A Comprehensive Review Of Microbial Electrochemical-Books Pdf

A comprehensive review of microbial electrochemical
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H Wang Z J Ren Biotechnology Advances 31 2013 1796 1807 1797. dozens of functions have been discovered Almost all MESs share one inorganic electron donors mainly waste materials and transfer elec. common principle in the anode in which biodegradable substrates trons to the anode electrode The electrons can be captured directly. such as waste materials are oxidized by microorganisms and generate through an external circuit for electricity generation or used for chemi. electrical current The current can be captured directly for electricity cal production The microbial oxidation reaction in the anode chamber. generation microbial fuel cells MFCs Fornero et al 2010 Liu and is a shared principle for almost all MES reactors as shown in Table 1. Logan 2004 Ren et al 2007 or used to produce H2 and other value However how to use these electrons on the cathode side shows the. added chemicals microbial electrolysis cells MECs Cheng et al beauty of this platform technology because any reduction based reac. 2009 Liu et al 2010 Logan et al 2008 The electrons can also be tion can be realized in the cathode chamber which creates numerous. used in the cathode chamber to synthesize organic compounds micro possibilities Based on the different functions the MES platform has. bial electrosynthesis MES or remediate contaminants microbial been speci ed into many different names that some researchers name. remediation cells MRCs Aulenta et al 2008 Butler et al 2010 them MXCs where X stands for different applications Harnisch and. Gregory and Lovley 2009 Lovley and Nevin 2011 Rabaey and Schr der 2010 Torres et al 2010 Table 1 summarizes all the reactor. Rozendal 2010 The potential across the electrodes can also drive desa acronyms to date and demonstrates the shared principle on the anode. lination microbial desalination cells MDCs Cao et al 2009 Jacobson and the versatile functions on the cathode. et al 2011 Luo et al 2011 Luo et al 2012c Mehanna et al 2010 The Ideal anodic reactions in MESs generally include dynamic and effec. production of current associated with microbial catabolism was rst tive microbial activity and community higher substrate conversion rate. reported a century ago by Potter 1911 but research interests in this and electron transfer ef ciency and lower material and system costs. concept have only blossomed in the past decade resulting in an expo MESs employ a unique group of microbes called electrochemically ac. nential growth in the number of journal articles Fig 1 There are tive bacteria EAB exoelectrogen electricigen or anode respiring. several excellent reviews that provided information on the history bacteria ARB to convert the chemical energy stored in organic or inor. and development of MESs Borole et al 2011 Schr der 2011 2012 ganic substrates to electrical energy during their anaerobic respiration. Sleutels et al 2012 and the substrates materials and microbial com Logan 2009 Lovley 2006 Park et al 2001 Torres et al 2009 Such. munities in different systems Hamelers et al 2010 Logan 2009 microorganisms are able to transfer electrons out of cell membranes. Lovley 2006 Pant et al 2010 Wei et al 2011 but there has been to the electrode either directly through membrane bound protein. no comprehensive or quantitative review that directly addresses one structures such as pili c type cytochrome and laments or using mo. fundamental factor where all the known functions were originated bile electron shuttles such as mediators for indirect electron transfer. from and all future functions will be based upon As shown in Table 1 For example recent studies showed that Geobacter sulfurreducens re. this article aims to provide the rst complete review with the goal to quires conductive pili as nanowires for cell to cell electron conduction. summarize all the functions with different acronyms that have been de and c type cytochrome OmcZ to promote electron transfer onto the elec. veloped using this platform to date and shed light on future system de trode Lovley 2011 Summers et al 2010 In contrast Shewanella spe. velopment for energy and environmental science and engineering cies were reported to make both direct electrode contact through. Different groups have also used bioelectrochemical systems BESs or conductive laments and indirect electron transfer via mediators such. MXCs for this technology platform but because BESs were also used in as ribo avin or avin adenine mononucleotide FMN Canstein et al. other studies to represent cell free enzyme based systems while system 2008 Gorby et al 2006 Marsili et al 2008 Many other bacteria can. acronyms have far beyond the X of MXCs this review uses MESs to rep produce and use soluble redox mediators or electron shuttles which. resent the overall technology platform Harnisch and Schr der 2010 transport the electrons from the cell to the electrode For example. Logan and Rabaey 2012 Rozendal et al 2008 Torres et al 2010 Pseudomonas species can produce phenazines as extracellular electron. shuttles and other bacteria can use externally provided mediators. 2 The shared principle in the anode chamber such as neutral red anthraquinone 2 6 disulfonate AQDS thionine. methyl viologen methyl blue and some humics Aulenta et al 2008. Compared to traditional chemical fuel cells the MES platform uses Milliken and May 2007 Park and Zeikus 2000 Rabaey et al 2005a. low cost and self sustaining microorganisms to oxidize organic and Scott and Murano 2007 Thurston et al 1985. Fig 1 Number of published journal articles on MESs containing the phrases microbial fuel cell microbial electrolysis cell microbial electrosynthesis or microbial desalination cell. Source Scopus on 7 1 2013 document type Journal Language English duplicates were removed from searching results. Summary of all types of MESs with different acronyms. Types of MESs Electron donor for anode oxidization Electron acceptor for cathode Main products Ref. MFC based systems for electricity generation, Microbial fuel cells MFCs in general Any biodegradable material Oxygen potassium ferricyanide Electricity Kim et al 1999 Tanaka et al 1983. or other oxidants, 1 Tubular microbial fuel cell tubular MFC Acetate glucose domestic wastewater hospital Potassium ferricyanide Electricity Rabaey et al 2005b. wastewater digester ef uent from a potato, processing plant. H Wang Z J Ren Biotechnology Advances 31 2013 1796 1807. 2 Up ow microbial fuel cell UMFC Sucrose Potassium ferricyanide oxygen Electricity He et al 2005 He et al 2006. 3 Baf ed air cathode microbial fuel Glucose liquid from corn stover steam explosion Oxygen Electricity Feng et al 2010. cell BAFMFC process, 4 Up ow anaerobic sludge blanket Glucose sul de Oxygen sulfer Electricity Zhang et al 2012. reactor microbial fuel cell UASB MFC, 5 Slalom ow cassette electrode microbial Starch yeast extract peptone plant oil detergent Oxygen Electricity Miyahara et al 2013.
fuel cell sCE MFC, 6 Plug ow microbial fuel cell PF MFC Wastewater sodium acetate Oxygen Electricity Karra et al 2013. 7 Complete mixing microbial fuel cell Wastewater sodium acetate Oxygen Electricity Karra et al 2013. 8 Stacked microbial fuel cell stacked MFC Sodium acetate Potassium ferricyanide Electricity Aelterman et al 2006. 9 Submersible microbial fuel cell SBMFC Domestic wastewater Oxygen Electricity Zhang and Angelidaki 2012c. 10 Benthic microbial fuel cell BMFC Sediment Oxygen Electricity Gong et al 2011 Nielsen et al 2007. Tender et al 2008, 11 Sediment microbial fuel cell AKA benthic Acetate and other fermentation products in the Oxygen Electricity Lovley 2006. unattended generator or BUG sediment, 12 Self stacked submersible microbial fuel Sediment acetate Oxygen Electricity Zhang and Angelidaki 2012b. cell SSMFC, 13 Microbial remediation cell MRC Diesel ethanol 1 2 dichloroethane pyridine Chlorinated solvents Reduced non toxic chemicals Aulenta et al 2008 Butler et al 2010. phenol perchlorate chromium Gregory and Lovley 2009 Kim et al. and uranium 2007, Luo et al 2009 Morris et al 2009.
Pham et al 2009 Zhang et al 2009, T Zhang et al 2010. 14 Photo microbial fuel cell p MFC Water Potassium ferricyanide Electricity Thorne et al 2011. 15 Microbial photoelectrochemical solar cell Marine sediment Oxygen Electricity glucose oxygen Malik et al 2009. 16 Solar powered microbial fuel cell Succinate propionate Oxygen Electricity hydrogen Cho et al 2008 Strik et al 2010. 17 Photobioelectrochemical fuel cell Organic acids alcohols Potassium ferricyanide Electricity hydrogen Rosenbaum et al 2005. 18 Photosynthetic microbial fuel cells PMFCs Water Oxygen Electricity Zou et al 2009. 19 Photosynthetic electrochemical cell Water glucose Potassium ferricyanide Electricity Yagishita et al 1997. 20 Solar driven microbial Trypticase soy broth TSB Proton Electricity Qian et al 2010. photoelectrochemical cell solar MPC, 21 Plant microbial fuel cell PMFC Plant derived organics root exudates Oxygen potassium ferricyanide Electricity Deng et al 2012. 22 Phototrophic microbial fuel cells Sediment Oxygen Electricity He et al 2009. phototrophic MFCs, 23 Photosynthetic algal microbial fuel cell Algae Potassium ferricyanide Electricity Strik et al 2008b. 24 Microbial electrochemical snorkel MES Wastewater Oxygen Treated wastewater no Erable et al 2011. AKA short circuited microbial fuel cell electricity. 25 Acid mine drainage fuel cell AMD FC Ferrous ion Oxygen Electricity removing iron Cheng et al 2007. Types of MESs Electron donor for anode oxidization Electron acceptor for cathode Main products Ref. 26 Integrated photobioelectrochemical system Wastewater Oxygen Electricity algal biomass Xiao et al 2012. 27 Osmotic microbial fuel cell OsMFC Sodium acetate Oxygen Diluted draw solution Zhang et al 2011. electricity, 28 Microbial reverse electrodialysis cell MRC Sodium acetate Oxygen Electricity Cusick et al 2012 Kim and Logan 2011b. 29 Microbial reverse electrodialysis Sodium acetate Oxygen Electricity acid alkali Zhu et al 2013. chemical production cell MRCC, MEC based systems for chemical production.
Microbial electrolysis cells MECs in general Any biodegradable material Proton Hydrogen hydrogen peroxide Cheng et al 2009 Liu et al 2005b. methane sodium hydroxide Rabaey et al 2010 Rozendal et al 2009. 30 Bioelectro chemically assisted microbial Wastewater Proton Hydrogen Ditzig et al 2007. reactor BEAMR, 31 Solar powered microbial electrolysis fuel Acetate Proton Hydrogen Chae et al 2009. 32 Microbial reverse electrodialysis Acetate Proton Hydrogen Kim and Logan 2011a. electrolysis cell MREC, 33 Microbial electrolysis struvite precipitation Sodium acetate Proton Hydrogen struvite Cusick and Logan 2012. 34 Submersible microbial electrolysis cell SMEC Acetate Proton Hydrogen Zhang and Angelidaki 2012a. H Wang Z J Ren Biotechnology Advances 31 2013 1796 1807. MES based systems for chemical production, Microbial electrosynthesis MES in general Organic hydrogen sul de water Acetic acid or other organics Ethanol acetate 2 oxobutyrate Gong et al 2013 Nevin et al 2010. carbon dioxide formate Nevin et al 2011 Rabaey and. Rozendal 2010 Rabaey et al 2011, Steinbusch et al 2010. 35 Microbial carbon capture cell MCC Glucose Carbon dioxide Algal biomass electricity Wang et al 2010. MDC based systems for water desalination and bene cial reuse. Microbial desalination cells MDCs in general Any biodegradable material Oxygen potassium ferricyanide Desalinated water Cao et al 2009. organics or other oxidants, 36 Microbial saline wastewater electrolysis cell MSC Sodium acetate Hydrogen Treated saline wastewater Kim and Logan 2013b.
electricity, 37 Osmotic MDC OsMDC MODC Sodium acetate xylose wastewater Oxygen potassium ferricyanide Desalinated water electricity Kim and Logan 2013a Zhang and He. proton 2012, 38 Microbial desalination cell with capacitive adsorption Sodium acetate Potassium ferricyanide Desalinated water Forrestal et al 2012a. capability cMDC, 39 Microbial desalination cell packed with ion exchange Sodium acetate Oxygen Desalinated water electricity Morel et al 2012. resin R MDC, 40 Microbial electrolysis desalination cell MEDC Sodium acetate Proton Hydrogen desalinated water Luo et al 2011. 41 Microbial electrolysis desalination and chemical Sodium acetate Oxygen Desalinated water sodium Chen et al 2012. production hydroxide, cell MEDCC hydrochloric acid.
42 Microbial capacitive desalination cell MCDC Sodium acetate Oxygen Desalinated water Forrestal et al 2012b. 43 Capacitive deionization coupled with microbial fuel Sodium acetate Potassium ferricyanide Desalinated water Yuan et al 2012. cell CDI MFC, 44 Up ow microbial desalination cell UMDC Sodium acetate Oxygen Desalinated water electricity Jacobson et al 2011. 45 Stacked microbial desalination cell SMDC Sodium acetate Oxygen Desalinated water electricity Chen et al 2011. 46 Recirculation microbial desalination cell rMDC Xylose Oxygen Desalinated water electricity Qu et al 2012. 47 Submerged microbial desalination denitri cation Sodium acetate Nitrate Electricity nitrogen Zhang and Angelidaki 2013. cell SMDDC, 1800 H Wang Z J Ren Biotechnology Advances 31 2013 1796 1807. Using microorganisms as biocatalysts MESs can theoretically con combination of multiple functions in one system and they are generally. vert any biodegradable substrate into energy and chemicals Besides straightforward such as microbial electrolysis desalination cell MEDC. simple sugars and derivatives used in most lab scale studies many com Luo et al 2011 microbial electrolysis desalination and chemical. Microbial fuel cell Bioelectrochemical system Microbial electrochemical system Microbial electrochemical technology MXC Microbial electrochemical systems MESs use microorganisms to covert the chemical energy stored in biode gradable materials to direct electric current and chemicals Compared to traditional treatment focused energy intensive environmental technologies this emerging

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