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A Master Plan for Sustainable Tourism Development
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WP 2007 06,A Master Plan for Sustainable,Tourism Development. Koh Lanta Yai Krabi Province,Chulalongkonrn University. University of California Berkeley,Thai Public Policy Foundation. Table of Contents, Acknowledgements and Participants iv Infrastructure 24. Roads and Traffic 27,Introduction 1,Ferries and Proposed Bridge Connections 27.
The Sumatra Andaman Earthquake,and Tsunami 1 Energy Resources 28. The Partnership Chulalongkorn University Water Resources 29. the University of California Berkeley, the Thai Public Policy Foundation 2 Solid Waste 33. Workshop 2005 2 The Dump 36,Workshop 2006 2,Economic Social Cultural and Political 37. Working Objectives 2,Conceptual Framework Communities. Working Groups Ecology Infrastructure Responses to Development 37. Economic Social Cultural Political 3,Analytical Framework Government Vision.
The Master Plan 4 vs Community Trends 37,Elements of the gap 38. Koh Lanta Yai, Tourist Destination and Home 4 Cultural Resources 39. Location Population Tourism Figures 4,Lanta Ban Rao Facing the Future 40. Current Land Uses 6,Immediate Recommendations 41,Development Trends 8. Implementation Lanta Ban Rao Forum 43, Watersheds Ecological Building Blocks 10 Goals of Lanta Ban Rao 45.
Watershed Threats 13 Directed Development and Cluster Tourism 45. Watershed Assessment 15 Descriptions of Proposed Tourism Clusters 45. Ecological Resources 18,Next steps 50,Rainforest 20. References 52,Riparian Corridors 20,Wetlands 21,Beach Forest 21. Beach and Inter tidal Zones 22,Mangroves 22,Coral Reefs 23. Ecological Preservation Priority 23,Ecosystems Resource Use and Stakeholders 24. Acknowledgments, Once again we have been privileged to participate in a remarkable international educational partnership.
between Chulalongkorn University Bangkok and the University of California Berkeley Together ten. Chulalongkorn students and ten Berkeley students with the participation of the community of the. island of Koh Lanta Yai created this document It makes clear the options for the future development. of the island as a home to local people and as a tourist destination The balancing of livelihood and. environment is global question but it is answered in local decisions and local places Our intent in this. document is to make the choices attending the residents and leaders of Koh Lanta Yai evident and to. reshape the future of the island to continue to be a healthy sustaining home to its residents supported. by carefully considered tourism, This project is the second of three collaborative efforts focused on the Krabi Province of Thailand. Through the foresight and commitment of its President Khun Chote Soponpanich the Thai Public Policy. Foundation has provided the leadership and extraordinary support in these efforts to mutual cross. cultural learning and environmental sustainability We were fortunate that Khun Pissimai Khandobee. advisor to the Foundation was an indefatigable participant and facilitator in all phases of the project. and brought a deft touch to the many aspects of logistics translation and field research. At Berkeley Professor David Dowall of the Department of City and Regional Planning and Director. of the Institute of Urban and Regional Development initiated the University of California side of the. project From two decades of working his shared wisdom in Thailand brought the project to fruition. and conclusion The Institute and the Beatrix Jones Farrand Fund of the Department of Landscape. Architecture and Environmental Planning supported the project providing for faculty and student travel. Janet Dawson of the Institute seamlessly coordinated the Berkeley logistics. The faculty of Chulalongkorn University was of course integral to this undertaking Dean Amara Pongsapich. of the Faculty of Political Science and Dean Lersom Sthapitanonda of the Faculty of Architecture provided. a larger institutional context for the project and made the resources of the University generously available. to the studio Professor Suwattana Thadaniti Director of the Social Science Research Institute and Dr. Narumon Arunotha its Deputy Director for Research and International Relations participated in forming. the project and gave insight into the particular cultural context in which we worked. Professor Siriwan Silapacharanan of the Department Urban and Regional Planning and Lecturer Pitch. Pongsawat of the Department of Government co directed the studio Without their effective energetic. and insightful guidance the project simply would not have been possible The Chair of the Landscape. Architecture Department Professor Angsana Boonyob has provided careful critiques of our work in. Bangkok Lecturer Danai Thaitakoo of the Department of Landscape Architecture was essential to the. field research in Koh Lanta Yai and invaluably shared his profound understanding of the Thai environment. We have been honored with such exceptional partners and we look forward with enthusiasm to future. collaborations,Louise A Mozingo,Associate Professor. Department of Landscape Architecture and Environmental Planning. University of California Berkeley,Photos of Participants. Participants,Thai Public Policy Foundation,Khun Chote Soponpanich President. Khun Pissmai Khanobdee Advisor,Chulalongkorn University.
Dean Associate Professor Lersom Sthapitanonda Faculty of Architecture. Dean Professor Dr Amara Pongsapich Faculty of Political Science. Assistant Professor Dr Suwattana Thadaniti Director of the Social Science Research Institute. Dr Narumon Arunotha Deputy Director for Research and International Relations Social Science Research. Assistant Professor Dr Siriwan Silapacharanan Urban and Regional Planning. Chair Assistant Professor Dr Angsana Boonyobhas Landscape Architecture. Lecturer Pitch Pongsawat Government,Lecturer Danai Thaitakoo Landscape Architecture. Elisabeth Appel Kummer Landscape Architecture,Chulalongkorn University Students. Pattama Chooprasert Urban and Regional Planning,Trichart Laokeawnoo Urban and Regional Planning. Wanwisa Mahitthiharn Dept of Urban and Regional Planning. Yingyot Ngoenmak Landscape Architecture, Praphaiphit Olanwat Program in Human and Social Development. Bulwach Pruksanubal Urban and Regional Planning,Chumkate Sawangchareon Landscape Architecture.
Aroonwan Siriwashiraporn Urban and Regional Planning. Wachira Sorsaeng Landscape Architecture,Usuma Suksom Sociology and Anthropology. Sukhumarn Wiriyothin Program in Human and Social Development. University of California Berkeley, Associate Professor Louise A Mozingo Department of Landscape Architecture and Environmental. Professor David E Dowall Department of City and Regional Planning Director Institute of Urban and. Regional Development, Janet Dawson Assistant to the Director Institute of Urban and Regional Development. University of California Students,Kaumudi Ataputta Engineering. Andre Chan City and Regional Planning, Rachel Edmonds Landscape Architecture and Environmental Planning.
Sarah Graham Landscape Architecture and Environmental Planning City and Regional Planning. Michael Herrin Landscape Architecture and Environmental Planning. Fishing boat in Mangrove Forest traditional means of livelihood in Koh Lanta Yai. Introduction in the tourism sector The TAT reports that the. Andaman region alone suffered a 30 loss of, The Sumatra Andaman Earthquake and tourist arrivals in the region. On December 26 2004 a massive undersea Other sectors of the Thailand economy were. Sumatra Andaman earthquake measuring 9 3 on similarly affected by the tsunami Approximately. the Richter scale jarred the waters of the Andaman 5 000 boats were lost or damaged and 30 000. Sea Approximately 580 kilometers off the coast of people lost their jobs in the fisheries sector. Thailand it caused a devastating tsunami wave 10 Over 2 000 hectares of agricultural land were. meters in height to strike the coast of 6 provinces destroyed Overall economic losses are estimated. of western Thailand completely destroying 47 at 1 6 billion with repair costs estimated at 482. villages and severely impacting 360 other villages million. As of May 2006 the death toll was 8 212 people, with approximately 500 bodies still unidentified The tsunami severely affected fragile nearshore. 2 817 people still missing and 8 457 people seeking ecosystems in Thailand Over 305 acres of mangrove. treatment for injuries The tsunami also orphaned forests were impacted Over 3 600 acres of coral. 1 637 children reefs were damaged Approximately 400 acres of. seagrass beds vital for both habitat and grazing, The economic impacts of the tsunami were were flooded The intrusion of saltwater from the. immediate and widespread The Tourism Authority tsunami in addition to damaging 2 000 hectares. of Thailand TAT estimates that tourist arrivals fell of agricultural land also contaminated 102 large. by 20 in Thailand leading to a loss of 25 million ponds 2 321 wells and two ground wells www. each month resulting in the loss of 120 000 jobs tsunamispecialenvoy org country thailand asp. The Partnership Chulalongkorn University a popular eco tourist destination the Ko Phi Phi. the University of California Berkeley and the islands beyond the capabilities of near term repair. Thai Public Policy Foundation especially since the islands are located within. In February 2005 in response to the severe a marine sanctuary Therefore the government. economic and environmental damage caused by identified Koh Lanta Yai for tourism development. the tsunami Chote Soponpanich President of the as the next Hub of the Andaman since its existing. Thai Public Policy Foundation contacted Robert infrastructure was not extensively damaged by the. Birgenau Chancellor of the University of California tsunami. at Berkeley to explore a possible collaboration, between the institutions in post tsunami Workshop 2006. planning for sustainable tourism development A A new workshop to develop the Master Plan for. partnership was formed between the 3 institutions Sustainable Tourism Development in Koh Lanta Yai. leveraging prior institutional connections with in May to June 2006 was the natural continuation. the Chulalongkorn University s Social Research of the 2005 workshop in Krabi Province It. Institute in Bangkok was comprised of ten graduate students from. University of California Berkeley and ten graduate. Workshop 2005 students from Chulalongkorn University Bangkok. From May to October 2005 the partnership with backgrounds in city planning architecture. developed it s first project Strategic Plan political science landscape architecture civil. for Sustainable Tourism Development in Krabi and environmental engineering industrial. Province With support from the Thai Public Policy engineering and operations research and human. Foundation a workshop comprising 10 graduate and social development Together they conducted. students from University of California Berkeley field research in Koh Lanta Yai and returned to. and 10 graduate students from Chulalongkorn Chulalongkorn University Bangkok for additional. University with backgrounds in city planning expert debriefings extensive data analysis and a. architecture government political science and series of daily design charrettes Initial findings. sociology conducted field research throughout and proposals were presented at Chulalongkorn. Krabi Province To identify advantages and University on 16 June 2006 In July and August. disadvantages of various planning policies 2006 the Chulalongkorn students returned to Koh. the workshop developed three local tourism Lanta Yai Yai to conduct further field research In. development scenarios cross matrixed with three September 2006 the students from both universities. global economic prosperity scenarios Utilizing re convened at their respective universities to. an extensive community participation process analyze the findings from the field research and. the plan concluded that sustainable tourism prepare a presentation for the local community. development must take place within the context members and government officials in October. of integrated regional planning for environmental 2006 The findings analysis and recommendations. health of forests and watersheds efficient provision of the field research and workshop comprise the. of infrastructure and equitable and self sufficient content of this report. economic and social development,Working Objectives.
The government of Krabi province recognizing the The workshop began with four working objectives. importance of tourism industry development for, the overall recovery of the Andaman region began 1 Environmental protection of key ecological. to prioritize tourism hubs for the Andaman resources including mangrove forest. region The tsunami damaged the infrastructure of coral reef fisheries and wildlife. 2 Respect for the social and cultural their primary threats The group approached the. heritage of the island residents island s ecological assessment from a watershed. perspective determining that watersheds are the, 3 Development of tourism to veins of the island providing the link between. integrate local people island activity and ecological health Using. Geographic Information Science GIS analysis the, 4 Integration of local knowledge and group identified the island s watersheds and their. A Master Plan for Sustainable Tourism Development Koh Lanta Yai Krabi Province A Master Plan for Sustainable Tourism Development Chulalongkonrn University University of California Berkeley Thai Public Policy Foundation 2007 Koh Lanta Yai Krabi Province WP 2007 06 Acknowledgements and Participants iv Introduction 1 The Sumatra Andaman Earthquake and Tsunami 1 The Partnership Chulalongkorn

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