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ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS UNDP
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ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS, APR PIR Annual Project Review Project Implementation Reports. BEE Bureau of Energy Efficiency, CII Confederation of Indian Industry. CO Country Office UNDP, CP Country Programme, CPAP Country Programme Action Plan. DEA Department of Economic Affairs, DFID Department for International Development United Kingdom. DSM Demand Side Management, EC Energy Conservation.
EE Energy Efficiency, EEU Energy and Environment Unit UNDP. ECBC Energy Conservation Building Code, EIA Environmental Impact Assessment. EPI Energy Performance Index, FACE Fund Authorisation and Certification of Expenditures. FTE Final Term Evaluation, GDP Gross Domestic Product. GEF Global Environment Facility, GHG Greenhouse Gas.
GRIHA Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment. GWh Gigawatt hour billion watt hour, IGBC Indian Green Building Council. IIM Indian Institute of Management, IIT Indian Institute of Technology. IREDA Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency, kWh Kilowatt hour. LEED Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design. MNRE Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, MOEF Ministry of Environment and Forests. MOP Ministry of Power, MTE Mid Term Evaluation, Mtoe Million tonnes of oil equivalent.
MW Megawatt million Watt, MWh Megawatt hour, NABL National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories. NID National Institute of Design, NPC National Productivity Council. NPC National Project Coordinator, NPD National Project Director. PMU Project Management Unit, PSC Project Steering Committee. QPR Quarterly Progress Report, RCU Regional Coordination Unit UNDP.
RTA Regional Technical Advisor UNDP, SDC Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation. sq ft square feet 1 m 10 7639 ft, SME Small and Medium sized Enterprise. tCO2 tonne of carbon dioxide, TERI The Energy and Resources Institute. UN United Nations, UNDAF UN Development Assistance Framework. UNDP UN Development Programme, UNIDO UN Industrial Development Organization.
US United States, USAID US Agency for International Development. USEPA US Environment Protection Agency, USD or US US dollar. Yr or y year, Note 1 USD 47 Indian Rupee INR, UNDP GEF EE Improvements in Buildings 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS, PART A SITUATION ANALYSIS 4, 1 CONTEXT AND GLOBAL SIGNIFICANCE ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY AND INSTITITIONAL 4. 2 ENERGY EFFICIENCY SOLUTIONS AND BASELINE ANALYSIS 10. 3 BARRIER ANALYSIS 15, 4 KEY STAKEHOLDERS 18, PART B PROJECT STRATEGY 22.
5 PROJECT RATIONALE DESIGN PRINCIPLES AND STRATEGIC CONSIDERATIONS 22. 6 POLICY CONFORMITY AND COUNTRY OWNERSHIP 24, 7 PROJECT OBJECTIVES OUTCOMES AND OUTPUTS 25. 8 KEY INDICATORS RISKS AND ASSUMPTIONS 35, 9 COST EFFECTIVENESS GEF INCREMENTAL REASONING 367. 10 SUSTAINABILITY AND REPLICABILITY 37, 11 PROJECT RESULTS FRAMEWORK 39. 12 TOTAL BUDGET AND WORK PLAN 54, 13 MANAGEMENT ARRANGEMENTS 59. 14 MONITORING FRAMEWORK AND EVALUATION 63, 15 LEGAL CONTEXT 66.
PART C ANNEXES 68, ANNEX A RISK ANALYSIS 68, ANNEX B AGREEMENTS 71. ANNEX C TERMS OF REFERENCE 72, ANNEX D EMISSION REDUCTION CALCULATION 74. UNDP GEF EE Improvements in Buildings 3, PART A SITUATION ANALYSIS. 1 CONTEXT AND GLOBAL SIGNIFICANCE ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY AND. INSTITITIONAL, Energy Efficiency in India and the Institutional Setup. 1 India has the world s second largest population and continues to grow at 1 34 per year during the. years 2007 and 2008 India is among the 10 fastest growing economies in the world with an average. growth rate in the GDP of 5 8 percent during the first decade of economic reforms 1992 2001 The. continued annual GDP growth was affected by the global financial crisis over the past two years. decelerating from 9 3 in 2007 to 6 1 in 2009 Commercial primary energy consumption in India has. grown by about 700 in the last four decades The current per capita commercial primary energy. consumption in India is about 350 kgoe year which is well below that of developed countries Driven by. the rising population expanding economy and a quest for improved quality of life energy usage in India is. expected to rise to around 450 kgoe year in 2010 In future these growth rates are expected to continue. fuelling the energy demand further The International Monetary Fund IMF has predicted India s growth to. accelerate to 6 5 in 2010 from 5 3 in 2009 The Eleventh Five Year Plan 2007 2012 predicts an. energy demand of 547 Mtoe in 2011 12 and between 1 350 1 700 Mtoe by the year 2030 While the. country s per capita energy consumption will remain much lower than that of industrialized countries. India s total energy consumption is expected to continue increasing significantly. 2 Increased energy consumption will lead to more greenhouse gas GHG emissions with serious. impacts on the global environment in particular since the predominant usage of coal in the country s. energy sector is expected to continue until 2020 Coal provided about 52 199 Mtoe of the energy. demand in 2006 07 The capita energy consumption and emissions have remained relatively low at 1 2. tonnes of carbon dioxide per person in 2005 due to the large population India is currently the world s. seventh largest consumer of energy and the sixth largest source of greenhouse gas GHG emissions and. second in terms of annual GHG emissions growth According to an International Energy Outlook in 2009. India accounts for 7 of the world s coal related carbon dioxide emissions from 2006 to 2030 and carbon. dioxide emissions from coal combustion are projected to total 1 3 billion metric tonne in 2030 accounting. for more than 7 of the world total, 3 The expected increase in energy demand along with the predominance of coal in the energy mix.
highlights the significance of promoting energy efficiency The recent Five Year Plans FYP has. emphasized the need for efficient use of energy resources to achieve sustainable development By the. end of the XI FYP a potential was assessed to save 23 700 MW of power generation capacity in the. country Some of the major efforts promoting energy efficiency in the past are summarized below. Setting up or supporting institutions for the promotion of energy efficiency services These. include industry associations such as Confederation of Indian Industry CII the Indian Green. Building Council IGBC Financial Institutions FI such as the Indian Renewable Energy. Development Agency IREDA Industrial Development Bank of India Limited IDBI Bank and. ICICI Bank as well as the National Productivity Council NPC and research institutes such as. The Energy and Resources Institute TERI, World Bank 2009 World development Indicators WDI online. https www cia gov library publications the world factbook geos in html and http www eia doe gov cabs India Background html. World Bank 2009 World development Indicators WDI online. UNDP GEF EE Improvements in Buildings 4, Regulatory reforms were initiated in 90 s for rational pricing of energy These have brought. average retail energy prices to levels that are at par or above the cost of supply Coal and. petroleum prices have been largely deregulated and average electricity prices paid by the end. users now approximate long run marginal costs and based on multi year tariffs MYT. The Energy Management Centre EMC was established for planning and developing energy. efficiency programmes With the enactment of Energy Conservation Act passed in 2001 the. roles and responsibilities have been assigned to a new agency the Bureau of Energy Efficiency. Energy Policy in India and the Bureau of Energy Efficiency. 4 Considering the vast potential for energy savings the Indian government in 2001 enacted the. Energy Conservation Act EC Act The Act provides for the legal framework institutional arrangement. and a regulatory mechanism at the Central and State level to embark upon energy efficiency drive in the. country The EC Act mandates Government to designate consumers who consume power beyond a. benchmarked limit Designated consumers are required to appoint Energy Managers to adhere to. energy efficient consumption norms required to submit consumption information and to conduct. mandatory audit if required Designated consumers include railways the power sector energy intensive. industries e g fertilizer cement paper steel and certain chemical industries and large buildings. 5 The EC Act EC Act 2001 deals with several mandatory and promotional measures. Standards and labelling for equipment and appliances To reduce the energy consumption in. domestic sector and to transform the market with energy efficient appliances. Development of Energy Conservation Building Codes To conserve energy in building sector. The Energy Conservation Building Code prescribes the specifications for various building. components to construct energy efficient new buildings. Energy audits for existing buildings To achieve improved energy performance in existing. Professional certification and accreditation of energy auditors and energy managers6 To. produce trained professionals to conduct energy audits manage energy in industries buildings. municipalities and agriculture operations, Elaboration of manuals and dissemination of information and best practices7 To produce best. practice manuals and guidelines for different industries. Support energy efficiency policy research To continue support on formation of effective. policies for energy efficiency in different sectors. Capacity building and energy conservation awareness in education To raise awareness at. school and university level about energy efficiency. Designated consumer Gazette of India Part II Sec 3 Sub sec ii 19 03 2007 Ministry of Power The Central Government notified. the 9 energy intensive industries as designated consumers under The EC Act 2001 1 Thermal Power Stations 30 000 metric. tonne of oil equivalent toe per year and above 2 Fertilizer 30 000 toe per year and above 3 Cement 30 000 toe per year and. above 4 Iron Steel 30 000 toe per year and above 5 Chore Alkali 12 000 toe per year and above 6 Aluminum 7 500 toe. per year and above 7 Railways electric traction Sub Section TSS diesel loco shed Production units and Workshops of Indian. Railways having total annual energy consumption of 30 000 toe or more under Ministry of Railways 8 Textile 3 000 toe per year. and above 9 Pulp Paper 30 000 toe per year and above Energy Conversion values used for working out annual energy. consumption in terms of metric tonne of oil equivalent for the purpose of above analysis i 1 kg of oil equivalent 10 000 kcal and ii 1. metric tonne of oil equivalent toe 10 x 106 kcal http www bee india nic in content php id 5 accessed on 3 April 2010. Energy Managers are BEE accredited professionals trained to assist designated consumers in achieving improved energy. performances in their respective facilities, So far about 2 700 auditors managers were accredited certified. A National Energy Conservation Awards scheme has been introduced coordinated by BEE to provide recognition of innovation. and achievements in energy conservation by buildings industry railways municipalities and SDAs. UNDP GEF EE Improvements in Buildings 5, Designated consumers To identify energy intensive industries and name them as designated.
consumers and promote energy efficiency in each of them. Establish energy efficiency EE delivery systems through public private partnerships To. develop innovative energy efficiency delivery systems through public private partnerships. 6 The Bureau of Energy Efficiency BEE was established in March 2002 under the Ministry of Power. MoP to implement the EC Act 2001 BEE is the statutory body for development of energy efficiency. policy and strategies based on self regulation and market principles and for the facilitation and. coordination of energy efficiency at the central level while state designated agencies SDAs do the. same at the state level in 30 states The EC Act 2001 further mandates BEE to work with designated. consumers and other agencies to enforce the provisions of the act However there are no provisions in. the budget of the central government at present to enforce checks and compliance to the Act. 7 The major functions of BEE include, Develop and recommend to the Central Government the norms for processes and energy. consumption standards, Develop and recommend to the Central Government minimum energy consumption standards. and labelling design for equipment and appliances, Develop and recommend to the Central Government specific Energy Conservation Building. Codes ECBC, Recommend the Central Government for notifying any user or class or users of energy as a. designated consumer, Take necessary measures to create awareness and disseminate information for efficient use of.
energy and its conservation, 8 Among other programmes implementation of the ECBC developed in 2007 is a key thrust area of. BEE for promoting energy efficient building design refer box 1. Box 1 Energy Conservation Building Code ECBC, Under its statutory authority the Bureau of Energy Efficiency BEE with. the support of the Ministry of Power MoP has launched the Energy. Conservation Building Code ECBC in 2007 The ECBC has been. developed by the International Institute for Energy Conservation IIEC. under contract with the United States Agency for International. Development USAID as a part of the Energy Conservation and. Commercialization ECO Project providing support to the BEE Action. ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS APR PIR Annual Project Review Project Implementation Reports BEE Bureau of Energy Efficiency CII Confederation of Indian Industry CO Country Office UNDP CP Country Programme CPAP Country Programme Action Plan DEA Department of Economic Affairs DFID Department for International Development United Kingdom DSM Demand Side Management EC Energy Conservation EE Energy

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