systems Ltd Registered in the United Kingdom registration number 562 5816. AFTN Terminal 18 Oct 09, Title bar standard windows title bar containing the name of the application with a minimise. maximise and close button, Menu standard window menu with a number of menu items described later from which.
inputs can be made, Tool bar standard window toolbar that contains a number of buttons that replicate many. options available in the menus these buttons provide a shortcut to the menu functions. Tree view displays a hierarchical view of the messages held in the XML database The. user is able to create modify and delete folders as required There are a number of folders. that cannot be deleted e g the Inbox which is used to display all received messages. Summary list this displays messages stored in a folder selected by a user from the tree. view The summary list contains a number of columns that provide a synopsis of the data for. a given message, Text Editor displays the message as received on the AFTN This editor is normally. disabled but if the message contains an error it is enabled to allow the message to be. corrected and saved to the database Once saved the editor is again disabled. Error reports this area displays the errors if any in received messages Selecting an error. causes the erroneous part of the message to be highlighted in the Text Editor. Status bar provides status information about various parts of the application including. network connection status and the number of messages in a selected folder etc. Once a message is received it can be moved around to a folder of choice just as files in a file. explorer Stored messages can be copied or a Reply to initiated. When a Reply to is initiated using a form editor the form is filled out using data from the message. being copied Hence if a Reply to is initiated on an FPL to reply with a DEP then the DEP form. editor is opened with all fields initialised from the original message the user need only provide the. ATD check the message for correct syntax and transmit it. Users have the ability to Save a message to a Draft folder and then send it immediately or defer. the transmission for a later time, All the buttons menu items and fields are supported with tool tips that can be used as a reminder. as to their function or data input requirements of a GUI component. 3 1 On Line Help, The application comes with a comprehensive on line help facility that can be invoked from any. window with the F1 key Where appropriate the help is context sensitive displaying help. information relevant for the window used to invoke the help. If a form editor is open with the focus set in an editable field then F1 causes the help to open. displaying information on the field with the focus. There is also a help button on the toolbar which causes the help to be displayed at the. Introduction page of the help documentation,3 2 Limitations.
The application provides numerous dialogues for creating and correcting messages along with a. number of windows that provide functions other than message editing Many of the windows can. be opened more than once this functionality is provided in order to be able to copy data from one. message to another or compare data between messages In order to ensure that system resources. cannot be exhausted by opening too many windows a limit is placed on the maximum number of. windows that can be opened The limit can be configured using configuration data. The maximum number of windows that can be opened excludes the main application window the. About dialogue the Network Connectivity window and the Help window Message boxes. reporting warnings information and errors are also excluded Once the limit is reached the user is. prompted to close one or more windows in order to continue opening additional windows. Flight ATM Systems Ltd Doc No GEN USR Rev A0 01 A4 11 of 41. All information contained in this document remains the sole and exclusive property of Flight ATM Systems Ltd No part of it may be copied or disclosed by the recipient to third. persons without the prior written consent of Flight ATM Systems Ltd nor shall it be used for any purpose other than in connection with an agreement or proposed agreement with. Flight ATM Systems Ltd Registered in the United Kingdom registration number 562 5816. AFTN Terminal 18 Oct 09,4 Using the Application, This section describes how to use the AFTN Terminal Application The functions available and. described in this section are summarised in Appendix A Command Availability Matrix The. matrix provides a synopsis of where a function can be found along with accelerator keys for fast. keyboard access to a function,4 1 Main Window, Once the application is started the window shown in the following figure is displayed this is the. main window as it appears after a cold start Note that there is a set of default folders displayed in. the tree at the left of the window These default folders cannot be renamed or deleted There are. no specific folders relating to received messages i e an Inbox. Figure 3 Main Application Window Appearance after cold Start. Once the application server starts to receive messages a number of Inbox folders are. automatically created in which the received messages are stored These automatically created. folders cannot be deleted or renamed by the user, When a message is received a bell sounds at the client this is configurable and can be turned off. to notify users that a message has been received Messages with an SS priority indicator always. sound an alarm at the client this alarm cannot be disabled. As users are typically presented with the main window containing received messages the following. figure is used for the descriptions that follow The figure shows the appearance of the main window. with a number of received messages and the folders created in which the message have been. automatically placed, Flight ATM Systems Ltd Doc No GEN USR Rev A0 01 A4 12 of 41. All information contained in this document remains the sole and exclusive property of Flight ATM Systems Ltd No part of it may be copied or disclosed by the recipient to third. persons without the prior written consent of Flight ATM Systems Ltd nor shall it be used for any purpose other than in connection with an agreement or proposed agreement with. Flight ATM Systems Ltd Registered in the United Kingdom registration number 562 5816. AFTN Terminal 18 Oct 09, Figure 4 Main Application Window Appearance after warm Start.
Each node in the tree displays the following, The total number of messages contained in a tree node last number in parenthesis. The number of messages not read in a tree node first number in parenthesis. A yellow warning icon if the folder contains a message with and error. Selecting a tree node with the left mouse button causes the message s stored in the selected tree. node to be displayed in the summary list Selecting an entry from the summary list causes the. message content to be displayed in the text editor below the summary list the message is. displayed as received from the AFTN Messages containing errors are displayed with a yellow. warning icon in the left most column of the summary list. The text editor below the summary list is disabled for error free messages erroneous messages. can be edited using this editor if required There is no need to correct messages with errors all. messages are stored in the database irrespective of their error status However if a message is to. be used as a template to build a message for transmission it must be error free before it can be. sent onto the AFTN, The following figure illustrates the appearance of the main window with an erroneous message. selected Selecting the error highlights the part of the message containing the error. Flight ATM Systems Ltd Doc No GEN USR Rev A0 01 A4 13 of 41. All information contained in this document remains the sole and exclusive property of Flight ATM Systems Ltd No part of it may be copied or disclosed by the recipient to third. persons without the prior written consent of Flight ATM Systems Ltd nor shall it be used for any purpose other than in connection with an agreement or proposed agreement with. Flight ATM Systems Ltd Registered in the United Kingdom registration number 562 5816. AFTN Terminal 18 Oct 09, Figure 5 Main Application Window with Error Selected. 4 1 1 Status Bar, The status bar contains five information areas from left to right these are. The number of messages in the selected folder and how many of these have been read. Server availability status,Client server connection status.
The connection status of the server with the AFTN switch. A small stateless progress bar that is active when the client is waiting for a response from the. Double clicking the server client or AFTN status icons opens a window displaying more detailed. information about network connectivity for all servers and clients in the system A subsequent. double click will hide the network connectivity status window Refer to section 4 3 titled Network. Connectivity Window for further details on this window. The icons displayed in the status bar indicate connection status and server availability the exact. meaning for each icon is explained in the following table. Icon Meaning,No servers are available, STBY server is available and this client is connected to it. EXEC server is available and this client is connected to it the availability of the STBY is not. indicated For further information the Network Connectivity window must be opened. Flight ATM Systems Ltd Doc No GEN USR Rev A0 01 A4 14 of 41. All information contained in this document remains the sole and exclusive property of Flight ATM Systems Ltd No part of it may be copied or disclosed by the recipient to third. persons without the prior written consent of Flight ATM Systems Ltd nor shall it be used for any purpose other than in connection with an agreement or proposed agreement with. Flight ATM Systems Ltd Registered in the United Kingdom registration number 562 5816. AFTN Terminal 18 Oct 09,Icon Meaning, This client is not connected to an EXEC server The connection to a standby server is not. indicated For further information the Network Connectivity window must be opened. This and client is connected to an EXEC server The connection to a standby server is not. indicated For further information the Network Connectivity window must be opened. This and client and at least one other client are connected to the EXEC server The connection. to a standby server is not indicated For further information the Network Connectivity window. must be opened, Neither the EXEC nor STBY server is connected to the AFTN. The STBY server is connected to the AFTN, The EXEC server is connected to the AFTN the connection status of the STBY is not indicated. For further information the Network Connectivity window must be opened. Table 1 Status Bar Icons,4 1 2 Main Window Print Options.
Two print options are available from the Main Window. Printing the summary list the output contains a list of the messages displayed in the. summary list, Printing the message displayed in the editor the print output contains the message in the. same format as displayed in the text editor,4 1 2 1 Printing the Summary List. The summary list can be printed using one of the following options. Selecting the print button on the main window toolbar. Selecting the File Print Summary List option from the menu. 4 1 2 2 Printing a Displayed Message, A displayed message can be printed using one of the following options. Right click on a summary list entry and select the Print option from the popup menu. Right click anywhere in the editor displaying the message and select the Print option. from the popup menu,4 1 3 Main Window Tree Folder Manipulation. The creation modification deletion and expansion collapse of folders in the tree view can be. carried out using the following methods,From the main window menu with.
File Folder Create Folder Delete Folder Rename Folder or. Expand Collapse Folder, From the popup menu displayed by right clicking a tree node with. Create Folder Delete Folder Rename Folder or Expand Collapse. Flight ATM Systems Ltd Doc No GEN USR Rev A0 01 A4 15 of 41. All information contained in this document remains the sole and exclusive property of Flight ATM Systems Ltd No part of it may be copied or disclosed by the recipient to third. persons without the prior written consent of Flight ATM Systems Ltd nor shall it be used for any purpose other than in connection with an agreement or proposed agreement with. Flight ATM Systems Ltd Registered in the United Kingdom registration number 562 5816.


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