33 Bite Size Teacher Tested Print Friendly Ideas And In -Books Pdf

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GRAMMAR EDITION, GRAMMAR EDITION vs Present Perfect to Teach Reported. Speech Alternative,3 4 General 5 New 19 Word Order How to Approach. Fun Ways to Teach Teach Word Order, Grammar to ESL Help Them Remember 31 Numbers How to Teach. Students the Patterns Ordinal Numbers in 5,Easy Steps. 5 Present Simple How, to Teach the Present 20 Past Perfect How to 32 Gerund vs Infinitive.
Simple Tense Teach the Past Perfect Gerund vs Infinitive. Tense How to Explain the,6 7 Present Simple How Difference. to Teach Present 21 Present Perfect How, Simple to Complete to Teach Present 33 Pronouns How to. Beginners Perfect Activities and Teach Personal,Examples Pronouns. 8 Past Simple How to, Teach Past Simple 22 Present Perfect How to 34 Modal Verbs How to. Regular Irregular Teach Present Perfect Teach Modal Verbs 4. Verbs Alternative Approach Simple Steps, 9 Past Simple How to 23 Present Perfect 35 Questions How to.
Teach the Past Simple Present Perfect Teach Question. Tense Verb to Be Mystery How to Teach Structures,For and Since. 10 Comparison How to 36 Imperative How to, Teach Degrees of 24 Future Simple How Teach the Imperative. Comparison to Teach the Simple Form,Future Tense,11 12 Comparison How to 37 Pronouns How to. Teach Comparatives 25 Passive Voice How to Teach Relative. and Superlatives Teach Passive Voice Pronouns,Constructions. 13 Present Continuous 38 Used To Would How to, How to Teach the 26 Passive Voice How Teach Used To and.
Present Continuous to Teach the Passive Would,Tense Voice While Being. Active 39 General How To Teach,14 Present Continuous Boring Grammar. How to Teach 27 Future Continuous Points 7 Quick Proven. Present Continuous How to Teach the Tips,Alternative Approach Future Continuous. 15 Past Continuous How,to Teach the Past 28 Present Perfect. Continuous Tense Continuous How to,Teach the Present.
Perfect Continuous,16 Future Perfect How Tense,To Teach the Future. Perfect Tense 29 Reported Speech How,to Teach Reported. 17 18 Past Simple vs Speech Statements,Present Perfect How. To Teach Past Simple 30 Reported Speech How, E S L C H E AT S H E E T S G R A M M A R E D I T I O N P U B L I S H E D B Y B U S Y T E A C H E R O R G. 5 New Fun Ways to Teach,Grammar to ESL Students,M ention the word grammar and students.
will cringe In fact most teachers will,cringe too, Of course teachers know correct grammar rules but it s. one thing to know them and another thing to effectively. teach them and transmit them so that students not only. understand the rules but also apply them correctly. In my experience grammar shouldn t be taught by the. book At least not in teaching English as a second lan. guage That s not what students are there for They don t. want to know all of these rules they re not interested in. them They want to learn English They want to speak. read and write in English So how do we as ESL teach. ers teach them essential grammar and give them what we. need rather than boring them to death with the rules. It s actually quite simple by teaching grammar in context. And in fun ways, Let s move on to some examples and you ll see what I. H ow to teach the ever elusive past perfect, Yes it s hard to find an ESL student who spontaneously. uses the past perfect tense In fact there are some native. English speakers who don t use it either along with other. forms of correct English But it must be taught never. overlooked or your students will be lacking something that. they need to take their English fluency to the next level. So how can we teach the past perfect tense so that it. may be fully grasped by our students Here are the steps. Go to OurTimeLines com where you may generate your. personalized timeline and see when major historical. events took place throughout your life For example if. you were born in 1971 you ll see that the Internet was. invented when you were 2, Show students your timeline or anyone else s and set up. the past perfect like this Sam the Vietnam War ended. in 1975 I was born in 1971 You were born in 1995 So. when you were born the Vietnam War had ended 20,years earlier When I was born it hadn t ended yet.
Give as many examples as you like go over briefly how. the past perfect tense is formed had plus past partici. ple and make sure they understand you re talking about. two events that took place in the past but one before the. other then have students come up with examples of,their own using the timeline. E S L C H E AT S H E E T S G R A M M A R E D I T I O N P U B L I S H E D B Y B U S Y T E A C H E R O R G. Once they are comfortable using the past perfect in affirmative sentences So take the cringing out of. move on to examples with questions then have them ask each other ques grammar lessons and put some fun. tions Laura when you started primary school had terrorists attacked the into them You ll see that your stu. World Trade Center dents learn much faster too, Save the timeline because it will come in handy to practice the past perfect. in passive voice Naturally timelines are great for many tenses like the. simple past or the passive voice, Nothing shakes them up better than getting them out of their seats. When you see your students daydreaming not paying attention or simply. bored tell them to get up and form a circle Now this simple exercise works. great to teach numerous grammar points but here s an example. Say you want your students to practice the simple past of regular or irreg. ular verbs Grab a small ball or bean bag and say a verb out loud toss. the ball to a student who will have to say its past form He or she tosses. the ball back to you and you choose another student Whenever a student. makes a mistake he or she has to leave the circle The last student left. standing gets a reward sticker or other prize You can say a sentence in. affirmative and they have to supply a question or vice versa this activity. can be adapted to any grammar point,C elebrity Profiles. An awesome way to teach and practice any verb tense is through. biographies Try this activity to contrast the simple past and present perfect. tenses Find out which celebrities or sports stars your students admire. Then find a short biography or write one yourself summarizing a celebri. ty s main achievements Read the bio with your students and make sure. they understand the differences Point out examples that clearly illustrate. this He starred in his first hit film in 1985 But he has worked in 20 hit. films throughout his career,C elebrity Photos, Another way in which you can use your students interest in certain.
celebrities Cut out celebrity pics from entertainment magazines in fact I. recommend stocking up on a big pile of photos to use in a variety of activ. ities Use these pictures to teach comparatives and superlatives Katie. Holmes is taller than Tom Cruise Shakira is more talented than Ricky. Martin and it works great with comparative adverbs Shakira dances. better than Ricky too, This activity works great with beginners including small children Cut. up a list of several words that either take a or an and mix them up For. very young learners you may use pictures instead of words Then divide. students into pairs of groups and have them put the words in two piles. depending on the article Once they have their piles ready ask them if they. can figure out the rule by themselves, By far the best ways to teach any type of grammar is through the use of. either realia or real life settings and contexts Why would a student be moti. vated to learn the conditional tenses if he has no idea why he s learning. them in other words he doesn t understand when and where he ll have. use for them When teachers use real life settings and objects students. will know the grammar structures they learn will be useful for them. E S L C H E AT S H E E T S G R A M M A R E D I T I O N P U B L I S H E D B Y B U S Y T E A C H E R O R G. How to Teach the Present Simple, When teaching the Present Simple John to teacher You live in T Alex reads the New York Times. the ultimate goal is to make sure your Queens too He doesn t read USA Today. students understand that it s used to T Sally you have a dog. describe routines habits daily activities Sally to teacher You have a Ask students to do the same by using. and general truths Also important is the cat the information previously shared by. contrast between the Present Simple their classmates. and the Present Progressive This series Split your students up into pairs and. of steps will guide you towards teaching,the Present Simple and covers function. conjugation and form,have them give each other statements.
in the second person singular 8 Introduce Present Simple. How To Proceed 4 Introduce Present Simple,Third person singular. Make a statement about your,self Then ask a student a ques. tion to introduce do Say I walk to,1 Introduce an action. Pick up a newspaper and pretend,Say I read the New York Times Sarah. reads USA Today Make sure students,notice that you ve added the s for the.
school John do you walk to school,Walk around the classroom asking stu. dents questions and teaching them to, to read it Ask your students what you re 3rd person singular Give more exam answer Yes I do or No I don t Do. doing They ll say You re reading a ples with other students and introduce the same for all persons except 3rd. newspaper the irregular verbs John goes to work at person singular. 8 Sally has lunch at 1 Students provide,T What newspaper am I read. S You re reading The New York,more examples from the information. previously shared by their classmates 9 Introduce Present Simple. Questions third person,5 Do the same for the plural.
persons Contrast students habits Make a state,2 Introduce Present Simple. First person singular Ask who lives in Queens and ask them. to stand up Then point to yourself and,ment about one then ask about another. student Say John walks to school,Does Sarah walk to school Walk. Tell your students I read The New those standing and say We live in around the classroom asking questions. York Times every day Make a list of Queens Ask who lives in the Bronx and with does and teach students to answer. the things you do every day as a routine ask them to stand up Address those Yes he does No he doesn t. who are standing and say You live in,I have breakfast at 7. I go to work at 9,I have lunch at 12,the Bronx Point to your group and say.
We live in Queens Ask who lives in,Manhattan and point to that group and. 10 E x pand and prac,tice Present Simple,Excercises. I go home at 5 say They live in Manhattan, I watch TV before dinner Practice all persons and forms Ask. Make sure your students understand,that you do this on a daily or weekly. 6 Introduce Present Simple,open ended questions Introduce more.
basis these are habitual actions Go Make a statement in the affirmative then Where do you live. around the class and have students make one in negative with don t Say Where does she work. tell you what they do everyday or what How many languages do you. some of their habits are They should I live in Queens I don t live in the Bronx speak. give more examples in the first person, singular Ask students to do the same present Obviously you don t have to follow all. ing first an affirmative then a negative of these steps in one single lesson you. 3 Introduce Present Simple,Second person singular,Practice all persons except the third. person singular,can spread them over the course of a. week to make sure your students have,plenty of time to practice the Present. Say I read the New York Times Sarah,you read USA Today Go around the.
class giving examples like I go to work,7 Introduce Present Simple. Negative third person,Simple exercises in all its forms. at 9 You go to school Face each of, your students and state a general truth Make a statement about a student. then make one in negative form using,T John you live in Queens doesn t. E S L C H E AT S H E E T S G R A M M A R E D I T I O N P U B L I S H E D B Y B U S Y T E A C H E R O R G. How to Teach Present Simple to,Complete Beginners, At the outset new students are convinced that you need first names only It s much answer correctly and move pairs around.
that they cannot communicate in English more friendly to incorporate group practice Ask and. at all but by the end of this lesson they report back their findings Teacher asks. will hopefully be able to confidently intro Now introduce family names Write group members as a whole and then calls. duce themselves to anyone they meet in your name on the board Angelo Then randomly on specific students e g What. a simple and yet meaningful way present the full sentence My name is does Manuel do Response He s an. Michael Angelo Advise your students engineer Practice drill articles a and. How To Proceed that this is the standard format in English an. as there are cultural differences e g in,1 Introduction. There is no warm up activity to intro,Japan the surname precedes the given. name Repeat the exercise with all the,students What s my name Get full and. 7 Describing where you live,Ask your students Where do I live. duce any grammatical term or vocabulary abbreviated answers Repeat many times Use body language and drawings to show. Assume that your students have limited around the class your home s location The students prob. linguistic knowledge or none whatsoever ably don t know so you want them to ask. Write the substitution tables on the board,Get it right from the start Make sure they.
have a model to practice and follow,4 Practice Time. What s his name What s her,and therefore elicit the question Where. do you live Demonstrate on the board,the word order The name of your street. Maybe they know the structures already name Get students up and doing a min etc the smallest place first village. but it s good to reinforce the grammar and gling activity Get them to report back to town city Get students to ask their part. if they are real novices they will need to you the names they have learned This is ners and then practice by doing a milling. follow your guidance Keep it basic You fun practical and breaks the ice in a new activity Get feedback Students report. are teaching the verbs to be and to do group Can they remember the people back where the other students live She. only which will form the foundations of they have been introduced to This is the lives in Be alert because the prepo. their learning time to check Practice for as long as you sition is often missed or dropped. feel necessary Don t assume they have,2 Pre teach Pronouns. Ensure they know pronouns or you,mastered this first step easily as you will.
often find later that the elementary work,is quickly forgotten. 8 Introduce hobbies,What do you do in your free time. will be wasting a lot of valuable time Use Elicit hobbies vocabulary from students. gestures mime pictures etc to elicit or,re iterate grammar outlines 5 Review on the Board. Ensure you match your spoken prac,and write on the whiteboard Have pic. tures flashcards etc Use gestures and,mime Have fun but focus on simplicity.
There is often confusion with the mascu tice with written examples Do concept. line feminine form Teach I am You are checking for your question practice Like do enjoy differences in nuance. singular He She It is We are You are What s his name Show contractions will pass over their heads at this level. They are plurals Show contractions on the board His name is or He s Concentrate on the verb to be as before. I m etc Ask your group to chorally answer only at this stage and give models through. move around the class and ask students presentation My hobby is tennis etc Get. 3 Eliciting Names randomly students to ask their partners Ensure. there is feedback time to the group and,You write your name on the white. board First name only Ask your students 6 Explaining Jobs the teacher. What s my name What is my name,Repeat You may get a whole host of. answers Michael You are Michael You re,Ask the class What do I do What s. my job As students answer make sure,you write the answer on the board for. 9 Consolidation of Material, Michael Your name is Michael Mr Michael future reference You are an English Write the 4 questions on the whiteboard.
Teacher Michael etc Correct the errors Teacher Get them to repeat and point and model answers. and write clearly on the board My name out the an article if it has been omitted. is Michael I am Michael I m Michael Ask all the students individually What do 1 What s your name. Teacher models Q A Ask all the stu you do You may not be able to elicit 2 What do you do. dents their names going randomly so you will have to introduce the relevant 3 Where do you live. around the class Make sure that there is vocabulary It would be useful to have 4 What do you do in your free time. plenty of movement and friendly gesturing pictures or flashcards of popular jobs to. with an open hand No pointing Get your provide a point of reference especially Drill the students chorally and individ. students motivated and animated Stress for visual learners Get your students to ually Questions followed by answers. E S L C H E AT S H E E T S G R A M M A R E D I T I O N P U B L I S H E D B Y B U S Y T E A C H E R O R G. alternate roles ask randomly Ensure spotting correcting Focus on fluency Hello My name is. that the students are quite clear on the rather than accuracy unless mistakes I m a an. 4 questions and there are no errors are too blatant I live in. in their answers Practice and repeat My hobby is, as necessary Give feedback and Final error rectification and exam. rectify errors using examples on the pling on the board before stu Aim for fluency rather than accuracy. whiteboard dents must act independently as this is a big step and a major accom. plishment for absolute beginners,10 Li v e P ractice. 11 Brief I ndi v id u a l,P resentation and,Randomly ask students any of. the 4 questions Assign home, Students must introduce themselves to Closure work practice and advise that. everyone in the class Set the scenario the next lesson will begin with. with mime etc Imagine you are at a The students introduce them the self introductions covered. party and meeting for the first time You selves to the class using the 4 sen Stand at the door and ask stu. must talk to all your class members tences learned and practiced dents 1 of the 4 questions as. Teacher walks around monitoring and they exit to give them a sense of. giving assistance when required Error real achievement. E S L C H E AT S H E E T S G R A M M A R E D I T I O N P U B L I S H E D B Y B U S Y T E A C H E R O R G. How to Teach Past Simple,Regular Irregular Verbs,We re often told we should put the.
past behind us not dwell in the past,etc However ESL students must do. 3 Introduce the Past Simple of,irregular verbs 6 Introduce the Past Simple. Interrogative forms, just that to learn the Simple Past Give an example in Present Simple Model questions with did. tense As they learn that regular verbs I have lunch at 12 every day Lead in. simply need an ed suffix they jump to Past Simple Yesterday I had lunch T Did you come to school yester. for joy This is not so hard they think at 12 Write this on the board Give day. Then we hit them with the endless lists more examples with irregular verbs S Yes No. of irregular verbs to study and their and write each verb in its past form T Ask me. enthusiasm deflates like a balloon on the board S Did you come to school yes. before your very eyes Don t add to terday,the confusion T Yesterday I spoke to a friend. We went to the movies We saw Continue with more questions from. Follow these steps to teach Eclipse My friend ate popcorn I students Model questions with what. the Past Simple and keep your drank soda time where when why etc Write. students right on track examples on the board First they ask. Make sure students understand you then they ask classmates then. that the past form is the same for all they ask a classmate about another. How To Proceed persons Give as many examples with classmate What did Bobby do last. irregular verbs as needed night and so on Make sure they ask. 1 Introduce the Past Simple of,regular verbs,4 Practice the Past Simple of.
irregular verbs,questions in both singular and plural. If they are unsure as to how to ask a,question model it for them first. Give an example in Present Simple,I talk to my sister everyday Lead in. to Past Simple Yesterday I talked,to her Write this on the board Give. Go around the class and make state,ments in Present Simple which stu.
dents must change to Past Simple,7 Introduce the Past Simple. Short answers, more examples with regular verbs and Ask Yes No questions and teach stu. write each verb in its past form on the T I usually drink orange juice dents to give short answers. board for breakfast S Yesterday you, drank orange juice T Did you come to school yester. T I visited her We watched TV day,She cooked lunch We listened to. music 5 Introduce the Past Simple,Negative forms,S Yes I did No I didn t.
Students ask classmates Yes No, Make sure students understand Say Yesterday I talked to John I questions and classmates reply with. that the past form is the same for all didn t talk to Sarah Give more exam short answers. persons Give as many examples with ples alternating between affirmative. regular verbs as needed and negative statements,8 Provide extended practice. 2 Practice Past Simple of,regular verbs,Sarah had lunch at 12 She didn t. have lunch at one You went to,the gym yesterday You didn t go. Tell students that the best way,to learn which verbs are regular and.
irregular and remember the past form, Go around the class and make state to the movies of irregular verbs is through lots of. ments in Present Simple which stu practice and not necessarily memo. dents must change to Past Simple And so on with all persons singular rization Ask them to write about their. and plural Write the negative form last vacation for homework Have them. T I sometimes walk in the park on the board Then have students do give a presentation on what people. S You walked in the park yester the same always alternating between did 100 years ago But no matter what. day affirmative and negative statements you choose to do just make sure your. students practice the Past Simple in, Now s a good time to practice the dif context and not by memorizing lists of. ferent pronunciations of the ed past verbs It s the best way to learn. E S L C H E AT S H E E T S G R A M M A R E D I T I O N P U B L I S H E D B Y B U S Y T E A C H E R O R G. How to Teach the Past Simple,Tense Verb to Be, To be or not to be is the question pon Get all of those who were at home T Were you at school last night. dered by the melancholy Hamlet On the together and say We were at home S Yes I was No I wasn t. other hand an ESL teacher might ask Do the same for you pl and they If time allows ask them to provide. how do I teach the Simple Past of the John and Tom you were at the gym more complete answers. verb to be without needlessly confus Bobby and his cousin were at a friend s T Were you at school last night. ing my students It s all rather simple house They were there till 6 pm Give S Yes I was No I wasn t I was at. as many examples as needed to make home, Follow the step by step process out sure students grasp the conjugation. lined below and don t move on to next,step until you re sure your students have.
mastered the one you re currently on 5 Introduce the Past Simple. of the verb to be Negative,8 Provide lots of extended. forms Try giving your students a few work, How To Proceed sheets to review what they ve learned. Say Yesterday at this time I was at On BusyTeacher org you will find plenty. 1 Introduce the Past Simple of,the verb to be First person. home I wasn t at school Give more,examples alternating between affir. mative and negative statements,of various exercises that ask students to.
complete affirmative and negative sen,tences as well as write questions. Sarah you were at home You, Begin by asking your students Where weren t at the gym John was at the For practical purposes the examples. am I They should answer You re gym He wasn t at school And so on above all cover location at home at. in class at school Introduce the Past with all persons singular and plural school But you may also practice the. Simple of the verb to be like this simple past of the verb to be with feel. Then have students do the same ings I was happy sad the weather. T Yesterday at this time I was at always alternating between affirmative Yesterday was sunny hot windy or. home and negative statements opinions The movie was good bad. great just to name a few options,Go around the class and have students. take turns saying where they were the,previous day in the first person singular. 6 Introduce the Past Simple of,the verb to be Interrogative.
2 Introduce the Past Simple of,the verb to be Third person. Model questions like this,T Where were you at 10 o clock. last night,Go around the class and say where S I was at home. each student was giving examples T Ask me, in the third person singular Sarah S Where were you at 10 o clock. was at home John was at the gym last night,Bobby was at a friend s house Etc.
Continue with more questions from stu, Students continue by saying where dents Encourage them to ask what time. some of their family members were My where when why etc First they ask. mom was at home My dad was at work you second person singular then they. My sister was at the park ask classmates then they ask a class. mate about another classmate Where,3 Introduce the Past Simple. of the verb to be Second,person singular,was Sheila last night and so on. Make sure they ask questions in all,persons both singular and plural If they. Go around the class and now make are unsure as to how to ask a question. statements in the second person sin model it for them first. gular addressing each student Sarah,you were at home John you were at the.
gym Each student points to one class,mate and says where he or she was. 7 Introduce the Past Simple,of the verb to be Short. 4 Do the same for the plural,Ask yes or no questions and teach stu. dents to give short answers,How to Teach,Degrees of Comparison. Teaching degrees of comparison er ending of each comparative form highest number in that category would. will take several lessons Your and explain the comparative structure make a sentence and keep the cards. students should have a good Your students already have most of it and the winner would be the student. grasp of comparison related figured out at this point so after some with the most cards at the end of the. vocabulary such as tall short big pronunciation practice or drilling let game You could also change the. small fast slow etc and initially them give it a try game entirely or use one card game in. your lessons should revolve the first superlative class and change. around only about ten or twelve,of these If students perform.
well using the set of words you,3 P ractice P rod u ction. Comparative,it for the second class if students are. really enjoying them,have chosen you can add more,vocabulary later. Worksheets can help your students,practice but a more enjoyable way to. practice degrees of comparison is to,6 Production Combine.
After doing some short practice, play a card game Students should activities of both comparative and. How to Proceed play in groups of three to five You superlative forms that have already. can make decks of between thirty and been covered introduce one or two. 1 Warm up Review,It has probably been a while since. fifty cards where each card has an,animal for instance and statistics for. that animal such as height speed etc,vocabulary words that use more and. most to create their comparative and,superlative forms Make sure all the.
your students have thought about the There are many games you can play vocabulary words as well as their com. vocabulary you plan to use for this with a deck such as this one Have stu parative and superlative forms are. lesson so it is important to review their dents shuffle and deal all the cards written on the board before conducting. meaning and pronunciation You can Explain that the student whose turn it a combination exercise A board game. do this by conducting a warm up activ is should choose a category such as of boxes leading from start to finish. ity such as crisscross or by asking for height he and the student sitting to his would be ideal for groups of three or. volunteers to give you the definitions of left should each play a card and the four A turn would consist of a student. words spell words on the board or use student whose animal is taller should rolling a die moving her piece and cre. words in a sentence At the end of this say The is taller than the or more ating a sentence based on the image in. activity there should be two columns of simply My animal is taller than yours the square she landed on This game. words on the board With the sample That student now gets to keep both should use both the comparative and. vocabulary above the columns would cards and the student with the most superlative forms of each vocabulary. look like this cards at the end of the game is the word The first student to reach the last. winner square wins,tall short,fast slow 4 Introduce Superlative. Usually the following class would,The card game and board game. The two columns should have enough focus on superlative forms They can require your students to do a lot of. space between them for you to write be introduced in much the same way speaking so they have practiced exten. their comparative and superlative you introduced the comparative struc sively by the time they have finished. forms ture Emphasize the est ending and A short quiz will check your students. conduct some choral repetition as pro understanding of the degrees of com. 2 Introduce Comparative,Introduce comparative struc. nunciation practice Continue to use,the same set of vocabulary. parison and determine if further review,is necessary.
tures to your students without explain,ing them first Play a short true or. false trivia game saying sentences like,5 Practice Superlative. Practice activities such as work,Degrees of comparison are often. easy to introduce and fun for stu,dents to practice Since students. Russia is bigger than England Use sheets or card games would be appro already understand the meaning. hand gestures to suggest the meaning priate for the superlative form too of the vocabulary they are using. of each new word and try to have a Worksheets could include fill in the in these lessons it is much easier. student translate the sentence before blank matching and write your own for them to grasp than other struc. asking whether it is true or false Use sentences sections The card game tures where new vocabulary is. the comparative form of each vocabu above could be adapted to prac introduced Including comparative. lary word in a trivia question and write tice superlative Students could all or superlative forms in later activi. it down next to the word as you go put down a card after the category ties will help keep them fresh in. At the end of the game underline the is announced the student with the your students minds. E S L C H E AT S H E E T S G R A M M A R E D I T I O N P U B L I S H E D B Y B U S Y T E A C H E R O R G. How to Teach Comparatives,and Superlatives, Comparisons are odious says the Make sure students understand that.
old proverb but in an ESL class they one It s also wider than the the superlative is formed by making. are also very necessary And as brown one the last consonant double and adding. there is not set rule for all adjectives est Students say which months are. we must make sure students learn Make sure students understand that the hottest the wettest the coolest. everything they need to know about the comparative is formed by add the warmest etc in your city and. comparatives and superlatives ing an r Students compare the other others. pieces of furniture,How To Proceed Point to three different sofas and. introduce the superlative 4 introduce the compar,ATIvE AND SuPERlATIvE. 1 introduce the compar,ATIvE AND SuPERlATIvE,forms for one sYllable ad. T The red sofa is nicer than the,brown one but the blue one is the. FORMS FOR TWO SyllAblE,ADJECTIvES ENDING IN y,Discuss feelings to introduce the.
nicest of the three,JECTIvES comparative,Make sure students understand that. Show your students an illustration, the superlative is formed by adding T I am happy when I visit a. of people of different heights or ask,st friend but I m happier when it s. three students to stand up Intro,Students say which pieces of furni her birthday. duce the comparative of one syllable,ture they think are the nicest or the.
adjectives,widest Make sure students understand that. the comparative is formed by replac,T Juan is tall but Mario is taller. than Juan Juan is shorter than,3 introduce the compar. ATIvE AND SuPERlATIvE,forms for one sYllable ad,ing the y with an i and adding er. Students compare their feelings in a,variety of situations Encourage them.
Make sure students understand that Jectives endinG in conso to use everything they ve learned so. for these adjectives the comparative nant vowel consonant far about comparisons. is formed by adding er Students, compare their heights Show your students picture or photos Introduce the superlative. of different seasons and weather, Point to the three students who are conditions Introduce the compara T I am happy when I m on vaca. standing and introduce the superla tive tion but I m the happiest when. tive travel to a new place,T The weather in May can be hot. T Mario is taller than Juan but but the weather in June is hot Make sure students understand that. Sam is taller than Mario Sam is ter than in May October is a wet the superlative is formed by replacing. the tallest of the three month but November is wetter the y with an i and adding est. than October Students say when they are the hap, Make sure students understand that piest the sorriest the saddest etc. the superlative is formed by adding Make sure students understand that. est Students say who is the tallest,and who is the shortest in the class.
the comparative is formed by making,the last consonant double and adding. 5 introduce the compar,ATIvE AND SuPERlATIvE,FORMS FOR TWO OR MORE. 2 introduce the compar,ATIvE AND SuPERlATIvE,forms for one sYllable ad. Students compare the weather in,different cities and countries with the. aid of a weather chart Encourage,SyllAblE ADJECTIvES.
Show students pictures of popular,them to use other one syllable adjec. JECTIvES ENDING IN E tives,vacation destinations and famous cit. ies Introduce the comparative,Show your students pictures of differ. Point to the weather charts and intro,ent types of furniture Introduce the. duce the superlative T Berlin is a beautiful city but. comparative,Paris is more beautiful than Ber,T November is the wettest month lin.
T This brown sofa is nice But the of the year July is the hottest. red one is nicer than the brown, E S L C H E AT S H E E T S G R A M M A R E D I T I O N P U B L I S H E D B Y B U S Y T E A C H E R O R G. Introduce the superlative, T Paris is a very beautiful city but in my opinion Rome is the most beautiful city in the world. Make sure students understand that the superlative is formed by using the most plus the adjective Students say. which they believe are the most beautiful the most expensive and the most interesting cities in the world. 6 ntroduce the comparative and superlative forms of irregular adjectives. Continue with the comparison of cities and countries. T The traffic in London is bad but the traffic in Rome is worse The traffic in London is better than the traffic. Make sure students understand that good and bad are irregular adjectives and their comparatives are better and. worse Students make more comparisons,Introduce the superlative. T They say the traffic in Rome is the worst in the world But it s the best place to visit in Italy. Make sure students understand that the best and the worst are the superlative forms of good and bad Students. say which they believe are the best sights to visit around the world and which have the worst problems. Remember that if students are unsure about the comparative or superlative form of some adjec. tives the best way to help them overcome this doubt is by offering lots and lots of practice. E S L C H E AT S H E E T S G R A M M A R E D I T I O N P U B L I S H E D B Y B U S Y T E A C H E R O R G. How to Teach the Present,Continuous Tense,When teaching the present continuous. tense one thing usually comes to mind,This tense is taught for the first time.
doing And here s a great one for pair,work Eventually get them to practice. the contracted forms I m he s we re,5 Extended practice and. other uses of the Present,Continuous,to students who are complete begin. ners and who have had exposure to,a small quantity of verbs and vocabu. lary so the examples you may give,2 Introduce the Present.
Continuous Negative forms,Be sure to provide plenty of exercises. for extra practice above all because,beginners need to not only practice this. or the practice itself is rather limited Pick up a book and say I am reading tense but also acquire more vocab. They have however already learned a book I m not reading a newspa ulary and verbs to do so effectively. the verb to be which should be of tre per Give more examples alternat At BusyTeacher org there are dozens. mendous help in teaching this tense ing between affirmative and negative of Present Continuous worksheets to. statements Sarah you re looking at choose from You may also choose. me You re not looking at Juan Juan to introduce other uses of the present. How To Proceed is listening to me He s not listening to continuous as in future arrange. Sarah And so on with all persons sin ments And if they ve already learned. 1 Introduce the Present,Continuous with an action,gular and plural Then have students do. the same always alternating between,affirmative and negative statements. the Present Simple now s a good,time to contrast both present tenses.
The present continuous tense is used,to describe actions that are taking. place at the time of speaking So the,easiest way to introduce this tense is. 3 Introduce the Present,Continuous Interrogative,Virgil once said Endure the. present and watch for better,things and this definitely applies. to carry out actions to beginner ESL students, First model yes or no questions then Although they may be impatient.
Take a pen or pencil and start writing questions with what where which etc to learn more and feel frustrated. on the board Say I am writing by their lack of vocabulary they. T Are you listening to me must take things one step at a. Sit down and pick up a book Say I S Yes time and soon enough they ll. am reading T Ask me be speaking English more, S Are you listening to me confidently It is your job to guide. Start walking around the classroom them on this path. Say I am walking,T What are you doing, And so on with as many verbs as you d S I m looking at you. like but use verbs they already know T Ask Juan, or introduce new verbs but only a few S What are you doing. Go on with other persons Remember Continue with more questions from stu. they already know the simple present dents Encourage them to ask different. of the verb to be Keep walking around types of questions in different singular. the classroom and ask a student to join and plural persons If they are unsure. you Say Juan is walking I am walking as to how to ask a question model it. We are walking Show students that the for them first. present continuous is formed with the,present of the verb to be the present. participle of the main verb verb in,4 Introduce the Present.
Continuous Short answers,Ask yes or no questions and teach stu. Show as many actions as necessary dents to give short answers. and use illustrations photos even, videos Have students tell you what T Are you reading a book. each person or group of people are S Yes I am No I m not. doing Try these present continuous Ask students to ask each other yes or. cards for a fun game Here s a work no questions in present continuous. sheet where students have to write and have them practice replying with. what the people in the photos are short answers, E S L C H E AT S H E E T S G R A M M A R E D I T I O N P U B L I S H E D B Y B U S Y T E A C H E R O R G. How to Teach Present Continu,ous Alternative Approach. The present continuous tense is one,that students will learn after learn.
ing the first three simple tenses that,is simple present past and future. 3 practice present con,dents might then guess the location. as in a car on a bus in a train or on,Give students some basic practice. When teaching additional tenses it,is important to highlight what time. period is referred to and also in what,exercises so they can get used to.
changing present simple verbs into,the present continuous tense This. 6 review present contin, situations students would used each can be done in the form of a fill in the Any activity you have done for this. tense blank worksheet but this would also topic can be used as a review activity. be an appropriate topic to use battle at the end of the lesson You may. How To Proceed ship for speaking practice Students. can use the battleship grid to change,also want to get students moving if. they have been sitting down for the, I You play soccer speak English entire class period especially after. WARM uP etc into the sentences I am play a writing exercise so you can have. ing soccer and You are speaking students form a circle Students. Have students practice using, English If students have played this should take turns making present.
the simple present tense as they, game before it might take approxi continuous sentences and then. volunteer to answer questions or play, mately thirty minutes to explain and calling on students to make the next. fruit basket to encourage students to,play twice sentence You can continue this. make sentences of their own When,activity until everyone has made a. you have finished draw an image,on the board illustrating the simple.
present tense as a reference point,and ensure that students understand. 4 PRACTICE MORE,Phone conversations would be,sentence or until the bell rings If you. want to ensure that everyone makes,at least one sentence you can have. students start sitting down after their,a real life situation where the pres. when to use the present tense, ent continuous tense is used quite turns This is not recommended for.
often so in order to give students large classes because then lots of. INTRODuCE PRESENT practice with this tense as well as students will be sitting down with. CONTINuOuS basic phone conversation make a nothing to do towards the end of the. short model dialogue for students activity, Give students some example sen to practice in pairs This could be. tences using the present continuous very simple where Student A asks. tense By using pairs of sentences in Student B for someone and Student. pResent continuous is a moRe, your examples you can show when B replies I m sorry He s not here. complex tense that students, to use the present simple tense and right now He s playing baseball with. may initially have difficulty, when to use the present continu Ben It could also be more complex. undeRstanding when to use, ous tense A good example might Adjust the conversation to suit your.
but the moRe pRactice they, be I play baseball every day and I students ability level and encourage. have using it the betteR off, am playing baseball with Ben right them to create part of the conversa. they will be, now See if students understand tion preferably the present continu. the difference in meaning between ous part of the conversation on their. the two and ask for translations It is own Have students volunteer to. important to illustrate on the board present their dialogues to the class at. the difference between this tense the end of the activity. and other tenses your students have,learned The best way to do this is by. drawing a simple chart On the board PRODuCE, under your image illustrating the Ask students to imagine a.
present tense draw a similar image situation and then write three to five. to illustrate the present continuous present continuous tense sentences. tense You can also discuss the fact to describe it without saying the loca. that the present tense is used when tion Students can then work in pairs. talking about daily routines while the or groups to guess the locations of. present continuous tense is used different scenarios An example may. when talking about specific non rou be I am sitting I am listening to my. tine actions and future plans music I am looking out the window I. am moving It is very simple but stu, E S L C H E AT S H E E T S G R A M M A R E D I T I O N P U B L I S H E D B Y B U S Y T E A C H E R O R G. How to Teach the Past,Continuous Tense,How to Teach the Future Perfect. Have you ever wondered what will, have happened by a specific moment S I will learn to drive I will get S No. in the future For example by the my driver s license I will drive to T Ask a classmate. year 2020 what kinds of technologi Disney World S Carlo will you have graduated. cal devices will have been invented T When you drive to Disney from college by the time you re. Will teachers have stopped giving world you will have known how to 22. face to face classes entirely The drive for only a few weeks. future perfect tense is rather hard for Model a few more questions then. ESL students Usually upper inter Ask students to provide more exam have students come up with ques. mediate to advanced students are ples It can be anything they foresee tions on their own. taught this tense which is not even happening in the near future By the. used by native speakers most of the,time How can you teach this difficult. tense in a way that is painless for,time we finish this course I will have.
turned 18 When I graduate from high,school I will have decided where to. 5 INTRODuCE THE FuTuRE,PERFECT TENSE SHORT, both you and your students go to college You may also tell them. they can make predictions for the Have students ask you questions and. future they may get as bold as they,How To Proceed wish. introduce short answers,S Will you have retired from. 1 INTRODuCE THE FuTuRE,PERFECT WITH A TIMElINE,By the time I m 40 I will have.
become CEO of an important,teaching in 2020,T Yes I will No I won t. Several of the more complex tenses Students now take turns asking each. are best understood when we place Ask your students to make predic other questions and replying with. events within a timeline And this is tions about life in 2015 short answers. precisely the case with the future,perfect We use this tense to say an. action will be finished at a certain,time in the future So draw a timeline. 3 INTRODuCE THE FuTuRE,perfect tense neGa,TIvE FORMS. 6 provide plentY of op,portunities for eX,TENDED PRACTICE.
on the board one that starts with, today and extends towards the near Give examples of negative state If students are not given chances. future Below write several examples ments based on the information your to extensively practice the future. of things that will happen soon but students have shared perfect tense chances are they won t. before the Christmas holidays feel confident enough to use it Try. Juan by the time you finish this some of the exercises and activities. Juan will finish a project course you won t have turned 20 found in our Future Perfect section. He will take some exams you will have turned 18 Here you ll also find worksheets that. He will plan a ski trip to Aspen Sarah when you graduate from contrast the different future tenses to. high school you won t have boost their confidence, Mark these events in your timeline decided where to apply for a job. in the right order Say By the end you will have decided where to If possible try to find real examples. of this year John will have finished go to college of how this tense is used Some good. his project He will have taken some,sources are newspaper articles blog. exams He will have planned a ski Ask students to provide more ex posts and advertisements that deal. trip to Aspen Make sure students amples by predicting the future By with the future effects of our present. understand these actions will be the time I finish college I won t have mistakes For example you may find. finished by a specific time the end gotten married articles that discuss the effects of. of the year Illustrate how the future,global warming and mention that by. perfect tense is formed will have INTRODuCE THE FuTuRE the year 2020 all of the snow on the. past participle for all persons, perfect tense inter peak of Mount Kilimanjaro will have.
2 PRACTICE THE FuTuRE ROGATIvE FORMS melted,You will not only help them practice. PERFECT TENSE Ask students questions about what the future perfect you will also teach. they expect in their future them the importance of caring for the. Ask your students to give you more environment Another valuable les. examples of things they ve planned T Will you have graduated from son indeed. for the rest of the school year college by the time you re 22. T HE PAST CONTINuOuS IS,ANOTHER TENSE THAT IS,commonlY tauGht to beGin. say what he or she was doing Juan,was having breakfast at 10 am Then. they make comparisons I was study,4 INTRODuCE THE PA S T. CONTINuOuS SHORT ANSWERS, NERS uSuAlly AFTER THEy vE ing He was playing video games Or Ask yes or no questions and model the.
lEARNED THE PAST SIMPlE find similarities We were all sleeping correct way to give short answers. at midnight,T Were you watching TV yester, Although it has its nuances we usually Here s a great worksheet to give stu day at 10pm. use it talk about actions that were in dents so they can practice the past S Yes I was No I wasn t. progress at a specific time in the past continuous. We also use it in conjunction with the,past simple when talking about inter. ruptions I was doing my homework,when the phone rang As students. 2 INTRODuCE THE PA S T,CONTINuOuS NEGATIvE FORMS,Ask students to ask each other yes or. no questions in past continuous and,have them practice replying with short.
should already be familiar with the Use the same daily schedule of activ answers. present continuous and the past of the ities and make negative statements. verb to be this tense usually doesn t,pose great difficulties and students are. able to naturally incorporate it into their,I wasn t watching TV at 3pm I. was working,5 eXtended practice and con,TRAST WITH PAST SIMPlE. speech Juan wasn t having breakfast at It is essential at this point for them to. 7am he was sleeping not only practice with as many exer. How To Proceed cises as necessary for example, Use your students schedules as well those found at BusyTeacher org s Past. 1 INTRODuCE,CONTINuOuS,THE PA S T Then ask them to do the same first.
with theirs and then with a class,mates but always alternating between. Continuous worksheets section but,also to learn the difference between. the past simple and the past continu, Tell students what you usually do late negative and affirmative statements ous There are numerous worksheets. at night and lead in to the past contin that deal with this contrast specifically. uous I always go to bed at 11pm So,last night at 11 30 I was sleeping Write. your typical schedule on the board with,3 INTRODuCE THE PA S T.
CONTINuOuS INTERROGATIvE,RemembeR that anotheR gReat. way to pRactice this tense in, your usual everyday activities the classRoom is thRough. First model yes or no questions then a vaRiety of ResouRces. 7 30 am breakfast questions with what where which etc liKe images photos caR. 9 to 12 classes toons songs and videos,12 lunch T Were you watching TV at mid. 1pm to 5pm classes night last night if you pRactice any tense with. 6pm gym S No mateRials that students can,8pm dinner T Ask me Relate to oR aRe inteRested. 11pm bedtime S Were you watching TV at in you ll maKe leaRning new. midnight last night tenses so much moRe fun foR,Now give them examples of what you them.
were doing exactly at a certain time, yesterday At noon I was having lunch T What were you doing at 7am. At 1pm I was giving a class Ask stu this morning, dents to tell you what you were doing S I was sleeping. and have them answer in second T Ask Juan, person singular You were sleeping at S What were you doing Juan. midnight at 7am, Students jot down their own daily Continue with more questions from stu. schedules or what they did yesterday dents Encourage them to ask different. and then take turns first saying what types of questions in different singular. they were doing at certain time I was and plural persons If they are unsure. having breakfast at 7am Then they as to how to ask a question model it. switch schedules with a classmate and for them first. E S L C H E AT S H E E T S G R A M M A R E D I T I O N P U B L I S H E D B Y B U S Y T E A C H E R O R G.

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