A Sportscotland Factsheet Contact Sport Barriers To Women-Books Pdf

a sportscotland factsheet Contact sport Barriers to women
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2 Barriers to women and girls participation in sport and physical activity. www sportscotland org uk 3 Barriers to women and girls participation in sport and physical activity. www sportscotland org uk 4 Barriers to women and girls participation in sport and physical activity. www sportscotland org uk, Recommendations review existing practice Girls and women who are obese or have disabilities may be Coaches instructors and leisure centre staff could wear. and allocation particularly affected by problems around body image With casual clothing during activities rather than formal or. Social and cultural barriers Be aware that girls and women who use your services. and facilities will include straight bisexual and lesbian. opportunities to take up sport or to participate in the. full range of sports Low participation rates lead to. an increasingly body obsessed culture these women are expensive sportswear The male dominated culture of sport The culture people who might all like to see different kinds of low rates of volunteering coaching employment and. Allocate equal funds prize money and sponsorship, frequently judged negatively Generally girls or women can of sport itself presents a problem Some argue that sport images and publicity leadership in sport. to male and female athletes Make sure the equipment available for women and girls. be put off certain sports by the prospect of revealing has traditionally been defined organised promoted and. is suitable e g that there is a variety of sizes and that Positive role models can help people who feel isolated Recommendations having positive role models of. Access to facilities Women and girls cannot play uniforms attracting unwanted sexual attention constructed as a male activity Some women are turned off. it is suitable for women with disabilities because of prejudice about sexual orientation BME women and girls taking part in a range of sports. sport if they cannot get access to the necessary facilities sport altogether because they see it as a male dominated. Recommendations ensure girls and women can and a range of roles in sport is important and can make. Too often sports halls prioritise male sport when it comes Lack of self confidence Girls on average have less activity For many girls being sporty is felt to be at odds Attitudes and prejudices about disability Girls. have privacy in changing rooms and in facilities a difference to individuals and groups of BME women. to pitch time so that men and boys get facilities at their self confidence than boys and rate their performance or with being feminine and women with disabilities are less likely than women and girls. preferred times while women and girls have to make In the design and layout of venues prevent exposed ability more negatively than boys do This is linked to issues without disabilities to participate in sport at all levels. Recommendations challenge sexist assumptions and, do with less convenient times areas between changing rooms and facilities such as about body image girls who don t feel good about their There are several reasons Be aware of religious and cultural festivals such as Eid. behaviour inside your organisation and among participants. a swimming pool Allow swimmers to wear T shirts bodies can lack confidence in their physical abilities and physically inaccessible facilities venues and equipment and Ramadan when arranging events Ensure all your. Access to sporting facilities is particularly limited for over their costumes Women and girls are more open to ideas about health staff are trained in issues about ethnicity and diversity. may be over negative about their performance coaching staff who don t know how to adapt their. women and girls with disabilities For example one third and wellbeing than sport Combine physical activity with and are inclusive in their practice. Use a variety of images in publicity not just those which teaching to help individuals take part in enjoyable fulfilling. of disabled young people feel excluded from local sports Self confidence is also linked to competition Although health promotion offer guest speakers on active lifestyles. show the idealised female figure activities, opportunities Access can be limited by physical barriers most sportswomen enjoy the competitive element of nutrition body image smoking etc Sexual harassment and abuse Sport based. unwelcoming attitudes by other sports participants. such as inaccessible entrances reception areas changing Provide single sex activities staffed by women and make sport many girls and women are turned off sport because research on this topic is lacking but recent studies indicate. Combine physical activity with expressive arts There is and staff. rooms and sports facilities or lack of accessible transport sure that they are not running next to a men s session it is competitive This is one of the reasons why aesthetic that sexual harassment and abuse is a problem in sport. scope for developing physical activities in conjunction a lack of role models to inspire motivate and encourage. and parking Barriers can also be created when information There is no point in running a women only aerobics session activities such as aerobics gymnastics and yoga are just as it is in the wider community Research shows that. is presented in formats which are inaccessible to visually increasingly popular among girls and young women with drama dance and other expressive arts Attitudes and assumptions about people with disabilities the vast majority of perpetrators of sexual harassment and. in one half of a hall with men s football in the, impaired and or hearing impaired people other half and why some traditional team sports are less popular can make sport seem even more inaccessible The abuse are men and that women and girls are more.
Attitudes and prejudices about sexuality, assumption that all disabled people are wheelchair frequent victims than men and boys. Recommendations review the allocation of facilities Recommendations make sure all women and girls Homophobia is the hatred or fear of homosexuals. Clothing and equipment Clothing and equipment users when only about 5 are ignores the diversity. and pitch time and work to save some pitches during peak regardless of skills or experience get the chance to be i e lesbians bisexuals and gay men It includes another Many women and girls drop out of sport rather than. for sports can be expensive This is a particular problem for within and between different impairment groups and. times for women s sports and teams an active part of activities and teams factor which is particularly relevant to the world of sport continue being subjected to the undermining effects of. women given that on average they earn less than men their needs The assumption that removing physical. homo negativism which is a fear among heterosexuals constant harassment and abuse Others endure the sexual. Provide information in a variety of formats so that all groups Images of sportspeople can promote the idea that unless Set up mentoring systems for older or more experienced barriers will automatically increase participation is also. that they may be perceived as homosexual Women s attention of their male coaches or peers because of fear. have equal access you re dressed in fashionable clothing designed women and girls to mentor those who are younger or less damaging more significant barriers are discriminatory. sport especially male dominated sport such as football desire for athletic reward low self esteem or ignorance. for a particular sport you ll look out of place Some sports experienced Promote beginner and intermediate activities attitudes lack of training and lack of awareness. Ensure all staff are trained in working with people with and rugby is still regarded by some as fundamentally of who to turn to for help Typically abused athletes keep. clothing is also quite revealing which creates problems for for girls and women as fun open and non competitive. disabilities unfeminine Lesbians are also regarded by some as Recommendation it s important to have more girls quiet because they fear that they will be accused either. women and girls linked to the issues about body image. Parental and adult influence The influence unfeminine The resulting erroneous conclusion is that and women with disabilities as role models Think about of consenting or of inventing their claims. and culture mentioned earlier, Personal barriers of parents coaches and other adults affects girls and all sportswomen must be lesbians the publicity material and information in your sporting. Risk of sexual harassment or abuse arises from a, Strict requirements about clothing can also prevent some boys differently Adolescent females place greater venue does your organisation work with and promote. Body image Research shows that in general female There are several consequences some women refrain from combination of factors such as weak organisational. BME women from participating For example swimming emphasis on self comparison and comments from coaches and staff who have disabilities. adolescents report greater body image dissatisfaction certain sports for fear of being perceived as unfeminine or controls within sport clubs dominating and controlling. pools which don t allow women to wear T shirts over their adults than do adolescent males who rely more on. than males However body image is a particularly lesbian some parents discourage their daughters from Attitudes and prejudices about ethnicity behaviour by coaches and vulnerability low self esteem. swimming costumes and clubs which insist members competitive outcomes as their basis for personal. important issue in sport research shows that women taking up sport some lesbian athletes avoid going public Although many people believe that different ethnic groups and high ambition among athletes. wear tight fitting and or revealing uniforms can exclude judgement of physical competence Negative comment. are far more self conscious than men when taking part about their sexuality in case they experience prejudice from share similar experiences differences between black and. those who follow certain religions and people who are from coaches and teachers is one of the main reasons Recommendations adopt rigorous screening. in sport and physical activity For girls and women the other athletes and coaches or lose public minority ethnic groups are significant For example rates. self conscious of their bodies for girls becoming discouraged from playing sport procedures and establish codes of ethics and conduct. relationship between body image and physical inactivity support sponsorship Ultimately homophobia and of participation in sport among different ethnic minorities for all staff and volunteers whether they work with adults or. is a vicious circle the more self conscious they feel about Equipment can be inappropriate for women and girls Recommendations parents and sports staff should act homo negativism can stop women from participating or vary from considerably lower than the national average children Staff and volunteers should be required to. their bodies the less likely they are to take part in sport For example women s development in golf has at times as positive role models for children be involved in the excelling in sport to somewhat higher Similarly the gap between men sign an agreement to abide by the code. and yet participation in sport has a positive effect on girls been hampered by women being forced to play with child s sporting activities and have positive realistic beliefs and women s participation in sport is greater among. Recommendations confront discrimination Be aware, perceptions of their bodies inappropriate equipment for their build strength level about the child s competency some minority ethnic groups than it is in the population Ensure all your staff and volunteers who work with children. that homophobia can be subtle as well as open There is. and swing speed as a whole are trained in Child Protection and have gone through the. Western fashion promotes increasingly revealing clothes Organise Parent and Daughter sessions to help create a need for more open discussion in this area as well as. necessary checks, for women and girls whereas social norms in some Recommendations Fit for girls a partnership initiative a familial culture of support for sport educational projects to raise awareness and stimulate Assumptions about BME people for example that Asian.
cultures prohibit exposure of the female body and between sportscotland and Youth Sport Trust found that debate people don t play football that no Asian girls are allowed to Distribute information about sexual abuse and child. promote modesty As a result the dress code in allowing girls to wear whatever they like to do physical Ensure there are female role models in your facility club protection for all parents athletes coaches and volunteers. Be aware of the tendency to depict sportswomen as overly wear swimsuits that all African and Caribbean people are. swimming pools and leisure facilities might clash education and in clubs helped increase participation or leisure centre these may be staff coaches organisers Foster a climate of open discussion about issues of sexual. feminine in a bid to counter homo negativism good at athletics and basketball can limit their. with cultural norms and customs or managers harassment and abuse so that athletes feel confident. or as unfeminine, enough to speak out if they experience them. 2 Barriers to women and girls participation in sport and physical activity. www sportscotland org uk 3 Barriers to women and girls parti. Western fashion promotes increasingly revealing clothes for women and girls whereas social norms in some cultures prohibit exposure of the female body and promote modesty As a result the dress code in swimming pools and leisure facilities might clash with cultural norms and customs Girls and women who are obese or have disabilities may be

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