2008-Books Pdf

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by Kenneth A Warren,Leatherhead, The areas shaded in red on the map are those countries in ExxonMobil Aviation is a global organisation committed. which we supply aviation fuel The cities marked on the map to providing high quality aviation products to customers. show our principal office locations worldwide Our aim is to be the global supplier of choice. offering solutions for all your aviation fuelling needs while. protecting the safety and health of our employees and. safeguarding the environment, The Marketing Groups act as a global team providing. service in all our markets to meet individual customer needs. while our skilled Operations Group provides advice and. consultancy services to the industry on operations technical. and engineering issues, If you have any queries or ideas about how we can better. serve your business please contact a member of the. Operations Group at our office in Leatherhead UK on. 44 0 1372 222 000,Kenneth A Warren,Managing Director. ExxonMobil Aviation,World Jet Fuel Specifications, The material presented in this brochure is intended to provide a handy and comprehensive source of information on.
specifications for aviation fuels used around the world Every effort has been made to include the latest information available at. the time of publication however since commercial and military specifications for aviation products are subject to change this. publication does not purport to be the official organ for any of the specifications listed Inquiries concerning the latest official. specifications should be directed to the issuing agency or organisation. Whilst there are a considerable number of aviation turbine fuel specifications listed all of these essentially define a similar. product a heart cut kerosene Some variations in test limits occur to meet specific customer applications however at many. commercial airports where joint storage and hydrant systems are in place industry has settled on using the Joint Fuelling. System Check List to define fuel quality This checklist combines the most stringent requirements from ASTM D1655 and. Defence Standard Def Stan 91 91 into one overall guideline that provides a common basis for commercial aviation turbine fuel. quality in Jointly Operated Systems There used to be an equivalent checklist for aviation gasoline but this was discontinued in. the early 1990s, In addition to the fuel specifications we have included for reference a summary of fuel types and additives in use in Russia. and Eastern Europe Appendix A analytical test information Appendix B and guidance on contamination limits Appendix C. Comments relating to impending change in the Jet fuel and Aviation Gasoline specifications expected to come into effect in. 2008 have also been included where appropriate,TEST METHOD STANDARDS. ASTM and IP test methods as detailed in the following publications are quoted whenever applicable in this compilation. 2007 Annual Book of ASTM Standards Petroleum Products and Lubricants 05 01 05 02 05 03 05 04 published by. ASTM International 100 Barr Harbor Drive PO Box C700 West Conshohocken PA 19428 2959 USA. Standard Methods for the Analysis Testing of Petroleum and Related Products and British Standard 2000 Parts. 2007 66th Edition published by the Energy Institute 61 New Cavendish Street London W1G 7AR UK. For quality parameters where more than one method is listed the method to be used in case of dispute is listed in red. APPROVED ADDITIVES, Appendix E gives a description of how additives can be used to enhance certain performance characteristics of jet fuels. Additive formulations approved in the different fuel specifications are tabulated This list should not be considered official or. necessarily complete Specific information should be sought from issuing agencies Note that there is a significant difference. between the additive requirements for military and commercial fuels. AVIATION GASOLINE, This brochure includes a section on gasoline fuels used in piston engine aircraft covering the common grades of AVGAS that. are identified by differences in antiknock quality Test and limit requirements for these fuels are illustrated by the two major. specifications issued respectively by ASTM International and the British Ministry of Defence. Compiled by ExxonMobil Aviation,Technical Department.
Leatherhead UK,AVIATION PRODUCTS, ExxonMobil Aviation fuels comply with international specifications Jet A is supplied in the U S while Jet A 1 is supplied. throughout the rest of the World Aviation Gasoline AVGAS is available on a regional basis To view the airports at which we can. service your fuelling needs visit www exxonmobilaviation com and select the Airport Network tab. Aviation Turbine Fuels Jet A and Jet A 1, Jet A and Jet A 1 are kerosene type fuels The primary physical difference between the two is the freeze point the temperature. at which wax crystals disappear in a laboratory test. Jet A which is mainly used in the United States must have a freeze point of 40 C or below while Jet A 1 must have a freeze. point of 47 C or below Jet A does not normally contain a static dissipator additive while Jet A 1 often requires this additive. Some of the other key differences between the manufacturing specifications within the United States and Europe Africa Middle. East Asia Pacific are,World Jet Fuel Specifications. ASTM D1655 07,Maximum acidity limit of 0 10 mg KOH g. Use of Simulated Distillation via method ASTM D2887 is allowed. Minimum Smoke Point of 18 mm if Naphthalene Content is below 3 0 vol. Defence Standard 91 91 5 Issue 5 Amendment 2,Maximum acidity limit of 0 015 mg KOH g.
Additional requirement for measurement of lubricity for Jet A 1. Minimum Smoke Point of 19 mm if Naphthalene Content is below 3 00 vol. Requirement to report the Saybolt Colour of the fuel at point of manufacture. Maximum Particulate Contamination level of 1 0 mg l at point of manufacture. There are additional differences between the two primary specifications related to allowed test methods and the reader is urged. to seek out the full specification for more detailed information. ExxonMobil Jet A and Jet A 1 are typically produced to the requirements of ASTM D1655 and Def Stan 91 91 standards. respectively ExxonMobil Jet A 1 may also be produced to the Joint Inspection Group JIG Check List In all cases the most. recent issue of the relevant specification applies to the product supplied. Military Turbine Fuel Grades, ExxonMobil Aviation is a leading supplier of military jet fuels predominantly JP 5 and JP 8 as defined by MIL DTL 5624 and. MIL DTL 83133 respectively These fuels are kerosene type fuels made to more exacting specifications than the commercial jet. fuels They also contain unique performance enhancing additives. Aviation Gasolines, ExxonMobil Aviation gasolines are leaded fuels satisfying the requirements of ASTM D910 or Def Stan 91 90 The properties of. aviation gasoline are specified to give satisfactory performance of spark ignition aviation engines over a wide range of operating. conditions ExxonMobil supplies AVGAS 100 dyed green and AVGAS 100LL dyed blue both of which are excellent for use. in piston engine powered private planes most commercial aircraft and combat type planes during military training procedures. Both grades are available in a number of regions internationally. Aviation Lubricants, ExxonMobil Lubricants Specialties supplies a full range of superior quality aviation lubricants for use in both piston engine and. jet aircraft A sample of these products includes,Turbine Engine Oils. Mobil Jet Oil II High performance aircraft type gas turbine lubricant meets MIL PRF 23699 STD SAE AS 5780. Mobil Jet Oil 254 E, xtra high performance aircraft type gas turbine lubricant MIL PRF 23699 HTS SAE AS 5780.
Hydraulic Fluids,Exxon HyJet IV Aplus F, ire resistant low density phosphate ester hydraulic fluid. Mobil Aero HF MIL PRF 5606G mineral based red oil used where hydrocarbon aviation hydraulic oils are required. Mobilgrease 28 MIL PRF 81322 wide temperature range antiwear synthetic general purpose grease. Mobil Aviation Grease SHC 100 S,ynthetic aircraft wheel bearing grease. Mobilgrease 33 High performance synthetic multipurpose grease all applications for which the aircraft manufacturer specifies. MIL PRF 23827 and or BMS 3 33 greases,Piston Engine Oils. Exxon Aviation Oil Elite 20W 50 Semi Synthetic Ashless Dispersant multigrade. Miscellaneous, Exxon Coolanol Silicate ester synthetic dielectric heat transfer fluid for sensitive aircraft missile and spacecraft electronic. components and environmental control systems,Table of Contents.
Fuel Grade Table Page, JOINT FUELLING SYSTEM CHECKLIST Issue 22 Kerosene 1 6. IATA GUIDANCE MATERIAL 5th Edition Kerosene 2 8,US PIPELINES. Buckeye Kerosene 3 9,Colonial Kerosene 3 9,Explorer Kerosene 3 9. Centennial TEPPCO Kerosene 4 10,Kinder Morgan Kerosene 4 10. Plantation Kerosene 4 10,US MILITARY SPECIFICATIONS.
MIL DFL 5624U JP 4 JP 5 High Flash Wide Cut 5 11,MIL DTL 38219D JP 7 Low Volatility Kero 6 12. MIL DTL 83133E JP 8 Kerosine 6 12,GOVERNMENT SPECIFICATIONS. AUSTRALIA DEF AUST 5240D Kero High Flash 7 13,BRAZIL QAV 1 Kerosene 8 14. CANADA CAN CGSB 3 24 05 Kero High Flash 9 15,FRANCE DCSEA 134 B Kerosene 10 16. JAPAN DSP K2206D JP 4 JP 5 High Flash Wide Cut 11 17. CHINA GB 6537 06 Kerosene 12 18,RUSSIA GOST 10227 86.
TS 1 T 1 Kerosene 13 19,GOST 10227 86,T 1S T 2 RT Kero Wide Cut 14 20. GOST R 52050 2006 Kerosene 15 21,SPAIN INTA 15 13 17N Kerosene 16 22. SWEDEN FSD 8607E Kerosene 17 23, UNITED KINGDOM Def Stan 91 86 5 2 High Flash 18 24. Def Stan 91 88 3 2 Wide Cut 18 24,Def Stan 91 91 5 2 Kerosene 18 24. U S A ASTM D1655 07 Kerosene 19 26,ASTM D6615 06 Kero Wide Cut 19 26.
ENGINE MANUFACTURERS REQUIREMENTS, General Electric D50TF2 S15 Kero Wide Cut High Flash 20 27. Pratt Whitney SB No 2016 Revision 29 Kero Wide Cut 21 28. Pratt Whitney Canada CPW 204 Revision B Kero Wide Cut 21 28. Pratt Whitney Canada CPW 46 Revision F Kero Wide Cut 21 28. Table of Contents,APPENDICES,Appendix A, Fuels and Additives Available in Eastern Europe 29. Appendix B, Significance of Aviation Fuel Test Requirements 31. Appendix C,Guidance on Contamination Limits 33,Appendix D. Additives in Aviation Fuel 36,Supplement,Aviation Gasoline 39.
Aviation Gasoline Specifications Fuel Grade Table Page. ASTM D910 07 80 91 100 100LL 22 40,Def Stan 91 90 2 80 100 100LL 23 41. Jointly Operated Systems,Issuing Agency Joint Inspection Group. Specification Joint Fuelling System Check List,Latest Revision Date Jun 07 Test Method. Grade Designation Jet A 1 Kerosene ASTM IP,COMPOSITION 1. Appearance C B 2,Colour Saybolt Report 3 D156 or D6045.
Acidity Total mg KOH g Max 0 015 D3242 354,Aromatics vol Max 25 0 D1319 156. OR Total Aromatics vol Max 26 5 4 D6379 436, Sulphur Total wt Max 0 30 D1266 D2622 D4294 D5453 336. Sulphur Mercaptan wt Max 0 0030 D3227 342,OR Doctor Test Negative 5 D4952 30. Hydroprocessed Components vol Report include nil or 100 6. Severely Hydroprocessed Comps vol Report include nil or 100 6. VOLATILITY, Distillation Temperature 7 8 D86 or D2887 123 or 406. Initial BP C Report,10 Recovery C Max 205 0,50 Recovery C Report.
90 Recovery C Report,Final BP C Max 300 0,Distillation Residue vol Max 1 5. Distillation Loss vol Max 1 5,Flash Point C Min 38 0 9 D3828 or D56 170 or 523. Density 15 C kg m3 775 0 840 0 D1298 or D4052 160 or 365. Freezing Point C Max 47 0 10 D2386 D7153 D7154 or D5972 16 435 528 or 529. Viscosity 20 C cSt Max 8 00 D445 71,COMBUSTION, Specific Energy net MJ kg Min 42 80 11 D3338 or D4809 57. Smoke Point mm Min 25 0 D1322 57,OR Smoke Point mm Min 19 0 D1322. AND Naphthalenes vol Max 3 00 D1840,Copper Strip Corrosion Max 1 D130 154.
2h 5 min 100 C 1 C,THERMAL STABILITY 12,JFTOT P 260 C mm Hg Max 25 0 D3241 323. Tube Deposit Rating Visual Max 3 no Peacock or Abnormal deposits. CONTAMINANTS,Particulates mg L Max 1 0 13 D5452 423. Existent Gum mg 100 mL Max 7 14 D381 D3948 540,MSEP Rating Min 85. Fuel without SDA Min 70,Fuel with SDA,Electrical Conductivity pS m 50 600 15 D2624 274. BOCLE wear scar diameter mm Max 0 85 16 D5001,ADDITIVES 21.
Antioxidant mg L,In Hydroprocessed Synthetic Fuels. Mandatory ppm 17 0 24 0 17,In Non hydroprocessed Fuels. Optional ppm Max 24 0,Metal Deactivator mg L Optional Max 5 7 18. Static Dissipator mg L,First Doping Stadis 450 Max 3 0. Re doping 19,Corrosion Inhibitor Optional,Anti Icing Agreement 20.
The Aviation Fuel Quality Requirements for Jointly Operated Systems AFQRJOS for Jet A 1 are based on the most stringent. requirements of the following two specifications, a British Ministry of Defence Standard DEF STAN 91 91 Issue 5 Amendment 2 of 9 March 2007 for Turbine Fuel Aviation. Kerosene Type Jet A 1 NATO Code F 35 Joint Service Designation AVTUR. b ASTM Standard Specification D1655 06d of 1 Dec 2006 for Aviation Turbine Fuels Jet A 1. Jet fuel that meets the AFQRJOS is usually referred to as Jet A 1 to Check List or Check List Jet A 1 and by definition. generally meets the requirements of both of the above specifications. Jointly Operated Systems, While the Table Notes are central to the Joint Check List fuels produced to this standard must satis. This brochure includes a section on gasoline fuels used in piston engine aircraft covering the common grades of AVGAS that are identified by differences in antiknock quality Test and limit requirements for these fuels are illustrated by the two major specifications issued respectively by ASTM International and the British Ministry of Defence

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