Nutrition and Cancer A guide for people with cancer, their families and friends First published July 1998 as Food and Cancer. This edition June 2019.
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HEAL Well A Cancer,Nutrition Guide,HEAL Well A Cancer Nutrition Guide was created. through a joint project of the American Institute,for Cancer Research AICR the LIVESTRONG. Foundation and Savor Health This guide,provides general information regarding nutrition. and cancer addresses common questions,people have about diet nutrition and physical. activity during and after cancer treatment and,offers suggestions for common cancer or cancer. treatment related symptom management,Nutrition problems that may come with cancer. and cancer treatment are also covered including, suggestions to help manage possible eating related. difficulties,The information is evidence based This means that. it is based in scientific research However it is not. intended to offer medical advice or replace advice. given by your healthcare team It is important to,address all medical questions and concerns about. your care with your healthcare team,Table of Contents. PART Introduction 1,1 Diet and the Development of Cancer 3. 2 Diet and Nutrition during Cancer Treatment 9,3 Dietary Supplements 15. 4 Physical Activity for People with Cancer 17,5 Cancer Survivorship and Beyond 21. 6 Answers to Common Questions about Diet Nutrition. and Cancer,7 Resources 25,Introduction, Eating a healthy diet and being physically active are Read nutrition information closely. very important for people diagnosed with cancer Science progresses slowly and carefully That is. both during and after cancer treatment HEAL Well why when you see health products and diet plans. A Cancer Nutrition Guide offers practical suggestions using words like breakthrough miracle or. for achieving the following goals after a cancer even discovery red flags should appear Another. diagnosis warning sign is the use of anecdotal evidence. 1 Achieve and maintain a healthy weight testimonials or case histories rather than. published scientific research based on results of, 2 Be physically active studies done with many people with cancer. 3 Select and eat healthy foods and beverages that Maintain a healthy skepticism. supply you with nutrients to nourish repair,That does not mean you have to cross check each. and heal your body, and every scientific study that comes along Luckily. 4 Reduce your risk of cancer coming back the you have already got the most important thing you. development of another cancer and other will need common sense If something sounds too. chronic diseases such as heart disease Type 2 good to be true it probably is It is also important. diabetes and osteoporosis to realize that science usually moves ahead by. consensus meaning the results of a single study, Evaluate Nutrition Information are often not enough to prove a new idea Medical. People who have been diagnosed with cancer or a researchers often accept a new idea as fact only after. pre cancerous lesion tend to be highly motivated more than one study has obtained similar results. to improve or maintain their health Concerned,Get the whole story. individuals often search for information by reaching. out to experts talking to friends and family and Reports about science that appear in the media are. searching the internet They want to find ways to often too brief to include important details Refer to. reduce the risk of cancer coming back They may published articles from reputable sources and your. read widely and ask questions in an effort to make healthcare team for more complete information. healthy changes However cancer survivorship Look for scientific agreement based on a number of. research is still in its early stages Dependable studies and not just the results of one study. science based advice can be hard to find To Here are some things to think about. separate fact from fiction there are some things to. keep in mind the next time you hear or read about Where was the study published Was. something related to cancer that sounds too good to the journal peer reviewed by healthcare. be true professionals or was it published in a magazine. 1 INTRODUCTION, Who paid for the study to be conducted certified specialist in oncology nutrition CSO. about your diet and nutrition questions Healthcare. How many people were studied,professionals with these credentials RD RDN and. How does the study relate to other research in CSO are certified by the Commission on Dietetic. the same field Registration the credentialing agency of the. Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics In addition,Did the study prove a cause or just establish an. there are board certified physicians in surgical,association. oncology medical oncology chemotherapy and,radiation oncology There are also board certified. Be wary of easy answers,oncology healthcare professionals in nursing. It is human nature to look for quick fixes that solve pharmacy social work occupational therapy. health problems but cancer is complex There are and physical therapy Talk to general healthcare. more than 100 related but separate diseases that providers if you need a referral or a place to start. are called cancer This is a disease with no single Oncology specialists are found in large academic. cause and each individual s experience with cancer centers medical centers community cancer centers. is unique and individual clinics and medical practices. Go to a reputable source Your oncology healthcare team can provide valuable. These days everyone has something to say about insights and direction in your efforts for healthy. cancer nutrition physical activity and health Be eating and ways to become more physically active. sure to talk with your healthcare team before trying during and after your cancer treatment However it. any new cancer fighting strategy For example is important to keep them informed about what you. certain dietary or herbal supplements even if are taking and what diet plans you are following. labeled all natural may interact with medications,The human body is composed of many intricate. being used to treat your cancer,systems that work together Foods contain. Healthcare professionals have many years of hundreds perhaps thousands of components such. training and experience and they work hard to as nutrients vitamins and minerals The most. keep up with new developments Ask to speak to healthful strategy will always be one that addresses. a registered dietitian RD or a registered dietitian the overall diet not single foods or dietary. nutritionist RDN preferably one who is also a supplements. HEAL WELL A CANCER NUTRITION GUIDE 2,the Development. The Link between cancer what you eat and drink and how you live. can still help short circuit the cancer process,Nutrition and Diet and the. Development of Cancer What Contributes to Chronic,Inflammation. How Does Diet Affect Cancer Inflammation is the body s first response to infection. Many factors influence the development of cancer and injury This process is essential to healing. Over the last 25 years science has shown that diet but too much inflammation or inflammation that. physical activity and body weight especially goes on for too long can damage cells and their. being overweight or obese are major risk factors deoxyribonucleic acid DNA or cellular genetic. for developing certain types of cancer Your body s material This damage can lead to higher risk for the. ability to resist cancer may be helped by following a development of cancer and other diseases. healthy diet staying physically active and avoiding. Scientists have found that a constant state of low. excess body fat,level inflammation called chronic inflammation. Study after study suggests that a healthful diet can be caused by being overweight or obese. one rich in a variety of vegetables fruits whole carrying too much body fat That is because fat cells. grains and legumes beans and low in red and constantly make inflammatory cytokines protein. especially processed meat can fight cancer molecules that activate immune cells. Researchers have known for some time that, this general pattern of eating provides vitamins Does Sugar Feed Cancer. minerals and protective and naturally occurring The belief that white sugar in the diet somehow. plant substances known as phytochemicals phyto feeds cancer is very common but the truth is. plant and can help to defend the body against more complicated All cells including cancer. cancer and other diseases cells in the body use sugar glucose from the. bloodstream for fuel Glucose is the primary fuel,The scientific community has identified many. for our bodies and our brains Blood glucose comes, naturally occurring substances in plant foods with. from foods containing carbohydrates including,the power to defuse potential carcinogens Some. healthful fruits vegetables whole grains and, of these nutrients and natural phytochemicals seek. low fat dairy products When there is not enough,out toxins and usher them from the body before. carbohydrate in the diet some glucose is even, they can cause cell damage that may lead to cancer. produced by the body from protein containing, Others seem to make it easier for the body to make. foods through a special process, repairs at the cellular level Still others may help. stop cancer cells from reproducing Even after a The connection between sugar and cancer is. cell begins to experience damage that can lead to indirect Eating a lot of high sugar foods may mean. 3 DIET AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF CANCER, more calories in your diet than you need which can Guide is available at http www ewg org foodnews. lead to excess weight and body fat It is excess body summary php According to the EWG you can use. fat that has been convincingly linked to greater risk this list to reduce your exposure to pesticide residues. of several types of cancer but they say eating conventionally grown produce. is far better than not eating fruits and vegetables at. Highly refined foods and foods with added sugars, all The bottom line is to eat plenty of vegetables and. such as sugary drinks and sweets are also low in, fruits whole grains and beans whether fresh frozen. fiber and low in nutrients They add little to the,dried cooked or canned. diet except calories These foods may also increase. insulin resistance and this has been linked to an Body Weight and Its Link to Cancer. increased risk of developing diabetes heart disease Development. and overweight and obesity,The link between excess body fat and cancer was. Should I Only Eat Organically one of the strongest findings from AICR s report. Grown Foods and its continuous updates These comprehensive. reviews of cancer research worldwide calculated,There are many reasons why people may prefer to. that approximately 117 000 cancer cases in the,eat foods grown organically with fewer pesticide. United States each year are linked to excess body, residues Eating foods that contain pesticides could. fat Specifically AICR found that obesity increases. increase cancer risk slightly However studies, risk for at least seven types of cancer colorectal. clearly affirm that consuming a diet rich in fruits. postmenopausal breast kidney pancreatic,and vegetables whether grown conventionally or. endometrial gallbladder and a common variety of, organically is an important part of a diet that lowers. esophageal cancer called adenocarcinoma, overall cancer risk If you decide to purchase organic. produce information from the Environmental How Fat Cells Work and Body Shapes. Working Group EWG may be helpful The EWG,Fat cells grow when people gain weight and shrink. has published The Shopper s Guide to Pesticides in. when they lose it Studies suggest that location of. Produce that lists certain foods they call the dirty. fat cells in the body matters Fat that accumulates. dozen plus two non organic fruits and vegetables,in the abdominal area lending the body an apple. with the highest amount of pesticides and the, shape is often visceral fat That means it lies deep. clean fifteen non organic fruits and vegetables,inside the abdomen and surrounds vital organs. with the least amount of pesticides The EWG s,People with too much visceral fat have been shown. to be at greater risk for developing obesity related. diseases and cancer Another type of fat tissue,subcutaneous fat is located directly beneath the. skin Sometimes subcutaneous fat is deposited at the. waist but it s often in the thighs and buttocks and. gives some people a pear shape Studies show that,visceral fat tissue like belly fat pumps out more. inflammatory cytokines and hormones like insulin,leptin and estrogen Elevated levels of all these. substances are associated with higher cancer risk,There are two easy methods for assessing body fat. While these methods are not perfect they can help,people assess whether their weight and waist size. fall within the healthy range,HEAL WELL A CANCER NUTRITION GUIDE 4. Height Weight in Pounds without clothes, 4 11 94 99 104 109 114 119 124 128 133 138 143 148 173 198. 5 97 102 107 112 118 123 128 133 138 143 148 153 179 204. 5 1 100 106 111 116 122 127 132 137 143 148 153 158 185 211. 5 2 104 109 115 120 126 131 136 142 147 153 158 164 191 218. 5 3 107 113 118 124 130 135 141 146 152 158 163 169 197 225. 5 4 110 116 122 128 134 140 145 151 157 163 169 174 204 232. 5 5 114 120 126 132 138 144 150 156 162 168 174 180 210 240. 5 6 118 124 130 136 142 148 155 161 167 173 179 186 216 247. 5 7 121 127 134 140 146 153 159 166 172 178 185 191 223 255. 5 8 125 131 138 144 151 158 164 171 177 184 190 197 230 262. 5 9 128 135 142 149 155 162 169 176 182 189 196 203 236 270. 5 10 132 139 146 153 160 167 174 181 188 195 202 207 243 278. 5 11 136 143 150 157 165 172 179 186 193 200 208 215 250 286. 6 140 147 154 162 169 177 184 191 199 206 213 221 258 294. 6 1 144 151 159 166 174 182 189 197 204 212 219 227 265 302. 6 2 148 155 163 171 179 186 194 202 210 218 225 233 272 311. BMI 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 35 40, BMI may not be an accurate measure for everyone including people who have more muscle mass like athletes older adults. with less muscle mass or people under 5 feet tall, To use the table find your height in the left hand column Locate your weight in pounds to the right. The number at the bottom of that weight column is the BMI for your height and weight. Body Mass Index BMI Waist Circumference, Body Mass Index is a way to measure overweight Waist circumference is another method of assessing. and obesity BMI is a measure of body fat based body weight and is particularly sensitive to. on a person s weight and height Staying within accumulation of visceral fat Use a measuring tape. the healthy range throughout life is important for and follow these easy steps. lowering cancer risk, Place a tape measure around the waist above the tip. There are five BMI categories of the hipbone, Underweight Below 18 5 1 Measure the waist after exhaling. Healthy Weight 18 5 to 24 9 2 Use the following measurements to determine. Overweight 25 0 to 29 9 health risk, Obese 30 0 to 39 9 For women a waist measurement of 31 5. Extremely Obese 40 0 and above inches or more indicates increased health risk. For men a waist measurement of 37 inches,or more indicates increased health risk. 5 DIET AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF CANCER, For Cancer Prevention AICR Diet and Nutrition s Impact. Recommends,Be as lean as possible within the normal range of. at the Molecular Level,body weight Phytochemicals and Antioxidants. Maintain body weight range within the normal Phytochemicals have the potential to stimulate. BMI range starting from the age of 21 the immune system slow the growth rate of. cancer cells and prevent DNA damage that can,Avoid weight gain and increases in waist. lead to cancer The word phytochemical means,circumference through adulthood. a naturally occurring plant phyto in Greek, Avoid foods and drinks that promote weight gain chemical Phytochemicals provide a plant with. color aroma and flavor as well as protection from,Consume energy dense foods sparingly high. infection and predators The colors fragrances,calories for amount and few nutrients. and taste of the plant hint at the phytochemicals it. See Box What Are Energy Dense Foods,contains In the human diet some phytochemicals. Avoid sugary drinks work together to protect the body from cancer and. other diseases,Consume fast foods sparingly if at all. Many phytochemicals work as antioxidants, Antioxidants are compounds that protect the body s. cells from oxidative damage which can come from, What Are Energy Dense Foods the water we drink the food we eat and the air we. Sugary drinks soft drinks sweetened ice breathe Preventing this type of damage might help. tea juice flavored drinks protect us from cancer and other diseases A steady. supply of antioxidants from our food is needed to,Baked goods such as desserts cookies. provide protection because of the body s continuous. pastries and cakes,production of oxidative damage The best way to. Candy provide the body with phytochemicals is to eat a. balanced diet that includes whole grains legumes,Chips such as potato and corn. nuts seeds and a variety of colorful fruits and,Ice cream milkshakes vegetables. Processed meat hotdogs salami AICR Recommends,Eat mostly foods of plant origin. Fast food such as French fries fried,Eat at least five portions servings of a variety. chicken and burgers,of non starchy vegetables and fruits every day. Packaged and processed foods high in Examples of a serving 1 cup raw or cooked. added sugars and fats vegetables or 1 medium apple. Foods containing more than 225 275 calories Eat whole grains and or legumes beans and. per 100 grams 3 ounces lentils with every meal,HEAL WELL A CANCER NUTRITION GUIDE 6. Colorful Fruits Vegetables and Phytochemicals,Color Phytochemicals Fruits and Vegetables. White and Onions garlic chives,Allyl sulphides,green leeks. Broccoli Brussels sprouts,Green Sulforaphanes indoles. cabbage cauliflower,Yellow Asparagus collard greens. Lutein zeaxanthin,and green spinach winter squash,Orange Cantaloupe nectarines. Cryptoxanthin flavonoids,and yellow oranges papaya peaches. Carrots mangos,Orange Alpha and beta carotenes,Red Anthocyanins. Berries grapes plums,and purple polyphenols,Tomatoes pink. Red Lycopene,grapefruit watermelon,7 DIET AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF CANCER. Colorful Fruit and Vegetable Recipes, Acorn Squash and Apple Soup Holiday Quinoa Salad with. 1 medium acorn squash Pomegranate and Fresh Herbs,1 Tbsp canola oil cup quinoa. 1 medium onion chopped 1 cups water, 1 leek white part only rinsed well and chopped tsp kosher or sea salt divided. 1 tart apple such as Granny Smith peeled cored medium Fuji apple cored and finely chopped. and chopped cup fresh pomegranate seeds,3 cups fat free reduced sodium chicken broth 1. 3 cup finely chopped cilantro, Milk or additional broth to thin soup optional cup finely chopped fresh mint. Salt and freshly ground black pepper to taste cup finely chopped flat leaf parsley. 3 Tbsp minced fresh mint leaves as garnish 1, 3 cup finely chopped scallions green and white parts. cup blood orange juice or orange juice plus 1, Preheat oven to 375 degrees Cut acorn squash in teaspoon lemon juice. half length wise remove seeds Set on a rimmed Freshly ground pepper. baking sheet Bake until the flesh is tender when 2 tsp extra virgin olive oil. pierced roughly 45 to 90 minutes depending on, size Remove squash from oven and allow to cool Rinse quinoa in strainer drain well and place. While the squash is cooling in a large heavy pan moist grain in heavy medium saucepan Cook over. heat the canola oil over medium high heat Add the medium high heat stirring constantly with wooden. onion and leek and saut for about 4 minutes until spatula until grains stick to bottom of pot and then. the onion is translucent Add the apple and cook over start to move freely and smell toasty about 5 minutes. medium heat for 1 minute When grains of quinoa start to pop move pot off. heat and pour in 1 cups water standing back as, Scrape out the squash pulp and combine with the it will splatter Immediately return pot to heat and. apple mixture Reduce heat to medium low cover reduce heat to medium Add 1 4 teaspoon salt cover. and cook for 5 minutes stirring often Add the broth and simmer for 15 minutes or until quinoa is almost. to the pan cover and bring to a boil over high heat tender Off heat let grain sit covered for 10 minutes. Reduce the heat to low and simmer for about 30 Using fork fluff quinoa and transfer it to mixing. minutes Remove the pan from heat and set the soup bowl There will be about 2 1 4 cups cooked quinoa. aside to cool slightly, Let quinoa sit until it is room temperature Add apple. In a blender or food processor pur e the soup in pomegranate seeds cilantro mint parsley and. batches until smooth Return soup to pan and heat scallions to grain and using a fork mix to combine. just before serving Add milk or additional broth to them. thin soup as desired Season to taste with salt and. pepper Garnish each serving with mint and serve In small bowl whisk blood orange juice or two. citrus juices with remaining 1 2 teaspoon salt until. Makes 5 servings it dissolves Add 4 5 grinds pepper then whisk in. Per serving 103 calories 3 g total fat 1 g saturated oil Pour dressing over salad and toss with fork to. fat 18 g carbohydrate 3 g protein 3 g dietary fiber distribute it evenly Serve within 2 hours The quinoa. 330 mg sodium and dressing parts of this salad can be made up to 8. hours ahead then covered and refrigerated separately. and combined shortly before serving,Makes 4 servings. Per serving 179 calories 4 g total fat 1 g saturated. fat 32 g carbohydrate,5 g protein 3 g dietary fiber 366 mg sodium. Reprinted from the American Institute for Cancer Research. HEAL WELL A CANCER NUTRITION GUIDE 8,Diet and Nutrition. during Cancer,Good Nutrition During,Cancer Treatment. Cancer treatment can place a lot of nutritional,demand on your body It is important to try to. consistently consume a healthy diet and to drink,nourishing beverages The main nutritional goals. during this time are to maintain a healthy weight,and eat healthy foods that supply your body with. calories and nutrients for energy repair recovery,and healing A healthful eating pattern includes. plenty of vegetables and fruit moderate amounts, of whole grains and plant protein sources like nuts. beans lentils tofu and tempeh along with modest,portions of fish poultry lean meats and nonfat or. The New American Plate, low fat dairy foods AICR s The New American Plate is a. valuable resource that shows how to eat in a, See pages 21 22 for AICR s specific recommenda way to lower cancer risk and to manage body. tions for healthy eating and physical activity for weight More information is available at. reducing risk of new and recurrent cancers http www aicr org new american plate or. by calling 800 843 8114,Choose My Plate,The United States. Department of Treatment Side Effects,Agriculture s. ChooseMyPlate is That Can Impact,another easy to use Nutritional Well Being. resource to help people, plan their own healthy diet Use the following Side effects of cancer therapy may affect your eating. link to learn more about this website habits and nutritional status The following pages. http www choosemyplate gov,contain suggestions for managing common eating. difficulties during and after treatment,9 DIET AND NUTRITION DURING CANCER TREATMENT. Changes in Appetite and Nausea and Vomiting, Unwanted Weight Loss Nausea and vomiting can be caused by. Loss of appetite is common in people with cancer chemotherapy or from radiation therapy to the. and can lead to weight loss and undernutrition stomach abdomen or brain Being nauseated or. malnutrition Poor nutrition can slow the body s vomiting because of cancer treatment can make it. ability to heal Severe malnutrition can interfere difficult for a person to eat and drink. with proper functioning of the heart liver kidneys. Try these ideas for managing nausea,and immune system. and vomiting, Try these ideas for improving your appetite Eat small amounts of food more often. and maintaining calorie and protein intake,Small portions of meals and snacks are often. during cancer treatment,more easy to tolerate than large. Eat five or six smaller meals per day,Eating foods and sipping on clear liquids at room. Eat the largest meal when you are hungriest temperature or cooler may be easier to tolerate. Start with high protein foods while your Avoid high fat greasy spicy or overly. appetite is strongest sweet foods, Keep favorite high calorie foods and beverages Avoid foods with strong odors. within easy reach,Sip on beverages between meals rather than with. Try to be as physically active as you are able to meals. be to help stimulate your appetite,Eat sitting up and keep head raised for about an. Enlist the help of your loved ones and caregivers hour after eating. to help with purchasing and preparing food,For vomiting avoid eating or drinking until. Ask to talk with a registered dietitian for vomiting is controlled then try sipping on. personalized help small amounts of clear liquids such as cranberry. In certain situations your doctor may prescribe juice or broth Nibbling on plain foods such as. a medication to help improve your appetite pretzels or crackers may also help. Take anti nausea medicine as prescribed If,it is not controlling symptoms contact the. healthcare professional that prescribed the anti,nausea medicine and let him or her know what. is happening,Evaluate if you are feeling indigestion or reflux. versus nausea Discuss your symptoms with your,healthcare professional as treatment options for. each condition vary,Fatigue is the most common side effect for those. diagnosed with cancer It can be related to the, cancer itself or can be one of the effects of cancer. treatment Eating regularly and being as physically. active as you are able may help to relieve your,fatigue and enhance your mood. HEAL WELL A CANCER NUTRITION GUIDE 10,Try these ideas for managing diarrhea. Drink plenty of liquids such as water clear,juices sports drinks broth weak tea or oral. rehydration solutions available over the,counter at most pharmacies. Eat small amounts of soft bland foods Consider,a diet that consists of water soluble fiber. containing foods such as bananas white rice,applesauce and white toast. Decrease intake of high fiber foods during this,time These include foods containing nuts and. seeds raw vegetables and fruits and whole grain,breads and cereals. Eat small amounts of food throughout the day,rather than fewer large meals. Try to drink plenty of fluids Being Take anti diarrhea medicine as prescribed If the. dehydrated can make fatigue worse medicine is not controlling the diarrhea call the. healthcare professional that prescribed the medicine. Try these ideas for managing fatigue Constipation can be a symptom of the cancer. itself or it can be caused by medicines used to,Temporarily rely on ready to eat foods like. treat cancer or manage pain Constipation is when,frozen dinners fruits and vegetables. bowels do not move regularly and when stools, Prepare food when you feel your best and freeze become hard and difficult to pass. leftovers in meal size portions,Try these ideas for managing constipation. Try to drink plenty of fluids Being dehydrated, can make fatigue worse Aim for at least 8 cups Drink more healthy beverages to help keep your. of hydrating fluid each day unless advised to digestive system moving especially water prune. restrict fluids for another medical condition juice warm juices decaffeinated teas and hot. Hydrating fluids include water clear juices lemonade. sports drinks broth or weak tea Increase intake of high fiber foods such as whole. Accept help with meals from friends and family grains fresh and cooked vegetables fresh and. members Check for delivery services like Meals dried fruits and foods containing peels nuts. on Wheels available at http www meals on and seeds. wheels com or a home delivery meal service Work with your healthcare team to set up an. such as Savor Health available at individualized bowel regimen This program. http www savorhealth com or 888 721 1041 may include stool softeners and gentle non. habit forming laxatives,Bowel Changes,Increase your physical activity as you are able. Diarrhea and Constipation,such as taking a walk or doing limited exercise. Diarrhea can be caused by the cancer itself certain every day Ask your healthcare team how much. chemotherapy agents and medicines or because exercise is right for you. of radiation therapy to the abdomen and pelvis, Diarrhea is having frequent and loose watery stools. 11 DIET AND NUTRITION DURING CANCER TREATMENT, Changes in Taste and Smell Experiment with temperatures of foods warm. Changes in taste and reactions to smells are cool or icy to find which temperature is the. common problems that can happen while most soothing. undergoing and recovering from cancer treatment Drink plenty of fluids Focus on warm or. These changes can affect your desire to eat cool milk based beverages non acidic fruit. drinks diluted if necessary flat carbonated,Try these ideas for managing taste and. beverages and cream or broth based soups,smell changes. Rinse your mouth several times a day with 1 to,Choose foods that appeal to you Often moist. 2 ounces of a homemade salt and baking soda,and naturally sweet foods such as frozen melon. solution one quart of water combined with one,balls grapes or oranges work well Some find. teaspoon of salt and one teaspoon of baking,tart foods and beverages appealing. soda Sip swish and then spit the solution to, Try eating cooler temperature foods rather rinse and clean your mouth Do not swallow. than hotter temperature foods as they have less,Speak with your healthcare professional about. aroma and taste,medications that can numb or soothe your. Try marinades and spices to mask strange tastes mouth or throat. Red meat often becomes less appealing so try, poultry fish beans nut butters or eggs Unwanted Weight Gain. If foods taste bitter or salty try adding small Weight gain can occur during or after treatment. amounts of sugar for hormone sensitive cancers such as breast or. prostate cancers Inactivity can also cause weight,Brush your teeth and tongue and rinse your. gain In addition medicines such as steroids used as. mouth regularly especially before eating, a part of some cancer treatments can contribute to. Rinse your mouth several times a day with 1 to increased weight. 2 ounces of a homemade salt and baking soda, solution one quart of water combined with one Try these ideas for managing unwanted. teaspoon of salt and one teaspoon of baking weight gain. soda or an alcohol free mouth rinse Try to focus on foods naturally low in calories. and high in fiber to help you feel full such as, Sore Mouth or Throat vegetables fruits whole grains and beans. A common side effect of certain chemotherapy agents Include small amounts of higher calorie foods. or radiation therapy to the mouth and throat is an that you enjoy most and be sure to savor them. inflammation of the mucus membranes that line the for the most satisfaction. mouth and throat This condition is called mucositis Pay attention to portion sizes and fill most of. and it can make it difficult to eat and swallow your plate with lower calorie plant foods. Try these ideas for managing a sore mouth Eat only when you are physically hungry. Try to get regular physical activity to help, Eat soft moist foods with extra sauces dressings you reduce fatigue control weight gain and. or gravies improve mood,Avoid dry coarse or rough foods. Avoid alcohol citrus caffeine vinegar spicy,foods and acidic foods like tomatoes.
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