A Secure Base Therapeutic Care-Books Pdf

A SECURE BASE Therapeutic Care
23 May 2020 | 25 views | 0 downloads | 136 Pages | 763.40 KB

Share Pdf : A Secure Base Therapeutic Care

Download and Preview : A Secure Base Therapeutic Care

Report CopyRight/DMCA Form For : A Secure Base Therapeutic Care



Transcription

Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data. Bowlby John, A secure base parent child attachment and healthy human development John Bowlby. Bibliography p 181, Includes index, ISBN 0 465 07598 3 cloth. ISBN 0 465 07597 5 paper, 1 Attachment behavior in children 2 Parent and child 3 Child psychopathology I Title. RJ507 A77B69 1988, 155 4 18 dc19 88 47669, First published in Great Britain by Routledge 11 New Fetter Lane London EC4P 4EE 1988. First published in the U S A by Basic Books A Member of the Perseus Books Group. Copyright 1988 R P L Bowlby R J M Bowlby and A Gatling. Printed in the United States of America, 99 RRD H 20 19 18 17 16 15.
iv To Mary D S Ainsworth who introduced the concept of a secure base. Preface ix, Acknowledgments xi, 1 Caring for children 1. 2 The origins of attachment theory 20, 3 Psychoanalysis as art and science 39. 4 Psychoanalysis as a natural science 58, 5 Violence in the family 77. 6 On knowing what you are not supposed to know and feeling what. you are not supposed to feel 99, 7 The role of attachment in personality development 119. 8 Attachment communication and the therapeutic process 137. 9 Developmental psychiatry comes of age 158, References 181.
Name Index 199, Subject Index 203, In 1979 under the title of The Making and Breaking of Affectional Bonds I published a small. collection of lectures that I had given to a variety of audiences during the two preceding. decades In this volume I present a further selection of the lectures given since then Each of. the first five and the ninth were delivered to a particular audience on a particular occasion. details of each are described in a brief preamble The remaining three are extended versions of. lectures given in extempore form to audiences made up of mental health professionals in. countries of Europe and America As in the earlier collection I have thought it best to print. each lecture in a form close to that in which it was originally published. Since the theory of attachment provides the basis for every lecture some deletions have been. necessary to avoid an excess of repetition It is hoped that such as remains will by presenting. the same ideas in different contexts clarify and emphasize distinctive features of the theory. It is a little unexpected that whereas attachment theory was formulated by a clinician for use. in the diagnosis and treatment of emotionally disturbed patients and families its usage. hitherto has been mainly to promote research in developmental psychology Whilst I welcome. the findings of this research as enormously extending our understanding of personality. development and psychopathology and thus as of the greatest. clinical relevance it has none the less been disappointing that clinicians have been so slow to. test the theory s uses There are probably many reasons for this One is that initially the data. drawn on appeared to be unduly behavioural Another is that clinicians are very busy people. who are naturally reluctant to spend time trying to master a new and strange conceptual. framework until they have strong reasons for believing that to do so will improve their clinical. understanding and therapeutic skills For those who have decided the time has come to sample. what this new perspective has to offer I hope the lectures gathered here may provide a. convenient introduction, Acknowledgments, During the past ten years I have had the great benefit of frequent communication with staff. and students at the Tavistock Clinic and also with a number of colleagues engaged in. pioneering studies of how patterns of attachment develop during infancy and childhood To. all of them I owe a deep debt of gratitude often for useful suggestions sometimes for. necessary corrections and always for stimulation and encouragement To my secretary. Dorothy Southern I also owe a deep debt of gratitude for many years of devoted service. during which she has made my interests her own, For editorial assistance in preparing these lectures for publication and for constructing the. index my thanks are due to Molly Townsend, The first six lectures in this book have appeared in other publications and I am grateful to the. publishers concerned for permission to reproduce them here Lecture 1 was chapter 18 in. Parenthood A Psychodynamic Perspective edited by Rebecca S Cohen Bertram J Cohler. and Sidney H Weissman the Guilford Press New York 1984 Lecture 2 was Attachment. and loss retrospect and prospect American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 52 664 78 1982. Lecture 3 was Psychoanalysis as art and science International Review of Psychoanalysis. 6 3 14 1979 Lecture 4 was Psychoanalysis as a natural science International Review of. Psychoanalysis 8 243 56 1981 Lecture 5 was Violencein the family as a disorder of the. attachment and caregiving systems, in the family as a disorder of the attachment and caregiving systems The American Journal.
of Psychoanalysis 44 9 27 1984 Lecture 6 was chapter 6 in Cognition and Psychotherapy. edited by Michael J Mahoney and Arthur Freeman Plenum Publishing Corporation New. York and London 1985 expanded from On knowing what you are not supposed to know. and feeling what you are not supposed to feel Canadian Journal of Psychiatry 24 403 8. The first six lectures in this book and the ninth have appeared in other publications and I am. grateful to the publishers concerned for permission to reproduce them here Lecture 1 was. chapter 18 in Parenthood A Psychodynamic Perspective edited by Rebecca S Cohen. Bertram J Cohler and Sidney H Weissman the Guilford Press New York 1984 Lecture 2. was Attachment and loss retrospect and prospect American Journal of Orthopsychiatry. 52 664 78 1982 Lecture 3 was Psychoanalysis as art and science International Review. of Psychoanalysis 6 3 14 1979 Lecture 4 was Psychoanalysis as a natural science. International Review of Psychoanalysis 8 243 56 1981 Lecture 5 was Violence in the. family as a disorder of the attachment and caregiving systems The American Journal of. Psychoanalysis 44 9 27 1984 Lecture 6 was chapter 6 in Cognition and Psychotherapy. edited by Michael J Mahoney and Arthur Freeman Plenum Publishing Corporation New. York and London 1985 expanded from On knowing what you are not supposed to know. and feeling what you are not supposed to feel Canadian Journal of Psychiatry 24 403 8. 1979 Lecture 9 was Developmental Psychiatry Comes of Age American Journal of. Psychiatry 145 1 10 1988, John Bowlby, A Secure Base. Parent Child Attachment and Healthy Human Development. Caring for children, During the early months of 1980 I was giving lectures in the United States Amongst. invitations reaching me was one from the psychiatric staff of the Michael Reese Hospital in. Chicago to address a conference on parenting, An indispensable social role. At some time of their lives I believe most human beings desire to have children and desire. also that their children should grow up to be healthy happy and self reliant For those who. succeed the rewards are great but for those who have children but fail to rear them to be. healthy happy and self reliant the penalties in anxiety frustration friction and perhaps. shame or guilt may be severe Engaging in parenthood therefore is playing for high stakes. Furthermore because successful parenting is a principal key to the mental health of the next. generation we need to know all we can both about its nature and about the manifold social. and psychological conditions that influence its development for better or worse The theme is. a huge one and all I can do in this contribution is to sketch the approach that I myself adopt in. thinking about these issues That approach is an ethological one. Before I go into detail however I want to make a few more. general remarks To be a successful parent means a lot of very hard work Looking after a. baby or toddler is a twenty fourhour a day job seven days a week and often a very worrying. one at that And even if the load lightens a little as children get older if they are to flourish. they still require a lot of time and attention For many people today these are unpalatable. truths Giving time and attention to children means sacrificing other interests and other. activities Yet I believe the evidence for what I am saying is unimpeachable Study after. study including those pioneered in Chicago by Grinker 1962 and continued by Offer. 1969 attest that healthy happy and self reliant adolescents and young adults are the. products of stable homes in which both parents give a great deal of time and attention to the. I want also to emphasize that despite voices to the contrary looking after babies and young. children is no job for a single person If the job is to be well done and the child s principal. caregiver is not to be too exhausted the caregiver herself or himself needs a great deal of. assistance From whom that help comes will vary very often it is the other parent in many. societies including more often than is realized our own it comes from a grandmother Others. to be drawn in to help are adolescent girls and young women In most societies throughout the. world these facts have been and still are taken for granted and the society organized. accordingly Paradoxically it has taken the world s richest societies to ignore these basic facts. Man and woman power devoted to the production of material goods counts a plus in all our. economic indices Man and woman power devoted to the production of happy healthy and. self reliant children in their own homes does not count at all We have created a topsy turvy. But I do not want to enter into complex political and economic arguments My reason for. raising these points is to remind you that the society we live in is not only in evolutionary. terms a product of yesterday but in many ways a very peculiar one There is in consequence a. great danger that we shall adopt mistaken norms For just as a society in which there is a. chronic insufficiency of food may take a deplorably inadequate level of nutrition as its norm. so may a society in which parents of, young children are left on their own with a chronic insufficiency of help take this state of. affairs as its norm, An ethological approach, I said earlier that my approach to an understanding of parenting as a human activity is an.
ethological one Let me explain, In re examining the nature of the child s tie to his mother traditionally referred to as. dependency it has been found useful to regard it as the resultant of a distinctive and in part. preprogrammed set of behaviour patterns which in the ordinary expectable environment. develop during the early months of life and have the effect of keeping the child in more or. less close proximity to his mother figure Bowlby 1969 By the end of the first year the. behaviour is becoming organized cybernetically which means among other things that the. behaviour becomes active whenever certain conditions obtain and ceases when certain other. conditons obtain For example a child s attachment behaviour is activated especially by pain. fatigue and anything frightening and also by the mother being or appearing to be. inaccessible The conditions that terminate the behaviour vary according to the intensity of its. arousal At low intensity they may be simply sight or sound of the mother especially effective. being a signal from her acknowledging his presence At higher intensity termination may. require his touching or clinging to her At highest intensity when he is distressed and anxious. nothing but a prolonged cuddle will do The biological function of this behaviour is postulated. to be protection especially protection from predators. In the example just given the individuals concerned are a child and his mother It is evident. however that attachment behaviour is in no way confined to children Although usually less. readily aroused we see it also in adolescents and adults of both sexes whenever they are. anxious or under stress No one should be surprised therefore when a woman expecting a. Throughout this book the child is referred to as masculine in order to avoid clumsy. constructions, a mother caring for young children has a strong desire to be cared for and supported herself. The activation of attachment behaviour in these circumstances is probably universal and must. be considered the norm, A feature of attachment behaviour of the greatest importance clinically and present. irrespective of the age of the individual concerned is the intensity of the emotion that. accompanies it the kind of emotion aroused depending on how the relationship between the. individual attached and the attachment figure is faring If it goes well there is joy and a sense. of security If it is threatened there is jealousy anxiety and anger If broken there is grief. and depression Finally there is strong evidence that how attachment behaviour comes to be. organized within an individual turns in high degree on the kinds of experience he has in his. family of origin or if he is unlucky out of it, This type of theory I believe to have many advantages over the theories hitherto current in our. field For not only does it bring theory into close relationship with observed data but it. provides a theoretical framework for the field compatible with the framework adopted. throughout modern biology and neurophysiology, Parenting I believe can usefully be approached from the same ethologically i.
Bowlby John A secure base parent child attachment and healthy human development John Bowlby p cm Bibliography p 181 Includes index ISBN 0 465 07598 3 cloth ISBN 0 465 07597 5 paper 1 Attachment behavior in children 2 Parent and child 3 Child psychopathology I Title RJ507 A77B69 1988 155 4 18 dc19 88 47669 First published in Great Britain by Routledge 11 New Fetter

Related Books

PRODUTO 2 ESTUDO E AN LISE DAS PESQUISAS E DADOS DAS

PRODUTO 2 ESTUDO E AN LISE DAS PESQUISAS E DADOS DAS

Produ o de estudos e pesquisas para subsidiar a elabora o de propostas de implanta o do Centro Nacional de Tecnologia Assistiva 6 INTRODU O O planejamento uma etapa imprescind vel para elabora o de propostas de a es voltadas para solu o de problemas sociais pelo poder p blico ou por organiza es da sociedade civil O conhecimento profundo sobre as causas que levam

DIRETORIA DE ESTUDOS E PESQUISAS DE ACESSO JUSTI A

DIRETORIA DE ESTUDOS E PESQUISAS DE ACESSO JUSTI A

DIRETORIA DE ESTUDOS E PESQUISAS DE ACESSO JUSTI A 1 Rio de Janeiro 29 de julho de 2019 1 Considera es iniciais Diante de solicita o do N cleo de Direitos Humanos NUDEDH da Defensoria P blica do Estado do Rio de Janeiro foi realizado um levantamento de dados a partir dos registros de casos de tortura e outros tratamentos ou penas cru is desumanos ou degradantes recebidos

II TEORIAS PESQUISAS E ESTUDOS DE CASOS

II TEORIAS PESQUISAS E ESTUDOS DE CASOS

No Brasil um estudo produzido pelo Instituto Nacional de Estudos e Pesquisas Educacionais An sio Teixeira Pinto Samp aio amp Brant 2003 mostrou que em apenas 19 cidades a popula o possui um n vel de instru o que corresponde a oito s ries do ensino fundament al Tais diferen as regionais tornam se mais evidentes ao se considerar o grau de instru o da popula o Os dez

todas as pesquisas e estudos sobre o policiamento

 todas as pesquisas e estudos sobre o policiamento

todas as pesquisas e estudos sobre o policiamento contempor neo demonstram exaust o que o modelo reativo n o funciona e que todas as tentativas de renov lo ou emprestar lhe os meios necess rios para alcan ar seus pretendidos objetivos ir o fracassar ROLIN 2006 p 44 Ponderadas suas devidas peculiaridades a afirma o poderia ser aplicada s atividades

Landscape History and Theory from Subject Matter to

Landscape History and Theory from Subject Matter to

Landscape History and Theory from Subject Matter to Analytic Tool JAN KENNETH BIRKSTED to the Alps into wilderness or out on the infinite ocean August Schmarsow THIS ESSAY EXPLORES how landscape history can engage methodologically with the adjacent disciplines of art history and visual cultural studies Central to the methodological problem is the mapping of the beholder spatially

RESUMO Em torno dos trabalhos apresentados na exposi o

RESUMO Em torno dos trabalhos apresentados na exposi o

Essa hist ria traz tona a viv ncia na casa de meus av s em Curitiba na qual costumava passar longos per odos de f rias Durante a noite me recordo de flanar pela casa colhendo impress es de seus ambientes a textura do brocado das cortinas os objetos os m veis a pintura decorada das paredes Realizava tamb m

Publications du Centre Norbert Elias 2007 2012 Doctorants

Publications du Centre Norbert Elias 2007 2012 Doctorants

applications Visiting the uncanny New Review of Hypermedia and Multimedia 18 2011 Issue 1 2 p 91 108 E1 ACL GENTES Annie JUTANT Camille Exp rimentation technique et cr ation l implication des testeurs dans l invention des m dias Communication et langages 168 juin 2011 p 97 111 E1 ACL VERGOPOULOS H cate R ponse la question qu est ce que l

HABIT COnnecting REpositories

HABIT COnnecting REpositories

social pois essa n o mais do que uma fantasia que alimenta os objectivos idealistas da profi ss o No livro de Anthon Vidler Th e Architectural Uncanny ou em tradu o livre O Desassossego da Arquitectura o autor afi rma Qualquer tentativa de trabalhar numa linguagem apesar das boas inten es tem sido consumida por qualquer imagin rio qualquer posi o

STRUCTURAL DESIGN FOR ARCHITECTURE

STRUCTURAL DESIGN FOR ARCHITECTURE

are at last acknowledging the benefits of joint Structural Design for Architecture is a student working and it has certainly been my comprehensive and up to date work on the experience that close working produces the relationship of structure to architecture and will best product form an extremely useful reference work for both The early part of the book covers the history students and

Architecture Textbooks Amazon S3

Architecture Textbooks Amazon S3

book which addresses some of the key bottom line issues faced by architect engineer and client today Routledge Market Architecture Sustainability January 2013 296pp Hb 978 0 415 68534 4 180 00 Highly illustrated thematically focused and with a superb global coverage this book

CONCEPT BOOKLET INSA Strasbourg

CONCEPT BOOKLET INSA Strasbourg

CONCEPT BOOKLET IDEAL THEATER DESIGN STATEMENT DESCRIBING THE PROJECT THE FABRIC A SPECIFIC SITE OF QUEBEC The chosen site is located in Saint ROCH neighborhood in Quebec it is actually surrounded by a university The Fabric an old manufacture transformed into a school for visual and dramatic arts and other building IDEAL THEATER URBAN THEATRICALITY OWING TO VISION CONE Our